Master degree in “Water, Environment, Oceanography” (weo)



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Master USTH Water Environment Oceanography 2016-2021

MSc programme (Syllabus) version 15.07.2016



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Coordinators of the Teaching Units (TUs)



Management of the Master programme

Heads Prof. Philippe Behra (INPT) philippe.behra@ensiacet.fr

Dr. Sylvain Ouillon (IRD) sylvain.ouillon@ird.fr

Dr. Nguyen Thi Hue (VAST, IET) nguyen.thi-hue@usth.edu.vn

W3 Prof. Corinne Cabassud (INSA Toulouse) corinne.cabassud@insa-toulouse.fr

Dr. Le Phong Thu (USTH) le-phuong.thu@usth.edu.vn

NEWS Prof. Magali Gerino (Université Toulouse III Paul-Sabatier) magali.gerino@univ-toulouse.fr

Dr. Mai Huong (USTH) mai.huong@usth.edu.vn

HO Dr. Marine Herrmann (IRD) marine.herrmann@ird.fr

Dr. Sylvain Ouillon (IRD) sylvain.ouillon@ird.fr

Dr. Nguyen Nguyet Minh (USTH) nguyen-nguyet.minh@usth.edu.vn

Assistant Mrs Nguyen Thi Hong Lien (USTH) nguyen-thi-hong.lien@usth.edu.vn



Detailed description of the Teaching Units

Master 1 - Semester 1: Common teaching units

W01

Analytical chemistry - Aquatic chemistry

ECTS

5

Keywords

Chemistry of aqueous solution, Instrumental methods, spectrometry, electrochemistry, chromatography

Description

In this teaching unit, two different basic courses in relation with aquatic chemistry and main basic analytical methods will be given.

In the course “aquatic chemistry”, basic concepts of chemistry in aqueous solution will be reminded (equilibria, acid and base, complexation, oxido-reduction, precipitation-dissolution, EhpH diagrams...). Reaction kinetics will also be a part of this course.

In the course “analytical chemistry”, basic analytical methods will be described (electronic and atomic spectroscopy, gas and liquid chromatography) and illustrated with some examples of pollutant analysis in water samples.


References

- Aquatic Chemistry - Chemical equilibria and rates in natural waters, by Stumm W., Morgan J.J., 1996, 3rd edition, Wiley-Interscience Pub., New York

- Chimie des Milieux Aquatiques, by Sigg L., Behra P., Stumm W., 2014, 5th edition, Dunod, Paris (in French)

- Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences by George W. Luther III, 2016, Wiley-Interscience Pub., New York

Coordinators

Prof. Emmanuel Guillon, UMR CNRS ICMR, Univ. Reims Champagne-Ardenne, emmanuel.guillon@univ-reims.fr

Ass Prof Dr Nguyen Thi Hue, Department of Envir. Quality analysis, IET, Mobile: 0915381354, nthue2003@yahoo.com



Lectures

Solution chemistry, 14 h course, 9 h practical. Lecturers: Emmanuel Guillon, Nguyen Thi Hue

Analytical chemistry, 16 h course, 6 h practical. Lecturers: Emmanuel Guillon, Ta Thi Thao, Nguyen Thi Hue

Instructors

Ass Prof Dr Nguyen Thi Hue, Department of Envir. Quality analysis, IET

Prof. Ta Thi Thao, Hanoi University of Sciences, Mobile: 0977 323 464, thaott73@gmail.com

Dr BUI Van Hoi, USTH

Prof. Emmanuel Guillon, Univ. Reims Champagne-Ardenne

Prof. Marc Hebrant, Univ. Lorraine (LCPME); Prof. Philippe Behra (LCA)


Control

examination (2 written exams + report)



W02

Ecology - Aquatic microbiology

ECTS

5

Keywords

Aquatic ecology, species, population, community, ecosystems, landscape, biosphere

Micro-organisms communities, populations dynamics, Biofilm, aggregate



Description

The objective of this module is to present a general introduction of the ecology and microbiology of aquatic ecosystems in tropical and temperate regions. Different scales of study in ecology will be explored as will be the different questions associated to these scales.

After an introduction on the micro-organisms present in aquatic systems, the role of microbes in elemental cycles and ecosystem function will be discussed. Notions on biofilms and aggregates will be developed as will aquatic microbial pathogens in disease.



References




Coordinators

Prof. Magali Gerino, magali.gerino@univ-tsle3.fr

Dr. Emma Rochelle-Newall, DR IRD, UMR iEES-Paris. emma.rochelle-newall@ird.fr

Dr. Duong Thi Thuy, Institute of Environmental Technology, Dept. of Environmental Hydrobiology. duongthuy0712@yahoo.com , Tel: +84 4 38361623/ +84 976567900


Lectures

Ecology (lectures: 15 h; tutorial + practical: 10 h):

From Species, to biosphere (glossary, definitions, questions, sub sciences, …)

Species, Niche partitioning, Biotic and abiotic influences

Population dynamic introduction

Community functioning introduction (structure, complexity and interactions)

Ecosystems : 10 keys to understand

Landscape, biome and biosphere MG

Nowdays questions related to these scales : the Food, Energy and Water nexus, global changes (climate and pollution), biodiversity conservation



Microbiology (lectures: 15 h; tutorial + practical: 10 h):

Introduction to aquatic microbial ecology and microbial nutrient cycles

Interactions between microorganisms

Aquatic microbiology: drinking water, wastewaters

Ecology of diseases related to water in tropical area

Environmental change and the emergence of pathogens in tropical countries



Field trip

Instructors

Dr. Emma J Rochelle-Newall, DR IRD, UMR iEES-Paris

Dr. Duong Thi Thuy, CR, Dept. Environ. Hydrobiology, IET, Hanoi.

