Draft Import Risk Analysis Report for Fresh Apple Fruit from the People’s Republic of China



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As indicated, the unrestricted risk for apple scar skin has been assessed as ‘negligible’, which achieves Australia’s ALOP. Therefore, specific risk management measures are not required for this pest.

    1. Risk assessment conclusion

Conclusions drawn from the detailed risk assessments for the quarantine pests are presented in Table 4.2, which provides the unrestricted risk estimates for the quarantine pests that are considered to be associated with fresh apple fruit for human consumption, from China.

Any pest with an unrestricted risk estimated as ‘low’, ‘moderate’ ‘high’ or ‘extreme’ does not meet Australia’s ALOP and requires risk management measures in addition to China’s standard commercial production and post-harvest processing practices.




Key to summary table 4.2

Genus species EP

pests for which policy already exists. The outcomes of previous assessments and/or reassessments in this IRA are presented in Table 4.2


Genus species state/territory

state/territory in which regional quarantine pests have been identified



Likelihoods for entry, establishment and spread
N negligible

EL extremely low

VL very low

L low


M moderate

H high
P[EES] overall probability of entry, establishment and spread





Assessment of consequences from pest entry, establishment and spread
PLH plant life or health

OE other aspects of the environment

EC eradication control etc

DT domestic trade

IT international trade

ENC environmental and non-commercial


A-G consequence impact scores are detailed in section 2.2.3
URE unrestricted risk estimate. This is expressed on an ascending scale from negligible to extreme.




Table 4.2: Summary of unrestricted risk estimates for quarantine pests associated with apple fruit from China




Likelihood of

Consequences

URE

Pest name

Entry

Establishment

Spread

P[EES]

importation

distribution

Overall

direct

indirect

Overall

PLH

OE

EC

DT

IT

ENC

Spider mite [Acari: Tetranychidae]

Amphitetranychus viennensis EP

H

M

M

H

M

L

E

B

D

D

D

B

M

L

Flat scarlet mite [Acari: Tenuipalpidae]

Cenopalpus pulcher

H

M

M

H

M

L

E

B

D

D

D

B

M

L

Weevils [Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae]

Rhynchites auratus

VL

M

VL

M

M

VL

E

A

C

D

D

B

M

VL

Rhynchites heros EP

VL

M

VL

M

M

VL

E

A

C

D

D

B

M

VL

Fruit flies [Diptera: Tephritidae]

Bactrocera dorsalis EP

M

H

M

H

H

M

E

C

F

E

E

D

H

H

Armoured scales [Hemiptera: Diaspididae]

Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis WA, EP

M

L

L

H

M

L

D

A

C

B

C

B

L

VL

Lopholeucaspis japonica EP

H

L

L

H

M

L

D

B

D

C

C

B

L

VL

Mealybugs [Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae]

Phenacoccus aceris EP

H

M

M

H

H

M

D

B

D

D

C

B

L

L

Pseudococcus comstocki EP

Pseudococcus calceolariae WA, EP

M

M

L

H

H

L

D

A

C

B

B

B

L

VL

Moths [Lepidoptera]

Adoxophyes orana EP

L

M

L

H

H

L

E

B

E

D

D

B

M

L

Carposina sasakii EP

H

H

H

H

H

H

E

B

E

D

E

B

M

M

Cydia pomonella WA, EP

L

M

L

H

H

L

D

A

E

B

D

B

M

L

Euzophera pyriella EP

L

M

L

H

H

L

E

B

D

D

D

B

M

L

Grapholita inopinata EP

M

M

L

H

H

L

E

B

D

D

D

B

M

L

Grapholita molesta WA, EP

VL

M

VL

H

H

VL

E

A

E

B

D

B

M

VL

Spilonota albicana EP

M

M

L

H

H

L

E

B

D

D

D

B

M

L

Fungi

Diplocarpon mali EP

L

M

L

M

M

L

E

A

D

D

E

B

M

L

Gymnosporangium yamadae EP

M

M

L

M

H

L

D

B

D

D

E

B

M

L

Monilinia fructigena EP

H

H

H

H

H

H

E

B

E

E

D

B

M

M

Neonectria ditissima EP 3

-

-

-

-

-

L

-

-

-

-

-

-

M

L

Phyllosticta arbutifolia EP

M

M

L

M

M

L

D

A

D

D

E

B

M

L

Sooty blotch and flyspeck complex

H

H

H

H

H

H

D

B

D

A

A

B

L

L

Venturia inaequalis WA, EP 4

-

-

-

-

-

H

-

-

-

-

-

-

M

M

Viroids [Pospiviroidae]

Apple scar skin viroid

H

H

H

M

VL

VL

D

A

D

D

D

A

L

N


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