At its fourth meeting, the Conference of the Parties (COP) selected protected areas as one of the three themes for in-depth consideration at its seventh meeting (decision IV/16, annex II). In order to facilitate the preparatory process for the seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties, the Executive Secretary developed a proposal (UNEP/CBD/COP/6/2) outlining specific activities and means for undertaking the work, including the use of an ad hoc technical expert group to provide key input into the process. The proposal was welcomed by the Conference of the Parties at its sixth meeting (decision VI/30).
The terms of reference of the expert Group were approved in decision VI/30 as follows:
Review methods and approaches for the planning and management of protected areas including options for appropriate policies, strategies, and practices consistent with the objectives of the Convention;
Identify ecosystem and bioregional approaches to protected area management and sustainable use of biological diversity;
Identify mechanisms to enhance stakeholder involvement;
Identify options for management of transboundary protected areas; and
Based on the consideration of the above, propose options and priority actions required for effective establishment and management of protected areas.
In addition, the Open-ended Inter-Sessional Meeting on the Multi-Year Programme of Work of the Conference of the Parties up to 2010, held from 17-20 March 2003 in Montreal requested, in paragraph 1 of its recommendation 1 A, that the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on Protected Areas, the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice at its ninth meeting and the Conference of the Parties at it Seventh meeting consider the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development relating to hotspots, ecological networks and corridors and other areas essential for biodiversity in the context of the work on protected areas, taking into account other relevant thematic programmes and cross-cutting issues, in the context of national strategies and action plans, and focusing on biodiversity loss.
The meeting of the technical expert group was held from 10 to14 June 2003 at the Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory in Tjärnö, with financial support from the Government of Sweden. The venue was an appropriate field location for enhancing the technical and scientific nature of the meeting.
The members of the expert group were selected by the Executive Secretary in consultation with the Bureau of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) from nominations provided by national focal points of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The experts were selected based on their competence in the relevant field of expertise, with due regard to geographical representation and to the special conditions of the least developed countries and small island developing states. Representatives of local and indigenous communities as well as relevant international organizations were also invited.
The meeting was attended by (i) Government-nominated experts from Canada, Chile, France, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Mozambique, Mexico, New Zealand, Netherlands, Palau, Russia, St Lucia, Senegal, Sweden, Tanzania, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and (ii) observer experts from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme, the United Nations Development Programme, World Resources Institute (WRI),, BirdLife International, Conservation International, The Nature Conservancy, the World Heritage Convention, IUCN-the World Conservation Union, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Greenpeace International and the United Nations University. A list of participants is attached as annex III.
ITEM 1 OPENING OF THE MEETING 4
ITEM 2 ORGANIZATIONAL MATTERS 4
ITEM 3 SUBSTANTIVE ISSUES 6
ITEM 4 PREPARATION AND ADOPTION OF THE REPORT 7
ITEM 5 OTHER MATTERS 7
ITEM 6 CLOSURE OF THE MEETING 7
Annex I 8
I. REVIEW of methods and approaches for the planning, establishment and management of protected area sites and systems 8
II. status, trends, roles and values of protected areas 13
III. planning, establishing and managing protected areas and Protected Area networks 29
IV. FINANCING PROTECTED AREAS 55
V. MEASURING THE EFfECTIVENESS OF PROTECTED AREAS MANAGEMENT 64
Vi. PROTECTED AREAS CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT 74
Protected Areas Management Effectiveness Evaluation Methodologies 83
A. The Nature Conservancy Parks in Peril Scorecard and “Measures of Success” methodology 83
B. WWF/CATIE protected areas evaluation methodology for Latin America 83
D. WWF/World Bank forest alliance rapid assessment and prioritization methodology 84
Proposed Elements of a programme of work on protected areas 89