Dr. Ho Tu Cuong, CR IET, Hanoi

Prof. Dr Yann Hechard, PR Univ. Poitiers, yann.hechard@univ-poitiers.fr



Dr. Tu Binh Minh, HUS-VNU, tubinhminh@gmail.com

Dr. Evelyne Buffan Dubau, evelyne.buffan-dubau@univ-tlse3.fr>

Prof. Magali Gerino, magali.gerino@univ-tlse3.fr

Prof. Jean-Claude Block, jean-claude.block@univ-lorraine.fr



Control

examination (3 h) + practical + personal work



W03

Fluid mechanics - Transfers & Reactions

ECTS

5

Keywords

General fluid mechanics, Properties and equations of motion, Basis in Mass and Heat Transfer – Mass balances – Chemical reactor engineering – Ideal reactors

Description

This course gives an introduction to general fluid mechanics, to mass and heat transfer and reactions.

The first part deals with the concept of continuous medium, static and kinematic of fluids, integral forms of the fundamental balance equations (conservation of mass, momentum and energy), theorems of Bernoulli and applications (velocity and flow measurements, head losses,…), momentum theorem, Navier-Stokes equations and main exact solutions (Couette and Poiseuille), boundary layer, Dimensionless numbers (Reynolds, Prandtl, Sherwood, Nusselt, …) and notions of turbulence (2D and 3D).

The second is dedicated to Notion of intensive / extensive property, convection-advection and diffusion, Basis in Mass transfer (Fick’s law, notion of mass transfer coefficient). Basis in Heat transfer: conduction (Fourier’s laws), convection, radiation. Notion of heat transfer coefficient. Analogies between momentum, mass and heat transfers. Estimation of diffusion coefficients.

Reaction kinetics in homogeneous systems: reaction rate law, reaction order, kinetic constant, Arrhenius law.

Application of mass transport equation to various systems :


  • Notion of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems; steady state / unsteady state systems; open and closed systems

  • Global mass balances without and with reaction, notion of conversion rate and generalized extent of a reaction. Application to simple and complex reactional systems

  • Detailed mass balances at the macroscopic scale of a single-phase chemical reactor, notions of uniformity. Application of balances in perfectly stirred and in plug flow reactors.

  • Non ideal reactors. Systemic approach : Residence Time Distribution

References




Coordinators

Prof. Dr Laurent Brizzi, Univ. Poitiers, laurent.brizzi@univ-poitiers.fr

Lectures

Introduction to fluid mechanics, 12 h course, 6 h tutorial, 6 h practical.

Introduction to transfer: 2 h course, 2 h tutorial

Introduction to chemical reactor Engineering: 7 h course, 8 h tutorial

Pressurized flows and pressure losses: 5 h course, 5 h tutorial

Instructors

Fluid Mechanics: Prof. Dr. Laurent Brizzi, Univ. Poitiers (ENSIP), Institut Pprime (UPR 3346), Dr. NGUYEN Nguyet Minh, USTH

Transfer & Reactions: Prof. J.S Pic (INSA), Prof. C. Cabassud INSA, Trinh Bich Ngoc, USTH

Pressurized flows and pressure losses: Dr. Nguyen Thu Hien


Control

Written examination (3 h) + practical + personal work



W04

Hydrology – Data analysis

ECTS

5

Keywords

Hydrology: Water cycle - Catchment basin - Aquifers - Piezometric maps - Pumping tests – Rainfall – Runoff - Water balance – Hydrographs

Data analysis: Statistics, Data analysis, Causal relations, Mutivariate analysis, Markov diffusion



Description

Hydrology: This teaching unit is composed of two complementary sections in order to propose an integrated approach of the continental hydrosystems. The first one is dealing with surface waters, the other is dealing with ground waters. The courses, tutorials and practical are intended to provide the elementary methodological tools necessary for engineers or research approaches.

Data analysis: The course is intended to give students the background to use advanced statistical techniques needed for environmental studies. The courses will help students develop their analytic and critical thinking abilities. The practice on Statistical software will be done during the practical training courses.

References




Coordinators

Dr. Valérie Borrell Estupina, University Montpellier, HSM, valerie.borrell@umontpellier.fr

Lectures

Hydrology (24 h): Water cycle, catchment basin, rainfall, evapotranspiration, infiltration, runoff, water balance, hydrographs

11 h course, 6 h tutorial, 7 h practical. Lecturers: Valérie Borrell Estupina or Marine Rousseau



Hydrogeology (24 h): Hydrodynamic properties of rocks, types of aquifers, piezometric maps, fundamentals of groundwater hydrodynamics, pumping tests

11 h course, 6 h tutorial, 7 h practical. Lecturer: Séverin Pistre



Data analysis (25 h maximum):

1. Mathematics and statistics, 5 h course, 7 h practical. Lecturer: Nguyen Thi Van Oanh or TA Thi Thao

2. Data analysis methods, 3 h course, 7 h practical. Lecturer: Nguyen Thi Van Oanh or TA Thi Thao

3. Evidence for causal relations, 2 h course, 2 h practical. Lecturer: Nguyen Thi Van Oanh or TA Thi Thao

4. Multivariate analysis techniques, 5 h course, 9 h practical. Lecturer: Nguyen Thi Van Oanh or TA Thi Thao

5. Study of Markov diffusion phenomena, 3 h course, 3 h practical. Lecturer: Nguyen Thi Van Oanh or TA Thi Thao

Note: possibility to shift the lectures on “mathematics and statistics” and “data analysis methods” in one week of training (the Basics to enter the Water Sciences Master programme)


