Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: When the verse: 'If there are 20 amongst you, patient and persevering, they will overcome two hundred', was revealed, it became hard on the Muslims, when it became compulsory that one Muslim ought not to flee before 10 (non-Muslims) so Allah lightened the order by revealing: 'but now Allah has lightened your (task) for He knows that there is weakness in you. But (even so) if there are 100 amongst you who are patient and persevering, they will overcome 200 (non-Muslims)' (8: 66).
So when Allah reduced the number of enemies that Muslims should withstand, their patience and perseverence against the enemy decreased as much as their task was lightened for them. [Bukhari, VI, No.176.]
We come to the end of our paper. We truly hope that this list will prove helpful to Christians as they endeavor to show Muslims why the Quran cannot be the Word of God.
Sam Shamoun, www.answering-islam.org/Quran/index.html#abrogation
A List of Abrogated (Mansukh) and
Abrogating (Nasikh) Texts in the Qur’an
This text is Abrogated by:
The Abrogated The Abrogator
How Can Muslims Decide What is Correct?
In Sura 16:101-102 when critics charged Muhammad with tampering with the Quran, they themselves were charged with ignorance. “When We change one verse for another (Allah knows best what He reveals), they say, ‘You are an imposter.” Indeed, most of them are ignorant men.”
“Allah knows best what He reveals,” but how are mortals to sort out the meaning? How does a Muslim decide which verse is “exchanged” or now preferred by Allah? Further, why would Allah exchange one verse in place of another? These are more than academic issues. Muslims trust the Quran. But if Muslims are uncertain of what God says – and of His intention – how do they believe they can know God’s will for their lives? How do they properly understand the role of Islam in the world?
Dr. John Ankerberg, Fast Facts on Islam
, pp. 52-53.
Abrogation According to Muslim Theologians
MALIK’S MUWATTA, Book 37, Number 37.5.4b:
Yahya said that he heard Malik say, "This ayat is abrogated. It is the word of Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, 'If he leaves goods, the testament is for parents and kinsmen.' What came down about the division of the fixed shares of inheritance in the Book of Allah, the Mighty, the Exalted, abrogated it" ...
FROM TAFSIR IBN KATHIR
Ibn Kathir claims that S. 33:52 was abrogated by 33:50.
More than one of the scholars, such as Ibn ‘Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Ibn Zayd, Ibn Jarir and others stated that this Ayah was revealed as a reward to the wives of the Prophet expressing Allah's pleasure with them for their excellent decision in choosing Allah and His Messenger and the Home of the Hereafter, when the Messenger of Allah gave them the choice, as we have stated above. When they chose the Messenger of Allah their reward was that Allah restricted him to these wives, and forbade him to marry anyone else or to change them for other wives, even if he was attracted to their beauty - apart from slave-girls and prisoners of war, with regard to whom there was no sin on him. THEN ALLAH LIFTED THE RESTRICTION STATED IN THIS AYAH AND PERMITTED HIM TO MARRY MORE WOMEN, but he did not marry anyone else, so that the favor of the Messenger of Allah towards them would be clear.
Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said: ‘The Messenger of Allah did not die until Allah permitted (marriage to other) women for him.’ It was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i in their Sunans. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 8 (Surat Al-Ahzab, Verse 51 to the end of Surat Ad-Dukhan), abridged under a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh Safiur Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri [Darussalam Publishers & Distributors Riyadh, Houston, New York, London, Lahore; First Edition, September 2000], p. 21; cf. the online edition; bold and capital emphasis ours)
According to Ibn Kathir Surah 9:5 abrogated every peace treaty that had been made with the idolaters:
This is the Ayah of the Sword ...
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq used this and other honorable Ayat as proof for fighting those who refrained from paying the Zakah. These Ayat allowed fighting people unless, and until, they embrace Islam and implement its rulings and obligations... In the two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn ‘Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,
This honorable Ayah (9:5) was called the Ayah of the Sword, about which Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim said, "It abrogated every agreement of peace between the Prophet and any idolator, EVERY TREATY, AND EVERY TERM." Al-‘Awfi said that Ibn ‘Abbas commented: "No idolator had any more treaty or promise ever since Sura Bara’ah was revealed. The four months, in addition to, all peace treaties conducted before Bara’ah was revealed and announced had ended by the tenth of the month of Rabi’ Al-Akhir." (Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) Volume 4 (Surat Al-A’raf to the end of Surah Yunus), by Shaykh Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri, First Edition: May 2000, pp. 375, 377; cf. online edition; bold italic and capital emphasis ours)
Sam Shamoun, www.answering-islam.org/Quran/index.html#abrogation
Abrogation According to the Hadith
SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 68:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
This Verse:--"Whether you show what is in your minds or conceal it ..." (2.284) was abrogated.
SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 69:
Narrated Marwan Al-Asghar:
A man from the companions of Allah's Apostle who I think, was Ibn 'Umar said, "The Verse:-- ‘Whether you show what is in your minds or conceal it ...’ was abrogated by the Verse following it."
SAHIH MUSLIM, Book 003, Number 0675:
Abu al. 'Ala' b. al-Shikhkhir said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) abrogated some of his commands by others, just as the Qur'an abrogates some part with the other.
SAHIH MUSLIM, Book 043, Number 7173:
Sa'id b. Jubair reported: I said to Ibn Abbas: Will the repentance of that person be accepted who kills a believer intentionally? He said: No. I recited to him this verse of Sura al-Furqan (xix.): "And those who call not upon another god with Allah and slay not the soul which Allah has forbidden except in the cause of justice" to the end of the verse. He said: This is a Meccan verse which has been abrogated by a verse revealed at Medina: "He who slays a believer intentionally, for him is the requital of Hell-Fire where he would abide for ever," and in the narration of Ibn Hisham (the words are): I recited to him this verse of Sura al-Furqan: "Except one who made repentance." (see also Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 285)
SUNAN ABU DAWUD, Book 12, Number 2275:
Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart, three monthly courses; and then said: And for such of your women as despair of menstruation, if ye doubt, their period (of waiting) shall be three months. This was abrogated from the former verse
. Again he said: (O ye who believe, if ye wed believing women) and divorce them before ye have touched them, then there is no period that ye should reckon.
