Eurotunnel Connecting uk with Europe a short history of the Eurotunnel rail link (HS1)



Yüklə 30.6 Kb.
tarix28.10.2017
ölçüsü30.6 Kb.

Eurotunnel - Connecting UK with Europe

A short history of the Eurotunnel rail link (HS1).



high speed one

The Channel Tunnel runs for 31.4 miles beneath the English Channel - it's the longest section of underwater tunnel in the world. The construction of the tunnel was an immense project which took 13,000 workers six years to complete - it is recognised as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

On its launch in 1994, the Eurostar service transformed European travel. Running through the newly opened Channel Tunnel, it provided the first direct train service between the UK, France and Belgium. Eurostar trains travel at an average of 186 miles per hour, making them the fastest trains in service in the UK. A Eurostar train also holds the UK rail speed record of 208 miles per hour.

As huge boring machines tunnelled beneath the English Channel, the muck truck trains removed the 4.3 million cubic metres of earth and rock that was displaced. This spoil was then deposited at Shakespeare Cliff near Dover, increasing the size of the UK by 90 acres. Since its launch in 1994, the Eurostar service has more than doubled the number of people travelling from the UK to Paris and Brussels.

While we may think of it as something new, the idea of connecting UK and France via subterranean means is actually nothing new. 

In 1798 an engraving from a French print entitled 'Divers Projets sur la descente en Angleterre' (see below), shows an imaginary invasion of England by the French Army. Forces are seen advancing through a Channel Tunnel and arriving in ships and balloons! 

The project of administering the construction and the operations of a railway tunnel under the Channel was finally launched in 1973 at Chequers by Edward Heath, British Prime Minister, and Georges Pompidou, French President, when a Franco-British Channel Tunnel Treaty was signed. In 1988 construction started and on the 1 December 1990 British and French teams achieved the first historic breakthrough under the Channel, in the service tunnel at 22.3 km from the UK and 15.6 from France. On 6 May 1994 Queen Elizabeth II and French President François Mitterrand officially opened the tunnel and freight services were started in June of that year, with passenger services in December.

Also known as HS1, the Channel Tunnel Rail Link was the UK's first high speed railway - it opened in 2007 and allowed the Eurostar trains to run at full speed between London and Folkestone for the first time. The new line's terminus, London's iconic St Pancras station, underwent a huge six year renovation before becoming the new UK home of Eurostar. 

The network of Eurostar destinations and connected high-speed services continues to grow - in May 2015, a new Eurostar route between London and Marseille became the first high-speed rail service from the UK to the Mediterranean.

From October 2015, our Great Hall will become home to a Eurostar Power Car class 373, donated by Eurostar. Sitting alongside other railway greats, find our more about its unique legacy to rail travel in Europe.



Did you know?

  • The 'muck truck trains' removed the 4.3 million cubic metres of earth and rock that was displaced. This spoil was then deposited at Shakespeare Cliff near Dover, increasing the size of the UK by 90 acres.

  • Eleven tunnel boring machines were used in the excavating, built specifically for the task. Each machine weighed more than 1,100 tonnes: together they weighed more than the Eiffel Tower.

  • A boring machines from the British side remains buried under the Channel!

  • The length of the tunnel is 31.4 miles, 23.5 miles is under the sea. It's the longest undersea portion of tunnel in the world. The lowest point is 75m deep.

  • Since 1994 the equivalent of over four times the population of the UK have crossed the channel using the tunnel.

  • In April 2004 Eurotunnel Le Shuttle put one of the 580 tonne boring drills used to excavate the tunnel on Ebay! It was sold for £39,999.

Archive Images

http://www.nrm.org.uk/~/media/images/nrm/events-2015/eurostar/eurostar-1.jpghttp://www.nrm.org.uk/~/media/images/nrm/events-2015/eurostar/eurostar-2.jpghttp://www.nrm.org.uk/~/media/images/nrm/events-2015/eurostar/eurostar-3.jpghttp://www.nrm.org.uk/~/media/images/nrm/events-2015/eurostar/eurostar-13.jpghttp://www.nrm.org.uk/~/media/images/nrm/events-2015/eurostar/eurostar-14.jpg


Eurotunnel - İngiltere'yi Avrupa ile bağlama

A short history of the Eurotunnel rail link (HS1). Eurotunnel demiryolu bağlantısının kısa bir geçmişi (HS1).