Instructors

Dr. Valérie Borrell Estupina, University Montpellier, HSM, valerie.borrell@umontpellier.fr

Dr Marine Rousseau, University Montpellier, marine.rousseau@umontpellier.fr

Prof. Séverin Pistre, University Montpellier, HSM, severin.pistre@umontpellier.fr

Prof. Dr Ta Thi Thao (Hanoi University of Sciences), thaott73@gmail.com, tathithao@hus.edu.vn, 0977323464

Ass. Prof. Nguyen Thi Van Oanh, Université Paris Sud, Orsay, France, van-oanh.nguyen-thi@u-psud.fr


Control

examination (3h) + practical + personal work



W05

Geophysical Fluid dynamics - Free surface flows

ECTS

5

Keywords

Geofluids, free surface flows, Saint Venant

Description

GFD: This course is an initiation to geophysical fluid dynamics.

The hearth system (orbit, sun irradiance, etc.). The physical setting of the ocean (dimension, relief, the different oceanic domains, etc.), the air-sea exchanges.

Physical properties of sea water: pressure, temperature, salinity, equation of state of sea water, density, T-S diagram, potential temperature. The oceanic mixed layer and thermocline. Hydrostatic equilibrium.

Introduction to ocean circulation: Ekman transport and geostrophic currents, wind driven circulation, thermoaline circulation, tides.



Free surface flows: Saint-Venant (1D and 2D)

References

Gross, M. Grant and Elizabeth Gross (1996) Oceanography—

A View of Earth. 7th edition. Prentice Hall.

Pinet, Paul R. (2006) Invitation to Oceanography. 4th edition. Jones and

Bartlett Publishers.

Open University (2001) Ocean Circulation. 2nd edition. Pergamon Press.

Open University (1995) Seawater: Its Composition, Properties and Behavior.

2nd edition. Pergamon Press.

Open University (1989). Waves, Tides and Shallow-Water Processes. Pergamon Press.

Segar, Douglas A. (2007). Introduction to Ocean Sciences. 2nd edition. W. W.Norton.


Coordinators

Prof. Hubert Loisel, ULCO,

Dr. Nguyen Nguyet Minh, USTH



Lectures

35 h course, 15 h tutorial

Lecturers: Hubert Loisel, Nguyen Nguyet Minh, Nguyen Tho Sao



Instructors

Prof. Hubert Loisel, ULCO

Prof. Dr. Nguyen Tho Sao, Hanoi University of Science, nts52@fpt.vn

Dr. Nguyen Nguyet Minh, USTH


Control

Examination (3 h) + oral presentation



W06

Management Sciences, English, French

ECTS

5

Keywords

International Economics, International Business Law, International Finance, French, English

Description




Coordinators

Dr. Frédéric Thomas, IRD

Lectures

- International Economics,

- International Business Law,

- International Finance, Lecturer

- French


- English

Instructors




Control

examination + practical + personal work


Master 1 - Semester 2: Speciality units

W11

Water quality and Human health

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

W3 and NEWS

Keywords

Risk assessment, Public health, REACh, Water Framework Directive

Description

EU’s regulations for chemicals and pollution monitoring in aquatic ecosystems.

Coordinators

Prof Dr Yves LEVI, Univ. Paris-11, Laboratoire Santé Publique – Environnement, yves.levi@u-psud.fr

Dr MAI Huong, USTH



Lectures

European’s regulation for chemical management (REACh) and water quality monitoring (WFD): 3h course.

Effects of pollutants at different levels of biological organization: individual, population, communities and ecosystem functioning: 4h course, 4h Tutorial.

Fundamental bases in human toxicology: basis on toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics: 5h course.

Specificities of microbial risk for public health and water uses: 3h course

Evaluation of chemical risk for human health: biological indicators (exposure, impregnation and liminal effect analyses). Epidemiology bases. 5h course, 4h Tutorial.

Chemical safety. 4h course.



Instructors

Depending on the year, the lectures will be given by one th following teachers:

Dr Yves Lévi , Université Paris 11

Prof Dr Paco Bustamante, Université de La Rochelle, UMR LLIENS

Dr Jérome Labanowski or Leslie Mondamert (Université Poitiers)

Dr MAI Huong, USTH


Control

one written examination



W12

Transport and reaction in porous media

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

W3 and NEWS

Keywords

Flow and reaction into porous media – heterogeneous reactions – limitations to mass transfer

Description

This unit aims to give some basic knowledge in transport and reaction that is necessary to model or to design the processes involved in water treatment at the scale of a granular media, or of a column,

Coordinators

Ass. Pr. Jean-Stéphane PIC, INSA Toulouse, UMR LISB, pic@insa-toulouse.fr

Dr MAI Huong, USTH, huong.mai2003@gmail.com or mai.huong@usth.edu.vn



Lectures

  • Introduction to liquid solid systems and reactors

  • Notion of porous media and of different porosity scales

  • Flow into porous media – introduction to Kozeny-Karman equation and application to a fixed bed of granulated media. Equations of Darcy and Ergun for pressure drop

  • General equation of reactive transport. Notion of dispersion, Peclet number

  • Different expressions of reaction rates and corresponding units

  • Notion of characteristic time (Damköhler)

  • Diffusion/reaction at the scale of a porous media – internal and external diffusion

