from very early Times: as also the several Manors and their Descents; Pedigrees of the principal Families,
whether existing or extinct, State of their Mansions, armorial Bearings, &c.
BOOK 5th. AREDALE, containing, in addition to the particulars enumerated above, an Account of the Castle
and Honour of Skipton nearly from the Conquest to the present Time, together with Memoirs of the noble
Families of Romilly, Albemarle, and Clifford. This Book will also contain an Investigation of the Sources
of the Are and a Description of the Romantic Environs of Malham.
BOOK 6th. WHARFDALE, containing a similar Survey to the two former; and, in addition, a particular
Representation of the Scenery of Bolton, Bardon, Kilnsey, and the whole course of the River Wharf
upwards to its Source.
The Collections for this Work in general, and particularly for the Monastic Part, have been made from
personal observation, and, with a few exceptions, from original or at least from MSS. Authorities.
1 This Prospectus is now reprinted from the Author's original Manuscript, which has fortunately been preserved.
It was sent to Mr. Nichols in a letter (dated Holme, Nov. 3, 1802), which commences thus: " Sir, I am now engaged
in a History of the Deanery of Craven, which will form a kind of Sequel to the History of Whalley, and as I have
suffered many inconveniences from Country Printers, I feel myself directed, by many considerations, to yourself, and
especially as a Brother Antiquary and Topographer." The plan detailed above was not eventually adopted in every
respect, for the History of Craven follows the more ordinary arrangement of Parishes, and the monasteries and antiquities
are placed under their respective localities.
2 These were afterwards reserved for the Second Edition of the History of Whalley.
xx BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF
The whole will be comprised in one Volume large Quarto, illustrated with numerous engravings. Price
to subscribers 21. 2s. Od. Subscriptions received by Mr. Ilatchard, No. 190, Piccadilly, Mr. Edwards,
Pall Mall, and Messrs. Edwards, Halifax, Yorkshire.
Dr. Whitaker was at this period addressed by the Editor of Camden with congratu-
lations and proffers of assistance, and it is with great pleasure that the present writer finds
himself able to insert in this place the cordial reply that was immediately returned :
The Rev. Dr. Whitaker to Richard Goitgh, Esq.
Holme, Feb. 16, 1803.
Sir, I have this day received the favour of your letter, and hasten to acknowledge with many thanks
the pleasure with which I perused it.
I am not possessed of your Edition of the Britannia, 1 tho' I have read the greater part of it and hope to
have an opportunity of consulting it once more in the course of a few days, when if any thing occurs with
respect to Craven I will avail myself of your most obliging offer.
However contemptible the account given by the Monthly Reviewers 2 of the History of Whalley may be
in itself, it has been far from contemptible in its effects either upon my Interest or Reputation, at least in the
Country, where few Readers are either able or willing to judge for themselves, but indolently acquiesce in
every thing they are told by the Periodical Retailers of what they call Criticism.
It is however no small consolation to be assured by such judges as Mr. Gough that their opinion is
neither general nor his own.
One circumstance with respect to that work I owe it to myself to account for. The work, as you
cannot but have observed, abounds with errors of the press, the history of which was this, that having been
persuaded to print the book in a neighbouring town I committed the care of the press to a respected
friend the A icar of the place/ 1 who discharged his trust very faithfully. But we have since discovered that
when the ioul copy was struck off and sent to him for correction the workmen without waiting for the
return of it struck off the whole impression, and when this operation was over, in order to impose upon him,
corrected the types according to his emendations and returned a clean copy, the only one which was ever printed.
\\ ith respect to the History of Craven I have every assistance which the Gentlemen of that Country
(excepting the two noble Representatives of the Cliffords) can afford. I have not overlooked the celebrated
Family Picture at Skipton, and if the Monthly Review do not ruin my Subscription, which I am certain they
will greatly injure, I mean to put a copy of it into the hands of Mr. Basire, who will undoubtedly do justice to it.
In the course of a few days I expect to be summoned to a very interesting scene. The vault of the
Cliffords which has Been closed many years is about to be opened in order to repair one of the tombs which
has given way and which stands immediately above it, and a friend upon the spot has promised to give me
timely instruction of the day when the process will begin. 4
1 It is very pleasing to find in Dr. Whitaker's review of the Magna Britannia of Lysons, in the Quarterly Review
the following tribute to the Editor of the earlier Britannia:
"Of the name of Mr. Gough we wish to speak with reverence; he was the father of English Antiquaries in his
day; he generously patronized rising merit in others; he devoted his own lifj and ample fortune to the pursuit of
antiquities, and he still lives in the affections of many surviving friends." (vol. v. p. 332.)
