Regional Airport Classification Structure and Training Needs
The “Regional Airport Classification Structure and Training Needs” project was conducted by the Local Government Association (LGA) of South Australia with funding from the Local Government Research and Development Scheme.
The LGA would like to acknowledge the team of people responsible for the conduct of the project.
Robert Wallace, LGA, Industrial Relations Advisor who had overall responsibility for the guidance, management and coordination of the project.
Rachael Scott, consultant, who undertook the consultation, information gathering, surveying and final reporting.
Information and input was sought from Local Government Risk Services, DC Grant, DC Lower Eyre Peninsula and the City of Whyalla.
A review of the current the South Australian Municipal Salaried Officers (SAMSO) and SA Local Government Employees (LGE) awards and their employee classification structures as they relate to regional aerodrome and airport operations was undertaken with R&D funding.
The review was to establish firstly if there was a need, and secondly to make recommendations to a common employee classification structure specific to South Australian Local Government employees workings in regional aerodromes and airports.
It was found in this review that the roles of Technical, Administrative, Compliance and Managerial employees in SA regional aerodromes, are sufficiently supported by the SAMSO award.
This was on the contrary for role of ‘Groundsman’ covered by the LGE award.
Therefore a new classification structure covering the role of Municipal Employee, commonly known as Groundsman in aerodromes, was drafted for further consultation.
It is proposed to call this classification structure the SA Local Government RegionalAerodrome Ground Services OfficerEmployees Classification Structureabbreviated to GSO.
The GSO employee classification structure is an amalgamation of the classification structures of the;
SA Local Government Employees (LGE) Award, & the
Federal Airport Employees (FAE) Award.
The proposed GSO employee classification structure has eleven (11) levels or grades like the FAE award.
The key differences in the proposed GSO employee classification structure compared to the current classification structures under the LGE award are;
Changing the occupation/job name from Municipal Employee (ME) to Ground Services Officer (GSO) as a way to quickly identify aerodrome specific occupations.
Increased grades allowable for the role of Ground Services Officer (GSO) (Groundsman). This is in line with the FAE award which allows for more opportunity for “specific approval of the [appropriate] Manager[s] concerned”, and/or recognition of advanced training, &/or recognition of employees ‘exercising an equivalent level of skill’.
The GSO classification to follow has aerodrome/airport specific indicative tasks & competencies to be performed in the job roles of;
Ground Services Officer(GSO) levels 1 to 11 – incorporating ME grades 1-8 and the duties of;
Aerodrome Works Safety Officer (WSO) duties, &
Aerodrome Reporting Officer (ARO) duties.
In addition a Training Needs Analysis is included which;
Lists a non-exhaustive selection of aviation industry training competencies and;
commentary on the current RTO’s.
Methodology A review of the current SAMSO and LGE awards & their employee classification structures as they relate to regional Aerodrome and Airport operations was undertaken with R&D Funding.
The review was to establish firstly if there was a need, & secondly to make recommendations to a common employee classification structure specific to South Australian Local Government employees workings in regional aerodromes & airports.
A review of the current Local Government Industry (Federal) Award (LGIA) and the Federal Airports Employees (FAE) Award were also undertaken.
A survey seeking a situation analysis on an aerodrome by aerodrome basis was prepared for circulation to SA Councils with aerodromes.
Efforts to consult with Interstate and SA regional airports/aerodromes were made.
Information was sough from training providers in aerodrome safety and security operations.
Contact was made and information was sought with CASA and the Australian Department of Infrastructure & Regional Development issuing requirements for Aviation Security.
Findings It was found in this review that the roles of Technical, Administrative, Compliance and Managerial employees in SA regional aerodromes, are sufficiently supported by the SAMSO Award.
This was on the contrary for role of Ground Services Officer (GSO) commonly known as Groundsman covered by the LGE Award.