  • Definition of Thiele modulus, notion of apparent reaction rate and if effectiveness factor

  • example of design of a G/L reactor for water oxidation and of a L/S reactor

Instructors

Depending on the year, the lectures will be given by one the following teachers:

Ass. Pr. Jean-Stéphane PIC, INSA Toulouse, UMR LISBP

Pr Philippe BEHRA, INPT

Pr Corinne Cabassud, INSA Toulouse, UMR LISBP

Dr MAI Huong, USTH


References




Numbers of teached hours

10 h lectures + 15 h tutorials (including labwork if available)

Control

Written examination



W13

Drinking Water Production & Waste Water Treatment Routes

ECTS

5

Speciality

W3

Keywords

Drinking water production route, domestic waste water treatment route, visits of plants

Description

The objective is to give an introductive overview of the different possible treatment routes for a) producing drinking water and for b) treating domestic waste waters. Different possible routes will be introduced that allow to treat different resources from the resource to the network (drinking water production) or to the environment (waste water treatment). The role and limitation of the different unit operations in the treatment route will be pointed out. Some visits of plants in Vietnam will be performed in order to visualize what is a real plant in Vietnam.

Coordinators

Pr Christophe DAGOT, Univ. Limoges, GRESE, dagot@ensil.unilim.fr

Ass. Prof. Dr NGUYEN Thi Hue, IET, nthue2003@gmail.com or nguyen-thi.hue@usth.edu.vn



Lectures

Drinking water treatment routes (G. Feuillade, or X?)

Waste water treatment routes and visits (C Dagot and J Laurent)



Instructors

Pr Christophe DAGOT, Univ. Limoges, GRESE, dagot@ensil.unilim.fr

Ass Pr Julien LAURENT, ENGEES, Strasbourg, julien.laurent@engees.unistra.fr

Pr Genevieve FEUILLADE, Univ. Limoges, GRES, feuillade@ensil.unilim.fr

Ass. Pr. Dr NGUYEN Thi Hue, IET



References

Tchobanoglous, G., Burton, F.L., Metcalf & Eddy, I., Stensel, H.D., 2004. Wastewater engineering: treatment and reuse. McGraw-Hill.

Henze, M., 2008. Biological Wastewater Treatment: Principles, Modelling and Design. IWA Publishing.



Numbers of teached hours

Drinking water (G. Feuillade) :

A general introduction to the fields of production of drinking water in terms of quality of resources that could be distributed in the following way: 4h / E TD 2h / 4h tour of facilities / 4h TP / 6h mini project / presentation 2h projects and knowledge assessment

wastewater: 26h

wastewater treatment? (6h ) : Paul BOIS or Christophe Dagot


  • Wastewater in Vietnam

  • Impact of wastewater on natural environment (macro-and micropollutants)

  • Energy recovery

  • Nutrients recovery (cf. W46)

Visit (4h) : Julien LAURENT or Paul BOIS or Christophe DAGOT

Wastewater treatment plant:



  • How to treat various forms of pollution?; (4h) : Paul BOIS

  • Pretreatment (1h) : Julien LAURENT

  • Biological treatment (cf. W18) (2h) : Julien LAURENT or Christophe Dagot

  • Tertiary treatment (3h) : Julien LAURENT

  • Sludge treatment, methanisation (3h) : Paul BOIS

  • Plant with positive energy (3h) : Paul BOIS

Control

Exam 2 h



W14

Water chemistry

ECTS

5

Speciality

W3

Keywords

Water chemistry, Analysis, Natural waters, Domestic waste water, Drinking water

Description

This module aims to develop advanced knowledge on water chemistry and analysis that will be necessary to design the treatment processes.

The module will present the standard analytical methods of the main physical and chemical parameters used for:



  • drinking water production from natural fresh water, sea or brackish water,

  • treatment of domestic waste water.

National and international regulations/guidelines will be also discussed.

Coordinators

Pr Hervé GALLARD, ENSIP, Univ. Poitiers, herve.gallard@univ-poitiers.fr

Dr BUI Van Hoi, USTH, bvhoi83@gmail.com or bui-van.hoi@usth.edu.vn



Lectures

  1. Water chemistry and analysis for drinking water production (Vietnam legislation and WHO guidelines, Organoleptic properties, Dissolved inorganic constituents, Natural organic matter, Micropollutants, Disinfection by-products,… 10 h lectures + 5 h tutorials):

  2. Analytical methods for waste water treatment (Particles, Chemical and biological oxygen demand, nitrogen and phosphorus, oxygen control and measurement, emerging contaminants… 10 h lectures + 5 h tutorials)

Instructors

Dr BUI Van Hoi, USTH

Prof. Hervé GALLARD, ENSIP, Univ. Poitiers

Prof. M. HEBRANT, université de Lorraine, marc.hebrant@univ-lorraine.fr


References

Handbook of Water Analysis, 2013 Third Edition, Nollet L. M. L., De Gelder S. P.

