Badminton Study Guide



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Badminton Study Guide




History:

Badminton as it is presently played is believed to have started from a game called Poona played by English army officers stationed in India. The game was later played in England at Badminton House, the home of the Duke of Beaufort in 1873. Now it is a competitive sport world-wide for men and women. It was introduced as an exhibition game in the Olympics and became a medal sport in 1992,



General Rules:

  • Games are played as Singles or Doubles

  • One (1) service attempt.

  • One (1) contact. It is a fault when player or partner hit the shuttle more than once before the return.

  • A shuttle striking the floor, pole or ceiling is considered a mistake (fault-volley is over).

  • It is a fault if a player reaches racket over the net to play the bird, or a touches any part of the net.

  • If shuttle hits a player (fault-volley is over).

  • It is a fault when the nose of the shuttle first strikes outside of the court.

  • Any shuttle nose first striking the LINE is IN BOUNDS.


Rules specifically for Service:

  • Feet must be planted. Contact must be made below the waist. Swing must be underhand.

  • Serve must go diagonally (right to right, left to left)

  • The shuttle must land on or inside the service court lines.

  • Proper server must serve; proper receiver must receive the serve.

  • Courtesy – server must say their score, opponent’s score and ask ‘Ready?’

  • If shuttle hits part of the net and still falls into correct court it is Playable!

  • If server swings and totally misses the shuttle, it is NOT a fault, re-serve.



Rally Scoring (2006 by IBF, USA Badminton and now in 2008 – IHSA):

Match – consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points.

  • The side winning a rally adds a point to its score.

  • At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins the game.

  • At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point, wins the game.


In Singles Play -

  • To start the game when the score is even or zero, the server serves from the right service court. When score is odd, the server serves from the left service court.

  • If server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from alternate service court.

  • If the receiver wins a rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes the new server.

  • A player serves from the right hand side of the court when their own score is even or zero. He / She will serve from the left hand side when their own score is one / or an odd number.



In Doubles Play -

  • When own score is even, serve is from the Right Side Service Court.

  • When own score is odd, serve is from the Left Side Service Court.

  • If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the SAME server serves again from the alternate service court. (Switch to Right or Left side of court)

  • If the receiving side wins the rally, the receiving team scores a point then serves from the side of court determined by odd or even score.

  • If a player serves from the wrong service court, the error is corrected when the mistake is discovered.

Vocabulary:

Shuttle- feathered plastic or nylon object that is volleyed over net, commonly called the bird or birdie
Clear: High shot that goes over an opponent’s head and lands close to the baseline.
Drop: Shot that just clears the net.
Smash: Overhead stroke, snapped fast and downward (like a volleyball spike).
Forehand: Stroke made on the racquet side of the body.
Backhand: Stroke made when racquet crosses to opposite side of body, knuckles to the bird.
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