Dan’s Course on Islam



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The Doctrine of God

Compared in the Bible and the Quran
Doctrine Islam The Bible
Unity: One (single), Unitarian One(unified) Trinitarian

“There is no God “The Lord our God,

but God.” the Lord is one.”

(negative statement) (positive statement)


Omnipotence: Unlimited, unrestricted, Limited by His own

“God is great!” character: “God cannot

lie.” He cannot deny

himself.


Transcendence: He is separate from and Balanced by his

unrelated to all created immanence. Soverieignly

beings, totally unique He chooses to be

and self-sufficient. dependent on us, to use

us to spread the Gospel
Immanence: He Himself is far above Required by His

His creation; “Closer character. God is love!

than our juglar vein.” He initiates personal

fellowship with us. He

lives in His people.
Justice: Beyond our knowledge. Required by his

He does whatever He character; He must

decides and is under punish every sin

no obligaiton. equally.


Mercy: Limited only by His Limited by his justice,

will. which demands complete

atonement for sin.
Love: Intimate relationship is Everlasting character

not possible; selective of God. He sovereignly

approval of those who chooses to need us. He

obey. condesending, like is self-giving,

an impersonal government. preparing us for eternal

fellowship with Himself


Holiness: No clear concept. Absolute purity,

morality, and an

unalterable character.
Faithfulness: No emphasis. Allah is A requirement of His

truthful, but cannot be person. He is obligated

obligated to anyone. to keep His own word

and promises to us.


Predestination: Determined soley by Dertermined by His own

His will. character and his



omniscience.

STOP Manual, C-30
9.17

Drawing Conclusions About Islam:

Four Basic Positions Held By Christians


  1. The Qur’an is inspired by the devil. It doesn’t matter how much truth there may be in it because, taken as a whole, it denies the deity of Christ, his crucifixion, and his resurrection, and therefore takes the heart out of the gospel. It therefore cannot be regarded as being inspired by God in any sense.


Matthew 24:23-27..... 23 Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not.

24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. 25 Behold, I have told you before. 26 Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.

27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Galations 1:6-9..... 6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: 7 Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. 9 As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.

2 Corinthians 4:4.... In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

2 Corinthians 11:13-14..... 13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. 14 And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.

Ephesians 6:12.....For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

1 John 2:22-23..... 22 Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. 23 Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: (but) he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also.

1 John 4:1-3..... 1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. 2 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: 3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.



  1. We should recognize everything in the Qur’an that is consistent with the revelation of God as we know it in the Bible and in Christ. We should be glad for the common ground between the Christian faith and Islam but help Muslims to see where the Muslim understanding of God differes from the Christian understanding.




  1. Muhammad should be regarded as a prophet in some sense. Since he enabled the Arabs to reject polytheism and idolatry and to accept montheism, he must have received some genuine revelation from God. He can perhaps therefore be regarded as being comparable to Old Testament characters like Gideon of Elijah, even though he is not part of the biblical “salvation history” and falls short of the revelation of God given in Christ.




  1. Muhammad should be recognized as a genuine prophet for Muslims in spite of the differences between the revelation of God in the Qur’an and the revelation of God in the Bible and in Christ, the Qur’an should be recognized as a revelation of God that was appropriate for the Arabs in its original context and is still appropriate for Muslims all over the world today.

Colin Chapman, Cross and Crescent, p. 240.


9.18

Positive Points About Jesus in the Qur’an
Though Jesus’ death and resurrection are not clearly confirmed in the Qur’an, within its text lie wonderful points of contrast for Christians. For example, Jesus is mentioned 93 times in the Qur’an. He is called “The Word of God”, “The Spiirit of God”, “The Messiah” and the “Righteous One”. Muslim traditions state that Jesus will return to bring back the whole world to God. These and similar passages in the Qur’an can be used by Christians as bridges for sharing Christ with Muslims.