Standard Methods for the examination of Water and WasteWater 2012. APHA, AWWA



Numbers of teached hours

Lectures 20 h, tutorials 10 h, practical courses 4 x 4 h = 16 h, 2 h exams for a total of 48 h

Control

Written exam : 2 h



W15

Solid-liquid separation

ECTS

5

Speciality

W3

Keywords

Coagulation - Flocculation - Settling- Flotation – Deep bed and Cake Filtration – Principle, Mechanisms and modelling

Description

This unit will focus on Solid liquid separation: Removal of suspended and colloidal particles (Membrane processes will be developed in WP)
The principle of solid/liquid separation and the different technologies will be introduced. Fundamentals of flocculation and modelling of settling and filtration will be developed
I) Introduction to particles in a water (G. Feuillade)

the colloidal particle - surface charge of colloids

Attraction and repulsion energies between particles

II) Aggregation of colloids (flocculation) (G. Feuillade)

III) Technological aspects in coagulation, flocculation, settling and filtration (G. Feuillade)

IV) Theoretical aspects of settling and filtration (Julie Mendret, UM2 or C. Cabassud):

Basis for dispersed media unit operations: Motion of particles in fluids – Terminal velocity for hindered and non-hindered settling, models of deep bed filtration and of cake filtration - design of filters


Coordinators

Pr Genevieve FEUILLADE, Univ. Limoges, GRES, feuillade@ensil.unilim.fr

Ass Pr LE Phuong Thu , le-phuong.thu@usth.edu.vn



Lectures

Solid liquid separation: Suspended and colloidal particles.. Lecturers: G. Feuillade, ENSIL Limoges University.

Theoretical aspects of settling and deep bed filtration, J. Mendret , UM2



Instructors

Prof. Dr. Geneviève FEUILLADE ENSIL, Univ. Limoges

Ass. Pr. Dr. Julie MENDRET, Univ. Montpellier, julie.mendret@univ-montp2.fr

or Prof. Corinne CABASSUD, INSA Toulouse, LISBP, corinne.cabassud@insa-toulouse.fr

Ass. Pr. Dr. LE Phuong Thu (USTH)



References




Numbers of teached hours

6 to 8 h courses, 6 h tutorial, 5 h practical, 1 h exam for I to IV parts

10 h


Control

1 written exam and tutorial



W16

Separation of solutes

ECTS

2.5

Speciality

W3

Keywords

Removal of solutes, Liquid/solid equilibria, adsorption, ion exchange, precipitation

Description

This unit will focus on the removal of soluble contaminants from natural resources or domestic wastewater by adsorption, ion exchange or precipitation.
I. Precipitation and coagulation

Fundamentals of precipitation

Solubility

Chemical reaction

Fundamentals of coagulation

Colloids and charge properties

Interactions mechanisms and characterization

Applications and scale-up


II. Adsorption and ion exchange

Fundamental mechanisms of sorption and ion exchange

Extra and intra particular diffusion

Fixation reactions

Kinetics and equilibrium

Fixation systems

Supports: earths, active carbon, resins

Batch and continuous apparatus

Modelling

Hydrodynamic considerations: solvent and solute transport equations

Influence of kinetics

Non linear theory of chromatography

Application and scale-up


References

- Faust, S. D., & Aly, O. M. (2013). Adsorption processes for water treatment. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

- Ladisch, M. R. (2001). Bioseparation Engineering: Principles, Practice, and Economics, Wiley, New York.

- Parsons, S. A., & Jefferson, B. (2006). Introduction to potable water treatment processes. Blackwell publishing.

- Hendricks, D. W. (2006). Water treatment unit processes: physical and chemical. CRC press.



Coordinators

Dr. Pierre-Yves PONTALIER, INPT-ENSIACET, LCA UMR 1010

Dr. LE Phuong Thu, USTH



Lectures

Course 8h / tutorial 6h/ practical 8h

Instructors

Dr. Pierre-Yves PONTALIER, INPT (pierreyves.pontalier@ensiacet.fr)

Dr. LE PHUONG Thu, USTH (le-phuong.thu@usth.edu.vn)

Dr. Marc HEBRANT, Université de Lorraine (marc.hebrant@univ-lorraine.fr)


Control

Examination + practical + personal work (TDL)




W17

Urban hydraulics

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

W3

Keywords

hydraulics, pressurized flows , energy loss, laminar regime, turbulent regime, friction losses, local losses, pipe, network, tank, pump

Description

This teaching unit focuses on elementary notions of urban hydraulics, mainly applied to sewer systems. Free surface flows is teached in W05. This unit focuses on pressurized flows. They give the basis for TU W43.

Textbook: - Finnemore E.J and Franzini J.B. Fluid mechanics with engineering applications, 10th edition, McGraw Hill, 2002, NY.; and



- Handouts.

Coordinators

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thu Hien, Thuyloi University (TLU), Hanoi; 0986493984; hien@tlu.edu.vn

Lectures

Urban Hydraulics (Pressurized flows): 14 h course, 10 h practical

I. Introduction (4 hours)

I.1. Examples of urban hydraulic works (short movies and photographs)



  • Water supply network (Drinking water system), turbomachines…

  • Sewer system: network, combined sewer overflow chambers, storage tanks…

I.2. Water properties

  • Density, viscosity (ideal fluid, real fluid) , surface tension, saturation vapor pressure, …

I.3. Visualization of flows (short movies and photographs)

  • Visualization of streamlines

  • Laminar and turbulent regimes

  • Cavitation

II. Presurised flows (10hours course, 10 hour practical)

II.1. Basic equations



  • Continuity equation

  • Momentum equation

  • Energy equation

II.2. Energy losses

  • Friction losses

  • Local losses

II.3. Turbomachines

  • Pumps

II.4. Graphical representations

  • Energy head, piezometric line…

II.5. Water-hammer

Practical



Instructors

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thu Hien, Thuyloi University, hien@tlu.edu.vn

Control

Written examination (1.5 hours) + practical (10 hours)+ personal work (24 hours)



W18

Bioprocesses

ECTS

2.5

Speciality

W3

Keywords

Biological treatment, activated sludge, Membrane bioreactor, WWTP Modelling, design

Description

Fundamentals and application of biological pathways of Waste Water Treatment plants: from microbial engineering to modelling.