The role of a Groundsman working in aerodromes involves aviation specific skills sets and competencies significantly related to aerodrome safety and security in addition to the Municipal Employee roles specified in the LGE award. This includes Aerodrome Reporting Officer (ARO), Aerodrome Works Safety Officer (WSO) and Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) skill sets, Aviation Security training & certification, and other competencies such as ‘drive on the air side’ specific to aviation operations.
Therefore, with particular reference to the role of Groundsman covered by the LGE award, or GSO as proposed, it was found that a new classification structure and a further review of remuneration be recommended.
That the proposed classification structure be titled the SA Local Government Regional Aerodrome Ground Operations & Services Employees Classification Structure abbreviated to GOS.
It is recommended that there be an increase in the grades allowable for the role of Ground Services Officer (GSO) (Groundsman) from grades 1 to 8 to levels 1 to 11.
The proposed increase in grades allowable to the GSO is also, to some extent, a result of the aerodrome categorisation according the CASA standards. That is if the aerodrome is Certified, Registered or not certified or registered but served by RPT or by charter operations at least once per week.
Most significantly, it was found through consultation, the view that a Groundsman operating in a certified aerodrome is an “Airport Manager in training” & that the remuneration was not truly representative of the level of responsibility, complexity and autonomy of the role.
These factors inherently create more and varying levels of operational complexity from aerodrome to aerodrome & therefore it is the view that a classification structure and remuneration should also allow for this variety.
Should the proposal to increase grades allowable for the role of GSO from 1 to 8 to 1 to 11 be commonly accepted among Councils, it is recommended that further work be undertaken to calculate the wage rate/work relativities by an ‘audit’ of the skill levels of the different operators at relevant aerodromes.
Last words It is important to note that all Aerodromes are different as they have site specific details and complexities, types of operations and management structures.1 Such is the case for ARO’s & WSO’s, and where there is no ARO or WSO the Aerodrome Operator, whose duties are directly related to aerodrome safety. Each of their respective functions can vary in complexity from aerodrome to aerodrome, even if they are categorised the same as Certified, Registered or not, and this variety is not always in direct relationship with aerodrome size and traffic.2 Therefore it is highly recommended that in determining the appropriate classification level for a GSO, particularly one undertaking ARO and WSO duties, that consideration be given to the level of complexity and responsibility of the role on a site specific basis, including on whether the aerodrome is certified, registered or not certified or registered but served by RPT or by charter operations at least once per week.
1. Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) - Manual of Standards – Part 139 Aerodromes – Chapter 10: Operating Standards for Certified Aerodromes.
2.CASA – Circular 139-13(0)
SA Local Government Regional Aerodrome Ground Operations & Services Employees Classification Structure
Ground Services Officer (GSO) – incorporating the functions of Aerodrome Reporting Officers (ARO) and Works Safety Officers (WSO):
As the roles of ARO, WSO and Reporting Officer are most often not the substantive role of any employee it is assumed that Councils regularly use staff from within other departments on a rotating roster basis and remunerate in accordance with the mixed function/higher duties provisions of the LGE award.
To follow are comprehensive lists of the indicative tasks and competencies of ARO’s and WSO’s taken directly from MOS Part 139 - Aerodromes Chapters 10 Operating Standards for Certified Aerodromes ad
CASA – Circular 139-13(0) Training of aerodrome reporting officers and works safety officers. We have listed the indicative tasks and competencies of an employee undertaking ARO &/or WSO duties under the headings of Certified, Registered or other than these two categories to assist the site-by-site based assessment of the appropriate classification level.
Aerodrome Reporting Officers (ARO) and Works Safety Officers (WSO)
General ARO & WSO duties are directly related to aerodrome safety and include:
Personnel that carry out the routine serviceability inspections of the aerodrome movement area, aerodrome lights and Obstacle Limitation Surfaces (OLS);
Person el that are authorised to make reports of aerodrome reportable changes to the Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) office; and
Personnel appointed for the purpose of ensuring the safety of aerodrome works.
Persons assigned to duties (1) and (2) are generally referred to as AROs and those assigned to (3) as WSOs.
Aerodrome Reporting Officer Serviceability inspections and the reporting of changes in aerodrome conditions are often related functions.
