Adriana Hulsmann kwr watercycle Research Institute



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Climate Change: Securing the preparedness of water supply and sanitation systems in 12 European cities

  • Adriana Hulsmann

  • KWR Watercycle Research Institute,

  • the Netherlands


Project Title: PREPARED - Enabling Change

  • Project Title: PREPARED - Enabling Change

    • Adaptation of water supply and sanitation systems to cope with climate change
  • Budget: 10.7 mill EUR;

  • EU Support: 7 mill EUR (FP7)

  • Project duration: 4 years

  • Project start: 1 February 2010

  • Partners: 35



The PREPARED project

  • Gathers urban utilities in Europe and worldwide that (will) have an advanced strategy in meeting the upcoming challenges for water supply and sanitation brought about by climate change.

  • Coordinating institute: KWR Watercycle Research Institute

  • the Netherlands (Coordinator Adriana Hulsmann)





Surface water availability

  • Surface water availability

  • Groundwater availability

  • Surface water quality impact

  • Impacts on drinking water systems

  • Impacts on sanitation systems

  • Flooding

  • Vulnerability and risks





  • Aarhus Denmark

  • Barcelona Spain

  • Berlin Germany

  • Eindhoven The Netherlands

  • Genoa Italy

  • Gliwice Poland

  • Istanbul Turkey

  • Lisbon Portugal

  • Lyon France

  • Melbourne Australia

  • Oslo Norway

  • Seattle USA

  • Simferopol Crimea

  • Wales United Kingdom



Selection of the city utilities in PREPARED





  • Aquateam N

  • IWA NL

  • IWW D

  • Krüger DK

  • Monash AUS

  • NIVUS D

  • S::can AT

  • Exeter UK



Challenges: climate change

  • Identified impacts of climate change either expected or

  • already observed for water supply and sanitation systems

  • Water supply:

  • Surface water availability

  • Change in run-off patterns and surface water quality

  • Groundwater availability (decreased natural recharge)

  • Saline intrusion in groundwater in coastal area

  • Changing demand patterns, land use (temperature, crop)

  • Flooding of well field

  • Bio-growth in distribution network

  • Treatment efficiency

  • Sanitation:

  • Extreme precipitation (sustainable drainage, CSO, increased storage, WWTP)

  • Salt water intrusion





Technology heart of PREPARED



Enabling change





  • What will the PREPARED

  • project deliver?



The PREPARED project deliverables (1)

  • Will produce a catalogue/portfolio of tested and demonstrated adaptive solutions for the water sector

  • (on-line version for the future)

  • Will develop Water Cycle Safety Plans (generic risk management framework)



The PREPARED project deliverables (2)



















  • What are the links between PREPARED and EU policy?





4. UWWTD and BWD drivers behind investments urban water cycle

  • 4. UWWTD and BWD drivers behind investments urban water cycle

  • Stricter national standards will increase investment needs (CSO).

  • BWD allows the use of EWS for overflows in receiving waters.

  • 6. Infiltration of residual waste from desalination in the ground.







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