About Abrogation from the Bible
.....Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets
; I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no way pass from the law
, till all be fulfilled.
…..The Law and the prophets were until John; since that time the Kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it. And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail
2 Corinthians 3:6, 11 & 14
…..Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament
, not of the letter
, but of the spirit; for the letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life… For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth
is glorious… for until this day remaineth the same veil untaken away in the reading of the old testament
; which veil is done away in Christ
is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us, having abolished
in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances
, to make in himself of two one new man, so making peace…
…..Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances
that was contrary to us, and took it out of the way
, nailing it to his cross… Let no man, therefore, judge you in food, or in drink, or in respect of a feast day, or of the new moon, or of a sabbath day, which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.
…..he is the mediator of a better covenant
, which was established upon better promises. For if the first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second
…..Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second
. By which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.
Wickwire, Has the Bible Been Changed?
, pp. 22-23.
“The number of abrogations is variously estimated at between five and 500.”
Stuart Robinson, Mosques & Miracles
, p. 180.
A Footnote About Abrogation
The law of abrogation in the Bible applies only to the New Testament abrogating or superseding the Old Testament. The law of abrogation within Islam (“nesih
” or “mensuh
”) commonly applies only to the verses of the Qur’an within itself
. However, among Muslim scholars there is no agreement as to which verses of the Qur’an abrogate which, but it is roughly based upon an estimated chronological dating of the suras
, the later verses said to abrogate the verses which were written earlier. The chronological timetable for the writing of the suras of the Qur’an may be divided into 7 periods:
Mecca - 1 the first five years of Muhammad in Mecca = 60 suras.
Mecca - 2 from the 5th > 10th years at Mecca = 17 suras.
Mecca - 3 the last 3 years at Mecca = 15 suras.
Medina - 4 the first year of the migration to Medina = 6 suras.
Medina - 5 the 3rd > 4th years of the migration to Medina = 3 suras.
Medina - 6 the 5th > 8th years of the migration to Medina = 9 suras.
Medina - 7 the 9th > 10th years of the migration to Medina = 4 suras.
Dr. Osman Keskioğlu, Nûzulünden İtibaren Kur’ân-ı Kerîm, pp. 124-125.
It is interesting to note that a few Muslims scholars actually reject the doctrine of abrogation within the Qur’an. For example Prof. Dr. Hüseyin Atay, the professor under whom I did doctoral studies in Islamics, openly rejects the doctrine of “abrogation” within Islam as being untenable. He states:
“The judgment which we have shown above and which was accepted as basic according to the ancient scholars is that there cannot be any doctrine of abrogation for the Kur’an which we have in our hands today. In other words there are no verses of the Qur’an which have been canceled, abrogated, or done away with. There are no verses in the Qur’an which have been invalidated or canceled out. All of the verses in the Qur’an are valid and their judgments are permanent.”
(Prof. Dr. Hüseyin Atay, Kur’ân’a Göre Araştırmalar - I, pp. 65-66.)
The Quran's Doctrine of Abrogation
Prepared by Abdullah Al Araby
In an attempt to polish Islam's image, Muslim activists usually quote verses from the Quran that were written in the early days of the Islamic movement while Mohammed lived in Mecca. Those passages make Islam appear loving and harmless because they call for love, peace and patience. Such is a deception. The activists fail to tell gullible people that such verses, though still in the Quran, were nullified, abrogated, rendered void by later passages that incite killing, decapitations, maiming, terrorism and religious intolerance. The latter verses were penned while Mohammed’s headquarters was based in Medina.
When speaking with people of Christianized/Western societies, Muslim activists deliberately hide a major Islamic doctrine called "al-Nasikh wal-Mansoukh" (the Abrogator and the Abrogated). This simply means that in situations wherein verses contradict one another, the early verses are overridden by the latter verses. The chronological timing in which a verse was written determines its authority to establish policies within Islam. Non-Muslims cannot afford to be ignorant about the full implications of the Abrogator and the Abrogated Doctrine (al-Nasikh wal-Mansoukh). When Islamic spokesmen say that Islam is a religion of peace and that the Quran does not support such things as human rights infractions, gender bias and terrorism, they are lying. This means that the Western politicians and liberal journalists, who continually spout that Islam is a noble religion of peace, are in reality propagating a deception that they have been deceived into parroting.
This presents problems for naïve people who are not familiar with Islam and the Quran. They don’t know that the surahs/chapters of the Quran are not arranged in chorological order in regard to the timing in which they were written. Therefore an activist who is out to deceive them can turn to various places throughout the Quran and read verses that sound peaceful, tolerant, reasonable and loving. The impression is that the entire Quran promotes peace, love, equality and tolerance for all. That is far from the truth. Most Muslims fully understand that the few Quranic verses that seemingly promote equality, peace and justice are more often than not overridden/ nullified by later verses that validate such things as terrorism and legalistic restrictions on routine human and women’s rights.
THE DOCTRINE OF THE ABROGATOR AND THE ABROGATED IN THE QURAN (Al Nasikh Wal Mansoukh)
This doctrine is based on two verses that Allah allegedly instructed Mohammed to put into the Quran.
"None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?"
Surah 2: 106
"When We substitute one revelation for another, and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages), they say, "Thou art but a forger": but most of them understand not."
The documentation for the information that I am offering in this piece is found in one of Islam's classical reference books in the Arabic language. It is titled "al-Nasikh wal-Mansoukh" (The Abrogator and the Abrogated) and was authored by the revered Muslim scholar Abil-Kasim Hibat-Allah Ibn-Salama Abi-Nasr. The book goes through every Surah (chapter) in the Quran and cites in great detail every verse that was cancelled-out/overridden by particular verses that were written later. The author noted that out of 114 Surahs (chapters) of the Quran, there are only 43 Surahs that were not affected by this concept. The implications are very revealing. It means that those who would be inclined to accept the Quran as reliable can take only 43 chapters of the Quran at face value. The majority of its chapters cannot be taken at face value. The cancelled verses are mixed in with the authoritative verses and only schooled Islamist know which is which.
The following are English translation excerpts from the reference book’s original Arabic
THREE KINDS OF ABROGATION:
1) Verses in which both the wording and application were abrogated/nullified.