In his life of Thoresby (p. xiv.) Whitaker quotes Cough's "candid and moderate estimate of Thoresby's merits as
an antiquary," as that of " a great Master of English Topography."
1 See note in p. xvii. a The Rev. Thomas Starkie, M.A.
4 It took place in the chancel of Skipton church, on the 29th March 1803, and Dr. Whitaker has described the
results in the History of Craven, (second edit.) p. 355.
THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER.
It is almost impossible to procure franks in a situation like this, otherwise I should not have put you to
the expence of postage ' for the inclosed sheet, of which I beg your acceptance.
My Pedigree of the Eadcliff Family being unavoidably incorrect and defective from want of authoritative
materials when that part of the -work was printed, and much good in formation being communicated afterwards,
I compiled a second which I think is as nearly complete as any existing documents can make it. But of this
I only struck off fifty copies which I intended as presents to the friends of the Work, and of which this is the
last. I am, with Sincere Respect, Sir, Your much obliged and obedient Servant,
T. D. WHITAKER
Richard Gougli, Esq., Enfield, Middlesex.
The History of the Deanery of Craven, comprising twenty-five parishes, was published
Whalley. It was dedicated to the Duke of Devonshire and Lord Ribblesdale, 2 to the former
(the fifth Duke, who died in 1811,) as Lord of the Percy Fee in Craven, and representative
of the last male line of the Cliffords Earls of Cumberland ; " yet not more distinguished for
his ancient descent than for the ancient virtues of an English nobleman, disinterestedness,
liberality, and attention to the happiness of his numerous dependants :" the latter, the first
Lord Ribblesdale (who died in 1826), "whose loyalty and patriotism have twice assembled
under his standard the Gentry and Yeomanry of Craven, now constituting one of the finest
provincial corps in the Kingdom." The Duke gave to the work all the engravings of
Bolton and Bardon, together with one of the great family picture of the Cliffords ; Lord
Ribblesdale contributed seven plates, and twelve other plates were presented by Stephen
Tempest, esq. of Broughton, James Hamerton, esq. Pudsay Dawson, esq. the Rev. William
Roundell, Danson Richardson Currer, esq. the Rev. Thomas Sheepshanks, and Richard
Heber, esq. of Marton. A still more important favour conferred on the author was the
communication of the collections that had been made by John Richardson Currer for a
History of Craven, which included transcripts of those of Dodsworth, and John Charles
Brooke, Somerset herald.
" The Townley MSS." as in the author's former work, " continued to pour out their
inexhaustible stores on every part of the present subject ; " and, while making this
acknowledgment, he took the opportunity to append a tribute to the memory of Mr.
Towneley, then recently deceased, which may well claim admission here in the character of
a biographical reminiscence of both the eminent men to whom it relates, more particularly
as it did not reappear when the book was reprinted.
Here let me for a moment, and in my own person, give way to feelings which will not easily be
1 It will be admitted, in the present days of cheap postage, that this apology was not wholly unnecessary, when
the charge of 4s. 2d. is found marked on the cover, the weight being 1| oz.
2 The Second Edition of the History of Craven is dedicated only to the sixth Duke of Devonshire (1812-58):
" To his Grace William Spencer, Duke of Devonshire, Marquis of Hartington, Lord of the Percy Fee, &c. in Craven,
and representative in the male line of the illustrious House of Clifford, this Work is respectfully inscribed, with an
earnest wish that the favoured portion of his domains which constitutes the principal subject of it, may continue to
receive from him the same attention and regard with which his good taste has honoured it in early life."
xxi i BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF
suppressed. My last research in that library, where I had spent so many happy hours, was in company with
its late excellent and accomplished owner. So completely at that time did the vigour of his understanding
and the vivacity of his spirits appear to buoy up a sinking constitution, that I little foresaw how soon I should
be called to attend his remains to the tomb of his ancestors. A monument is preparing to his memory, which
I doubt not will be worthy of his taste and virtues, but the best monument of Mr. Towneley will be fixed in
the hearts of those who knew him " non quod intercedendum putem imaginibus qua? marmore finguntur, sed
ut vultus hominum, ita simulacra vultus fluxa ac fragilia sunt, forma mentis seterna, quam tenere et exprimeve
non per alienam materiam et artem, sed tuis ipse moribus posses." TACITUS.