An ARO can perform both the inspection and reporting functions, however this may not be the case in each aerodrome.
This may influence what classification level is applied to an employee on a site by site basis.
Serviceability inspections are a core function of the ARO.
Depending on the size of the aerodrome, the serviceability inspection and reporting functions may be assigned to different persons and/or at different times within a normal weekly or fortnightly roster.
At a small aerodrome, the same person may have to carry out all the functions.
At larger aerodromes, the serviceability inspections and the reporting functions become more complex, often involving more people.
At smaller aerodromes, inspecting, reporting and managing aerodrome works safety (ARO and WSO roles) may be undertaken by the same person and would typically cover:
an inspection of the movement area to check its surface condition (including for the presence of foreign objects);
an inspection of aerodrome markers and markings, lighting, wind direction indicators and ground signals;
an inspection for any obstacles infringing the take-off, approach and transitional surfaces;
an inspection for any birds or animals on or near the movement area;
an inspection of any measures to control the inadvertent entry of persons or animals into the movement area (including aerodrome fencing);
an empirical assessment of the bearing strength of unrated runway pavements;
an empirical assessment of the runway strip or each runway strip where the runway concerned is not marked and the whole runway strip may be used for aircraft operations;
a check of the aerodrome’s frequency confirmation system (if any);
a check of whether any NOTAMS for the aerodrome are current and accurate.
Each of these functions will potentially vary in complexity from aerodrome to aerodrome, and not always in direct relationship with aerodrome size and traffic.
Works Safety Officer Not all aerodrome works require a formal Method of Working Plan (MOWP) however elements of the functions listed below will still apply.
A WSO must (in accordance with MOS Part 139 - Aerodromes Chapters 10 and 12) be present “at all times” whilst the aerodrome is open to aircraft operations.
The functions of a WSO include (but are not limited to):
having sound knowledge of the MOWP and ensuring that the works are conducted in accordance with the MOWP;
where applicable, ensuring timely issue of NOTAM as set out in the MOWP;
where applicable, liaising with air traffic and ground control personnel on a regular basis when work is in progress;
liaising with the works organisation, on a regular basis, regarding any matters necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft operations and aerodrome personnel;
ensuring unserviceable areas, temporary obstructions and the limits of the works area are
correctly marked and lit in accordance with the applicable MOWP;
ensuring that vehicles, plant and equipment are properly marked and lit;
ensuring that access routes to works areas as set out in the MOWP are clearly marked
ensuring that excavation is carried out in accordance with the MOWP, and in particular,
so as to avoid damage or loss of calibration to any underground power or control cable
associated with a precision approach and landing system or navigation aid;
immediately reporting to the NOTAM Office any incident or damage to facilities likely
to affect the safety of aircraft;
ensuring that the movement area is safe for normal aircraft operations following removal
of vehicles, plant equipment and personnel from the works area; and
ensuring that floodlighting or any other lighting required for carrying out the works, is
shielded so as not to present a hazard to aircraft operations.
