Acronyms and Glossary of Rice Related Terminology Updated November 27, 2002

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T


t ton/s

T 1) Temperature

2) Tertiary tillers



TAC Technical Advisory Committee (CGIAR)

TAE Tris/acetate (buffer)

TAHAP Thai-Australian Highland Agricultural Project

TAN Tax account number (IRRI)

TAP Tapak-tapak pump

TAP2 4-inch diam. treadle pump

TARC Tropical Agriculture Research Center (now JIRCAS, Japan)

TARI Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute

TARO Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute

TAS Telomere associated sequence

TBE Tris/borate electrophoresis (buffer)

TC Thresher/Cleaner

TDMY Total dry matter yield

TDR 1) Time domain reflectometry

2) Tropical Development and Research Institute (UK)



TDRI 1) Thailand Development Research Institute

2) Tropical Development and Research Institute (formerly Tropical Products Institute, UK)



TE 1) Time for emergence

2) Tris/EDTA (buffer)



TFP Total factor productivity

TISTR Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research

TNAU Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (India)

TNAU-WTC Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Water Technology Center (India)

TNRRI Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute (India)

TPE Department of Theoretical Production Ecology (WAU, The Netherlands)

TPE-WAU Theoretical Production Ecology-Wageningen Agricultural University (The Netherlands)

TPR Transplanted rice

TPRI Tropical Pesticides Research Institute (Tanzania)

TPT Treadle paddy thresher

TR Transplanter

TR4 Rice transplanter (6 rows manual)

TR5 Rice transplanter (8 rows manual)

TS Transition season

TSP Triple superphosphate

TSRI Taiwan Sugar Research Institute

TTC Triple test cross

TTM1 Test tube miller (laboratory machine)

TUAT Tokyo University of Agricultural Technology

TV Traditional variety

TVA Tennessee Valley Authority (USA)

TVC Total variable cost

U


UAF University of Agriculture and Forestry (Vietnam)

UAS 1) University of Agricultural Sciences (India)

2) Urea-ammonium sulfate



UC 1) University of California

2) University of Cantho (Vietnam)



UES Urea-elemental sulfur

UG Unfilled grain

UH University of Hawaii (USA)

UICN Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature et des Resources (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources)

UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office

UMMB Urea-molasses minimal block

UNACASTD United Nations Advisory Committee on the Application of Science and Technology to Development

UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCRD United Nations Centre for Regional Development (Japan)

UNDCP United Nations Drug Central Program

UNDP/WB United Nations Development Programme/World Bank

UNEP-GRID United Nations Environment Programme-Global Resources Information Database (Kenya)

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (France)

UNFSSTD United Nations Financing System in Science and Technology Development

UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund

UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization (Austria)

UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research (New York, USA)

UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNU United Nations University

UNVDA Upper Nun Valley Development Authority (Cameroon)

UP Uttar Pradesh (India)

UPGMA Unweighted pair group method, arithmetic mean

UPLB University of the Philippines Los Ba¤os

UPM Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (Malaysia)

UPRHS Upper Pampanga River Integrated Irrigation System (Philippines)

URARTIP Unified Rice Applied Research, Training, and Information Program

UREAP Ratio of urea-N price to rough rice price

URICC Upland Rice Research Intercenter Coordinating Committee

URRC Ubon Rice Research Center (Thailand)

URYN-E International Upland Rice Yield Nursery--Early

URYT Upland Rice Yield Trial

USAID United States Agency for International Development (also AID)

USDA United States Department of Agriculture

USEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency

USG Urea supergranule

UTRIS Upper Talavera Irrigation System (Philippines)

UV Ultraviolet light

UV-B Ultraviolet-B

V


VAM Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

VB Vascular bundles

VCRIAS Vietnam Central Research Institute for Agricultural Sciences

VISCA Visayas State College of Agriculture (Philippines)

VNTR Variable number tandem repeat

VRBL Variable

W


WA Wild abortive (cytoplasm including male sterility)

WAI 1) Weeks after incubation

2) Weeks after inoculation



WARDA West Africa Rice Development Association (C"te d'Ivoire)

WAS Weeks after seeding

WAU Wageningen Agricultural University (The Netherlands)

WAZ Westdeutsche Allegemeine Zeitung

WB World Bank

WBPH White backed planthopper

WC Wide compatibility

WCRP World Climate Research Programme

WDC World Data Centre (Headquarters: France)

WDR Well drilling rig

WE Weeder

WE1 IRRI power weeder

WE3 Push-type hand weeder

WE4 Conical weeder (push-type single and double)

WFC World Food Council (Headquarters: Canada)

WH White head

WHO World Health Organization

WI Wrinkled leaves

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WLS White leaf streak

WM Whorl maggot

WS Wet season

WSB White stem borer

WSR Wet seeded rice

WSRP Wide-specific repeated probe

wt Weight

WT Weeks after transplanting



WTD Water table depth

WUE Water use efficiency


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