This module builds on the fundamentals of microbiology (Introduction to Biochemical Engineering) and chemical engineering (mass transfer) for the operation and design of biological (aerobic and anaerobic, fixed and suspended growth) plants.



Coordinator

Pr Christophe DAGOT, Univ. Limoges, GRESE, dagot@ensil.unilim.fr

Ass Pr BUI van Hoi, USTH, bvhoi83@gmail.com or bui-van.hoi@usth.edu.vn



Lectures

Fundamentals of biological processes: Microbial metabolism, Microbial kinetics, Applied Biochemical engineering (mass balances, reactor design, oxygen transfer), Overview of the design of biological treatment (4h course, 4h practical (fermenter), growth curve), 2h practical modeling). Lecturer: C. Dagot or J. Laurent)

Suspended growth processes: Activated sludge fundamentals and design, Lagoons and ponds, Sequencing batch reactor, (4h course, 2h practical modelling Lecturer: C. Dagot or J. Laurent)

Attached and hybrid growth processes: Bacterial fixed bed, Moving and trickling beds, Rotating Biological Contactor, Biological filters (3h course. Lecturer: C. Dagot or P. Bois)

Anaerobic processes: Fundamentals, Classical anaerobic processes, UASB (3h course. Lecturer: C. Dagot or P. Bois)

Biological nutrient removal: Nitrogen treatment: principle and design, Biological Phosphorus removal (2h course, 2 h practical modeling, lecturer: C. Dagot or J. Laurent)

Instructors

Prof Christophe DAGOT, Univ. Limoges, GRESE, dagot@ensil.unilim.fr

Ass Prof Julien LAURENT, ENGEES, Univ Strasbourg, julien.laurent@engees.unistra.fr

Ass Prof Paul BOIS, ENGEES, Univ Strasbourg, paul.bois@engees.unistra.fr

Ass Pr BUI van Hoi, USTH, bvhoi83@gmail.com or bui-van.hoi@usth.edu.vn



References

Tchobanoglous, G., Burton, F.L., Metcalf & Eddy, I., Stensel, H.D., 2004. Wastewater engineering: treatment and reuse. McGraw-Hill.

Henze, M., 2008. Biological Wastewater Treatment: Principles, Modelling and Design. IWA Publishing.



Numbers of teached hours

Lectures : 15 h

Practice : 10 h



Control

Project + Exam 2 h



W19

Sludges

ECTS

2.5

Speciality

W3

Keywords

Properties of sludges from drinking water production plants or from WW treatment plants – regulation on sludge disposal in Europe and in Vietnam- Processes for the treatment of sludges – Hygienisation of sludges - Sludges and the environment –

Description

This lecture gives an overview of sludge management processes technology and design. Primarily the different sludge from drinking water production and WW characteristics in relation with regulation will be given. Secondly, the basic principle of sludge dewatering thickening and drying will be described. Finally, the participant will be grouped in order to work on different real case application project.

Coordinator

Dr Benoît TEYCHENE, ENSIP, Univ. Poitiers, benoit.teychene@univ-poitiers.fr

Dr DAO Thanh Duong, USTH, dao-thanh.duong@usth.edu.vn



Lectures

  1. Sludge characteristics and regulations

  2. Sludge handling processes

  3. Energy and nutrient recovery from sludge.

Instructors

Dr Benoît TEYCHENE, ENSIP, Univ. Poitiers, or Pr Joseph DE LAAT, ENSIP

Dr Paul BOIS, ENGEES, Univ Strasbourg

Pr JC BLOCK, Univ Lorraine

Dr DAO Thanh Duong, USTH, dao-thanh.duong@usth.edu.vn



References

Handbook of water and wastewater treatment plant operations. Frank R. Spellman, Lewis publisher 2003.

Wastewater sludge processing, Izrail S. Turovskiy & P. K. Mathai. Wiley Interscience. 2006.



Numbers of teached hours

10 hours of lecture and exercices (TD) + 2 hours exam + 10 hours (group work on case studies).

Control

1 final exam on sludge management process design + 1 presentation on each group project.



W21

Advanced hydrology

ECTS

5

Specialities

NEWS, HO

Keywords

Hydrology, hydrogeology, eco-hydrology, field measurements, erosion, water quality, watershed, database management, data analysis, watershed modelling, ecological engineering, SWAT practice.

Description

This module will deal with a presentation of fundamental analysis and design methods required to understand hydrology and hydrogeology in diverse areas (rural, urban, hill, plain and floodplain). It will provide an overview of modern instrumentation with field practices. It will address the hydrological database management and an introduction to the modelling approach for ecological engineering under SWAT environment. It will focus on eco-hydrology and ecological engineering.