There is an example of this found in a narration by Ans Ibn Abdel Malik. He said that during the life of Mohammed, they used to read a Surah that was equal in size to that of Surah 9 (the repentance). He further stated that he only remembered one verse from that Surah/chapter. - “If the son of Adam has two valleys of gold he would covet to have a third one, if he has three he would covet to have a fourth one. Nothing would fill the belly of the son of Adam except dirt, and Allah would accept the repentance of those who repent.”
Another example is the narration of Ibn Abdullah Ibn Massoud. He said that Mohammed recited a verse for him that he memorized and wrote in his Quran. When he checked his Quran the following day, he discovered that the verse had disappeared. Mohammed explained what had happened to ibn Massoud. He told him that the verse had been lifted during the previous day.
2) Verses in which the wording was abrogated (nullified) but the application was not.
These are verses wherein the wording was nullified, but the inferences/possible applications of those words remained intact.
There is an example of this form in a narration about Omar Ibn Al Khattab. He said, “If I didn’t hate that people would say we added to the Quran which was not part of it, I would have insisted in including the verse of stoning. By God we have recited it by the Apostle of God.”
3) Verses in which the application was abrogated (nullified), but the wording was not.
These are verses wherein the wording remained the same, but the authority to consider such in the formation of Islamic polices were nullified
There are sixty-three Surahs/chapters in the Quran that mention such things as praying in the direction of Jerusalem, regulations about fasting and the forgiveness that is available to polytheists
FOUR DEGREES OF ABROGATION
1. Surahs that were not influenced by applications of the doctrine of the Abrogator and the Abrogated. (43 Surahs)
Surahs 1, 12, 36, 49, 55, 57, 61, 62, 66, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 77, 78, 79, 82, 83, 84, 85, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 107,109, 108, 110, 112, 113, and 114
2. Surahs that maintained the authority of the Abrogator, but their original wording was not abrogated/nullified.(6 Surahs)
Surahs 48, 59, 63, 64, 65, and 87
3. Surahs that had their wording abrogated/nullified, but maintained their authority for applications. (40 Surahs)
Surahs 6, 7 10, 11, 13, 15 16 17, 18, 20, 23, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 51, 53, 54, 60, 68, 70, 74, 75, 76, 77, 86, 80, 88, and 109
4. Surahs that have had both their authority for applications and their wording abrogated. (24 Surahs)
Surahs 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 33, 34, 40, 42, 51, 52, 56, 58, 73, 103, and 108
THE VERSE OF THE SWORD
The verse that Abrogated (nullified) the Peace Verses.
An example of the abrogation: There are 124 versus that call for tolerance and patience that have been cancelled and replaced by one, single verse. This verse is called the verse of the sword:
"But when the forbidden months are past, then fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, and seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war)....."
Verses that support the verse of the Sword
1) “Fight them, and Allah will punish them by your hands, cover them with shame, help you (to victory) over them, heal the breasts of believers” (Surah 9:14).
2) “O ye who believe! Truly the Pagans are unclean; so let them not, after this year of theirs, approach the Sacred Mosque” (Surah 9:28).
3) “The Jews call ‘Uzayr a son of God, and the Christians call Christ the son of God. That is saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate the Unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!” (Surah 9:30).
4) “O Prophet! Strive hard against the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm against them. Their abode is Hell – an evil refuge indeed” (Surah 9:73).
5) “O ye who believe! Fight the Unbelievers who gird you about, and let them find firmness in you: and know that Allah is with those who fear Him” (Surah 9:123).
Some of the verses abrogated by the verse of the Sword:
1) “Those who believe (in the Qua’an), and the Christians and the Sabians – any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve” (Surah 2:62).
2) “Quite a number of the People of the Book wish they could turn you (people) back to infidelity after ye have believed, from selfish envy, after the Truth hath become manifest unto them: but forgive and overlook, till Allah accomplish his purpose” (Surah 2:109).
3) “But because of their breach of their Covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard; they change the words from their (right) places and forget a good part of the Message that was sent them, nor wilt thou cease to find them – barring a few – ever bent on (new) deceits: but forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): for Allah loveth those who are kind” (Surah 5:13).
4) “Leave alone those who take their religion to be mere play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But proclaim (to them) this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin by its own acts: it will find for itself no protector or intercessor except Allah: if it offered every ransom, (or reparation), none will be accepted: such is (the end of) those who deliver themselves to ruin by their own acts: they will have for drink (only) boiling water, and for punishment, one most grievous: for they persisted in rejecting Allah” (Surah 6:70).
5) “But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in Allah” (Surah 8:61)
6) “And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury); but say, ‘We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; our God and your God is One; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam)” (Surah 29:46).
7) “And remember We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (to this effect): worship none but Allah” (Surah 2:83).
8) “Say: Will ye dispute with us about Allah, seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and ye for yours; and that we are sincere (in our faith) in Him?” (Surah 2:139)
9) “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors” (Surah 2:190)
10) “But fight them at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there” (Surah 2:191)
11) “But if they cease, Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful” (Surah 2:192).
12) “But there is no compulsion in religion” (Surah 2:256).
13) “So if they dispute with thee, say: ‘I have submitted my whole self to Allah and so have those who follow me,’ And say to the People of the Book and so to those who are unlearned: ‘do ye (also) submit yourself? If they do, they are in right guidance, but if they turn back, thy duty is to convey the Message” (Surah 3:20).
14) “Let not the Believers take for friends or helpers unbelievers rather than believers; if any do that, in nothing will there be help from Allah: except by way of precaution, that ye may guard yourself from them” (Surah 3:28).
15) “Those men – Allah knows what is in their hearts; so keep clear of them, but admonish them, and speak to them a word to reach their souls” (Surah 4:63) .
16) “He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah: but if any turn away, we have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds)” (Surah 4:80).
17) “But Allah records their nightly (plots): so keep clear of them, and put thy trust in Allah” (Surah 4:81).
18) “Then fight in Allah’s cause – thou art held responsible only for thyself” (Surah 4:84).
19) “Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people. If Allah had pleased, He could have given them power over you, and they would have fought you: therefore, if they withdraw from you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (guarantees of ) peace, then Allah hath opened no way for you (to war against them)” (Surah 4:90).