inspect and report on the physical characteristics and conditions of the aerodrome;
inspect and report on aerodrome lighting systems;
inspect and report on the OLS;
initiating a NOTAM;
use of radio, and
supervise the safety of aerodrome works
Functions of a Works Safety Officer
Ensure the safety of aircraft operations in accordance with the standards for aerodrome works and the applicable MOWP;
Ensure that, where applicable, the aerodrome works are notified by issue of a NOTAM and that the text of each NOTAM is exactly as set out in the applicable MOWP;
Supply the air-traffic controller, on a daily basis, with whatever information is necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft operations;
Discuss with the works organisation, on a daily basis, any matters necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft operations;
Ensure that unserviceable portions of the movement area, temporary obstructions, and the limits of the works area are correctly marked and lit in accordance with MOS requirements, and the applicable MOWP;
Ensure that the vehicles, plant and equipment carrying out aerodrome works are properly marked and lit or are under works safety officer supervision or within properly marked and lit works area;
Ensure that all other requirements of the directions and MOWP relating to vehicles, plant, equipment and materials are complied with;
Ensure that access routes to work areas are in accordance with the applicable MOWP and clearly identified and that access is restricted to these routes;
Ensure that excavation is carried out in accordance with the MOWP and, in particular, so as to avoid damage or loss of calibration to any underground power or control cable associated with a precision approach and landing system or any other navigational aid;
Report immediately to the air-traffic controller and the aerodrome operator any incident, or damage to facilities, likely to affect air-traffic control services or the safety of aircraft;
Remain on duty at the works area while work is in progress and the aerodrome is open to aircraft operations;
Ensure that the air-traffic controller is kept informed of the radio call signs of the vehicles used by the works safety officer;
Require the immediate removal of vehicles, plant and personnel from the movement area where necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft operations;
Ensure that the movement area is safe for normal aircraft operations following removal of vehicles, plant, equipment and personnel from the works area;
In the case of time-limited works, ensure that the works area is restored to normal safety standards not less than 5 minutes before the time scheduled or notified for an aircraft movement; and
Ensure that floodlighting or any other lighting required for carrying out aerodrome works is shielded so as not to represent a hazard to aircraft operations.
Unlike a certified aerodrome where the aerodrome operating procedures are regulated through an aerodrome manual, the procedures for a registered aerodrome are simpler.
The operator of a registered aerodrome must have in place, experienced or appropriately trained persons, known as reporting officers, to carry out the aerodrome safety functions. Attributes required include:
Mature self-starter who can be relied on to conduct regular serviceability inspections of the safety elements of the aerodrome;
Having the written and oral communication skills to initiate NOTAM or to communicate aerodrome condition status to ATC, pilots and other aerodrome users.
Reporting officers are normally directly under the employ of the operator of the aerodrome. However, at an aerodrome where aerodrome operator’s employees may not be available at all times, other persons may be nominated as reporting officers, for example the local agent of the airline during the period of regular public transport operations conducted by the airline concerned. Before entrusting the reporting function to a person, the aerodrome operator must ensure that the person is trained and has the appropriate attributes.
Reporting officers must be provided with appropriate radios in their vehicles so they can maintain a listening watch of aircraft activities on and in the vicinity of the aerodrome during working hours
Conduct daily Aerodrome serviceability inspections, commensurate with the size and complexity of the aerodrome. Typical duties include (but not limited to the following):
Checking Surface condition of the movement area, including cleanliness
Checking Surface condition of the runway, particularly the usability of unsealed pavements in wet conditions;
Checking Markings, markers, wind direction indicators and aerodrome lighting systems;
Checking any obstacles which may infringe the approach, take-off, transitional, inner horizontal or other surfaces nominated by the procedure designer;
Checking Animal or bird activities on and in the vicinity of the aerodrome;
Check fences or other devices that prevent persons and vehicles getting on the movement area;
Check currency of any outstanding NOTAM initiated.
Re-checking of all criteria after significant weather phenomena.
Aerodromes not certified or registered but served by RPT or by charter operations at least once per week(Intended for Small Aeroplanes Conducting Air Transport Operations)
Although not CASA regulated, Councils providing aerodrome facilities or services to aircraft operations have a duty of care to provide a safe facility or service.
It is important that the person performing the inspection and reporting duties has a working knowledge of the aerodrome safety requirements and understands clearly his or her responsibilities.
SA Local Government Regional Aerodrome Ground Operations & Services Employees Classification Structure
Ground Services Officers
Ground services officer Level 1 (To incorporate the duties of Municipal Employee levels 1 & 2)
Employees perform a broad range of tasks with close guidance, using established routines, methods and procedures which require the application of basic skills.
Initially tasks performed are of a simple/routine nature under close guidance.
