Basel Convention

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BELARUS



Status of Ratification/Accession/Acceptance/Approval:

10.12.1999 (a)

Ratification/Acceptance of the Amendment to the Basel Convention:

Not yet as of 20.11.2002






Competent Authority







Focal Point





Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus

10 Kollektornaya Str., Minsk 220 049

tel: (375-172) 20-6691/20-7261/20-5571

fax: (375-172) 20-5583

e-mail: minproos@mail.belpak.by

web site: www.president.gov.by/Minpriroda



Same as the Competent Authority





National Definition

Wastes are substances or goods produced in the process of economic activity or life of man that do not have any certain application at site of their generation or that have lost totally or partially their consumer properties due to physical or moral obsolescence.
Hazardous wastes are wastes that contain as their constitutes substances possessing any hazardous property or they set (toxicity, infectious, explosivity, high reaction ability and (or) other similar properties) and existing in such amounts and in such form that this waste independently or in contact with other substances can represent immediate or potential threat to environment, people health and (or) to people property including that caused by their adverse impact on environment.
Appendix 1 to the Resolution of State Custom Committee “On Improvement of Custom Control over Waste Movement through Custom Border of the Republic of Belarus” (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD) provides a “List of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can not be processed or used in the Republic of Belarus”; Appendix 2 to the Resolution of State Custom Committee “On Improvement of Custom Control over Waste Movement through Custom Border of the Republic of Belarus” (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD) provides a “List of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can be processed or used in the Republic of Belarus, permits for their import (transit) are given by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection”. (Appendix 1 and 2 are annexed to this CFS)
In Belarus there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.

Data* on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes** and Other Wastes*** in 2000 (as reported)








Quantities (in metric tonnes)

Generation

Total amount of hazardous wastes generated

73 000 1)

Total amount of other wastes generated

2 464 000 2)

Transboundary Movement

Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes exported

No export

Total amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes imported

290 366 3)

* Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.

** Covers wastes under Art. 1 (1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) and Art. 1 (1)b.

*** Covers wastes under (Annex II: Y46-Y47).

1) Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1 (1)b. Data collection on generation of hazardous wastes according to categories of the Basel Convention will be introduced from next year.

2) Figure refers to the total amount of household wastes (Y46).

3) Figure refers to the total amount of hazardous wastes under Art. 1 (1)b imported.




Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been implemented in Belarus.







Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery

Belarus is in a preparatory process to restrict the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.







Restrictions on import for final disposal

Belarus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal. The relevant legislation is the Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which states that “Transboundary Movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus with the purpose of their storage and (or) neutralization (landfilling, burning etc.) is prohibited”. This restriction covers all country.







Restrictions on import for recovery

Belarus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery. The relevant legislation is the Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which states that “Transboundary Movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus is allowed only with the purpose of their usage as raw materials or secondary materials and is executed only on the basis of a preliminary obtained permit for transboundary movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus”.







Restrictions on transit

Belarus restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. The relevant legislation is the Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which states that “Transboundary Movement of waste through Republic of Belarus is executed only on the basis of a preliminary obtained permit for transboundary movement of waste through the Republic of Belarus issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus”.







Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation

National strategies/policies

National Action Plan on Rational Use of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection in the Republic of Belarus for 2001-2005 years, adopted 21.06.2001.




Legislation, regulations and guidelines

  • Law on Waste, in force from 2001;

  • Decision of the Government on State Register of Technologies for Waste Recycling and on State Register of Facilities for Waste Neutralization and Disposal;

  • Decision of the Government on Adoption of Regulation on Order in Approval of Limits for Waste Disposal;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Development, Agreement and Approval of Instruction for Management of Industrial Waste;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Instructions on Procedure for Registration of Transactions for Alienation and Assignation (except transportation) of Waste to Another Person for a certain period of time;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Issuing, Suspension, Cancellation of Permits for Disposal of Industrial Waste;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Classifier Waste Generated in the Republic of Belarus;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Accounting of Waste;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Form of Special Document for Accompanying of Transportation of Waste;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Norm-Setting Generation of Industrial Waste;

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of List of Waste that shall have Passports; and

  • Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Order on Determination of Level of Hazard of Waste and Establishing the Class of Hazard.







Economic instruments/ initiatives

Economic Mechanism in the field of waste management includes the following elements: economic incentives, fee-paying waste disposal and lending.