20) “O ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allah, nor of the Sacred Month” (Surah 5:2).
Other verses that were abrogated by the verse of the sword:
Surah 5: 99
Surah 6: 66; 104; 106- 108; 112; 135; 158
Surah 7:183; 199
Surah 10: 41, 46, 99, 108, 109
Surah 11: 121
Surah 13: 40
Surah 15: 3, 85, 88, 94
Surah 16: 82, 125, 127
Surah 17: 54
Surah 19: 84
Surah 20: 130, 135
Surah 22: 68
Surah 23: 54, 96
Surah 24: 54
Surah 28: 55
Surah 30: 60
Surah 32: 30
Surah 34: 25
Surah 39: 15
Surah 41: 34
Surah 42: 6, 15, 48
Surah 43: 83, 89
Surah 44: 59
Surah 45: 14
Surah 46: 35
Surah 50: 39
Surah 52: 48
Surah 53: 29
Surah 58: 8-9, 11
Surah 73: 10
Surah 76: 8
Surah 86: 17
Surah 88: 22- 24
Surah 109: 6
One cannot help but wonder; why was there a need for changes in the Quran, if it really contained God’s words? If Allah is indeed all-powerful and all-knowing, why would he need to revise and correct himself so often?
Is Allah – The Greatest Deceiver of them All?
Makr = Miim-Kaf-Ra = He practised DECEIT, GUILE, or CIRCUMVENTION,
desiring to do another a foul, an abominable, or an evil action, clandestinely or
without his knowing whence it proceeded. (Lane’s Arabic-English Lexicon)
Al-i İmran 3:54.....And they (the disbelievers) schemed, and Allah schemed (against them); and Allah is the best of schemers.
(Wamakaroo wamakara Allahu waAllahu khayru al-makireena)!
(schemer = makr = deception / deceiver / scheme.)
An’am 6:123.....And thus have We made in every city great ones of its wicked ones, that they should plot (liyamkuroo) therein.
Anfal 8:30.....And when those who disbelieve plot against you (O Muhammad) to wound you fatally, or to kill you or to drive you out; they plot, but Allah (also) plots; and Allah is the best of plotters.
(“plotted” = makr = deception / deceiver / scheme.)
.....Those who were before them also plotted (makara),
but all plotting (falillahi al-makru). is (in the hand) of Allah
(“plotting” = makr = deception / deceiver / scheme.)
.....When We decree that a population should be destroyed
, We (first warn and) command those of them that live in comfort
, and yet they persisit in sin so that the word is proved true against them, and then We destroy them utterly
.....So they plotted
a plot; and We plotted
a plot, while they perceived not. (Wamakaroo makran wamakarna makran)
(“plotted” = makr = deception / deceiver / scheme.)
Kayd = Kaf-Ya-Dal =
to contrive/plot/devise such a thing,
to deceive/ beguile/circumvent, practice an artful
A’raf 7:182-183.....And those who deny Our revelations – step by step We lead them on from whence they know not. I give them reign (for a while) (but) My scheme (kaydee) is strong.
Qalam 68:44-45.....Therefore leave to Me those that deny this revelation. We will lead them step by step to their ruin in ways beyond their knowledge. I shall bear long with them: My stratagem (kaydee) is sure.
Tariq 86:15-16.....They are devising great schemes (ya keedoona kaydan). And I Myself devising great schemes! (Wa akeedu kaydan)
Khida/Khuda/Khada = Kh-Dal-Ayn = To hide/conceal, deceive or
They think to deceive
and the believers, but they deceive
no-one except themselves (yakhdaaoona)
, though they realize it not. In their hearts is a disease, so Allah has increased their disease
. Because of their lies there is a great penalty
.....The hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is Allah who deceives them
. (Inna al-munafiqeena yukhadiaaoona Allaha wahuwa khadiaauhum)
.....What ails you that you are divided into two groups regarding the hypocrits, when Allah cast them back (to disbelief)
because of what they earned? Would you guide those whom Allah has sent astray
? He whom Allah has sent astray, for him (O Muhammad) never can you find a way
And when We
created you, then fashioned you, then told the angles
: “Fall prostrate before Adam!
” and they fell prostrate, all save İblis, who was not of those who prostrate. 12.
He said, “What hindered you from falling prostrate when I bade you?” (Iblis) said: “I am better than him. You created me of fire while you created him of mud.” 13.
He said: “Then go down hence! It is not for you to show pride here, so go forth! Verily you are of the degraded.” 14.
He said, “Reprieve me until the day when they are resurrected!” 15.
He said: “Assuredly, you are of the reprieved.” 16.
He said, “Now, because You have sent me astray (aghwaytanee)
, assuredly I shall lurk in ambush for them on your straight path.”
.....My counsel, if I wished to counsel you, cannot profit you if Allah has decided that you should go astray (yughwiyakum)
. He is your Lord, and to Him you shall be returned.
.....Allah leaves in error whom He will
and guides whom He will. He is the Mighty, the Wise.
(Iblis) said: “I swear that because You have cast me astray (aghwaytanee)
shall adorn the path of error for them in the earth, and shall mislead them (walaoghwiyannahum)
, every one, 40.
Except Your perfectly devoted servants.” 41.
(Allah) said: “This is the right course incumbent upon Me
For over My servants no authority shall you have, except those that follow you, being perverse.”
