David A. Kaufman (Russian)



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David A. Kaufman (Russian)

  • David A. Kaufman (Russian)

  • Kinoki team - Vertov's experimental film group

  • Elizaveta Svilova (editor), Dziga Vertov (director),

  • Mikhail Kaufman (cinematographer)



Vertov saw cinema as a close relationship between the filming process and human thought.

  • Vertov saw cinema as a close relationship between the filming process and human thought.

  • Vertov saw human perception as having limitations compared to the more perfectible “machine eye” of motion picture camera.

  • Vertov’s aesthetic position demanded anti-narrative, anti-fictional forms.



1. Vertov's two credos

  • 1. Vertov's two credos

  • "life as it is "

  • —— to record life as it would be without

  • the camera present

  • "life caught unawares"

  • —— to record life when surprised, and

  • perhaps provoked, by the presence

  • of a camera.



2. Technology as medium for the text

  • 2. Technology as medium for the text

  • the unique qualities of cinema :

  • "a truly international absolute language “

  • rejecting elements taken from other arts: "a film without

  • a scenario" [script]; "without aid of theatre" [sets, actors];

  • "a film without intertitles" [written words]

  •  depicting the entire process of cinema from camera to

  • editing to projection in a theater, including audience reactions

  • structuring metaphor

  • exploiting almost every technique unique to cinema,

  • particularly editing (montage)

  • self-referentiality: the film records its own birth and constantly

  • foregrounds its filmic nature, including the artificiality of its

  • construction





the rise of poetic film experiments Cine-clubs

  • the rise of poetic film experiments Cine-clubs

  • a wave of “city symphonies”



the city symphony film genre

  • the city symphony film genre

  • an avant-garde (experimental) film

  • a visual impression of the city's daily life

  • non-narrative style

  • a musical score for an orchestra to accompany

  • shots and scenes are cut together based on relationships

  • of image, motion, point of view, and thematic content



actual rain:a rain shower in Amsterdam

  • actual rain:a rain shower in Amsterdam

  • abstract rain: collection of rain showers

  • poetic rain:

  • — presenting patterns and details of a rain shower

  • — conveying a subjective feeling and impression of

  • what a rain shower is like





subjective interpretations of its subject

  • subjective interpretations of its subject

  • sacrificing the conventions of continuity editing,

  • and representing reality through a series of fragments,

  • subjective impressions, incoherent acts,

  • and loose associations

  • selecting raw material and arranging them into particular associations and patterns that involve temporal rhythms and spatial juxtaposition

  • in favor of creating a particular mood or tone








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