United nations environment programme



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Appendix 1: Budget by project components and UNEP budget lines


Project title:

Strengthening national biodiversity and forest carbon stock conservation through landscape-based collaborative management of Cambodia’s Protected Area System as demonstrated in the Eastern Plains Landscape (CAMPAS project)


(This item provided in a separate MS Excel file)


Appendix 2: Co-financing by source and UNEP budget lines


Project title:

Strengthening national biodiversity and forest carbon stock conservation through landscape-based collaborative management of Cambodia’s Protected Area System as demonstrated in the Eastern Plains Landscape (CAMPAS project)


(This item provided in a separate MS Excel file)

Appendix 3: Incremental cost analysis - matrix of project incremental costs


Project title:

Strengthening national biodiversity and forest carbon stock conservation through landscape-based collaborative management of Cambodia’s Protected Area System as demonstrated in the Eastern Plains Landscape (CAMPAS project)

Cost/ Benefit

Baseline
(B)


Alternative
(A)


Increment
(A-B)


Benefits




Identified barriers are:

a. Shortage of governance capacity at national level


b. Limited management capacity at institutional level
c. Weak technical capacity at operational level
d. Strong incentives for intensive land-use options
e. Conflicting land allocations
f. Limited financial resources to deliver basic protected area management activities
g. Competing special interests for rightful use of lands and resources

Global benefits

Unrelenting decrease of biodiversity values in protected area landscapes

The alternative scenario will ensure increased protection of biodiversity values in protected area landscapes, more effective protected area governance, and management.

  • Strengthened operationalization of national biodiversity and protected areas strategic goals

  • Increased effectiveness of inter-sectoral coordination for biodiversity conservation governance in protected areas and surrounding landscapes




Unrelenting land conversion, habitat fragmentation, and Eastern Plains Landscape depletion of wildlife populations in protected areas and surrounding landscapes

The alternative scenario will ensure reduction of present land conversion trends and maintained or restored connectivity in protected area landscapes, and recovery of Eastern Plains Landscape wildlife populations.

  • Strengthened biodiversity and conservation management within protected areas and surrounding landscapes by supporting forest connectivity

  • Reduced threat from conflicting land-usage causing damage to natural ecosystem conditions, and reducing unsustainable hunting so wildlife populations may rebound




Unrelenting increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide due to forest degradation and clearance

The alternative scenario will ensure increased carbon retainment and absorption through better forest protection measures and more effective involvement of stakeholders in forest sustainable forest management and conservation.

  • Strengthened involvement of land-use governance and management stakeholders to support forest conservation, connectivity, restoration, and maintenance

National benefits

Continuous lack of inter-sectoral dialogue and coordination to streamline biodiversity conservation in protected area landscapes

Under the alternative scenario there will be an increase in the effectiveness of inter-sectoral coordination and mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation within national protected area landscapes. This will, in turn, result in a synergy regarding investments on biodiversity and conservation management.

  • Established national protected area leadership dialogues to support inter-sectoral coordination; Increased institutional capacities for protected area governance

  • Strengthened up take, enforcement, and monitoring of protected area regulations; Established functional trans-boundary and species conservation programs

  • Increased awareness and knowledge of biodiversity values to bolster support management




Continuous reduction of biodiversity and ecosystem services from protected areas and surrounding areas due to deficient management, limited funding, land conversion and habitat fragmentation

Under the alternative scenario there will be an increased efficiency in protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services inside protected areas and surrounding connecting forests in the landscape. The alternative scenario would include reduced biodiversity unfavorable land conversion in the greater landscapes of protected areas, and increase of forest connectivity between protected areas in a common greater landscape.

  • Increased stakeholder consultation—in particular private sector (ie economic land concession owners) to strengthen biodiversity security, forest connectivity, and forestlands management

  • Increased knowledge for protected area management, and improved baseline profile of individual protected areas and protected forests

  • Supported implementation of a model forest conservation strategy for the eastern plains landscape

  • Established participatory forest monitoring for community managed areas in connecting forest habitats outside protected areas and guideline for development of protected areas zoning plans

  • Established model sustainable development and conservation strategy for pilot greater protected areas landscape

  • Increased livelihoods security for communities involved in lands conservation management; Modeling protected area business plans and sustainable financing sources

  • Enhanced forest cover and carbon retainment in connecting forest habitats outside protected areas, through community-based forest management practices

  • Strengthened protected areas connectivity within common greater landscapes




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