Public administration may have two goals which can be separated as being(in concordance with) conceptual. Two major goals are

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Public administration may have two goals which can be separated as being(in concordance with) conceptual.Two major goals are:

  • Public administration may have two goals which can be separated as being(in concordance with) conceptual.Two major goals are:

  • 1)understanding how people in organizations act and how organizations manage

  • 2)beneficial advise as to how organizations may be organised efficiency





Practical rules can not solve automatic or mechanical organization problems.Administrators who are practical may be find another solution about the problems that is situated formal principles of adminitration.

  • Practical rules can not solve automatic or mechanical organization problems.Administrators who are practical may be find another solution about the problems that is situated formal principles of adminitration.

  • Skills in administration,especially in practically, is more important than intellectual knowledge.

  • For avoiding a ‘ how –to’ approach in the study of administration has already been mentioned.





Why do we need Housing Development Policy in Turkey?

  • Why do we need Housing Development Policy in Turkey?

  • A New Housing Challenge: Housing Development Administration.



In countries like Turkey, where the pace of population increase and migration from rural areas has been very high and consequently urbanization process has been experienced in a short time span, demand for urban land and housing rises to a very high level. Particularly for the low and middle-income groups, the question of acquiring houses in a liveable and planned environment has reached high levels. Similar to the situation faced in almost all developing countries, making adequate shelter available, accessible and affordable to meet the housing need for the ever-increasing populations of the urban settlements has always been and remains to be a challenge for Turkey. In such a framework, social housing becomes one of the most significant issues of Turkey.

  • In countries like Turkey, where the pace of population increase and migration from rural areas has been very high and consequently urbanization process has been experienced in a short time span, demand for urban land and housing rises to a very high level. Particularly for the low and middle-income groups, the question of acquiring houses in a liveable and planned environment has reached high levels. Similar to the situation faced in almost all developing countries, making adequate shelter available, accessible and affordable to meet the housing need for the ever-increasing populations of the urban settlements has always been and remains to be a challenge for Turkey. In such a framework, social housing becomes one of the most significant issues of Turkey.



Sulukule where Romans live in.

  • Sulukule where Romans live in.



  • Toki( Housing Development Administration) was founded in 1984 in effort to prevent irregular urbanization and to solve the problem of urbanization.





Issuing internal and external bonds and any kind of stocks with or without state guarantee.

  • Issuing internal and external bonds and any kind of stocks with or without state guarantee.

  • Supporting the industry related to housing construction or those who are involved in this field.

  • Establishing companies related with housing sector or participating in those that have already been established .

  • Subcontracting any research, projects and commitments, where deemed necessary

  • Fulfilling duties imposed by laws and other legislation



Implementing or appointing others to implement profit-oriented projects to ensure sources to the benefit of the Administration.

  • Implementing or appointing others to implement profit-oriented projects to ensure sources to the benefit of the Administration.

  • Building, promoting and supporting construction of housing units as well as social facilities and infrastructures in locations where disasters take place, if considered necessary,

  • Developing projects both in Turkey and abroad directly or through the agency its participations; carrying out or appointing others to carry out applications for housing, infrastructure and social facilities





Create a model framework for quality low-cost housing,

  • Create a model framework for quality low-cost housing,

  • Prevent real estate speculation that migth use low-quality materials in the construction of low-margin housing,

  • Produce housing for regions in Turkey where the private sector is not active

  • Offer low and middle income groups the opportunity to finance their own homes





THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

  • THANK YOU FOR LISTENING




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