Islamic Commentary on Allah’s Deception
Muslim expositor ar-Razi wrote that,
"scheming (makr) is actually an act of deception aiming at causing evil. It is not possible to attribute deception to God. Thus the word is one of the muttashabihat [multivalent words of the Quran]." (Ibid., p. 166; italic emphasis ours)
"Qurtubi observes that some scholars have considered the words ‘best of schemers’ to be one of God’s beautiful names. Thus one would pray, ‘O Best of Schemers, scheme for me!’ Qurtubi also reports that the Prophet used to pray, ‘O God, scheme for me, and do not scheme against me!’ (Qurtubi, IV, pp. 98-99; cf. Zamakhshari, I, p. 366)." (Ibid., p. 166)
And here, also, is how one of the earliest sources on the life of Muhammad interpreted Q. 8:30:
Then he reminds the apostle of His favour towards him when the people plotted against him 'to kill him, or to wound him, or to drive him out; and they plotted and God plotted, and is the best of plotters.' i.e. I DECEIVED them with My firm GUILE so that I delivered you from them. (The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, with introduction and notes
Ibn Abbas said: "The Prophet used to supplicate, saying: ‘My Lord, aid me and do not aid against me, and grant me victory and do not grant victory over me, plot (scheme/connive/deceive) for me and do not plot (scheme/connive/deceive) against me
, guide me and facilitate guidance for me
, grant me victory over those who transgress against me. My Lord, make me ever-grateful to You, ever-remembering of You, ever-fearful of You, ever-obedient to You, ever-humble to You, oft-turning and returning to You. My Lord, accept my repentance, wash my sin, answer my call, make firm my proof, make firm my tongue, guide my heart, and remove the treachery of my chest (Rabbi A‘inni Wa La Tu‘in ‘Alayya, Wansurni Wa La Tansur ‘Alayya, WAMKUR Li Wa La TAMKUR ‘Alayya, Wahdini Wa Yassir Lil-Huda, Wansurni ‘Ala Man Bagha ‘Alayya. Rabbij‘alni Laka Shakkaran, Laka Dhak-karan, Laka Rahhaban, Laka Mitwa‘an, Laka Mukhbitan, Ilaika Awwahan Muniba. Rabbi Taqabbal Tawabati, Waghsil Hawbati, Wa Ajib Da‘wati, Wa Thab-bit Hujjati, Wa Saddid Lisani Wahdi Qalbi, Waslu Sakhimata Sadri
[Abu ‘Eisa said:] This Hadith is Hasan Sahih. (English Translation of Jami‘ At-Tirmidhi, Compiled by Imam Hafiz Abu ‘Eisa Mohammad Ibn ‘Eisa At-Tirmidhi, translated by Abu Khaliyl (USA), ahadith edited and referenced by Hafiz Tahir Zubair ‘Ali Za’i [Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, First Edition: November 2007], Volume 6, From Hadith No. 3291 to 3956, Chapter 45. The Book Of Supplications From The Messenger Of Allah, pp. 258-259; capital and underline emphasis ours)
Muhammad wasn’t the only person troubled by Allah’s lies since his closest companion was deftly afraid of his lord’s schemes. If one is still in doubt as to the meaning of the term makr consider Abu Bakr’s testimony who, despite being promised paradise by Muhammad, was rather uncertain about his status in the hereafter because of how unreliable and fickle his god is:
"Although he had such a faith, which was too great to suffice all the inhabitants of the earth, he was afraid that his heart might go astray. So, he used to utter, while weeping: ‘Would that I have been a bitten tree!’ Whenever he was reminded of his position in Allah’s sight, he would say: ‘By Allah! I would not rest assured and feel safe from the deception of Allah (la amanu limakr Allah), even if I had one foot in paradise.’" (Khalid Muhammad Khalid, Successors of the Messenger, translated by Muhammad Mahdi al-Sharif [Dar al-Kotob al-Ilmiyah, Beirut Lebanon, 2005], Book One: Abu Bakr Has Come, p. 99; bold and italic emphasis ours)(1)
Sam Shamoun, answering-islam.org
, “Allah – The Greatest Deceiver of them All”.
Allah Deceived Muhammad
When Allah showed them to you
(O Muhammad) in your dream as few in number
, and if He had shown them to you as many, you (Muslims) would have faltered and would have quarreled over the affair. But Allah saved (you). And when He made you (Muslims), when you met (them), see them with your eyes as few, and lessened you in their eyes, (it was) that Allah might conclude a thing that must be done. Unto Allah all things are brought back.
Allah Deceived the Christians
And because of their saying: “We slew the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, Allah’s messenger.” They slew him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared so to them
; and those who disagree concerning it are in doubt thereof; they have no knowledge thereof except pursuit of a conjecture; they slew him not for certain
. But Allah raised him up to Himself
. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
Does the God of the Bible Deceive People?
"Early in the morning, Jerub-Baal (that is, Gideon) and all his men camped at the spring of Harod. The camp of Midian was north of them in the valley near the hill of Moreh. The LORD said to Gideon, ‘You have too many men for me to deliver Midian into their hands. In order that Israel may not boast against me that her own strength has saved her
, announce now to the people, "Anyone who trembles with fear may turn back and leave Mount Gilead."’ So twenty-two thousand men left, while ten thousand remained. But the LORD said to Gideon, ‘There are still too many men. Take them down to the water, and I will sift them for you there. If I say, "This one shall go with you," he shall go; but if I say, "This one shall not go with you," he shall not go.’ So Gideon took the men down to the water. There the LORD told him
, ‘Separate those who lap the water with their tongues like a dog from those who kneel down to drink.’ Three hundred men lapped with their hands to their mouths. All the rest got down on their knees to drink. The LORD said to Gideon, ‘With the three hundred men that lapped I will save you and give the Midianites into your hands
. Let all the other men go, each to his own place.’ So Gideon sent the rest of the Israelites to their tents but kept the three hundred, who took over the provisions and trumpets of the others. Now the camp of Midian lay below him in the valley."
1 Samuel 15:29.....
"He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a man, that he should change his mind."
.....God is not a man, that he should lie
, nor a son of man, that he should change his mind
. Does he speak and then promise and not fulfill?"
.....Into your hands I commit my spirit; redeem me, O LORD, the God of truth.
.....Jesus answered, ‘I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
.....a faith and knowledge resting on the hope of eternal life, which God, who does not lie
, promised before the beginning of time...
.....Because God wanted to make the unchanging nature of his purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, he confirmed it with an oath. God did this so that, by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie
, we who have fled to take hold of the hope offered to us may be greatly encouraged.
(American History*, United States*, USA*)
Islam in North America
Major concentrations of Muslims in North America are to be found in:
Atlnta, GA Montreal, Canada
Austin, TX Newark, NJ
Baltimore, MD New York, NY
Boston, MA Paterson, NJ
Chicago, IL Philadelphia, PA
Cleavland, OH Portland, OR
Columbia, SC Sacramento, CA
Columbus, OH San Diego, CA
Dallas-Forth Worth, TX San Francisco, CA
Denver, CO Seattle, WA
Detroit, MI Tampa, FL
Houston, TX Toronto, Canada
Los Angeles, CA Tuscon, AZ
Madison, WI Washington, DC
Don McCurry, Muslim Awareness Seminar, p. 7.