The History of Craven was reviewed in the British Critic for December 1805, which
pronounced the volume to he " full of interest, information, and amusement ;" adding,
that " in no place, nor any subject, do the writer's industry of investigation fail, or his
Whitaker for the indignities which he had suffered from the Monthly Reviewer of his
History of Whalley. It was predicted that the History of Craven would not preserve that
unmolested enjoyment of otium cum dignitate upon the shelf of the library which was
the usual reward of Topography. " It is so much enlivened by picturesque descriptions, by
judicious remarks, by sketches of biography, and by natural delineations of life and
manners in different periods, that we lay it aside, for the present, with little weariness, in
the hope of resuming it with renewed satisfaction." .... " The author has succeeded in
rendering the History of Craven one of the most complete and valuable pieces of topo-
graphy that have come within our observation."
The History of Craven being accomplished, its author proceeded in the summer of
1805 T to form the Second Edition of the History of Whalley. This was completed, with
eight additional engravings/ in September 1806.
The Second Edition of the History of Craven was published in 1812. Unlike the
History of Whalley, it was entirely reprinted, and was now embellished with fifty-five
plates, of which fifteen were accessions to this edition. 3
It may be thought an omission if we do not mention, among the works of Dr.
i In a letter dated July 10, 1805, he states that 150 copies of the History of Whalley then remained unsold, that
he wished to cancel several sheets, and to insert much additional matter which had fallen into his hands since the first
publication of the work. " By this means a kind of Second Edition will be made up."
1 The " Advertisement " (as reprinted hereafter in p. Ixvi) says " four " only. These were those which had been
engraved specially for this Edition: 1, the view of Whitewell; 2, the portrait of Parker the Bowbearer of Bowland, and
other objects at Browsholme ; 3, the view of Head hall ; and 4, the distant view of Townley hall and park, bearing the
Latin inscription to Mr. Townley 's memory. But, besides these, Mr. Beaumont gave the three Beaumont portraits, and,
further, a folio engraving by H. Meyer of a portrait of Henry Tilson, painter, by himself. This last, however, is not
found in all copies, and, as well as the Beaumont portraits (see vol. ii. p. 24 of the present Edition), is not even men-
tioned by the Author. See all the plates carefully set forth in Upcott's " Bibliographical Account cf the principal Works
8 See all technically described in Upcott's English Topography, pp. 1394-8. In the folio copies of the History of
THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER. xxiii
Whitaker, the Description of Browsholme Hall, 1815, 4-to, which is usually named in the
list of his works. That hook however (which is noticed at p. 337 of the present volume)
was rather the compilation of Mr. Lister Parker himself, though the leading features of
its descriptive portions were drawn from the History of Whalley. To these were appended
a variety of historical papers, from the originals at Browsholme, edited without note or
comment. The clever etchings by Mr. John Chessell Buckler added great interest to the
book, of which only 100 copies were printed.
The Third Edition of the History of WTialley followed in 1818. Dr. Whitaker had
been desirous to reprint this work for many years before the intention was carried out. In
a letter to Mr. Nichols dated so early as the 16th June, 1810, he writes :
The remaining copies of the History of Whalley, which were disposed of by me to Mr. Edwards at \l. 10s.
each, have been nearly sold by him at 7 or 8 guineas per copy.
I have ample and valuable materials for another Edition: particularly an account of the Abbey of Lamb-
spring, 1 communicated to me by one of the ex-monks; and the Journal 2 a most curious one of a Gentleman
of the Parish in the year 1617. My predecessor (not my immediate one) 3 left also some valuable papers, which
have fallen into my hands. With these and other helps I propose to print 250 copies uniformly with Craven,
discarding a great deal of trifling stuff which I was compelled to admit before in order to make a Book. With
this wholesome severity the whole in the type and page I have mentioned will be reduced to 320 pages.
He mentions again in May 1811 that he was then " extremely desirous to see the
History of Whalley reprinted ; " and again in Nov. 1813 :
I am now at leisure to attend to another Edition of the History of Whalley, and sincerely wish that Mr.
Edwards 4 would authorise you to set about it.
My History of Lonsdale will I trust be ready to send to press by May next.
But it was not until July 1818 that the Third Edition of " Whalley " was completed.
