Abnormal Psychology, Canadian Ed. (Nevid) Chapter 14: Abnormal Psychology and Society



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TRUE/FALSE

35)



Civil commitment is identical to voluntary hospitalization.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 464

Skill:




36)



People used to be committed without any clear evidence that they posed a danger to themselves or others.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 464

Skill:




37)



People can be psychiatrically committed because they are eccentric.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 464

Skill:




38)



Szasz argues that the label of mental illness is a societal invention which transforms social deviance into medical illness.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 467

Skill:




39)



Clinicians tend to overpredict the dangerousness of their clients.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 467

Skill:




40)



Psychologists and other mental-health professionals are quite accurate when it comes to predicting dangerousness of the people they treat.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 467

Skill:




41)



A layperson supplied with information concerning an individual's past may be more accurate in predicting the individual's potential for future violence than the clinician who bases a prediction solely on information obtained from a clinical interview.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 468

Skill:




42)



Classification within a diagnostic category that is associated with aggressive or dangerous behaviour, such as antisocial personality, is sufficient for predicting specific violent acts in individuals.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 468

Skill:




43)



The potential for violence is heightened in people with serious psychiatric disorders when they drink or use crack or other drugs.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 468

Skill:




44)



Predictions of dangerousness based on hospital behaviour tend to generalize to community settings.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470

Skill:




45)



Information provided to a therapist by a client is protected by rules of absolute confidentiality.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470

Skill:




46)



Therapists are not obligated by state laws to breach confidentiality, even to warn intended victims of threats of violence made against them by their clients.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470

Skill:




47)



The courts have ruled that the rights of an intended victim are outweighed by a client's rights to confidentiality.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470

Skill:




48)



Therapists may not disclose confidential information about clients to third parties, even when their clients threaten violence to the third parties.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470

Skill:




49)



The Tarasoff ruling carries force of law nationally.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 471

Skill:




50)



Court rulings have established that hospitalized mental patients do not have the right to refuse medication.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 474

Skill:




51)



In most cases where patients refuse treatment, the courts have sided with the patients during the review process.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 475

Skill:




52)



The insanity defense is used in a large number of cases, and usually successfully.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 477

Skill:




53)



In states that have adopted it, the "guilty but mentally ill" verdict has substantially reduced the number of "not guilty by reason of insanity" verdicts.

Answer:



FALSE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 477

Skill:




54)



The insanity defense has a long legal history.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 478

Skill:




55)



Repeated criminal behaviour is not sufficient, by itself, to establish a mental disease or defect that might relieve an individual of criminal responsibility.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 479

Skill:




56)



People who are found not guilty of a crime by reason of insanity may remain confined to a mental hospital indefinitely---for many years longer than they would have been sentenced to prison, if they had been found guilty.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 480

Skill:




57)



Customary sentences that the law provides for particular crimes have no bearing on criminal commitment.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 480

Skill:




58)



The insanity defense places special burdens on juries.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 480

Skill:




59)



Psychiatrist Thomas Szasz denies the existence of mental illness.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 480

Skill:




60)



There is a basic rule of law that says that those who stand accused of crimes must be able to understand the charges and proceedings brought against them and be able to participate in their own defense.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 481

Skill:




61)



It is possible for a defendant to be held competent to stand trial but still be judged not guilty of a crime by reason of insanity.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 481

Skill:




62)



More people are confined to mental institutions for being incompetent to stand trial than for being found not guilty by reason of insanity.

Answer:



TRUE

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 481

Skill:




ESSAY

63)



Compare and contrast voluntary, civil, and legal commitment.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 466-467

Skill:




64)



Discuss the development of safeguards to prevent abuses of psychiatric commitment.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 466-467

Skill:




65)



Discuss the controversy concerning psychiatric commitment.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 466-467

Skill:




66)



Discuss research concerning the problems of psychologists and other professionals who are given the task of attempting to predict dangerousness.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 467-470

Skill:




67)



Explain why professionals tend to overrepresent dangerousness.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 467-470

Skill:




68)



Explain the effects of the Tarasoff case on helping professionals' duty to warn third parties of threats posed by clients.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470-471

Skill:




69)



Discuss some of the conflicts involved in requiring helping professionals to warn third parties of threats.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 470-471

Skill:




70)



Discuss legal developments concerning the right to treatment.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 471-474

Skill:




71)



Discuss legal developments concerning the right to refuse treatment.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 474-475

Skill:




72)



Discuss the history of the legal bases of the insanity plea.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 476-479

Skill:




73)



Discuss the "guilty but mentally ill" verdict.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 477

Skill:




74)



Discuss problems in determining the term of commitment for perpetrators who are found insane.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 479-480

Skill:




75)



Discuss the problems the insanity plea creates for jurors.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 480-481

Skill:




76)



Discuss the issue of whether or not the insanity plea is degrading to the defendant.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 481

Skill:




77)



Discuss the principle of competency to stand trial.

Answer:

Diff: 0



Page Ref: 481

Skill:



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