General labouring & Tradesperson Assistant can include the following duties:
washing / cleaning vehicles
fuel pump attendance
concrete mixing by hand
scoring, scarifying and/or reforming roads or footpaths
• pipe layer & pipe locater operator
• jumper person (boring in stone)
• metal, rubble and/or gravel spreading
• picking stones and other general labouring work re: road/footpath construction and maintenance
Labouring duties such as hand weeding, grubbing or chipping weeds, hand pruning, watering, raking leaves, site preparation, garden plots preparation, weeding, sowing etc.)
landside litter/garbage clearing & collection within airport grounds and disposal
perform minor cleaning functions, excluding domestic cleaning
• perform general traffic control duties as directed
Equipment and machinery that can be used at Level 1:
Employees classified at this level may be required to operate motorised or electric hand tools/equipment, without the need for supervision by a more senior employee.
Employees should be trained &/or instructed in the proper and safe usage of such tools and equipment, which may include electric whipper snippers and brush cutters, combustion powered small plant (such as concrete mixers) and electric powered hand tools.
Other motorised equipment may be operated under the supervision of appropriately trained senior employee.
Where an employee performs such work without the supervision, the mixed functions provisions shall apply.
Provided however, that where the performance of such work becomes a normal and constant feature of the employee’s substantive position, then the employee will be required to be re-classified to the appropriate level. For the purposes of this clause ‘normal and constant feature’ shall mean the performance of such unsupervised work for an accumulated period of at least 400 hours in a calendar year.
Ground Services Officer Level 2 (Equivalent to ME Grade 3)
Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in relevant duties from levels 1-3 duties & to perform lower classified tasks as required.
• Assist/direct general public and other airport users
driver (class car)
• Control traffic as per aerodrome by-laws
• Conduct patrols
• Issue infringement notices
• Including but not limited to taxiway, runway and apron marking, gables, cones, gates and signs.
• Excluding buildings and signwriting
• Use communications systems and procedure required for aviation ground operations
• General surveillance (may include surveillance comprising both patrols of airport and routine observation of events and conditions) and prompt, accurate reporting of situations as appropriate to fellow employees and supervisors and other relevant parties
• Basic airport security training course, including knowledge of airport security plan procedures and guidelines.
Pruning, use of herbicides, fungicides etc, planting and transplanting of trees, shrubs, flowers etc.,
landscaping, rockeries, construction of paths, pergolas etc., associated with landscaping.
Carry out mowing in landside and airside areas (ride-on mower, not tractor)
operation of ride-on and self-propelled plant such as: 32R ride-on vibrating roller and other vibrating rollers of AS 2868 - 1986 Class No VR10, Chain trenchers of AS 2868 - 1988 (Class 5 or Class 8). Wheeled Tractors of AS5 2868 - 1986 Class 10W, 15W, or 30W, motor mowers and rotary hoes.
Wheeled tractor operator with attachment using power/hydraulics off the tractor is GSO3)
• Including simple formwork, mixing, concrete floating, kerb/slab making, laying and finishing
Aerodrome emergency procedures
• Participate in emergency exercises
• Proficiency in operational and non-operational radio
Equipment and machinery that can be used at Level 2:
• operation of a variety of hand-held motorised tools such as:
Ground Services Officer Level 3 (Incorporating elements equivalent to ME 4 without Leader worker)
Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in relevant duties of levels 1–3 & to perform lower classified tasks as required.
Asphalt pavement work
• Repair and maintenance of existing surfaces
Maintenance and limited repair (not requiring trade qualifications)
• Including but limited to plant, gates, fences, pipework & hoses
• Report equipment failures or deficiencies.
• Patrol of airside/landside security barriers.
• Surveillance of airside/landside barriers.
• Control airside access and egress.
• Patrol all airport buildings and facilities to ensure security is maintained.
• Apron escorts as appropriate in the local context.
• Operate tractors with attachments landside and airside under safety supervision.
