175.01 INTENT. This chapter is adopted pursuant to the authority conferred by Chapters 329 and 414 of the Code of Iowa. It is hereby found that an airport hazard endangers the lives and property of users of the Cresco Municipal Airport and of occupants of land or to property in its vicinity, and also, if of the obstruction type, in effect reduces the size of the area available for the landing, taking off and maneuvering of aircraft, thus tending to destroy or impair the utility of the Cresco Municipal Airport and the public investment therein. Accordingly, it is declared that: (i) the creation or establishment of an airport hazard is a public nuisance and an injury to the area served by the Cresco Municipal Airport; (ii) it is necessary in the interest of the public health, safety, and general welfare that the creation or establishment of airport hazards be prevented; and (iii) the prevention of these hazards should be accomplished, to the extent legally possible, by the exercise of the police power without compensation. It is further declared that both the prevention of the creation or establishment of airport hazards and the elimination, removal, alteration, mitigation, or marking and lighting of existing airport hazards are public purposes for which municipalities may raise and expend public funds, as an incident to the operation of airports, to acquire land or property interests therein.
175.02 SHORT TITLE. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as “The Cresco Municipal Airport Zoning Ordinance.”
175.03 DEFINITIONS. As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
“Airport” means the Cresco Municipal Airport.
“Airport elevation” means the established elevation of the highest point on the usable landing area.
“Airport hazard” means any structure or tree or use of land that obstructs the airspace required for, or is otherwise hazardous to, the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at the airport.
“Airport reference point” means the point established as the approximate geographic center of the airport landing area and so designated.
“Board of adjustment” means a board consisting of five (5) members appointed by the Cresco City Council and the Howard County Board of Supervisors.
“Height” for the purpose of determining the height limits in all zones set forth in this chapter and shown on the zoning map, the datum shall be mean sea level elevation unless otherwise specified.
“Instrument runway” means a runway equipped or to be equipped with a precision electronic navigation aid or landing aid or other air navigation facilities suitable to permit the landing of aircraft by an instrument approach under restricted visibility conditions.
“Landing area” means the area of the airport used for the landing, taking off or taxiing of aircraft.
“Landing strip” means the grass or turf covered area of the airport which is designed for and used for taking off and landing aircraft. This term shall have the same meaning throughout this chapter, as does the term “runway.”
“Nonconforming use” means any pre-existing structure, tree, natural growth or use of land which is inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter or an amendment thereto.
“Non-instrument runway” means a runway other than an instrument runway.
“Runway” means the paved surface of an airport landing strip.
“Structure” means an object constructed or installed by man, including but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks, and overhead transmission lines, including the poles or other structure supporting the same.
“Tree” means any object of natural growth.
175.04 ZONES. In order to carry out the provisions of this chapter, there are hereby created and established certain zones that include all of the land lying within the non-instrument approach zones, vertical zones, horizontal zone and conical zone. Such areas and zones are shown on the Cresco Municipal Airport Zoning Map. The various zones are hereby established and defined as follows:
Primary Surfaces. A primary surface zone is established, which shall be provided longitudinally on each runway extending in length 100 feet beyond each end of the two runways. The elevation of any point on the longitudinal profile of the primary surfaces, including extensions, coincides with the elevation of the centerline of runways, or extension, as appropriate. The width of the primary surfaces is 200 feet, centered upon each runway.
Approach Zones. An approach zone shall be provided and shall have a width of 200 feet at a distance of 100 feet beyond each end of the two runways widening thereafter uniformly to a width of 500 feet at a distance of 3,100 feet beyond each end of the two runways.
Vertical Zone. A vertical zone shall extend upward from the edges of the primary zones and the approach zones until they intersect with the horizontal zone.
Horizontal Zone. A horizontal zone is hereby established as the area within a circle with its center at the Airport Reference Point and having a radius of 5,000 feet. The horizontal zone does not include the approach zones and the vertical zone.
Conical Zone. A conical zone is hereby established as the area that commences at the periphery of the horizontal zone and extends outward therefrom a distance of 3,000 feet. The conical zone does not include the approach zones and vertical zones.
