1. What is the difference between bunch and bundle?
2. What is the difference between cluster and bunch?
3. What is the difference between heap and hill?
4. What is the difference a mass of people and a group of people?
5. What is the difference between pile and heap?
essence, gist, kernel
1. Essence (n, adj) ___________ (adj)
2. Gist = c_ _ _
3. Kernel = essence, nu_ _ _ _s
1. block, chunk
2. strip of wood, lumber
beam, shaft, tube
1. brace, stud, timber
2. passage, pipe
3. pipe, line, hose
band, belt, ribbon, strap
1. She bought herself a colourful ________ to tie her hair with.
2. She put a first-aid ______ on the wound to prevent infection.
3. The strong _______ that held the luggage together broke just when they were being loaded into the cargo department.
4. You need to fasten your safety _________ when driving.
chain, rope, string, thread, wire
1. As her eyes were failing, she spent almost an hour to put the ______ through the knitting
2. In the past, prisoners had to carry a metal ball fastened tightly to their ankle with an iron _____.
3. The cat was playing with a ball of ______.
4. The executioner put the ________ around the prisoners neck and tightened the fasten.
5. The horse tripped over a barbed _____ during a gallop and was badly hurt.
1. Globe (n) ___________ (adj)
2. Sphere (n) ___________ (adj)
- He was trying to change an electric _____ (ball / bulb) when he fell down.
1. curved metal
2. sharp metal
C. SPECIFIC SUBSTANCES AND MATERIALS
- Marble is a kind of stone. What is the difference between stone and rock?
alluvium, clay, deposit
Alluvium and deposit are similar in meaning. What is the difference between clay and mud?
dust, earth, ooze, powder
1. Dust (n) ___________ (v) ___________ (adj)
2. What is the difference between mud and muck?
3. Ooze (n) ___________ (v)
4. Powder (n) ___________ (v)
dirt, muck, sand, soil
1. dirt, earth, mud, grime
2. mud, filth
3. sediment, silt
4. soil, earth, clay, dust, grime
- Amber is produced by trees while pearl is produced by ________.
First you use _______ to produce concrete; then you put this liquid concrete in moulds to build walls. Next, you cover the walls with _______ so that they can be neatly painted.
alloy, steel, tin
1. admixture of metals
2. aluminium/iron alloy
3. hardened iron
log, pulp, timber, wood
When a tree is cut down, those who cut it shout "______!" so that people around should be careful. Then the branches are removed and the remaining part is called a ______. In the factory, this piece is cut into small pieces called _______. These pieces are further ground and then mixed with water and certain chemicals to produce _____. The next stage is paper-making.
acid, alcohol, alkali, starch
1. Acid (n) ___________ (adj)
2. Alcohol (n) ___________ (adj)
3. Alkali is a substance like soda, potash or ammonia. Starch, on the other hand, is a white, tasteless substance found in most plants, including grain and potato. Yet, a starched person is a very _________ person.