Equipment and Plant/Machinery that can be used at this level;
• wheeled tractor (class 400W)
Ground Services Officer Level 4 (Leader worker & some equipment used equivalent to ME Grade 4)
Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in the relevant duties of levels 1–4 & to perform lower classified tasks as required.
leading worker (as defined for ME Grade 4 of the LGE Award)
Senior chain person (defined in Schedule 7 of the LGE Award)
brick and other paver laying (including setting up and levels)
trench/shaft worker (greater than 6' in depth)
• During security incidents liaise with and provide back up as required both to other employees and to relevant parties as advised locally.
• Advanced security training required.
Earthmoving and general
• Proficient in the operation of a wide range of general plant and equipment.
• Does not require safety supervision when operating airside
• In the absence of alternate maintenance arrangements, carry out routine low voltage lamp and lens replacement.
• Assist with basic training of less experienced staff.
Equipment and Plant/Machinery that can be used at Level:
• back-hoe loader (class 2)
• wheeled loader (class 35 WL)
• static roller (class 8 - 20)
• vibrating roller (class VR 24)
• pneumatic multi-tyred roller (class
• driver (class LT)
Ground Services Officer Level 5 (Equivalent to ME Grade 5)
Work is performed with general guidance.
Employment at this level requires proficiency in relevant duties of levels 1–5 & to perform lower classified tasks as required.
Employees at this level hold a trade certificate or a tradesperson’s rights certificate in a recognised electrical, electronic, mechanical, fabrication, bricklayer, painter, plasterer, carpenter/joiner, plumber (other than registered sanitary), horticulture, electrician, welder (1st class) or other trade; or
exercises equivalent level of skill.
• Supervision/leading worker (as defined for ME Grade 5 of the LGE Award) and training of Levels 1–4 employees.
• Utilising a level of accredited safety skills.
• More complex operational work.
• Operation of heavy plant and equipment, and sewerage treatment plant.
• Assist in the execution of Airport works programs.
• Incidental escorts and minor contract supervision.
Ground Services Officer level 6 (Equivalent ME Grade 6)- Incorporating duties of WSO Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in duties ranging to and including Level 6 duties & to perform lower classified tasks as required.
This level has increased levels of responsibility specific to safety of aerodrome works and in accordance with CASA aerodrome operational safety standards.
This increased level of responsibility may be commensurate with the Aerodrome category as either Certified or Registered, or other than certified or registered, or based on site-specific operations.
Work with limited guidance as necessary.
Employees at this level hold a trade level certification for registered sanitary plumber, sign writer; or
are either in possession of a post trades certificate or equivalent; or
exercises equivalent level of skill.
• Supervision/leading worker (as defined for ME Grade 6 of the LGE Award) and training of Levels 1–5 employees
• Senior motor mechanic (As define in LGE Award)
• Liaison with air traffic services, airport users and contractors.
• Inspect and report on activities using WSO skill sets.
Maintenance and Repair
• Prepare correspondence, reports and records on matters relating to general maintenance.
• Develop and implement the airport maintenance program and determine work priorities and allocation of staff and equipment resources on category 2 or 3 aerodome/airports.
• Control of Method of work plans (MOWP’s) of minor complexity, (if required).
• Conduct surveys of minor nature (e.g. set out level grids, maintain design levels during civil construction works, set out simple curves).
• Be able to read and interpret plans for services and civil construction work.
Equipment and Plant/Machinery that can be used at this level:
• excavator and shovel-loader (class 85)
• grader operator (GSO7 whilst engaged on "construction" grading)
• back-hoe loader (class 5)
• wheeled loader (class 250WL)
• tracked loader (class 98 TL)
• standard scraper (class 10)
• bulldozer (class 150C)
• driver (class HA)
Ground Services Officer Level 7 (Equivalent ME Grade 7)- Incorporating ARO/WSO duties Leader worker (as defined for ME Grade 7 of the LGE Award)
Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in duties ranging and including Level 7 duties.
This level has increased levels of responsibility specific to aerodrome safety and in accordance with CASA aerodrome operational safety standards.
This increased level of responsibility may be commensurate with the aerodrome category as either Certified or Registered, or other than certified or registered, or based on site-specific operations.