Kanal Tüneli İngiliz Kanalı'nın altında 31.4 mil boyunca çalışır - dünyanın en uzun sualtı tüneli bölümüdür. The construction of the tunnel was an immense project which took 13,000 workers six years to complete - it is recognised as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. Tünelin inşası, altı yılda 13.000 işçi alan büyük bir projeydi - Amerikan İnşaat Mühendisleri Topluluğu tarafından Modern Dünyanın Yedi Harikasından biri olarak kabul edildi.

On its launch in 1994, the Eurostar service transformed European travel. 1994'te açılışında Eurostar hizmeti Avrupa seyahatini değiştirdi. Running through the newly opened Channel Tunnel, it provided the first direct train service between the UK, France and Belgium. Yeni açılan Kanal Tüneli'nden geçerek, Birleşik Krallık, Fransa ve Belçika arasında ilk direkt tren hizmetini sağladı. Eurostar trains travel at an average of 186 miles per hour, making them the fastest trains in service in the UK. Eurostar trenleri saatte 186 mil hızla seyahat ederek onları İngiltere'de hizmet veren en hızlı tren kılar. A Eurostar train also holds the UK rail speed record of 208 miles per hour. Bir Eurostar tren, saatte 208 millik İngiliz demiryolu hızı kaydını da elinde bulunduruyor.

As huge boring machines tunnelled beneath the English Channel, the muck truck trains removed the 4.3 million cubic metres of earth and rock that was displaced. İngiliz Kanalı'nın altına tünel açan büyük sondaj makineleri gibi, muck kamyon trenleri yerinden edilmiş 4.3 milyon metreküp toprak ve kayayı kaldırdı. This spoil was then deposited at Shakespeare Cliff near Dover, increasing the size of the UK by 90 acres. Bu yağma olayı daha sonra Dover yakınlarındaki Shakespeare Cliff'de depolandı ve İngiltere'nin büyüklüğünü 90 dönüm artırdı. Since its launch in 1994, the Eurostar service has more than doubled the number of people travelling from the UK to Paris and Brussels. 1994'te piyasaya sunulduğundan beri Eurostar hizmeti İngiltere'den Paris'e ve Brüksel'e giden insan sayısını iki katına çıkardı.

While we may think of it as something new, the idea of connecting UK and France via subterranean means is actually nothing new. Bunu yeni bir şey olarak algılarken, Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri ile Fransa'yı yeraltı yöntemleriyle bağlama fikri aslında hiçbir şey yeni değil.

In 1798 an engraving from a French print entitled 'Divers Projets sur la descente en Angleterre' (see below), shows an imaginary invasion of England by the French Army. 1798'de, Fransız Tabirinden 'Divers Projets sur la descente en Angleterre' başlıklı bir gravür, Fransız Ordusu tarafından İngiltere'nin hayali bir istilasını göstermektedir. Forces are seen advancing through a Channel Tunnel and arriving in ships and balloons! Kuvvetler bir Kanal Tüneli'nden ilerleyerek gemi ve balonlara ulaşıyor görülüyor!

The project of administering the construction and the operations of a railway tunnel under the Channel was finally launched in 1973 at Chequers by Edward Heath, British Prime Minister, and Georges Pompidou, French President, when a Franco-British Channel Tunnel Treaty was signed. Kanalın altındaki bir demiryolu tünelinin inşası ve işletilmesi projesi nihayet 1973'te İngiltere Başbakanı Edward Heath ve Fransa Cumhurbaşkanı Georges Pompidou tarafından Checker'de Franco-İngiliz Kanal Tüneli Anlaşması imzalanırken başlatıldı. In 1988 construction started and on the 1 December 1990 British and French teams achieved the first historic breakthrough under the Channel, in the service tunnel at 22.3 km from the UK and 15.6 from France. 1988 yılında inşaat başladı ve 1 Aralık 1990'da İngiliz ve Fransız ekipleri, Kanal kapsamında İngiltere'den 22.3 km ve Fransa'dan 15.6 hizmet tünelinde ilk tarihi atılımını gerçekleştirdi. On 6 May 1994 Queen Elizabeth II and French President François Mitterrand officially opened the tunnel and freight services were started in June of that year, with passenger services in December. 6 Mayıs 1994'te II. Kraliçe Elizabeth ve Fransız Cumhurbaşkanı François Mitterrand resmen tüneli açtı ve o yılın haziran ayında navlun hizmetlerine Aralık ayında yolcu hizmetleri verildi.