  1. Jesus is mentioned 93 times in the Qur’an:

  2. Names: Jesus, Son of Mary

The Messiah

The Word of God

The Spirit of God

The All Righteous One

The One Nearest God

A Sign


A Mercy

A Witness

An Example

Messenger

Prophet


  1. His Miracles: Maide 5:109-110

Healed Lepers

Gave sight to the blind

Raised the Dead

Made clay pigeons



  1. His Birth, Death, and Resurrection:

Virgin Birth: 3:37-47; 19:16-21

Death: 19:33-34; 3:48 & 55

Resurrection: 3:48 & 55; 456-157; 19:33


  1. Son of God Controversy:

God does not “acquire” a son 19:35-36

Jesus was not added to God as a son 4:169


Don McCurry, Muslim Awareness Seminar, p. 8 & 47.


10.*

Contradictions*

(Internal*, External*, Disputed*, Errors*,

Absurdities*, Mistakes*, Wrong*, Problems*, Oddities*)
10.1

Internal Contradictions

Within the Qur’an
1.

How long is a “day” to Allah?
1000 years

Al-Hajj 22:47.....Truly a day with Allah is as a thousand years of what you recon.
50,000 years

Al-Ma’arij 70:4.....the angles and the Spirit ascend to Him in one day, the measure of which is fifty thousand years.
2.

How many Angles described the Annunciation?
one angel

Maryam 19:17.....She placed a screen to seclude herself from them. Then we sent to her Our spirit (Gabriel), and he appeared before her as a man without fault.

Maryam 19:18.....She said, “I seek refuge in the Compassionate God from you; (do not come near) if you fear the Lord.”

Maryam 19:19.....He said: “I am only a messenger of your Lord (to announce) to you the gift of a pure son.

Maryam 19:20.....She said: “How can I have a son when no man has touched me; neigher have I been unchaste?”

Maryam 19:21.....(The angel) replied, “So shall it be; your Lord says: ‘This is an easy thing for Me. And We shall make him a sign for mankind and a blessing from Us.’ It is a matter decreed.”
many angels

Al-İmran 3:42.....And when the angels said, “O Mary! Allah has chosen you, and made you pure, and has prefered you above all the women of creation.

Al-İmran 3:45.....When the angels said, “O Mary! Allah gives the glad tidings of a word from Him, whose name is Messiah, jesus, son of Mary, illustrious in this world and the Hereafter, and one of those who shall be brought near (to God).
3.

Who takes away human souls at death?
angels

Muhammad 47:27.....Then how (will it be with them) when the angels take their souls, smiting their faces and their backs!
the angel of death

As-Sajdah 32:11.....Say: “The angel of death, who has been charged concerning you, will gather you, and afterward unto your Lord you will be returned.
Allah

Az-Zumar 39:42.....Allah receives the souls at the time of their death, and those who have not yet died, during sleep. Then He withholds those for whom He has ordained death and restores the souls of others till an appointed term. Verily these are signs for people who reflect.
4.

How Long did Allah take to create the earth?
six days

7:54.....

10:3.....

11:7.....

25:59.....

eight days

41:12.....
5.

Which was created first? Heaven or Earth?
Earth

2:29.....
Heaven

79:27-30.....
6.

From what substance were people made?
a blood clot

22:5.....

23:12-14.....

40:67.....

75:37-39.....

96:1-2.....
water

21:30.....

burned clay

15:26.....

dust

3:59.....

nothing

19:67.....

earth

11:61.....

a drop of fluid

16:4.....

40:67.....

75:37.....


7.

Is “shirk” (idolatry) an unforgiveable sin?
unforgivable

4:48.....

4:116.....
forgiveable

4:153.....

25:68-71.....
Abraham committed “shirk”

6:76-78.....
8.

Did one of Noah’s sons drown in the flood?
No

10:92.....

21:76.....
Yes

11:42-43.....

17:103.....

26:66.....
9.

What is the punishment for adultery?
100 lashes

24:2.....
life imprisionment for the woman

no punishment for a repentant man

4:15.....
10.

Will Christians go to Heaven or Hell?
Heaven

2:62.....

5:69.....
Hell

5:72.....

3:85.....
11.

Did Pharaoh drown or did he survive?
He survived

10:92.....
He drowned

28:40.....

17:103.....

43:55.....
12.

Will all Muslims have to go to Hell for a period of time?
Yes

Meryem 19:70.....And certainly We know best who deserves most to be burnt there.

