First Responder Awareness Level Training Getting Credit and Certificate



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First Responder Awareness Level Training


Getting Credit and Certificate

  • To get full credit and certificate for this class, the class facilitator should do the following:

  • *Present the Power Point Presentation and have all students study any handouts.

  • *Enter the appropriate information into the facility’s training records.

  • *Send the following information by e-mail to the Cabinet’s Safety Coordinator for each student in the class:

  • -name,

  • -work address,

  • -work title,

  • -name of class,

  • -date of class.

  • Safety Coordinator-Richard T. Owen at Richard.Owen@ky.gov.

  • The certificates will be returned to the class facilitator for distribution.



Code of Federal Regulations 1910.120(q)(6)(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)



Code of Federal Regulations 1910.120(q)(6)(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)



First Responder Awareness Level Training



Unit 1 Objectives

  • Identify OSHA and EPA training requirements.

  • Identify the role of the Awareness Level First Responder.

  • Identify the roles of the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) and the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC).



Hazardous Materials

  • Defined in numerous ways

    • U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT)
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
    • U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  • Simplified Definition



Hazardous Materials Incidents

  • “Haz-Mat” incidents are unique incidents. They require specialized protective measures not normally available to first responders AND they demand a different operational approach!



Sources of Danger

  • Thermal Chemical

  • Etiological Psychological

  • Asphyxiation Radiological

  • Mechanical



Public Safety “Duty to Act”

  • Public safety responders have a “Duty to Act”.

  • Level of involvement is defined by employer’s Emergency Response Plan (ERP).

  • The actions expected to be taken should be in Standard Operating Procedure format.

  • NEVER exceed level of training and protection!



Awareness Level Response

  • Recognition

  • Isolation

  • Protection

  • Notification



North American Emergency Response Guidebook

  • Tool for success.

  • Every emergency vehicle should have a copy.

  • Purpose

    • An aid for identification of the material involved.
    • Outlines basic initial actions.
    • Recommends protective action areas.
    • Serves as an initial incident safety plan.


Legal Mandates

  • Superfund Amendments and Re-Authorization Act of 1986 (SARA 1986).

  • SARA Title I, Section 126 mandated OSHA to develop safety regulations for responders.

  • SARA Title III requires local communities and facilities to plan and prepare for hazardous materials emergencies.



Legal Mandates: OSHA

  • 1910 Subpart H-Hazardous materials

  • 1910 Subpart I-Personal protective equipment

  • 1910.178(a)(2)-Powered industrial trucks general design and construction standards

  • 1910.178(a)(3)-Powered industrial trucks labeling

  • 1910.178(a)(7)-Approved truck



Legal Mandates: OSHA

  • 1910.178(f)(1)-Storage and handling of liquid fuel

  • 1910.178(f)(2)-Storage and handling of liquid petroleum gas

  • 1910.178(i)(1)-Carbon monoxide levels

  • 1910.1000-Air contaminants

  • 1910.1201-Retention of DOT markings, placards and labels



Legal Mandates: OSHA

  • 29 CFR 1910.120-Employees who work in an area, or areas, where there is a potential to witness or discover an uncontrolled release of a hazardous substance and whose response actions will be limited to initiating emergency response procedures by notifying the proper authorities, must receive first responder awareness level training.



Legal Mandates: OSHA

  • Such employees are not limited to police, hospital or fire department personnel, but includes any employees meeting the previous description.

  • Training requirements must be derived from the roles assign in the Emergency Response Plan and/or procedures.



Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HazWOpER)

  • OSHA and EPA’s safety standard which was developed in accordance with the mandate of SARA Title I, Section 126.

  • Codified as OSHA 29 CFR 1910.120 and EPA 40 CFR 311.

  • Enforced in Florida by the Florida Department of Labor and Employment Security as well as OSHA and EPA.



Five Levels of Training

  • First Responder Awareness Level.

  • First Responder Operational Level.

  • Hazardous Materials Technician.

  • Hazardous Materials Specialist.

  • Hazardous Materials Incident Commander.



Operational Modes

  • Awareness and Operational level responders take DEFENSIVE actions.

  • Technicians and Specialists take OFFENSIVE actions.

  • The Incident Commander coordinates the response and is ultimately responsible for safety.



First Responder Awareness Level Training



Unit 2 - Hazard Identification

  • Unit Objectives

  • - Identify the six clues to the presence of hazardous materials.

  • - Identify the various hazard classes of hazardous materials.

  • - Describe ways to determine the specific identity of a hazardous material.



Awareness Level Response

  • Recognition

  • Isolation

  • Protection

  • Notification



Six Basic Clues to Recognition

  • 1 - Occupancy and location.

  • 2 - Container shape and size.

  • 3 - Placards and labels.

  • 4 - Shipping papers/facility

  • documents.

  • 5 - Markings and colors.

  • 6 - Human senses.



Clue # 1 - Occupancy and Location

  • Specific occupancy or general area.

  • Fixed facilities.

  • Five modes of hazardous materials transportation:

    • Rail, air, marine, highway and pipeline.
  • Drug lab considerations.



Clue # 2 - Container Shape and Size

  • Classifications

    • Portable, fixed or transportation.
  • Pressure

    • Non-pressurized, low or high pressure.
  • Vapor Pressure and Storage

    • The higher the pressure, the greater the potential for catastrophic failure.
    • BLEVE!


Clue # 3 - Placards and Labels

  • Placards and their limitations

    • Not always required.
    • The 1000 pound rule.
  • Placards and labels used for transport are based upon DOT Hazard Class.

  • Nine Hazard Classes

    • Subdivided into divisions.
    • Refer to page 11 of 1996 ERG.