175.05 HEIGHT LIMITATIONS. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, no structure or tree shall be erected, altered, allowed to grow, or maintained in any zone referenced by this chapter to a height in excess of the height limit herein established for such zone. Such height limitations are hereby established for each of the zones in question as follows:
Airport Approach Zones. One foot in height for each 20 feet in horizontal distance beginning at a point 100 feet from and at the centerline elevation of the end of the runway and extending to a point 3,100 feet from the end of the runway.
Vertical Zones. A vertical zone beginning at any point normal to and at the elevation of the centerline of the runways, extending 100 feet beyond each end thereof, extending upward to the horizontal zone from the outer edges of the primary surfaces to a height of 150 feet above the airport elevation, said height being 1,425.5 feet above mean sea level. In addition to the foregoing, there are established height limits vertically from the edges of all approach zones for the entire length of the approach zones and extending upward to the points where they intersect the horizontal zone.
Horizontal Zone. One hundred fifty (150) feet above the airport elevation or a height of 1,425.5 feet above mean sea level.
Conical Zone. One foot in height for each 20 feet of horizontal distance beginning at the periphery of the horizontal zone, extending to a height of 300 feet above the airport elevation.
Where an area is covered by more than one height limitation, the more restrictive limitations shall prevail.
175.06 USE RESTRICTIONS. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, no use may be made of land within any zone referenced in this chapter in such a manner as to create electrical interference with radio communication between the airport and aircraft, make it difficult for flyers to distinguish between airport lights and others, result in glare in the eyes of flyers using the airport, impair visibility in the vicinity of the airport or otherwise endanger the landing, taking off, or maneuvering of aircraft.
175.07 NONCONFORMING USES. The regulations prescribed by this chapter shall not be construed to require the removal, lowering, or other changes or alteration of any structure or tree not conforming to the regulations as of the effective date of the ordinance codified by this chapter or otherwise interfere with the continuance of any nonconforming use. Nothing herein contained shall require any change in the construction, alteration, or intended use of any structure, the construction or alteration of which was begun prior to the effective date of the ordinance codified by this chapter and is diligently prosecuted.
175.08 MARKING AND LIGHTING. Notwithstanding the provision of Section 175.07, the owner of any nonconforming structure or tree is hereby required to permit the installation, operation, and maintenance thereon of such markers and lights as shall be deemed necessary by the City to indicate to the operators of aircraft in the vicinity of the airport, the presence of such airport hazards. Such markers and lights shall be installed, operated, and maintained at the expense of the City.
175.09 PERMIT REQUIRED. Except as specifically provided in Section 175.10 hereunder, no material change shall be made in the use of land and no structure or tree shall be erected, altered, planted or otherwise established in any zone hereby created unless a permit therefor shall have been applied for and granted. Each application for a permit shall indicate the purpose for which the permit is desired, with sufficient particularity to permit it to be determined whether the resulting use, structure or tree would conform to the regulations herein prescribed. If such determination is in the affirmative, the permit shall be granted.
175.10 PERMIT EXEMPTION. In the area lying within the limits of the horizontal zone and the conical zone, no permit shall be required for any tree or structure less than 75 feet of vertical height above the ground, except when because of terrain, land contour or topographic features such tree or structure would extend above the height limits prescribed for such zone. Nothing contained in the foregoing exception shall be construed as permitting or intending to permit any construction, alteration or growth of any structure or tree in excess of any of the height limits established by this chapter except as set forth in Section 175.05.
175.11 PERMIT CONDITIONS.
Existing Uses. No permit shall be granted that would allow the establishment or creation of an airport hazard or permit a nonconforming use, structure or tree to be made or become higher, or become a greater hazard to air navigation, than it was on the effective date of the ordinance codified by this chapter or any amendments thereto or than it is when the application for a permit is made. Except as indicated, all applications for such a permit shall be granted.
Nonconforming Uses Abandoned or Destroyed. Whenever the Cresco Airport Commission determines that a nonconforming structure or tree has been abandoned or more than 80 percent torn down, physically deteriorated, or decayed, no permit shall be granted that would allow such structure or tree to exceed the applicable height limit or otherwise deviate from the zoning regulations.