Lower classified tasks as required
Airport safety inspection using ARO/WSO skill sets, such as;
• Perform runway visual range assessments & removal of obstacles: including but not limited to;
Investigate and act on bird hazards & monitor airside contractor movement.
• (if authorised) issuing NOTAM and counter signed if necessary
• Liaison, co-ordination and direction in relation to method of work plan (MOWP).
• Assist in the execution of Airport works programs on a Time Limited Works Skill Set
• Be proficient in procedures and participate in airport emergency procedures and exercises as required.
• Co-ordination of airside safety and security in the event of an emergency.
• Monitor aircraft parking (if required)
• Assist in the administration of airport ground and building maintenance work programs, determine job priorities and the composition of maintenance units required for specific tasks.
• Exercise delegations.
• Develop and implement the airport maintenance program and determine work priorities and allocation of staff and equipment resources accordingly.
Equipment and Plant/Machinery that can be used at this level:
• excavator and shovel loader (class 470)
• grader operator (class 110)
• standard scraper (class 40)
• bulldozer (class 600C)
Ground services officer Level 8 (Equivalent ME Grade 8)
Leading worker same, as defined for GSO level 7; and
For a worker with the specific approval of the manager(s)/Council concerned.
The level has restricted application to individuals who exercise skills and/or responsibility which significantly exceed those at Level 7 but which are not sufficient to support reclassification to Level 9.
Typical duties would include any of the duties in the Level 7 range but would be likely to include a significantly higher level of responsibility associated with working alone and for liaison with clients on behalf of the employer, and/or a high level of efficiency & effectiveness.
This increased level of responsibility may be commensurate with the Aerodrome category as either Certified or Registered or based on site-specific operations.
Lower classified tasks as required
Ground Services Officer Level 9 Employees at this level exercise a high degree of knowledge and skill in performing their duties and have supervisory and training responsibilities for staff employed at Levels 1–8.
Following conventional selection based on merit, appointment to a position at this level will require approval of the airport manager &/or general manager.
Employees will have commenced or completed studies for appropriate accreditation in supervisory skills;
or will exercise an equivalent level of skill and be proficient in lower level duties as specified by site-specific operational needs.
Lower classified tasks as required
• Supervising and training Levels 1–8 staff.
• Liaison with Air Traffic Services, airport users and contractors.
• Responsible for security and safety of airside areas.
• Responsible for co-ordination in the event of emergency.
Ground Services Officer Level 10 Employment at this level requires an employee to be proficient in lower level and to have successfully completed supervisory or equivalent studies or to exercise an equivalent level of skill.
Lower classified tasks as required
Ground Services Officer Level 11 Employment at this level requires an employee to exercise skills beyond that of a Ground services officer Level 10 and have completed the first stage of an Advanced Certificate (part-time) or its equivalent or to exercise an equivalent level of skill.
Lower classified tasks as required
• Raise NOTAMS.
• Ensure airside contractors are supervised at all times.
• Notify all changes in serviceability of the airport.
• Prepare input for budgeting.
• Staff rostering.
• Provide input to monthly reports.
• Investigate security breaches with appropriate persons which may including liaison with local authorities.
Aviation Industry Training Need Analysis:
Each Aerodrome operator will need to assess their own training requirements based on considerations for minimum level of training deemed necessary by the relevant regulation; with the introduction of new technology and equipment and with any changes to aviation standards in ground services operations and security.
Training For Aerodrome Reporting Officers And Works Safety Officers (CASA – Circular 139-13(0) Training of aerodrome reporting officers and works safety officers All ARO’s and WSO’s must be adequately trained to safely and consistently perform their duties.
CASA’s primary concern is to ensure that AROs and WSOs possess the ability to perform particular tasks and duties to the standard of performance expected at an aerodrome.
Competency can be achieved and or demonstrated in a number of ways including, but
not limited to:
training and assessment provided by an RTO;
Training and assessment provided by a Level IV Certificated Trainer (a person holding a
minimum Certificate IV in Training and Assessment) who has experience in Aerodrome
being supervised “on the job” (e.g. traineeship) and being assessed by the aerodrome
operator as being competent; or
any combination of the above.