Coordinator

Dr D. Orange, IRD, Montpellier; didier.orange@ird.fr, 06 27 06 60 11

Dr Le Thi Phuong Quynh (INPC)



Lectures

Courses 18 h, Tutorials 7 h, Practicals 21 h

Module 1: Hydrological analysis and data management: Measures, Frequency, Flood rooting and analysis (4 h Course, 2 h Tutorial) = 8 h

M1.1. River flow analysis (2 h)

M1.2. Statistical analysis for hydrological management (2 h)

Tutorial 1: Hydrological analysis and data management (2 h) + homework

Module 2: Instrumentation and design methods: from discharge gauging to erosion measurements (2 h Tutorial, 8 h Practical) = 8 h

Practical 1: Overview on hydrological Instrumentation and field work for hydrological survey (gauging measurements and geochemical measurements) on a river (2 h)

Tutorial 2: Hydrological analysis based on field measurements (field data) (2 h)

Practical 2: Field visit of hydropower dam, environmental meteorological station and hydrological station of Hoa Binh on the Da River (6 h)

Module 3: Eco-hydrology and engineering: Rural hydrology, Floodplain hydrology, Urban hydrology
(8h Course, 7h Tutorial)

M3.1. Environmental hydrology and eco-hydrology: ecological engineering (3h)

M3.2. Floodplain hydrology: stream processes and ground waters (3h)

M3.3. Urban hydrology: stream processes and ground waters (2h30)



Tutorial 3: Hydrological analysis and watershed functioning (3h) + Readings

Module 4: SWAT: Soil and Water Assessment Tool
(20 h Practical) = 15 h

This module will deal with a learning school of SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model (http://swat.tamu.edu/), which is a large used hydrological model that aims to simulate environmental scenarios contributing to water cycle and matter fluxes at the scale of watershed including diverse areas (rural, urban, hill, plain and floodplain).



Practical 3: Personal work for SWAT in practice (20 h) + Project work

TOTAL (46H)

Course: 4 + 8 = 12 h, eq. 18 h

Tutorial: 2 + 2 + 3 = 7 h, eq. 7 h

Practical: 2 + 2 + 20 = 28 h, eq. 21 h



Instructors



FR: D. Orange (IRD), S. Sauvage (CNRS), J. Sanchez-Perez (CNRS), J-L. Janeau (IRD) JL Maeght (IRD)

VN: Luu Thi Nguyet Minh (ICH, VAST), Le Thi Phuong Quynh (INPC, VAST), Trinh Bich Ngoc (WEO, USTH), Nguyen Thi Huong Chien (IMHE), Pham Dinh Rinh (SFRI), Trinh Bich Ngoc (USTH)



Control

Examination (3 h control) + personal homework + project work for SWAT



W22

Chemistry of the atmosphere

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

NEWS, HO

Keywords

Atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric oxidizing capacity, air quality, greenhouse gases, stratospheric and tropospheric ozone.

Description

Introduction to the atmospheric chemistry. This unit focus on providing the basic physical and chemical knowledge required to understand major environmental issues related to air quality, atmospheric pollution and climate.

Coordinators

Prof. B. Aumont, LISA, Univ. Paris-Est Créteil, Bernard.Aumont@lisa.u-pec.fr

Lectures

Atmospheric Chemistry:

1. Atmospheric composition and atmospheric layers

2. Introduction to chemical kinetic and photochemistry

3. Chemistry of the stratosphere – the ozone layer

4. Chemistry of the troposphere – the oxidizing capacity

5. Atmospheric aerosols

6. Air quality at the urban scale

7. Radiative forcing of the greenhouse gases – Global warming



Instructors

Prof. B. Aumont, LISA, Univ. Paris-Est Créteil

Prof. I Coll, Univ. Paris-Est Créteil, isabelle.coll@lisa.u-pec.fr



Prof. B. Picquet-Varrault, Univ. Paris-Est Créteil, benedicte.picquet-varrault@lisa.u-pec.fr

Control

examination (1 written exam)



W23

Biogeochemistry

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

NEWS, HO

Keywords

Geochemical tracer, Coupled numerical hydrobiogeochemical model, Natural organic matter, sources, structure, reactivity, weathering, fluxes, continental, interaction with solids, models, trace pollutants

Description

This advanced course will provide the basics principles to understand the fate and fluxes or natural terrestrial organic matter in aquatic environments and also to the study its interactions with mineral surfaces (oxides, clays) and trace elements including pollutants (Zn, Cd, Ni, Hg …). The focus will be on to the understanding of fundamental biogeochemical mechanisms. Both analytical development challenges and theoretical background will be developed in this course. The course will also develop the usefulness of coupled approaches between geochemistry and modeling to rainfall/runoff model at the basin scale or to coupled hydrological / hydrodynamic and biogeochemistry at the scale of ecosystems. The module will be based mainly on practical modelling works with few introductive lectures to each topic.

Coordinator

Prof Dr Marc F. Benedetti, Université Paris Diderot, IPGP, Laboratoire de Géochimie des Eaux, benedetti@ipgp.fr, +33 1 57278461

Lectures

Natural organic matter (properties, fate and modeling), (10 hours: Courses and practical), Lecturer: Marc F Benedetti (Yann Sivry)

  1. Carbon cycle and climatic impacts 1-1 General Box model. 1-2 The bulk terrestrial organic carbon cycle

  2. Terrestrial organic matter. 2-1 Source molecules. 2-2 Degradation of the source molecules

  3. Humic substances. 3-1 Composition and structure. 3-2 Chemical Properties and reactivity measurements

  4. Interaction between DOM and pollutants. 4-1 Heavy metals cycle and chemistry. 4-1 Persistent Organic Pollutants

  5. Surface complexation models 5-1 Mineral surfaces and metal ions from Langmuir models to CD MUSIC approach 5-2 Organic matter and metal ions the NICA Donnan Model.

