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51.

Şişmanlığın başka bir nedeni, suyun vücut dokularında tutulmasıdır.




A)

The retention of water in the body tissues, moreover, will cause overweight. 

B)

In cases of overweight, too much water is retained by body tissues. 

C)

Another cause of overweight is the retention of water in the body tissues. 

D)

Overweight also causes the body tissues to retain more water. 

E)

The heavier a person is the more water is retained in the body tissues.




52.

Önceki banka müdürünün kişisel sorunları bile basında manşet olmuştu.




A)

The bank manager was horrified that his personal problems made the headlines.. 

B)

Previously, it was the bank manager's personal problems that made the headlines in the press. 

C)

Indeed, that was before the bank manager's personal problems made the news. 

D)

The former bank manager's personal troubles even hit the headlines in the press. 

E)

Prior to this, no bank manager's personal concerns have received such treatment in the press.




53.-58. sorularda, parçada boş bırakılan yere uygun düşen ifadeyi bulunuz.




53.

In 1929 the stock market crashed and the Great Depression of the 1930's began. .....; and almost immediately the nation's confidence in its government and its political leaders vanished.




A)

Economic theory has never really explained how it happened 

B)

There was to be terrible suffering in both Europe and America 

C)

The prosperity that had seemed so permanent ended abruptly 

D)

Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath during these years 

E)

The road to recovery was a long and slow one




54.

With the Renaissance the arts ceased to be primarily religious. The heavens fell into the background and the earth came to the fore. ..... Fewer pictures were painted of the angels in heaven and more of the people in the world.




A)

There was obviously a great deal of corruption in the church. 

B)

The Renaissance means the rebirth of classical learning. 

C)

Leonardo da Vinci, for instance, painted many pictures with religious themes. 

D)

Michael Angelo is a typical product of Renaissance times. 

E)

The trend was to build palaces rather than cathedrals.




55.

During the middle ages, Venice flourished greatly as her trade expanded. ..... . At that time she not only controlled the main trade route between east and west, but she also built up a considerable empire on the mainland of Italy and down the Adriatic Coast, including parts of Greece. Apart from the Ottoman Empire there was no other power to challenge her.




A)

Furthermore, the city was originally founded by refugees who had fled here from the attacks of Atilla and his armies on the mainland of North Italy 

B)

However. when new routes to the East were discovered, her power and wealth began to decline 

C)

On the other hand, it was ruled by a supreme magistrate, called the "Doge", and by councillors elected from among the aristocracy 

D)

In fact, by the fifteenth century she was enjoying her golden age 

E)

Moreover, she came into fierce conflict with the other sea-trading power, Genoa




56.

There are no less than 140 countries comprising the so-called "third world" known variously as "less developed" or "developing" or "underdeveloped" or "poor" countries. There is a great diversity among them, and yet they have a number of features in common. ..... . For instance, some of the oil-producing countries have achieved very high levels of income per capita while retaining many of the characteristics of less developed countries.




A)

Their natural resources are so limited that economically they are mostly dependant on international aid. 

B)

Population explosion is a major problem many countries are unable to cope with. 

C)

In such countries there is a great demand for an educated and skilled work force. 

D)

Death rates have fallen sharply in response to improved health services. 

E)

Foremost among these is their poverty, but even poverty is not universal.




57.

Bacteria are minute, single-celled organisms of variable shape and activity. Along with the viruses, they are classified as the lowest forms of plant life. Bacteria are everywhere - in soil, water, dust, and in air. ..... . Some turn decaying vegetable matter into manure; others, within the human or animal body, assist in the development of certain vitamins essential to health.




A)

There are still many bacteria whose size and shape are not known yet 

B)

Food poisoning is also caused by various kinds of bacteria 

C)

A high-powered microscope is needed to detect bacteria in some substances 

D)

Under hygienic circumstances no bacterial activity takes place 

E)

There are thousands of different types and many perform useful functions




58.

Vegetables eaten freshly cooked are safe. They may be contaminated after cooking or be subject to spore germination and outgrowth if cooled slowly and stored warm. Salad vegetables, lettuce, tomato, radishes, cucumber and watercress should be washed in water for not less than 30 seconds. ..... .




A)

In some restaurants a great variety of salad is served 

B)

Some people are not fond of vegetables at all 

C)

Water pollution is a serious danger that threatens the world 

D)

This is especially important in countries where crops are sometimes flooded with water polluted with human and animal sewage 

E)

As a result of easy transportation and good packaging, tropical vegetables are distributed worldwide




59.-64. sorularda, anlam bakımından hangi cümlenin parçaya uymadığını bulunuz.




59.