Meryem 19:71.....There is not one of you who shall not come to it. This is the absolute decree of your Lord.
No

Al-i İmran 3:195.....And their Lord accepted (their prayers): “Never will I suffer to be lost the work of any of you, whether male or female; you are (the offspring) of one another. So those who emigrated, and were expelled from their homes, and suffered harm in My cause, and fought and were slain, assuredly, I will remit from them their sins, and admit them into gardens beneath which rivers flow; a reward from Allah, and with Allah is the best of rewards.
Nisa 4:74.....Let those fight for the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hearafter. Whoever fights for the cause of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We shall bestow a great reward.
13.

Is Jesus Alive or Dead?
Dead

3:144.....
Alive

4:158.....
14.

The Length of Gestation?
Two Years

31:14.....And We have enjoined upon man concerning his parents – his mother bearing him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning in two years – Give thanks to Me and to your parents...
2:233....Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years; for those who wish to complete the suckling...
30 Months

46:15.....And we have commended unto man kindness toward parents. His mother carried him in pain and gave birth in pain, and the carrying of him and the weaning of him is thirty months...
10.2

External Contradictions

With the Bible
1.

Who Adopted Moses?

Exodus 2:10 vs. Bakara 2:85


Bible: Pharaoh’s daughter did.

Qur’an: Pharaoh’s wife did.
2.

Who was the sister of Moses?

(Ex 15:20 vs. 19:27-28, 20:25-30)


Bible: Miriam

Qur’an: Mary
3.

What is the Trinity?

(Matthew 28:18-20 vs. Ma’ide 5:116)


Bible: = Father, Son & Holy Spirit.

Qur’an: = the Father, the Mother (Mary) and the Son (Jesus).
4.

When did Haman, Moses & Pharaoh live?

(Genesis 11 & Esther 3 vs. 28:38, 29:39 & 40:24-25 & 36)


Bible: Pharoah & Moses lived @ 1447-1410 B.C. but Haman lived during the time of Esther and he was the servant of King Xerxes who ruled @ 486-465 B.C. Haman lived 1000 years after Moses & Pharoah.

Qur’an: Hamam, Pharaoh and Moses are all listed as having lived at the time of the Tower of Babel.
5.

Which son was Abraham about to Sacrifice?

Genesis 22:1-2 & 16 vs. As-Saffat 37:100-113


Bible: Abraham was about to sacrifice Isaac.

Qur’an: Abraham was about to sacrifcie İsmail.
6.

Who led an army against the Midianites?

Judges 7:1-7 vs. Bakara 2:249


Bible: Gideon led the army.

(Saul was not even born yet at the time of this battle.)



Qur’an: Saul led the army.
7.

Who built the calf to be worshipped?

Exodus 32:1-6 vs. 20:85-97


Bible: Aaron

Qur’an: Samiri
8.

Did Jesus die by being crucified?

John 19:16-37 vs. Nisa 4:157


Bible: Jesus died on the cross

Qur’an: Jesus did not die on the cross
9.

Is a blood sacrifice an acceptable atonement for sin?

Lev. 17:11 & Heb. 9:22-28 vs. Al-Hajj 22:34-37


Bible: Yes

Qur’an: No
10.

How many levels of heavens are there?

2 Cor. 12:2-3 vs. Bakara 2:29


Bible: Three levels

Qur’an: Seven levels
11.

Did God rest on the 7th day of creation?

Gen. 2:2-3 & Heb. 4:4 & 9-10 vs. Qaf 50:38


Bible: God rested on the 7th day

Qur’an: Never were We touched by fatigue
12.

Did God command the angels to prostrate before Adam?

Exodus 20:3-5 vs. Al-Hijr 15:28-35 cf.


Bible: No. Satans fall is recorded in Isaiah 14:12-17 & Ezekiel 28:11-19 but he was cast out of heaven because he tried to become like God and take control of the heavens. Prostrating before a man is forbidden in both the Bible and the Qur’an.