Hazard Class 1 - Explosives

  • Subdivided into 6 divisions

    • 1.1 - Mass explosion hazard
    • 1.2 - Projectile hazard
    • 1.3 - Fire, minor blast or projectile
    • 1.4 - Minor explosion
    • 1.5 - Very insensitive explosives
    • 1.6 - Extremely insensitive


Hazard Class 2 - Gases

  • Pressurized or liquefied

    • Compressed nitrogen and liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) are examples.
  • Product and container present hazards.

  • Three Subdivisions

    • 2.1 - Flammable gases.
    • 2.2 - Non-Flammable, Non-Poisonous.
    • 2.3 - Poisonous Gases.


Hazard Class 3 - Flammable/Combustible Liquids

  • Flammable Liquids can be ignited at room temperature.

  • Combustible Liquids require some degree of pre-heating to ignite.

  • Number 1 rule - eliminate ignition sources.



Hazard Class 4 - Flammable Solids

  • Three subdivisions

    • 4.1 - Flammable Solids.
    • 4.2 - Spontaneously Combustible.
    • 4.3 - Dangerous when wet.


Hazard Class 5 - Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides

  • Oxidizers release oxygen to enhance or intensify burn.

  • With strong fuels, oxidizers can create conditions which which can lead to violent combustion.

  • Many Organic Peroxides are very unstable.



Hazard Class 6 - Poisonous and Infectious Substances

  • Poisonous to human

    • Can include severely irritating substances.
    • “Tear Gas”, Hydrocyanic acid, Carbon Tetrachloride.
  • Infectious Substances

    • Potential to cause diseases in humans.
    • Anthrax, human blood and many body fluids.


Hazard Class 7 - Radioactive Materials

  • Ionizing radiation hazard.

  • Exposure does not always result in contamination.

  • Safety Rules

    • Time, Distance and Shielding.
  • Shipped in specialized containers.



Hazard Class 8 - Corrosives



Hazard Class 9 - Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials

  • ORM A - Dry Ice

  • ORM B - Quick Lime, Metallic mercury

  • ORM C - Asphalt, Battery parts

  • ORM D - Consumer commodities

  • ORM E - Hazardous substances and hazardous wastes



Pesticide Labels

  • Product name

  • Active ingredients

  • Signal word

    • Caution
    • Warning
    • Danger (Poison)
  • Precautionary statements



Clue # 4 - Shipping Papers and Facility Documents



Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

  • Required to be maintained by the Federal Hazard Communication Standard and The Florida Right-to-Know Law.

  • Found at fixed facilities.

  • Provides a variety of information.

  • Emergency Response Plans (ERP).

  • Emergency Action Plans (EAP).



Clue # 5 - Markings and Colors

  • Container colors are not always standardized

  • UN/NA identification numbers.

  • NFPA 704 Diamond.

  • Military markings.





Clue # 6 - Human Senses



Methods of Identification

  • Once you recognize, try to identify.

  • Location of material name

    • Shipping papers
    • MSDSs (fixed facilities)
    • Facility Pre-Plans
    • Employees and bystanders
  • If you cannot safely identify, try to classify the material into a hazard class.



Unit Summary

  • Goals of recognition and identification

    • Recognize, Classify, Identify
  • Six clues to the presence of hazardous materials

    • Occupancy and location, container shape and size, placards and labels, shipping papers and facility documents, markings and colors, the human senses.
  • There are nine general classes of hazardous materials.



First Responder Awareness Level Training



Objectives

  • Identify the procedures for initiating your Emergency Response Plan.

  • Identify the proper procedures for implementing protective action distances.

  • Take actions necessary to properly isolate the incident.



North American Emergency Response Guidebook

  • Goal

  • Purpose & Limitations



Steps for Proper Use of the ERG

  • Recognize & Identify Hazardous Materials

    • Name
    • Four digit ID number
    • Placard description
  • Look up the guide page number.

  • Take basic protective actions according to the guide page.

  • Initiate isolation and evacuation according to protective action distances.



Basic Protective Actions

  • Main Objectives

    • Isolate
    • Protect by preventing contamination.
    • Initiate your Emergency Response Plan (Notify).


Proper Guide Page Use



Table of Protective Action Distances



Protective Action Options

  • Shelter in-place

    • Short duration incidents.
    • Greater hazard to attempt to move.
    • Impractical to evacuate.
  • Evacuation

    • Potential for massive fire or explosion.
    • Long duration incidents.


Emergency Response Information

  • Firefighting

    • Definition of “Haz-Mat Fire”.
    • Defensive Vs. Offensive.
    • Role of the awareness responder.
  • Spill / Leak Control

    • Not an awareness level role.
  • First Aid

    • Remember to prevent secondary contamination.


Unit Summary

  • ERG provides guidelines.

  • You can find a guide page by:

    • Name, ID number or placard comparison.
  • Basic instructions - page 1.

  • Two indexes

  • Orange guide pages

  • Green protective action pages



First Responder Awareness Level Training

  • Unit 4 - “Termination”



Objectives

  • Identify the three actions necessary for proper termination.

  • Identify the information that should be received by responders during on scene debriefing.



Reasons for Termination

  • Required by OSHA.

  • Relates important information to the responders.

  • Insures exposures are documented.

  • Insures that we improve our future responses.



Steps to Proper Termination

  • On-scene debriefing.

  • Incident critique.

  • After action analysis.



Exercise

  • Recognition

  • Isolation

  • Protection

  • Notification



Thank You For Your Participation

  • For additional assistance contact:

  • Richard T. Owen

  • Education Cabinet Safety Coordinator

  • 601 East Main Street

  • Frankfort, Kentucky 40601

  • 502-564-7346

  • Richard.Owen@ky.gov




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