Also known as HS1, the Channel Tunnel Rail Link was the UK's first high speed railway - it opened in 2007 and allowed the Eurostar trains to run at full speed between London and Folkestone for the first time. HS1 olarak da bilinen Kanal Tüneli Demiryolu Bağlantısı, İngiltere'nin ilk yüksek hızlı demiryolu oldu - 2007'de açıldı ve Eurostar trenlerinin ilk kez Londra ve Folkestone arasında tam hızda çalışmasına izin verdi. The new line's terminus, London's iconic St Pancras station, underwent a huge six year renovation before becoming the new UK home of Eurostar. Londra'nın ikonik St Pancras istasyonu olan yeni hattın terminusu, Eurostar'ın yeni İngiltere evine girmeden önce büyük bir altı yıllık yenileme aldı.

The network of Eurostar destinations and connected high-speed services continues to grow - in May 2015, a new Eurostar route between London and Marseille became the first high-speed rail service from the UK to the Mediterranean. Eurostar destinasyon ağları ve bağlı yüksek hızlı hizmetler büyümeye devam ediyor - Mayıs 2015'te Londra-Marsilya arasındaki yeni Eurostar rota, İngiltere'den Akdeniz'e yapılan ilk hızlı tren hizmeti oldu.

From October 2015, our Great Hall will become home to a Eurostar Power Car class 373 , donated by Eurostar. Ekim 2015'ten itibaren, Büyük Salonumuz , Eurostar tarafından bağışlanan 373 Eurostar Power Car sınıfına ev sahipliği yapacak. Sitting alongside other railway greats, find our more about its unique legacy to rail travel in Europe. Diğer demiryolu üyeleri ile birlikte oturduğumuzda, Avrupa'daki demiryolu seyahati için benzersiz mirası hakkında daha fazla bilgi edinin.



Did you know? Biliyor musun?

  • The 'muck truck trains' removed the 4.3 million cubic metres of earth and rock that was displaced. 'Muck kamyon trenleri', yerinden edilen 4.3 milyon metreküp toprak ve kayayı kaldırdı. This spoil was then deposited at Shakespeare Cliff near Dover, increasing the size of the UK by 90 acres. Bu yağma olayı daha sonra Dover yakınlarındaki Shakespeare Cliff'de depolandı ve İngiltere'nin büyüklüğünü 90 dönüm artırdı.

  • Eleven tunnel boring machines were used in the excavating, built specifically for the task. Görev için özel olarak inşa edilmiş olan kazıda, onbir tünel açma makinesi kullanıldı. Each machine weighed more than 1,100 tonnes: together they weighed more than the Eiffel Tower. Her makine 1,100 tondan fazla ağırlığa sahipti: birlikte Eyfel Kulesi'nden daha ağırdılar.

  • A boring machines from the British side remains buried under the Channel! İngiliz tarafındaki sıkıcı makineler Kanalın altına gömülmüştür!

  • The length of the tunnel is 31.4 miles, 23.5 miles is under the sea. Tünelin uzunluğu 31.4 mil, deniz kenarında 23.5 mil. It's the longest undersea portion of tunnel in the world. Dünyadaki tünelin en uzun deniz altı kısmı. The lowest point is 75m deep. En alçak nokta 75 m derinliğindedir.

  • Since 1994 the equivalent of over four times the population of the UK have crossed the channel using the tunnel. 1994 yılından bu yana İngiltere'nin dört katından fazla bir nüfusa tüneli kullanarak kanalı geçti.

  • In April 2004 Eurotunnel Le Shuttle put one of the 580 tonne boring drills used to excavate the tunnel on Ebay! Eurotunnel Le Shuttle, Nisan 2004'te Ebay tünelini kazmak için kullanılan 580 tonluk sıkıcı matkaplardan birini koydu! It was sold for £39,999. 39.999 sterlin karşılığında satıldı.

Archive Images Kaynak: http://www.nrm.org.uk/railwaystories/railwayarticles/eurotunnel




Dostları ilə paylaş:


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©muhaz.org 2019
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə