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Is a unique “DVB-NGH frame” able to satisfy every CR needs?



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6.1Is a unique “DVB-NGH frame” able to satisfy every CR needs?


If the “in-band Mobile TV” scenario is foreseen to ease the introduction of Mobile TV services over an existing DVB-T2 transmission infrastructure, it is also foreseen that the initial network coverage will have to be improved and to be extended.

In this progressive scenario, it should be noted that everything performed to improve coverage will benefit to all services. Also, if the broadcast service to Handheld is commercially successful, it should be anticipated that new networks/new transmission capacities will be required using not only the broadcast UHF spectrum, but also other bands made available for Mobile Multimedia services.

Globally, it seems that the number of scenarios should be of extreme variety and accordingly the topology of the DVB-NGH broadcast network should be able to evolve in various directions.

Ultimately, high performance DVB-NGH networks could include three categories of transmission cells, each having a specific purpose and accordingly implementing a specific waveform.



Figure : DVB-NGH network topology involving 3 categories of transmission cells

As tentatively pictured in Figure , three types of broadcast components are co-operating to contribute to a universal availability of DVB-NGH services over a wide area:


  1. Macro cells: are served by traditional Digital TV broadcast sites, characterised by high power (x KW) / high elevation (x00 m). These sites would insure essentially the urban outdoor coverage,

  2. Mini cells: which use “cellular” sites, characterised by low power (xW) / low elevation (x0 m). These would be used mainly to deliver the DVB-NGH services for urban indoor receivers,

  3. Mega cells: will be served by geostationary satellite (or possibly by constellation of satellites with inclined orbits offering permanently a high elevation angle), which will produce a broadcast signal characterised by high power (xKW) / very high elevation (x000 km) which turns out to offer low power density at the ground level perfectly adapted to serve rural/countryside outdoor receivers.

Due to the richness of foreseen network topologies, notably in terms of cell sizes and channel characteristics (indoor/outdoor/satellite), it seems difficult to determine a unique frame structure which possesses adequate characteristics to cover efficiently every transmission cell case.

Our system concept proposes then to define a set of frames designed to serve efficiently all network structures. A set of NGH-frames can be freely combined to constitute the NGH-TDM and even, each NGH-Frame being introduced by the regular DVB-T2-P1 preamble, they could be embedded in a regular DVB-T2 transmission, as shown in Figure , without disturbing classical DVB-T2 receivers.


Figure : DVB-NGH transmission based on a flexible time multiplex

The conclusion of our analysis is that a unique type of NGH-frame cannot satisfy the wide diversity of network topologies which will be needed to address the wide variety of demands/constraints the future DVB-NGH-system will be faced on the markets. We proposed a DVB-NGH system offering a wide variety of “NGH-Frames” to cover optimally several deployment scenarios.

6.2A set of NGH-Frame to optimise NGH-Services


In order to provide optimal “Flexibility of Services” and “Flexibility of Network Topologies” we have identified seven frame types which could be assembled to constitute a Time Division Multiplex articulated in compliance with the architecture previously described:

  • NGH01 – Full DVB-T2: Targeting fixed reception through roof-top antenna,

  • NGH02 – Modified DVB-T2: same target but proposing enhanced P2 format,

  • NGH03 – Enhanced DVB-T2: introducing enhanced BICM and MIMO component,

  • NGH04 – NGH Hybrid: reusing DVB-SH elements,

  • NGH05 – SC-OFDM: optimised satellite component for hybrid network,

  • NGH06 – OFDM/OQAM: optimising cellular coverage,

  • NGH07 – LTE Broadcast (E-MBMS): optimising convergence of networks.

The main technical features of these frames are summarised in Table .






Chanel Coding

SSS

Modulation




FEC

Constellation

Time Interleaving

Sync.

Signalling

Sounding

MISO

MIMO

Waveform

NGH01 Full T2

T2

T2

T2

T2

T2

T2

T2

T2

NGH02 T2 with P2’

T2

T2

T2

T2

Compressed

& Scrambled

L1 messages

T2

T2

T2

NGH03 Enhanced T2

LDPC w
All DVB-S2
code rate


T2

T2

T2

Compressed

& Scrambled

L1 messages

Subset
of T2


STBC
3D- MIMO


CP-OFDM
1K 2K 4K 8K


NGH04 NGH Hybrid

TC-3GPP2
(or LDPC)


QPSK
16QAM
(64QAM)
Rotated)


Long
Convolut.
TI


T1

T1

T1
Joint PAPR/CSI

STBC
3D- MIMO


CP-OFDM
1K 2K 4K 8K


NGH05 NGH Satellite

TC
or
LDPC


QPSK
16QAM
(64QAM)


Possibly
Longer than
T2


T2

Compressed

& Scrambled

L1 messages

See
MERCE
doc

STBC / SFBC
or SDMA
or Both


SC-OFDM
1K 2K 4K 8K


NGH06 NGH Cellular

TC
or
LDPC


QPSK
16QAM
64QAM


T2

T2

T2

T2

Spatial
Multiplexing
Like


OFDM-OQAM
1K 2K 4K 8K (16K)


NGH07 NGH LTE

Turbo
Codes


QPSK
16QAM
64QAM


E-MBMS

E-MBMS

E-MBMS

E-MBMS

LTE
(i.e. none)


CP-OFDM
128 256 512 1K 2K


Table : Proposed DVB-NGH Frame Set


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