The Training Package for the Aviation Industry is prepared by the Transport and Logistics Industry Skills Council and is referred to as the ‘AVI08 Aviation Training Package’.
The Aviation Training Package (AVI08) contains a number of competency units that will meet the specific training needs as required by the CASRs and MOS Part 139 – Aerodromes, for AROs and WSOs.
Core areas of competency as descried in MOS Part 139 Chapter 10.6.2 are:
• A sound knowledge of the physical characteristics of an aerodrome movement area
• Aerodrome Obstacle Limitation Surfaces
• Aerodrome Markings
• Aerodrome Lighting and ground signals
• Essential Aerodrome Safety Equipment
• Understanding of aerodrome information contained in ERSA
• Ability to carry out aerodrome reporting procedures
Study units chosen by the training organisation from the AV108 Aviation Training Package will need to address these areas of competency to meet the CASA’s minimum requirement for the training of ARO’s and WSO’s.
Completion of the competency units should take at least five days for a certified aerodrome.
Training for employees of registered aerodrome may take less time due to the less complex nature of registered aerodromes, however aerodrome operators will need to review the training requirements for their staff in order to ensure their staff receive the level of training required.
Training providers should ensure that airside competency checks are conducted for each unit studied.
It is highly desirable that students with no prior Aerodrome Operations experience take part in an additional minimum two days practical field experience at a registered or certified aerodrome.
AV108 Aviation Training Package Skill Sets:
Aerodrome Reporting Officer Skill Set:
Inspect and report on an aerodrome
Complete a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM)
Inspect and report on aerodrome lighting systems
Inspect and report on the Obstacle Limitation Surfaces (OLS)
Drive on the airside
Maintain radio communications as part of airport operations
Supervise the safety of aerodrome works and general access
Manual Handle Freight/Baggage in Aircraft Cargo Hold Confined Spaces Skill Set:
Load and secure aviation freight and baggage
Unload aviation freight and baggage
Work in aircraft confined space
Notice to Airmen Skill Set.
Commentary on the current RTO:
The current training and refresher training for ARO’s and WSO’S in SA regional Aerodrome’s is conducted on a needs basis by Councils and in accordance with CASRs and MOS Part 139 – Aerodromes, for AROs and WSOs, requirements by “highly respected “ provider Mr Peter Francis.
Peter is also qualified to carry out Technical Inspections on Aerodromes on a needs basis.
The training is tailored to the needs of Councils and their employees and is delivered in a time saving and therefore an implied cost effective manner. For example CASA endorses a AAA 5 day course, which is not mandatory, where as Mr Francis delivers half to full day’s packages.
Mr Francis delivers his training at the workplace or on a region by region basis.
Mr Francis is also proactive in prompting Councils to check for any training needs, updates or refresher courses by way of a flyer being sent to Councils on a regular basis.
Training Of Aerodrome Security Personnel:
As at 1st November 2013, by way of regulation, employees involved in security operations must have a Certificate II in Security Operations, but are no longer required to hold a State Security Guards licence.
Currently an Aviation Security Identification (ASIC) certification is required for relevant personnel.
However a transition period currently exists.
At a time still to be confirmed the industry standard for minimum training is going to change to a Certificate II in Aviation Transport Protection (Security).
This change reflects an improved career path for employees.
This is included in the Aviation Training Package (AVI08).
Certificate II in Aviation Transport Protection (Security) core competencies include:
A successful assessment outcome for a total of 14 to 15 units of competency (depending on the group) comprising:
5 core units of Competency plusall units within one of the selected groups (A, B, or C) ie:
Group A: Passenger Screener,
Group B: Control Room Operator (N/A for Regional Aerodromes),
Group C: Checked Baggage Screener, plus 5 elective units of the qualification
Job roles and titles will vary across different aerodromes.
Units of Competency: (Core units in bold)
Conduct radio procedures in the aviation airport environment
Employ fatigue management practices in the aviation workplace