Statistics on Islam in America
Researchers estimate that there are from three million to seven million Muslims in the United States. The World Almanac 2001 states that there are 5.78 million Muslims. The Council on American-Islamic Relations estimates some seven million. The average of all estimates of some twenty studies of Muslim population in the United States is 5.65 Million as of 2001 (6.31 million in 2006).
The ten states with the largest Muslim populations listed in order are:
There are approximately 1,200 mosques, 400 Islamic schools and colleges, 400 assoiations, 200,000 Muslim businesses, and more than 200 publications.
There are more than nine thousand Muslims on active duty in the U.S. armed services.
Muslims outnumber Episcopalians, Lutherans, Presbyterians, the United Church of Christ, and many other Christian denominations. If figures are correct that there are six million or more Muslims in the United States, then they surpass Jews and become the second largest religious group, second to Christians.
Muslims in America are estimated to be
42.0 % African-American
24.4 % Asian Indian
12.4 % Arab
5.2 % African
3.6 % Persian
2.4 % Turk
2.0 % South Asian
1.6 % American white
5.6 % other
Dr. George Braswell, Islam in America, p. 82.
Dr. Abraham Sarker, Understand My Muslim People, p. 85.
Statistics on Mosques in the USA
In 1995 there were 962 mosques in the USA; by 2001, there were more than 1,200. (see Middle East Forum, www.meforum.org)
Dr. John Ankerberg, Fast Facts on Islam, p. 13.
American Converts to Islam
Americans who have converted to Islam (plus their descendants) probably number up to 1 million. Of this million, the overwhelming majority are black; whites number maybe 50,000. Americans drawn to militant Islam tend to be discontented with their lives or alienated from their society... (This helps explain why blacks are so much more likely to convert; as the most downtrodden and discontent element in American society, Islam offers an ultimate expression for their anger.)
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America, pp. 127 & 130.
Islamic Expenditures in America
Saudia Arabia has spent $87 billion since 1973 in an effort to spread Islam to the Western hemisphere, and particularly in the United States. Even countries like Iraq, Libya, Iran and Kuwait have funneled millions of dollars to the West to propagate the religion.
Dr. Abraham Sarker, Understand My Muslim People, p. 86.
Noted Islamic Associations in America
The Islamic Party of North America
United Submitters International
The Federation of Islamic Associations
The Muslim World League
The Muslim Student Association
The Islamic Society of North America
The Islamic Associaton of North America
The Council of the Masajid
The American Muslim Council
The American Muslim Alliance
Council on American-Islamic Relations
International Institute of Islamic Thought
Institute of Arabic and Islamic Sciences in America
(extension of University of Riyadh, Saudia Arabia)
Muslim Public Affairs Council
School for Islamic and Social Sciences
Fiqh Council of North America
Dr. George Braswell, Islam in America, p. 84.
Ethnic Distribution of Muslims in the USA
African Americans = 43%
“U.S., go to hell!”
“Go to hell, America” and “Destroy America.”
“Death to America” and “Osama is our hero”.
“Death to America. Death to Israel.
Taliban, Taliban, we salute you.”
“Bin Laden, we are with you.”
“America is the enemy of God.”
“America is a great Satan.”
“U.S., go to hell, Afghans will prevail.”
“Down, down USA!”
“Long live Bin Laden.”
“Tony Blair, burn in hell.”
As best I can estimate from election data, surevey research, anecdotal evidence, and the opinions of informed observers, this Islamist element constitutes some 10 to 15 percent of the total Muslim world population of roughly 1 billion – that is, some 100 to 150 million persons worldwide.
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America
, p. 247.
Perspectives on the
Islamization of America
finds that implementation of the Shari’a in the United States “appears to be approaching fast.”
: sees Islamists in power in Washington before 2020.
Muhammad Hisham Kabbani:
One of the few non-militant Islamic leaders in America, and chairman of the Islamic Supreme Council of America told the Department of State’s Open Forum in early 1999 that extremism has “spread to 80% of the Muslim population” in the United States. “Extremeists” with this outlook have “taken over 80% of the mosques” in the United States.
And not just mosques: publications, schools, youth groups, community centers, political organizations, professional associations, and comercial enterprises also tend to share a militant Islamic outlook extremely hostile to the prevailing U.S. culture and wanting to replace it with an Islamic order.
As though to confirm his point, the Muslim response to his warning was heavyhanded and even threatening.
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America
, pp. 122-123 & 207.
The Curious Case of H. Rap Brown
Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin
As one of the American Muslim community’s leading figures, whose behaviour in the 1960’s earned him a reputation as “the violent left’s least-thoughtful firebrand”, found himself in 2002 in the dock for murdering a policeman in Atlanta, Georgia, and it shined the spotlight on a host of disturbing questions pertaining to that community.
In 1963, as H. Rap Brown, he was a founder of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), which, despite its name, was indeed very violent, and by 1967 he was chairman of SNCC.
He was an outspoken advocate of black violence (We built the country up and we will burn it down, honkies and all”) who in 1967 incited a mob to torch two city blocks in Cambridge, Maryland (It’s time for Cambridge to explode, baby”).
In 1968 became “Minister of Justice” for the Black Panther Party.
In 1970 he was a fugitive from justice listed on the FBI’s most wanted list.
In 1971 he led an attempted robery of the Red Carpet Lounge, a bar on New York City’s Upper West Side; the shootout that followed left two police officers injured.
In 1971-76 he served time as an inmate in the New York correctional system. After a quiet period, his violence resumed in Atlanta in the 1990’s.
Accused of carrying a concealed and unlicenced .45-caliber pistol at the time of the 1995 arrest for shooting a drug dealer four times in the leg. (It is a federal offense for convicted felons to posess firearms).
Organizer of a group of thugs charged with many violent crimes.
Banned by the judge from appearing at the armed robery trial of one of those thugs because his presence intimidated a witness.
Investigated in connection with 14 homicides that took place in 1990-96, which a police report ascribed to revenge, an attempt to block competetion, and efforts to eliminate those who “knew too much.”