Qur’an: Yes, 7 times it says that all the angels did except for Satan who was cast out of heaven for his disobedience.
Bakara 2:31-34.....And when we said to the angles: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam!” they all prostrated themselves, except Satan... become a disbeliever.
A'raf 7:11-18.....Then told the angels; “Fall prostrate before Adam!” and they fell prostrate.
Hicr 15:28-34.....So all the angels prostrated themselves, all together except Iblis. He refused to be among the prostrators.
İsra 17:61-65.....When we said to the angels; “Prostrate yourselves before Adam!” they all prostrated... except Iblis who said “Shall I bow to him whom you have made of clay?”
Kehf 18:50-51.....We said to the angels; “Prostrate yourselves before Adam!” They prostrated except Satan.
Taha 20:116.....When we said to the angels; “Prostrate yourselves to Adam!” They prostrated themselves, but not Iblis... he refused.
Sad 38:71-78.....When I have fashioned him and breathed into him of my spirit, then fall down before him prostrate... the angels fell down... except Iblis.
13.

Solomon’s Death?
34:12-14.....And unto Solomon... We caused the fount of copper to gush forth from him, and there were of the jinns that worked in front of him, by the leave of his Lord, and if any one of them turned aside from Our command, We made him taste the penalty of the blazing fire.

They worked for him as he desired... then when We decreed death upon (Solomon), nothing showed them his death except a little creeping creature of the earth, which gnawed away his staff. And when he fell the jinns saw clearly how, if they had known the unseen, they would not have continued in the humiliating penalty (of work).


1 Kings 11:41-43.....As for the other events of Solomon’s reign – all he did and the wisdom he displayed – are they not written in the book of the annals of Solomon? Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. Then he rested with his fathers amd was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king.
2 Chronicles 9:29-31.....As for the other events of Solomon’s reign, from the beginning to end, are they not written in the records of Nathan the prophet, in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite and in the visions of Iddo the seer concerning Jerobaom son of Nebat? Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. Then he rested with his fathers and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king.
1 Kings 5:15-16.....Solomon had seventy thousand carriers and eighty thousand stonecutters in the hills, as well as thirty-three hundred foremen who supervised the project and directed workmen.
Here we have the great King Solomon, leaning on his staff and watching over the jinns, like any overseer that one sees managing a few workers repairing a road. He dies propped up on his staff. Not one of his servants who prepare his food, not one of his generals who come to him for orders, not one of his nobles, and not even the hoopie bird notices or pays the least bit of attention, until a worm slowly eats away at his staff and he finally falls to the floor!?!?
The biggest problem, though, is the picture it gives of God. Does God Almighty, Creator of Heavens and Earth and all that is inthem, keep the Jinns working by fooling them?
God keeps the Jinns working by fooling them that Solomon is still alive? In Sura 4:157 Jesus didn’t die, he wasn’t crucified, it just lookes it it. Does this not make the reader uneasy in his spirit? How do you convince yourself that these actions which the Qur’an attribures to Allah are not lying actions?
Dr. William Campbell, The Qur’an and the Bible, p. 205 & 249
10.3

Other Oddities & Absurdities
1.

Seven heavens and seven earths?

65:12.....


2.

Meteors are missles fired at Satan?

15:16-19.....

37:6-10.....

55:33-35.....

67:5.....

72:6-9.....

86:2-3.....
3.

People became apes for breaking the Sabbath?

2:65-66.....

7:163-167.....


4.

Semen comes from between a man’s backbone (loins) and ribs?

4:23.....

7:172.....

86:5-7.....


5.

The sex of a child is dependent upon whether

the male or the female reaches a climax first.

Bukhari 4:546.....


6.

Jesus was created from dust and in Mary’s womb 19:20-23

3:59.....

19:20-23.....

7.

A man slept in a cave for 309 years and then woke up!

18:25.....


8.

A fever comes from the heat of Hell!

Bukhari 7:619.....fever is from the heat of hell, so put it out (cool it) with water.
9.

Heavy mountains hold the earth in place!

16:15.....

21:31.....

31:10.....

78:6-7.....

88:17 & 19.....


10.

The sky could fall on your heads!

(as a solid matter)

21:32 & 104.....

22:65.....

39:4 & 67.....

52:44.....
11.

The sun moves around the earth!

2:258.....

21:33.....

36:40.....

52:49.....

53:1.....


12.

The earth is flat!

18:47, 86 & 90.....

20:104-107.....
Bukhari 9:520.....Muhammad asked some people, “Do you know where this sun goes?” I said, “Allah and his Apostle know best.” He said, It goes and asks permission to prostrate, and it is allowed, and one day it, as if being ordered to return whence it came, then it will rise from the west.”



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