Presentation Outline The Enabling Policy Framework Pillars and the role of the Lebanese Public Sector

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Policy Framework for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Support in MENA Countries: The Case of Lebanon


Presentation Outline

  • The Enabling Policy Framework Pillars and the role of the Lebanese Public Sector

  • The lessons learned and challenges faced

  • Possible common road maps applicable across the region or adaptable from country to country



The Enabling Policy Framework Pillars



The Enabling Policy Framework Pillars (Current Situation)





The Enabling Policy Framework Pillars (Current Situation)



The Enabling Policy Framework Pillars (Current Situation)



The lessons learned and challenges faced

  • Lessons learned:

  • Successful and well-coordinated NIIED requires a solid private-public partnership (PPP).

    • Private sector needs to take a self-regulated lead role in fostering NIIED (technology firms and banking sector).
    • Universities should devote more resources and sponsorships to establish modern graduate school, R&D and consequently entrepreneurship programs.
    • Public sector needs to liberalize telecom and other utilities, provide facilitating incentives for ICT initiatives, and foster an R&D environment.
  • Government needs to devote more resources in support of advancing NIIED – dedicated NIIED focal point and enhance IDAL role and incentives.

  • Challenges faced:

  • Ever turbulent (unstable) political, and hence economic, conditions in the country.

  • High national debt that impedes dedicating resources for NIIED initiatives.

  • NIIED responsibilities spread across several government entities – multitude of irresolute opinions and support.

  • Private sector hesitant to take risks required for NIIED initiatives in the prevailing situation.

  • Education sector and licensing for higher education institutions at overhaul crossroads.

  • Stock market developing, yet venture capital funds and IPOs too few if not non existent.



Common road maps applicable across region or adaptable from c-to-c

  • Work towards an intra-MENA modern communications network.

  • Establish a MENA science and technology park association to foster sharing of knowledge and realizing joint projects between country parks.





Rifaat Mohamed Rifaat

  • Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, Egypt





ITIDA’s Objectives

  • Develop and support ICT industry, and turn it to export-oriented industry;

  • Enable & regulate e-business through the implementation of e-signature law;

  • Protect Intellectual Property Rights in the area of original S/W and database applications; encouraging local investments and attracting Foreign Direct Investments;

  • Position Egypt as the destination of choice for outsourcing ICT services and S/W development business;

  • Support ICT R&D activities and encourage utilization thereof;

  • Encourage and develop all entities operating in the ICT field.



Supporting Innovation and Entrepreneurship

    • Private Sector-Research Centers Collaboration;
    • Innovative Product Development Grants;
    • ICT4SMEs;
    • Access to industry exhibitions for ICT SMEs.
    • SECC initiatives for developing S/W companies.


1. Private Sector-Research Centers Collaboration

  • Program Goals

      • Leveraging & utilizing academic research capabilities and resources to support the development of innovative ICT products;
      • Bridging the gap between academia, actual ICT industry and market needs;
      • Increasing ICT SMEs capacity and competitiveness.
    • This Program is managed by a Steering Committee (PSC) composed of ITIDA, ICT private sector, research centers and universities.


1. Private Sector-Research Centers Collaboration

  • Advanced Research Projects

    • Provide grants for research projects proposed by academic research centers and/or ICT companies and approved by PSC based on innovation and market need, finance is offered on cost sharing basis (80% by ITIDA and 20% by an interested IT company).
  • ITIDA Fellowships

    • Provide grants for a number of innovative subjects selected by PSC from e-business development priorities, winning researchers receive full research funding.
  • Student Graduation Projects

    • Provide grants for subjects proposed/selected by ICT companies and approved by PSC based on innovation and market need.


2. Innovative Product Development Grants

  • Provide grants for developing innovative products proposed by ICT companies and approved by PSC based on innovation, market and society needs.

  • Program Goals:

    • Encourage innovation within the ICT community;
    • Encourage the cooperation between the R&D centers and ICT SMEs;
    • Develop technical know-how and technology transfer.
  • First project - “Smart Token for e-business”:

    • Developing an Egyptian e-signature tool.


3. ICT4SMEs Program

  • Program Goals:

  • Build capacity of SMEs to leverage Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in order to generate sustainable growth, increase profitability and create efficient, better-connected and more competitive enterprises through a cost sharing model (SMEs 20% and ITIDA 80%).

  • Build capacity of implementing ICT service providers to address the SMEs business model and develop innovative solutions through the provision of full grants.

  • Identify, through NGOs, new socio-economic opportunities that can be leveraged through ICT.



ICT4SMEs Program Model



Software Engineering Competence Center Initiatives

  • Software Process Improvement (SPI) for SMEs Program:

  • Implementing the Software Process Implementation Guide (SPIG) developed by SECC on 20 Egyptian software development companies to help them in their Software Process Improvement Track.

  • CMMI Program: (is available for mature S/W companies)

  • (CMMI) Capability Maturity Model Integration is a method for evaluating and measuring the maturity of the software development process of S/W organizations.

  • Providing CMMI® Level II and Level III related services to 20 Egyptian software development companies on cost sharing basis, 80% by ITIDA.



Software Engineering Competence Center Initiatives

  • 3. ITIDA-SECC/IBM-Rational Program:

  • ITIDA purchased Rational Unified Process (RUP) tools, a S/W development process framework, to help S/W companies to develop software effectively using proven techniques optimizing their effort, cost and schedule. The services are available free to eligible S/W companies;

  • The agreement includes 3 years of technical support, training, and consultations provided to 80 S/W companies by IBM-Egypt.







Track Two: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in MENA: The Role of the Public Sector





Track Three: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in MENA: Strategies and Partnerships





Track Three: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in MENA: Strategies and Partnerships





Track Four: Professional Development for Business Incubators & SMEs





Track Four: Professional Development for Business Incubators & SMEs





Track Four: Professional Development for Business Incubators & SMEs





Track Four: Professional Development for Business Incubators & SMEs






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