Stable Isotopes in biogeochemistry (10 hours: Courses and practical), Lecturer: Yann Sivry (Marc F Benedetti)

  1. Generalities: 1) Some uses of isotopes; 2) Reminds on the internal structure of atoms; 3) The nuclides table; 4) Radioactive vs stable isotopes

  2. Stable Isotopes - basis: 1) Principles of stable isotope fractionation; 2) Equilibrium fractionation; 3) Kinetic fractionation; 4) Mass-independent fractionation; 5) Rayleigh distillation

  3. How to measure isotopic fractionation? 1) First step: chemical preparation of samples; 2) Isobaric and polyatomic interferences; 3) Mass spectrometry - major steps of the measurement

  4. The « new » Stable Isotopes - applications: 1) Use of Pb isotopic geochemistry to trace human activities; 2) Use of Zn isotopes to trace anthropic sources; 3) Molecular-level speciation and isotopes to assess the biogeochemistry of trace elements in soils and sediments : Few examples on Zn

  5. The use of stable isotopes to quantify trace elements labile pool (Isotopic Dilution Technique)

Practical work in lab (6 hours: practical): Marc F Benedetti, Yann Sivry

  • Laboratory measurements on the properties of organic Matter (solid or dissolved) or

  • Laboratory measurements of the elements associated with the different geochemical compartments (soils and/or suspended matter).

Instructors

Prof Dr Marc F. Benedetti, Université Paris Diderot, IPGP

Dr Yann Sivry, Université Paris Diderot, IPGP, Laboratoire de Géochimie des Eaux, sivry@ipgp.fr, (33) 1 5727846627




Control

Each group of students will be in charge of a practical project and will have to present the results through an oral presentation



W24

Remote sensing of environment

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

NEWS, O&H

Keywords

Basic Remote Sensing, Basic Geomatics, Applications in Environment, Hydrology and Oceanography

Description

This teaching unit will address basic remote sensing and geomatics, and related methods required in applications in environment, hydrology and oceanography. Remote sensing methods will include a large range of available satellites and sensors (optical, radar, at different spatial resolutions). The illustrations and practicals will address applications relevant to the Master specialities.

Coordinator

Dr Thuy Le Toan, CNRS, Univ. Paul-Sabatier, CESBIO, thuy.letoan@cesbio.cnes.fr

Lectures

Courses 25 h, Practicals 21 h, Control: 2h

  1. Introduction to remote sensing, 3h course. Lecturer: T. Le Toan

  2. Basics in geomatics, 3 h course, 6h practical. Lecturer: Pham Van Cu

  3. Optical remote sensing, water color, 3 h course, 3h practical. Lecturer: Pham van Cu

  4. Radar remote sensing, 3h course, 3h practical. Lecturer: T. Le Toan

  5. Radar altimetry and applications: 3h course, 3 h practical. Lecturer: S. Daillet-Rochette / R. Morrow

  6. Inundation Monitoring: rice and floods, 3h course, 3 h practical. Lecturer: T. Le Toan

  7. Land cover /land use mapping: 3h course, 3 h practical. Lecturer: Pham Van Cu

  8. Visit of the reception center of satellite data (4 hours), National Remote Sensing Centre (108, Chualang, Dongda, Hanoi). Potential instructors: Nguyen Xuan Lam, Tran Tuan Ngoc

Instructors

Dr Thuy Le Toan, CNRS, Univ. Paul-Sabatier, CESBIO, thuy.letoan@cesbio.cnes.fr

Prof Dr Pham Van Cu, HUS-VNU, International Centre for Advanced Research on Global Change ICARGC, 144 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi. cu.phamvan@gmail.com, (84) 4 3745 0079

Dr Lam Dao Nguyen, HCMIRG (VAST), Ho Chi Minh City

Dr Nguyen Xuan Lam, Director, National Remote Sensing Centre, 108 Chualang, Dongda, Hanoi, Vietnam, lamnx@rsc.gov.vn

Dr Tran Tuan Ngoc, Deputy Director, National Remote Sensing Centre, 108 Chualang, Dongda, Hanoi, Vietnam, trantuanngoc@rsc.gov.vn


Control

examination + practical + personal work



W25

Ecotoxicology and Bioindicators

ECTS

2.5

Specialities

NEWS

Keywords

Contaminants, Pollutants, Ecotoxicity, Risk assessment, bioindicators

Description

The objective of the module is to provide the general bases of ecotoxicology, to review the main categories of major pollutants, their behaviour in the environment and their effects at different levels of biological organisation (from the molecular to the organism levels). The consequences on population dynamics and on the ecosystem functioning will also be considered.

The second objective of the module is to describe the use of organisms as sentinels and bioindicators of contamination and the use of biomarkers in biomonitoring programs in the frame of different international directives to regulate and monitor chemicals and pollution in aquatic ecosystems.



Competence

M1 in Environmental Sciences

Coordinator

Paco Bustamante, Prof, Université de La Rochelle (ULR)

Lectures

1- General basis in Ecotoxicology

2- Behaviour and fate of pollutants in the environment

3- Transfer of pollutants in biota: Concentration factors, Transfer factors, bioavailability, biomagnifications

4- Effects of pollutants at different levels of biological organization: individual, population, communities and ecosystem functioning: European’s regulation for chemical management (REACh) and water quality monitoring (WFD): 3h course. Lecturer: Y. Levi or J. Cachot

5- Environmental risk assessment of chemicals and biomonitoring: bioindicators, biomarkers

6- international regulations: REACH




Instructors

Dr Mai Huong (USTH)

Paco Bustamante, Prof., Université de La Rochelle, Laboratoire Littoral Environnement et Sociétés pbustama@univ-lr.fr

Thomas Lacoue-Labarthe, PhD, Université de La Rochelle, Laboratoire Littoral Environnement et Sociétés tlacouel@univ-lr.fr


Control

One written examination



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