Economic incentives are made by exemption from taxes, for example, exemption from tax on profit received from selling of secondary raw materials. Disposal of waste is chargeable. The rate of the charge is set at differential basis depending on the level of toxity of waste. What is more, the rate of the charge for disposal of waste beyond limits established by local authorities is five times increased.
Lending is realized by giving grants from budget environmental fund. Grants are given for introduction of cleaner technologies, scientific research and development works on creating new types of environment oriented technique.





Measures taken by industries/waste generators

The generators of waste shall develop the norms for waste generation and get agreement on them from territorial bodies of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. The waste generation norms help with operational quantitative control on waste generation and are used for development of waste disposal limits.





Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are same as the measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste generation.



Disposal/ Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

Complex on processing and landfilling of toxic and industrial waste of Gomel Region, landfilling (D1).





Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

Multilateral agreement on Unified Terms of Transit through the Territories of States-Members of the Custom Union (Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan), effective from 22.01.1998. Lists of waste are developed on the basis of the Basel Convention lists.
Multilateral agreement on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous and other Waste between the members of the Community of Independent States, effective from 1996. The Agreement was developed on the basis of the Basel Convention.




Technical Assistance and Training Available

None.



Appendix 1 to the Resolution of

State Custom Committee "On

Improvement of Custom Control

over Waste Movement through

Custom Border of the Republic of

Belarus ;

(of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD)



List


of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can not be processed or used in the Republic of Belarus



Code of the Kind of Waste According to Commodity Classification for Foreign Activity (CC FEA)

Kind of Waste


Code of the Waste according to the Basel Convention Classification


from 2524 00

Asbestos waste and dust

Y36

from 262099







from 2620 99







from 2620 99


- slime with thorium content from thoriated tungsten article production






Galvanic Slimes




from 262099 100

- with nickel content




from 2620 30 000

- with copper content

Y22

from 262019 000

-with zinc content

Y23

from 26 20 99 700

- with cobalt content




from 2620 91 000

-with cadmium content

Y26

from 2920 29 000

from 2620 99 100



from 2620 91 000

Slime of lead hydroxide, nickel, cadmium


Y31.Y26

from 2620

Waste containing compounds of: cadmium, nickel, chromium, tin, lead, vanadium, copper, other heavy metals.

Y26, Y21, Y31, Y22

from 271390

Acid resin, acid tar




from 271390

Acid residual tar from oil refinement with sulphuric acid and resin sulphurized compounds

Y11


from 271390

Acid residual tar from sulfate production (white oils sulphurization) with sulphuric acid and heavy organic sulfate content

Y 11


from 2713 90

Acid residual tar from aromatic hydrocarbon refinement with sulphuric acid, aromatic compounds and sulphuric acid content

Y 11


from 2713 90

Acid residual tar from paraffin refinement with sulphuric acid and organic compounds content

Y 11


from 2713 90

Acid fumigating resin of the sulfate section of the benzene rectification shop of the by-product-coking production

Y 11





Slimes of coke and gas plants:




from 2706 00 000

- Gumlike fuses (shale processing wastes) with phenol content,

Y39

from 2706 00 000

- Preservative timber production and use waste

Y5

From 2710

Burn mineral oil waste

Y8




Useless chemical substances, produced in the course of R and D or in the educational process, whose nature has not yet been revealed and /or which are novel, whose effect on man and environment is yet unknown

Y14

from 2804 80 000 from 2804 80 000 from 2804 80 000

Hard mineral waste with detrimental impurities, specific for the given production: cake arsenious from copper production, cake arsenious -potassium from tin producti on, arsenate and calcium waste from lead production.




from 2837

Galvanic slime with cyanide con tent




from 2819

- Galvanic slime with chromium content (compounds of hexavalent, chromium)




from 2814 20 000 from 38 25 50 000

Ammonium solutions for copper pickling (waste)


Y22


from 2806 10 000 from 3825 50 000

Acids and acid mixtures with impurities specific for the given production: Waste, pickle solutions of rolling and hardware shops

Y34


from 2815 20

Alkalines and alkaline mixtures with impurities, specific for the given production (pickling, cleaning, etc.)