Headed a mosque whose members received the same training as did the suspects in the first attack on the World Trade Center in New York.
Arrested in 1999 for diriving a stolen car and carying a concealed weapon.
Finally, Al-Amin’s record of nonviolent illegality was also unknown to the two arresting officers:
He twice carried an unauthorized police badge when arrested.
He three times filed for bankruptcy since 1998 to escape creditors seeking payment of tens of thousands of dollars. A judge labled the third attempt “an abusive filing” and accused Al-Amin of undertaking it not in “good faith.”
He maintained a bigamous relationship with two wives, Amira and Karima, in two households in two parts of town.
He shot two police officers who were trying to arrest him, seriously wounding Aldranon English (28) in both legs, the left arm and chest, and killing Ricky Kinchen (35) with six bullets.
In Jan. of 2002 after a brief trial, the jury found him guilty and sentenced him to life in jail without parole.
One might think that, given his criminal record and radical views, Al-Amin would be shuned by the Islamic establishment in the United States. Just the opposite is the case, however: he is a giant in the world of American Islamic institutions and a man praised by the Council of American-Islamic Relations, for of all things, his “moral character.”
In 1994, Steven Barboza described Al-Amin as “one of the nation’s most influential Muslim leaders.
A coalition of Islamic organizations in 1995 called him one of American Islam’s “leading figures.”
Even as he sat in a Georgia jail, the American Muslim Council (AMC)hailed him as “a leader in the American Muslim Community.”
So smitten are the Islamists, they have even endorsed Al-Amin’s black nationalism (something they in principle should oppose). The American Muslim Alliance claims he was framed in the 1960’s and the Muslim Student Association calls him a “hero” for his activities back then.
Al-Amin was a much sought after speaker on the militant Islamic circut, addressing such major organizations as CAIR, the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), and the Islamic Committee of Palestine.
In 2000 four leading Muslim organizations (CAIR, ISNA, AMC, and the Muslim American Society) issued a joint statement maintaining that, “The charges against Imam Jamil are especially troubling because they are inconsistent with what is known of his moral character and past behavior as a Muslim.” (American Muslim Council, “Muslim Groups to Monitor Trial of Imam Jamil Al-Amin” 12 March 2000.)
Louis Farrakhan visited Al-Amin in his jail cell, as did the executive director of CAIR.
Institutional support sought to get Al-Amin exonerated of charges of cop-killing. Various leading militant Islamic organizations joined together to raise 1.3 million for his legal expenses.
Ishmael Abdullah and a partner robbed three banks in twenty two days, yelling out as they escaped, “Free Al-Amin!” but their arrest in May 2000 brought their efforts to a quick end.
Perhaps the most interesting response is that Masjid Al-Islam, a mosque in Los Angeles. Calling Al-Amin “one of the pillars of our local Islamic communities,” it portrayed his arrest as nothing less than a challenge to “establishing Islam in America.” Indeed, the mosque claimed, somewhat hyperbolically, that how the trial comes out may determine the future growth of Islam in America.
This incident has a significance beyond the individuals personality involved, for the solidarity with Al-Amin reveals the true nature of leading Muslim organizations – the very ones that are routinely invited to meet with the president and secretary of state, the ones sought out for their opinions, and the ones invited to engage in interreligious dialogue. That nature shows when they praise Al-Amin’s “moral character” – rather than condemn his thirty-five-year history of ideological extremism, political violence, and personal criminality. It shows when they collect money for his legal defense fund – and not for an educational fund to help pay expenses of the two young daughters left fatherlss by officer Kinchen’s death. It shows when they sponsor a petetion calling for Al-Amin’s immediate release from prision – instead of renouncing his actions and calling for justice.
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militiant Islam Reaches America, p. 231-240.
Nation of Islam Violence
From the start, Nation of Islam (NoI) had been steeped in violence; the first murder by a member took place in 1932, when it was still the Allah Temple of Islam: an acolyte took seriously the sect’s demands for ritual sacrifice (later deemphasized) and ceremonially killed his boarder. Through the decades, NoI members who presumed to disagree with Muhammad were frequently injured or killed, but this trend culminated after 1960 with the assassination of Malcolm X (1965) and the 1973 murder of seven members of the Khaalis family, a sect that broke away from NoI and attacked it verbally. Nor were whites immune: the nortorious “zebra” murders that left nine deade in Illinois (1972) and the Death Angles that killed 14 in the San Francisco are (1973) were only the most spectacular atrocities.
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militiant Islam Reaches America
, p. 225.
Laws that Need Changing
The FBI and CIA face a barrage of regulations restricting their intelligence-collecting abiliites to collect information on and penetrate hostile groups.
Immigration law does not consider membership in a terrorist organization, or advocacy of acts of terrorism, as grounds to exclude a foreigner.
The Department of Transportation instructs airlines “not to target or otherwise discriminate against passengers based on their race, color, national or ethnic origin, reliigon, or based on passengers’ names or modes of dress, thereby prohibiting the intelligent use of passenger profiling.
A law dating to 1986 prohibits an employer from requiring specific documentation from would-be employees to prove their right to live and work in the United States. An employer must accept virtually any documents an applicant submits – school report cards, doctor’s records, even day care receipts. If the employer, even one with public safety responsibilities, asks to see a passport, green card, or birth certificate, he is liable to be sued by the Department of Justice and to be fined a hefty civil penalty.
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America, p. 148.
How Islam Views the U.S. and Israel
Generally Muslims view America and the West with suspicion and distrust, sometime even hatred. The reasons for this are complex and many, but in general they have to do with:
resentment toward the success of the West and the desire for the “glory” of the Islamic past – a return to a “unified” Islamic empire.
Islam’s traditional placement of the world into only two basic divisions – “the land of Islam” (dar al-Islam), and the “land of the unbeliever” (dar al-harb).
a bias in the Quran against the Jews (Suras 3:187-89; 4:160-61; 5:82; 62:5-8; but see also 5:13 & 20:159), compounded by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, in which Muslims see the State of Israel as an invader and occupier of land that by divine right belongs to Arabs (as they believe is promised in the Qur’an).
the frustration and plight of most Muslims, who in general live in Third World countries – but who do not see that Islam itself is largely responsible for their condition. (Probably 50 percent of all Muslims globally live in abject poverty.