(I) The acts of a single man are as a rule unimportant nowadays. (II) But the acts of groups are more important than they used to be. (III) If one man refuses to work, that is his own affair. (IV) After all, everyone stops working when he retires. (V) But if there is a strike in a vital industry the whole community suffers. 




 

A) I

B) II

C) III

D) IV

E) V




60.

(I) Actually London dates back to Roman times. (II) Greater London, with its nine million population, includes the City and the County of London. (III) It also includes the outer suburbs and much land that looks more urban than rural. (IV) There are no definite boundaries, but it covers an area of some twenty miles radius from Oxford Circus. (V) It is surrounded by a "green belt" and here it is forbidden to build.




 

A) I

B) II

C) III

D) IV

E) V




61.

(I) A thick layer of snow on a steep slope is always liable to avalanche. (II) A lot of avalanches occur in the Alps. (III) A very small disturbance may set it in motion. (IV) The vibrations caused by a passing train are sufficient. (V) Once in motion it gains in speed and crushes in its path.




 

A) I

B) II

C) III

D) IV

E) V




62.

(I) At the end of 1974, the prospects of the country were far from rosy. (II) To start with, the rate of inflation was steadily going up. (III) It only dropped temporarily in July and August. (IV) So were the unemployment figures. (V) And the cold winter served to aggravate all the problems.




 

A) I

B) II

C) III

D) IV

E) V




63.

(I) Most children, from time to time, show aggressive tendencies. (II) This is entirely normal, and should be regarded as so. (III) In fact, children should be encouraged to express their aggression fully through creative activities and exploration. (IV) For this, a safe, suitable background must be provided. (V) Actually, more accidents occur indoors than they do outdoors.




 

A) I

B) II

C) III

D) IV

E) V




64.

(I) There are several reasons why conventional medicine distrusts the practitioners of alternative medicine. (II) Herbalists believe they can cure a wide range of conditions with plant substances alone. (III) These people like to look beyond the immediate symptoms to the body's total state. (IV) They aim to restore health by helping the body to heal itself. (V) Their skill lies in knowing which plants are beneficial in which circumstances.




 

A) I

B) II

C) III

D) IV

E) V




65.-70. sorularda, verilen duruma uygun düşen ifadeyi bulunuz.




65.

You think someone has behaved in an objectionable way and you are determined to tell him so. You say:




A)

I can't imagine why you decided to do such a thing. 

B)

It really was very gracious of you to behave like that. 

C)

I didn't expect you to do that! 

D)

You behaviour has disgusted me and I don't think I shall ever forgive you. 

E)

You must agree it was rather an odd thing to say.




66.

Your patient has diabetes and you want to impress upon him how important a starch-free diet is. You say:




A)

So long as you eat a well-balanced diet you will be all right. 

B)

I am afraid you cannot be treated with medicines. 

C)

You must cut down on all starch foods and eat absolutely nothing with sugar in it. 

D)

Just eat normally and don't try to lose weight. 

E)

If you stop eating bread, potatoes and spaghetti you will soon lose weight.




67.

You are buying a new computer for use in the firm. Your main worry is that the modal you like might prove too complicated for the staff to work. You ask the salesman:




A)

Roughly how long does it take the average person to use a computer of this type efficiently? 

B)

Can you briefly give me some idea of the advantages of this model over the cheap one? 

C)

Can you show me a model that is more efficient than the one you sold me last year? 

D)

This type is just what we need. Can you show me how to operate it? 

E)

This computer will really ease their weight-load; so they'll be delighted, don't you agree.




68.

You are taking visitors to the laboratory to see how your experiment has been set up. It is vital that no one touches anything, so you say:




A)

Concerning the experiment, let's keep in touch. 

B)

I am certain no one has touched anything. 

C)

Don't bother to touch anything. 

D)

It is essential that nobody touches anything related to the experiment. 

E)

If you want to touch anything, be sure it is safe.




69.

The manager of the firm you work asked your opinion about one of the new employees. You want to give a non-committal answer. You say:




A)

It's really too early to say. I know nothing either for or against him. 

B)

He's the best trainee we've had for several years. 

C)

Personally, I can't stand the man. 

D)

I'll keep an eye on him if you are interested. 

E)

If you are looking for a new assistant, he can't do the job well.




70.

Your daughter is going to Istanbul by bus. You want to hear that she has arrived safely, so you say:




A)

You do know your aunt's telephone number, don't you? 

B)

Let me know when you're coming back and I'll meet you. 

C)

I expect your aunt will at the station to meet you. 

D)

Be sure to give us a ring when you get there. 

E)

Have a good trip! Enjoy your holiday!


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