Y35


from 2850 00

Sorbents with arsine and phosphine impurities

Y24

from 2844 30 550

Thorium waste in chemical-metallurgical production




from 291539

Aluminium chloride waste with acetophenol impurity

Y15


From 2902

Residue of acid resin processing

Y11 RA|

from 2912

Slimes of coke and gas plants:




From 2932 19 000

Polychlorinated dibenzofuran and other related compounds

Y43 RCI


From 2934 99

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxine (dioxine) and other related compounds

Y44

from 2903

Waste of fluorine organic compounds in hydrogen bromide acid production

Y45

From 2903 69

from 340490

from 3824 90 990


Polychlorinated biphenyls, terphenyls, polybromated biphenyls, liquids, or solvents contaminated by them, and also agents and articles contained them (in concentration 50 mg/kg and more )

Y10

From 2903

Waste of chlorine organic acid production

Y45

From 2903

Highly resinous wood of bromine organic synthesis

Y45

From 2912

Highly resinous wood of phthalic anhydrite production

Y12

from 2930 from 3825

Pharmaceuticals production and use waste

Y2

From 2902 from 2903

from 2905-2909



Waste of organic solvents production and use




From 3808

Agents for fumigation and protection of plants from pests and blights (obsolete)

Y45


From 3808

Production of agents for fumigation and protection of plants from pests and blights wastes

Y45


From 3811 11 100

from 262021 000



Slimes contained tetraethyl lead (antidetonant additives)

Y31 RCC


from 701990

Glass fibre waste, similar to asbestos in its 'physical and chemical characteristics




from 8104 90 000 from 8108 90 900 from 8112 40 900

Other dust containing non-ferrous metals : magnesium dust, titanium dust , vanadium dust

Magnium





from 8539


Mercury lamp and luminescent tube waste

Y29

From 901831

from 901832

from 7017

from 560110

from 3825 30 000


Medical waste , produced from the medical treatment of patients at medical institutions (hospitals, polyclinics and other similar institutions )

Y1


Appendix 2 to the Resolution of

State Custom Committee "On

Improvement of Custom Control

over Waste Movement through

Custom Border of the Republic of

Belarus ;

(of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD)



List

of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can be processed or

used in the Republic of Belarus, permits for their import (transit)

are given by the Ministry of Natural Resources and

Environmental Protection


Code of the Kind of Waste According to Commodity Classification for Foreign Activity (CC FEA)


Kind of Waste


Code of the Waste according to the Basel Convention Classification


from 0501000000

Human hair waste




from 0502

Bristle waste




from 0503000000

Horse hair waste




from 0505900000

Bird feathers waste




from 0506900000

Animal bones and horns waste




from 051191

Waste from fish and other sea products processing




152200

Degras; residues after processing of fat substances or plant or animal waxes




from 2514000000

Shale wastes, roughly scraped or simply cut by sawing or in some other way




2525300000

Mica wastes




from 2529300000

Leucite, nepheline, or nepheline syenite waste




from 2529100000

Feldspar Waste




2618000000

Slag pellets, produced in iron and steel production




from 261900

Cupola slags




from 261900

Electric furnace slags




from 261900

Blast furnace slags




from 261900

Converter slags




from 261900

Other steel –smelting slags




from 261900

Scull of steel – smelting production




from 261900

Steel-casting slimes




from 261900

Rolling slimes




from 261900

Casting slimes




2620110000

Hard zinc (zink-and-iron alloy)

Y23

from 2620190000

Zinc slags

Y23

from 2620190000

Zinc slime

Y23

from 2620290000

Take off lead




from 2620290000

Lead ashes




from 2620290000 from 2620210000

Lead slime




from 262099

Other metallic slimes




from 2620400000

Taken off light metal dross containing aluminum




from 2620400000

Salt slags with aluminum content




from 2620999000

Boiler cleaning residues




from 262099

Taken off light metal dross containing magnesium




from 262099

Salt slags with magnesium content




from 262099

Magnesium oxide slime




from 2621900000

Coal ash




from 2621900000

Boiler slags




from 2621900000

Hard residues contained salt from smoke-trapping ; Y • devices of unit heaters burning traditional fuel (without reagent gypsum)




from 2621900000

Fly ashes and unit heater dust

Y18

from 2621900000

Slags from melt electrolysis




from 2621100000

Slags and ashes from waste burning facilities




from 2621100000

Fly ash and dust from waste burning facilities




from 2621900000

Pyrolysis unit slags and ashes

Y11

from 2621900000

Slag from the production of chemically stabilized copper content a high iron (over 20%), processed according to industrial standards