Muslims’ perceived, and in some cases valid, geievances against some moderate or secular Arab governments.
the conversion of significant numbers of Muslims to Christianity in various places around the world, which is seen by many Muslims as a substantial threat to the expansion of Islam.
America’s increasing secularism, relativism, and rejection of moral values, which many Muslims (like many Christians) aren’t at all happy with.
the increasing influence of radical Islam, which hopes to take advantage of all of the above and which furthermore hopes to radicalize Islam by overthrowing moderate or secular Muslim governments, gaining increasing power, and finally confronting or destroying the “corrupt”, “satanic” West and its dominant power, America.
Dr. John Ankerberg, Fast Facts on Islam, pp. 18-19.
Do Americans Respect Muslims?
A mid-1980’s survey found that “No Muslim interviewed reported that he or she had ever experienced any personal harassment in the workplace or knew of any experienced by a friend or associate as a result of being either Muslim or foreign born. Nor did any of those interviewed report any problems in buying or renting homes or apartments as a result of preceived prejudice.
An early 1990s study into Muslim youth found that all the women interviewed “denied they were oppressed in any way in the United States.”
In 2000, an AMC poll found 66.1 percent of Muslims agreeing that “U.S. society currently shows a respect towards the Muslim faith.”
Institutionally, CAIR (Council on American-Islamic Relations) finds that things are better in the United States than in some Muslim countries: “Muslims in America,” it has said, “take for granted rights routinely denied to their co-religionists in Turkey.”
Khaled Saffuri of the Islamic Institute goes further, conceding that in the United States, “there is relatively speaking a better degree of freedom compared to many Muslim countries.”
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America, p. 168.
Is the U.S. Supporting Islam?
The U.S. government has taken steps to recognize Islam. In 1990 President George Bush began the custom of congratulating American Muslims on the occasion of the Islamic holidays. A year later, Muslim men of religion began the practice of opening sessions of Congress with recitations from the Qur’an... When the first Muslim ambassador was appointed in 1999 to represent the United States to Fiji, he took the oath of ofice by swearing on the Qur’an.
The U.S. military has been forthcoming to Muslims. In 1992 a military aircraft took seventy-five enlisted Muslim soldiers to Mecca for the pilgrimage. In 1993 a first Muslim chaplain was commissioned by the U.S. Army, and a second in 1996 – the first ever American chaplains to be not Christian or Jewish. The armed forces provide halal meals for Muslims and do not require daily physical training during Ramadan.
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America
, p. 159.
Jihad Against the USA
On Feb 23rd five Islamic caliphates signed a fatwa declaring war against the United States.
Sheikh Usamah bin-Muhammad Bin-Ladin
Ayman al-Zawahiri, leader of the Jihad group in Egypt.
Abu-Yasir Rifa’i Ahmad Taha, a leader of the Islamic group.
Sheikh Mir Hamzah, secretary of the
Fazul Rahman, leader of the Jihad Movement in Bangladesh.
“The ruling to kill the Americans and their allies – civilians and military – is an individual duty for every Muslim who can do it in any country in which it is possible to do it, in order to liberate the al-Aqsa Mosque and the holy mosque from their grip, and in order for their armies to move out of all the lands of Islam, defeated and unable to threaten any Muslim. This is in accordance with the words of Almighty Allah, “and fight the pagans all together as they fight you all together,” and “fight them until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah....”
Dr. Daniel Pipes, Militant Islam Reaches America
, p. 159-160.
Imam Killed in FBI Shootout
Sat on the Board of Muslim Lobby Group MANA
by David J. Rusin • Oct 29, 2009 at 1:55 am
Luqman Ameen Abdullah
, the head of Detroit's Masjid al-Haqq, was killed during an FBI raid on October 28 as he engaged federal agents in a gun battle. Prosecutors call Abdullah "a highly placed leader of a nationwide radical fundamentalist Sunni group." Several other men were arrested on "charges including conspiracy, receipt of stolen goods, and firearms offenses."
Abdullah's death is a stunning embarrassment for the Muslim Alliance in North America (MANA), an organization that presents itself as a mainstream advocate for "indigenous Muslims," primarily African-American converts. Abdullah is listed as a member of MANA's majlis ash-shura, or governing board — at least until the MANA webmaster deletes him.
Islamist Watch highlighted MANA in a 2008 article on music legend Kenny Gamble, who serves on the same MANA body and has been accused of working to construct a "black Muslim enclave" in Philadelphia using real estate essentially given to him by the city. MANA's founder — and up to now its most infamous member — is Siraj Wahhaj, who appeared on a list of "unindicted persons who may be alleged as co-conspirators" in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and the plot to destroy various New York City targets. According to the IW piece, "Wahhaj has promoted polygamy, excused stoning, refused to condemn Osama bin Laden, and predicted that the United States will fall unless it 'accepts the Islamic agenda.'" MANA's leadership includes many other Islamists, such as Ihsan Bagby and Johari Abdul-Malik.
Interestingly, the Detroit News story on the raid features two links back to MANA:
His black Muslim group calls itself "Ummah," or the brotherhood, and wants to establish a separate state within the United States governed by Shari'a law, Interim U.S. Attorney Terrence Berg and Andrew Arena, FBI special agent in charge in Detroit, said in a joint statement.
"He regularly preaches anti-government and anti-law enforcement rhetoric," an FBI agent wrote in an affidavit. "Abdullah and his followers have trained regularly in the use of firearms, and continue to train in martial arts and sword fighting."
The Ummah is headed nationally by Jamil Abdullah al-Amin, formerly known as H. Rap Brown, who is serving a state sentence for the murder of two police officers in Georgia.
First, Jamil al-Amin was a driving force behind MANA and continues to be embraced by the group. Second, the Ummah collective that promotes the creation of an Islamic state atop America's carcass has aims similar to those of the As-Sabiqun movement, founded by radical D.C. cleric Abdul Alim Musa, who sat on MANA's board as recently as last year; like Abdullah, Musa is known for his "anti-law enforcement rhetoric."
Another day, another key figure in an American Muslim organization exposed as an extremist. How will MANA attempt to explain this one? Conspiracy theories?