Choose a partner, or work in a group of three

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Choose a partner, or work in a group of three

  • Choose a partner, or work in a group of three

  • Your group must choose a song that you wish to share with the class on Tuesday, November 13th (Inform teacher of song choice)

  • You are looking for at least 3 – 5 examples of figurative language in the song lyrics.

  • You must have, for your presentation:

    • Song lyrics to share with the class (project using the Elmo, create enough copies for each group to have one)
    • 3 – 5 parts of the song lyrics you wish to discuss with the class – be prepared to show us what the figurative language means, and to get feedback from the class
    • A CD to play the song for the class
  • Warning: NO INAPPROPRIATE LYRICS WILL BE ACCEPTED – SEE ME IF YOU ARE UNSURE!


Total = 40 points

  • Total = 40 points

  • Lyrics for class = 10 points

  • CD to listen to song = 10 points

  • Discussion is prepared = 20 points

    • Do not simply say, “What do you guys think it means?” You must be prepared to explain it to us!


Discuss the following terms with a partner. Define or explain as many terms as you can in 5 minutes.

  • Discuss the following terms with a partner. Define or explain as many terms as you can in 5 minutes.

  • 1. Simile 10. Pun

  • 2. Metaphor 11. Mood

  • 3. Idiom 12. Hyperbole

  • 4. Personification 13. Euphemism

  • 5. Irony 14. Alliteration

  • 6. Onomatopoeia 15. Imagery

  • 7. Symbol 16. Poetry

  • 8. Paradox 17. Theme

  • 9. Oxymoron



Comparing two unlike things by using “like” or “as”

  • Comparing two unlike things by using “like” or “as”

  • EX: The sun was like a yellow ball of fire, slowing sinking in the distance.



Describing an item as if it were something else.

  • Describing an item as if it were something else.

  • EX: The lottery winner was drowning in money.



The language or expressions particular to a group of people (a.k.a. – “slang”). This is what you think of when someone says “it’s a figure of speech.”

  • The language or expressions particular to a group of people (a.k.a. – “slang”). This is what you think of when someone says “it’s a figure of speech.”

  • EX: A little bird told me =



1. Catch a cold 10. head in the sand

  • 1. Catch a cold 10. head in the sand

  • 2. Lay down the law 11. born yesterday

  • 3. Feel like a million 12. just what the doc ordered

  • 4. See eye to eye 13. hold your horses

  • 5. Under the weather 14. cat got your tongue?

  • 6. Stuffed to the gills 15. going bananas

  • 7. Bury the hatchet 16. nose to the grindstone

  • 8. On pins and needles 17. fly off the handle

  • 9. Toot your own horn 18. pie in the sky



Describing something non-human using human characteristics.

  • Describing something non-human using human characteristics.

  • EX: My teddy bear smiled at me from the sanctuary of my bed. Or…The wind howled through the trees.



In a situation: when the unexpected happens. EX: The bully becoming victimized. Staying up all night to study, only to realize the test wasn’t for another two days

  • In a situation: when the unexpected happens. EX: The bully becoming victimized. Staying up all night to study, only to realize the test wasn’t for another two days

  • Dramatic Irony: when the audience perceives something that the characters don’t know (i.e. – Romeo and Juliet)

  • Verbal Irony: saying one thing and having it mean something else (often sarcasm, but sometimes accidental)



Naming a thing or action by imitating the sound associated with it.

  • Naming a thing or action by imitating the sound associated with it.

  • EX: buzz, hiss, woof, thud, swack, clang, meow, hiccup, vroom, etc…



Something that represents something else by association or resemblance; especially a concrete object or idea used to represent something invisible or abstract.

  • Something that represents something else by association or resemblance; especially a concrete object or idea used to represent something invisible or abstract.

  • EX: Black representing evil or death. A rose represents love/romance.



A statement or concept that contains conflicting ideas. A statement that contradicts itself.

  • A statement or concept that contains conflicting ideas. A statement that contradicts itself.

  • EX: I never tell the truth. “Someday, you will be old enough to start reading fairy tales again.” In fashion, less is more!



Deliberately exploiting the confusion between similar-sounding words, usually for humorous effect.

  • Deliberately exploiting the confusion between similar-sounding words, usually for humorous effect.

  • Examples: The Local Area Network in Australia – the LAN down under.



Slightly similar to a paradoxical statement…two contradictory terms, side by side (Greek: Oxy = sharp; moro = dull)

  • Slightly similar to a paradoxical statement…two contradictory terms, side by side (Greek: Oxy = sharp; moro = dull)

  • Examples: act naturally…found missing…deafening silence…virtual reality…almost exactly…pretty ugly…living dead



How a piece of literature makes you feel. Most poetry tries to set a mood: nostalgia (remembering), grief/sadness, anger, joy, etc…

  • How a piece of literature makes you feel. Most poetry tries to set a mood: nostalgia (remembering), grief/sadness, anger, joy, etc…



Saying something other than what you actually mean, in order to sound more polite or appropriate, or to avoid offending someone.

  • Saying something other than what you actually mean, in order to sound more polite or appropriate, or to avoid offending someone.

  • Examples: toilet = comfort station; civilian deaths during war = collateral damage; fired = let go or dismissed; Can you think of others?



I was shocked at the deafening silence of the open desert.

  • I was shocked at the deafening silence of the open desert.

  • 2. “Quit being smart!” my mom yelled. “Well, if you think I’m so smart, let me make some smart decisions,” I replied.

  • 3. All I could hear was the snap and pop of settling floor boards and the hiss of the radiator.

  • 4. It was supposed to be a surprise bridal shower, but one of the bridesmaids spilled the beans.

  • 5. I realized I had to find a new job after my boss told me the company would be “reorganizing.”




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