The following steps would be taken to integrate biodiversity issues into national development policies relevant to poverty reduction and climate change mitigation and adaptation in the forestry, food and agriculture, commerce & industry, environment, health, and education sectors of the economy:
Review policies, plans and budgets in the key sectors of the economy that need to change to support improved biodiversity management;
Create awareness to policy and decision makers on the economic implications of improved biodiversity management;
Influence Lawmakers to make/review laws relevant to biodiversity management for sustainable economic development;
Enhance the understanding of key personnel of sectoral stakeholders with capacity to influence budgets to support projects that would improve biodiversity management and create climate resilient ecosystems to reduce poverty and climate change impacts;
Influence the creation of a network of stakeholders to enhance integrated biodiversity management through participatory planning, knowledge sharing and capacity building across all levels of government;
Establishment of an Inter-Agency Committee to develop sustainable financing mechanism to generate revenues for biodiversity programmes;
Integration of biodiversity education into national curricula at all levels
5.0. IMPLEMENTATION PLAN
Nigeria has since the ratification of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) produced its first NBSAP report in 2006. Consequently, the revision of the first NBSAP report is expected to be completed by the end of 2015. However, for the NBSAP to be completed there is the need to address and develop the supporting systems, which are actions needed to achieve the NBSAP national targets. These supporting systems or components were developed as implementation plans to determine who does what, where and how.
The plans developed for NBSAP implementation include:
The plan for capacity development and technical capacity needs assessment, which detailed the human and technical needs to implement the NBSAP and how they may be mobilized;
A communication and outreach strategy for the NBSAP, detailing how the NBSAP will be promoted in the country among decision makers and the public at large; and
A plan for resource mobilization for NBSAP implementation; this analyzes the financial resources needed to implement the NBSAP and how they will also be mobilized. Finance mobilization options examined include, domestic budget, external assistance (where relevant) and innovative financial mechanisms.
The main objective of these plans is to ensure the development of necessary capacities and inclusive societal engagement in the development, updating and implementation of the country’s NBSAP.
Gender can be simply put as a social construct of men and women’s behaviour, which refers to the roles and responsibilities that are created in our families, our society and our culture. It is therefore needful to sensitize coordinators of NBSAP to integrate gender issues in its activities. Also, to bridge the gender gaps in NBSAP implementation, the coordinators shall adopt the following means:
Gender analysis of biodiversity programmes and projects;
Gender responsive planning and policies for integrating women in resource management decision making;
Development of a comprehensive plan for integrating gender issues for women and youths empowerment through measures of positive discrimination;
Organizing workshops/conferences on gender issues and compile comprehensive gender statistics.
5.1. Plan for Capacity Development and Technology Needs Assessment for NBSAP Implementation
The Capacity Assessment Framework (Table 5.1) reflects the interplay among the following three dimensions ((i) Enabling Environment; (ii) Organizational; (iii) Individual). They are the three levels at which capacity is nurtured.
Capacity development at enabling environment level
Nigeria operates a presidential system of government with bicameral legislative system (the Senate and the Federal House of Representatives). She also has three levels of governance, the national, State and the local governments. The responses for developing capacities at the enabling environment level include those CD initiatives which relate to the development of policies, laws, rules and norms relevant to official governance procedure in Nigeria.
Organizational arrangements in Nigeria also exist at the three levels. Public sectors are organized into ministries at the federal and state levels. There are also other government agencies and commissions as well as non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The capacity development responses for developing organizational capacities relate to organizational structures, processes, resources and management issues.
Capacity development at individual level
The capacity development initiatives aim at developing capacities of the individual employees in the country. The CD tools and techniques have been chosen keeping in view the individual levels of knowledge and skills in the relevant fields, their qualifications and motivation relevant to the Nigerian context.
Core Capacity Issues: Along the three points of entry mentioned above, there are several core issues to be explored for the capacity assessment. These also provide a comprehensive set of issues from which capacity needs will be developed.
Table 5.1: Capacity Assessment Framework
The capacity development plan is a response to address the key capacity deficits identified in the capacity needs assessment. Its core components consist of the prioritized capacity needs which need to be addressed to improve the core capacity issues. The capacity development activities and actions are listed below.
Table 5.2: Capacity Development Activities and Actions
Core Capacity Issues
Individual and Institutional Capacity Needs
Capacity for development and maintenance of the protected areas system
Strengthen enforcement of Protected Areas(PAs)
Work with State and local governments to strengthen enforcement of PAs
Improve planning and resource mobilization
Develop template for planning and resource mobilization
Provide training on biodiversity conservation to personnel across different sector
Create ‘train-the-trainers’ program for personnel within different sectors
Capacity for collection of relevant data for NBSAP and emerging issues in Biodiversity conservation including ecosystem approach to services, sustainable utilization, climate change and biodiversity etc.
Create fund fora to bring together government agencies working on NBSAP with donors to promote understanding of mutual benefit of agencies working together
Link data collection to national development in order to attract more funding