Variances. Any person desiring to erect or increase the height of any structure, or permit the growth of any tree, or use property, not in accordance with the regulations prescribed in this chapter, may apply to the Airport Commission for a variance from such regulations. Such variances shall be allowed where it is duly found that literal application or enforcement of the regulations would result in practical difficulty or unnecessary hardship and the relief granted would not be contrary to the public interest but will do substantial justice and be in accordance with the spirit of this chapter.
Hazard Marking and Lighting. Any permit or variance granted may, if such action is deemed advisable to effectuate the purpose of this chapter and be reasonable in the circumstances, be so conditioned as to require the owner of the structure or tree in question to permit the City at its own expense, to install, operate, and maintain thereon such markers and lights as may be necessary to indicate to flyers the presence of an airport hazard.
It shall be the duty of the Cresco Zoning Officer to administer and enforce the regulations prescribed herein. Said officer to be hereafter referred to as the Administrative Officer. Applications for permits and variances shall be made to the Administrative Officer upon a form furnished by the officer. Applications required by this chapter to be submitted to the Administrative Officer shall be promptly considered and granted or denied by the officer. Applications for action by the Airport Commission shall be forthwith transmitted by the Administrative Officer.
175.12 APPEALS.Any person aggrieved, or any taxpayer affected, by any decision of the Administrative Officer made in the administration of this chapter, may appeal to the Airport Commission. All appeals hereunder must be taken within a reasonable time as provided by the rules of the Airport Commission, by filing with the Administrative Officer a notice of appeal specifying the grounds thereof. The Administrative Officer shall forthwith transmit to the Airport Commission all papers constituting the record upon which the action appealed from was taken. An appeal shall stay all proceedings in furtherance of the action appealed from, unless the Administrative Officer certifies to the Airport Commission, after the notice of appeal has been filed with it, that by reason of the facts stated in the certificate a stay would, in the Administrative Officer’s opinion, cause imminent peril to life or property. In such case, proceedings shall not be stayed except by order of the Airport Commission on notice to the Administrative Officer and on due cause shown. The Airport Commission shall fix a reasonable time for hearing appeals, give public notice and due notice to the parties in interest, and decide the same within a reasonable time. Upon the hearing any party may appear in person or by agent or by attorney. The Airport Commission may, in conformity with the provisions of this chapter, reverse or affirm, in whole or in part, or modify the order, requirement, decision or determination appealed from and may make such order, requirement, decision, or determination, as may be appropriate under the circumstances.
175.13 JUDICIAL REVIEW. Any person aggrieved, or any taxpayer affected, by any decision of the Board of Adjustment, may appeal to the Court of Record as provided in Chapter 414.15 of the Code of Iowa.
175.14 CONFLICTING REGULATIONS. Where there exists a conflict between any of the regulations or limitations prescribed in this chapter any other regulations applicable to the same area, whether the conflict be with respect to the height of structures or trees, the use of land, or any other matter, the more stringent limitation or requirement shall govern and prevail.
† EDITOR’S NOTE: Ordinance No. 148 adopting a charter for the City was passed and approved by the Council on November 5, 1973, and was published on November 28, 1973.
† EDITOR’S NOTE: A suggested form of notice for the abatement of nuisances is included in the Appendix of this Code of Ordinances. Caution is urged in the use of this administrative abatement procedure, particularly where cost of abatement is more than minimal or where there is doubt as to whether or not a nuisance does in fact exist. If compliance is not secured following notice and hearings, we recommend you review the situation with your attorney before proceeding with abatement and assessment of costs. Your attorney may recommend proceedings in court under Chapter 657 of the Code of Iowa rather than this procedure.
† EDITOR’S NOTE: Ordinance No. 389 adopting a natural gas franchise for the City was passed and adopted on June 20, 2005.
† EDITOR’S NOTE: Ordinance No. 427 adopting an electric franchise for the City was passed and adopted on September 9, 2010.
† EDITOR’S NOTE: Ordinance No. 440 adopting an electric transmission system franchise for the City was passed and adopted on August 20, 2012.
† EDITOR’S NOTE: Suggested forms of notice and of a resolution and order of the Council for the administration of this chapter are provided in the APPENDIX to this Code of Ordinances. Caution is urged in the use of this procedure. We recommend you review the situation with your attorney before initiating procedures and follow his or her recommendation carefully.