It has this brief Dedication to Archbishop Manners Sutton :
To the Most Reverend CHARLES, LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, Primate of all England,
and Metropolitan, this Work is inscribed, by his Grace's most obliged and devoted servant, the Author.
It Avas embellished with fifty-one plates, twenty of which had not been in the previous
editions. 5 The price was six guineas in royal quarto, and twelve guineas in folio.
It was the Doctor's intention, in the same year, to produce a new edition of the History
of Manchester, by his namesake the Rev. John Whitaker, which had been published in the
year 1773. This appears from the following letter to Mr. Nichols :
Craven, published at Fifteen Guineas, there are duplicate impressions of the aquatinted plates by S. Alken, worked in
colours. The price of the copies in Royal Quarto was Five Guineas.
1 In Westphalia; see Third Edition, p. 547. - That of Nicholas Assheton.
3 The Rev. William Johnson: see these papers described in p. 215 of this volume.
4 Mr. Edwards, of Halifax, supplied the necessary paper for Dr. Whitaker's works.
5 Several of these were merely borrowed from Churton's Life of Dean Nowell. It is stated in Boyle's Yorkshire
Library that the number of copies printed of the third edition of the History of Whalley was only 25 on large paper
and 100 on small; but the writer was misinformed, for the numbers were 150 large and 250 small.
BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF
Holme, March 25th, 1818.
Dear Sir, On my way through Manchester yesterday I took an accurate survey of the Collegiate
Church and College, and have also well considered the amount of the additions which will be required. The
result is that I think that the whole of Mr. Whitaker's text, together with my own additions, notes, &c.
may be included in one quarto of the same type with your reprint of the History of Whalley, with which
I should wish it to be uniform. Three or four engravings and not more will be required.
If you would like to undertake the publishing as well as printing of this work, I will thank you to
inform me what plan you would recommend. I think it may be made an interesting undertaking.
I am, Dear Sir, Very sincerely yours, T. D. WHITAKER.
Will you be so obliging as to forward a copy of Whalley to Adam Cottam, Esq. Whalley, near
Blackburn, Lancashire, and place it to my account with Mr. Edwards.
But, besides this History of Manchester, there was another work at one time proposed
to range with the Histories of Whalley and Craven. The reader will have already remarked
the Doctor's mention of a Hisfori/ of Lonsdale, undertaken before Nov. 1813, and proposed
to be published in the course of the ensuing twelvemonths. As it is unknown under that
name, it is satisfactory to be able to give the complete account of its design which is
furnished by the following (undated) Prospectus.
Preparing for the Press, in one volume quarto, illustrated with numerous engravings, 2Uailfla
or a History of the Vale of Lune ; containing Accounts of the Setantiornm Portus of the Romans, the
Castle, Dutchy, Priory, Parish, and Friary of Lancaster, the Saxon antiquities of Heysham, the chain of
Danish forts on the Lune, the Castle, Honour, and Priory of Hornby, the Roman Bremetonacce, or Overborough,
and School of Sedbcrgh, with a Catalogue and short Biographical notices of eminent persons educated in that
seminary. By THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER, LL.D. F.S.A. Vicar of Whalley, and Rector of Heysham,
in Lancashire. London: Printed by Nichols, Son, and Bentlcy, for John Murray, 50, Albemarle Street.
This was evidently intended to form a volume correspondent with the Histories of
Whalley and Craven. The materials collected for it were eventually added to the book
now called the History of Richmondshire. But before we proceed to the circumstances
which led to the latter work, we have to recur to the author's sentiments at an earlier
period, when, during the winter of 1810-11, he experienced a serious failure of health, 1
and consequent depression of spirits, whereby he was induced to take leave of the History
of Craven in the following terms :
On these " Cold Keld Heads" we hare reached some of the highest ground in the Island; and, looking
southward as far as the confines of the Peak, survey beneath our feet the three valleys of Craven, with all
their boundaries of rock and fell, their scattered villages, rich pastures, and diversified landscapes. Further,
in the same direction, stretch the brown hills of " the ancient parish of Whalley," with their populous towns,
descried through smoke, and their uniting streams gradually expanded into one great aestuary, and mingling
1 ' The truth is that my constitution is greatly broken within the last six months, and I can have no great
expectation of surviving many winters like the last. . . . My health requiring change of air, I am going in a few days
to a friend's house in Cumberland." Letter to Mr. Nichols, May 28, 1811.
THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER. xxv
with the sea. These ample districts have now been exhausted in two successive Works, by the labours of the