Usa patriot & fisa amendments Acts



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tarix03.08.2018
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USA PATRIOT & FISA Amendments Acts



















Routes originate and terminate in Canada, but transit the US

  • Routes originate and terminate in Canada, but transit the US

  • Very common! ~25% in IXmaps database

  • Why?









http://www.bell.ca/web/enterprise/bbm/secure-canadian-data-centres-mpls.html?ETCID=Print_07052013_en_DataResidency_emk

  • http://www.bell.ca/web/enterprise/bbm/secure-canadian-data-centres-mpls.html?ETCID=Print_07052013_en_DataResidency_emk







Little ISP transparency overall (30/200 stars)

  • Little ISP transparency overall (30/200 stars)

  • Smaller/Canadian ISPs better than larger/foreign ISPs

  • No Canadian ISPs post Transparency Reports

      • Unlike Google, Facebook, Twitter, AT&T, Microsoft,…
  • Very little transparency about:

    • normal retention periods
    • personal data including ‘meta-data’, device IDs
    • routing location/jurisdictions
  • Hand-offs to non PIPEDA-compliant carriers?



Keep Canadian data in Canada



Try it out and get more information at: http://IXmaps.ca

  • Try it out and get more information at: http://IXmaps.ca



Project team:

  • Project team:

  • Andrew Clement,1 Steve Harvey, 3 Yannet Lathrop,1 Colin McCann,1 Nancy Paterson12 & Gabby Resch1

  • 1 Faculty of Information, Univ of Toronto 2 OCAD University 3 Independent

  • Funding:

  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)

  • Office of the Privacy Commissioner (OPC) of Canada

  • References:

  • Bamford, James (2008) The Shadow Factory: The Ultra-Secret NSA from 9/11 to the Eavesdropping on America. Doubleday.

  • Klein, Mark (2009) Wiring Up The Big Brother Machine...And Fighting It. Booksurge.

  • Landau, Susan (2011) Surveillance or Security? The Risks Posed by New Wiretapping Technologies, MIT Press.




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