Problem, Process and Solution Problem-Solution

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Problem, Process and Solution


  • Argumentative/Evaluative

  • Your position – questioning & perceptive

Suggested parts of a Problem-Solution Text

Will your text be a problem-solution?

  • HMMs (Hidden Markov Models) are commonly used in speech recognition algorithms. They have also been successfully utilized in many other bioinformatics problems. However, to our knowledge, there is no prior work that uses HMMs for inferring gene regulation. This remains as a significant avenue of research yet to be explored. We are hoping to be the first group to achieve this.

  • Often begin by reviewing the current state of knowledge which allows the author to raise questions and offer answers.

Midposition Adverbs

  • “to our knowledge, there is no prior work that uses”

  • “published”, “to do/carry out research”, yet

  • currently, to date, hitherto, as of yet, study, investigate

  • Task 2 – p. 86

Role of Process

  • Often necessary to describe a process –

  • Does your text/will your text describe a process? What is it?

Passive Voice


  • Write a list of words used to introduce stages in a sequence eg. Firstly, secondly, thirdly

  • after (a while) afterwards at first at last at (the same time) while first , second, third... thereafter concurrently soon then (up to) (then) later somewhat earlier shortly over the next (2 days) as long as last

Ambiguity caused by combining verbs

Combining Active/Passive Voice

  • Task 8 – page 98

When “active” is used

  • When agent is important (even human)

    • Einstein developed the theory of relativity
  • When agent is non-human (but not always)

  • If the verb indicates a change of state

    • The metal expanded because of the increase in temperature

Task 11 page 104

Task 12 page 105

Task 14

Task 15

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