from 2621900000

Neutralized red clay from alumina production




from 271390

Slimes of coke and gas plant




from 2837

Slime from cyanide containing fixing (quenching) baths




from 2805409000


Residues contained mercury: mercury on graphite, mercury on activated coal




from 280300

Activated (waste) coal




from 2804 50

Waste containing tellurium

Y28

from 2804 800000

Waste containing arsenic

Y24

from 2804 900000

Waste contained selenium

Y25

from 2811 220000

Hard silica wastes, except using in casting production




from 2844 30

Thorium waste and scrap




from 2904, from 2908

Organic chemicals, multiply nitrated

Y15

310320


Basic slag, formed in iron and steel production, using for phosphate fertilizers and for other purposes




from 3601000000, from 3602000000

Waste of explosive substances

Y15

from 3604

Pyrotechnical waste

Y15

from 3912 20

Cellulose processing wastes (nitrocellulose)




3915


Plastic waste and scrap, chopped plastic:




from 3915 100000

  • of polyethylene




from 3915 200000

- of polystyrene, polystyrene foam




from 3915 300000




from 3915 90

  • of celluloid, photo- and cinefilm




from 3915 90

  • of polyethylene-terephthalate film




from 3915 90

  • of polyurethane, polyurethane foam




from 3915 90

  • of polyamides, polycarbonates




from 3915 90

  • of, polyacrylates, acrylic resin




from 3915 90

  • of polyvinylacetate




from 3915 90

  • of polyvinyl alcohol




from 3915 90

  • of polyolephines




from 3915 90

  • of polypropylene




from 3915 90

Y 45

from 3915 90

  • of acrylonitrile copolymers




from 3915 90

  • of styrene copolymers




from 3915 90

  • of polybutileneterephthalates




from 3915 90

  • of polyethylenesulphides polysiloxalanes (silicons)




from 3915 90

  • of polymethylmetacrylate




from 3915 90


  • of polyvinylbutirene




from 3915 90

  • of phenol-formaldehyde and melamine-phenolic resins

Y 13

from 3915 901100

  • of epoxy resins




from 3915 90

- of urea-formaldehyde resins




from 3915 90

- of alkyd resins




400400000

Rubber waste and cuttings




400400000

Other waste rubber technical articles




401220

Old tires, worn cut




from 4013909000

tubes, tire casings




from 401700

Hard rubber waste and scrap




from 4115200000

Slime from leather enterprises’ sewage water clearing




from 4115200000

Raw fresh hides




from 4115200000

Split leather cuttings




from 4115200000

Cuttings from the edges of chromium-plate and tanned semi , chrome chips

finished items






5505

Artificial fibre waste:




from 5505101000

- polyamide




5505103000

- polyester




from 5505105000

- polyacril




from 5505105000

- polyacrilic modified




from 5505200000

- cellulose




from 700100

Glass waste from the production of lamps, picture tubes and other articles containing specific impurities




from 7802000000

Waste containing lead

Y31

from 7902000000

Waste containing zinc

Y23

from 8002000000

Waste containing tin




from 8101970000

Waste containing tungsten




from 8102970000

Waste containing molybdenum




from 8103300000

Waste containing tantalum




from 8104200000

Waste containing magnesium




from 8105300000

Waste containing cobalt




from 8106001000

Waste containing bismuth




from 8107300000

Waste containing cadmium

Y26

from 8108300000

Waste containing titanium




from 8109300000

Waste containing zirconium




from 8110200000

Antimonium waste

Y27

from 8111001900

Waste containing manganese




8112130000

Beryllium waste and scrap

Y20

8112220000

Waste containing chromium

Y21

from 8112304000

Germanium waste and scrap




from 8112401900

Vanadium waste and scrap




from 8112921000

Hafnium waste and scrap




from 8112925000

Indium waste and scrap




from 8112923900

Niobium waste and scrap




8112520000

Thallium waste and scrap

Y30




from 8908000000

Vessels and other floating constructions for separation, carefully emptied of their contents, and other materials formed in the process of the vessel's operation, which may be referred to the category of hazardous substances or waste




Basel Convention

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