Emergency Medicine Residency Handbook 2009 Edition table of contents chapter page



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CONFERENCE CONTACTS



ICU-monthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Jennifer Martin (jennm1031@gmail.com) and Dr Kaedrea Jackson (kaedreaj@yahoo.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr DeSouza, Dr Rios

Date of First Conference: 6/24/09 (Backster/Rubano)


M&M-monthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Trushar Naik (tnaik1@yahoo.com) and Dr Brijal Patel (lajirb@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Rios

Date of First Conference: 6/24/09 (Cobb/Nemes)


Trauma-bimonthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Jamie Edelstein (jamieedelstein@hotmail.com) and Dr Teresa Bowen-Spinelli (tbspinelli@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Baron

Date of First Conference: 7/22/09 (Dr. O'Neill scheduled for 5/27/09)


Adult Journal Conference-bimonthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Joshua Schechter (joshschecht@gmail.com) and Dr Keith Tsang (ktsang.em@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Sinert

Date of First Conference: 7/1/09 (Auerbach/Natal)

 

Peds Journal Conference-bimonthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Amir Estephan (amir.estephan@downstate.edu), Dr Brenda Natal (brenda.natal@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Tejani

Date of First Conference: 6/17/09 (Lira/Barrett)



Peds Case Conference-monthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Elizabeth Rubano( liz_1599@yahoo.com) and Dr Christopher Johnson (cjohnson79@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Shah

Date of First Conference: 6/17/09 (Tsang)


Evidence Based Medicine-monthly

Conference Leaders: Dr Michael Yee (michael.yee@hsc.stonybrook.edu), Dr Chaiya Laoteppitaks ( laoteppitaks@gmail.com), Dr Eric Suess (eric.morris.suess@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Paladino, Dr. Lanigan

Date of First Conference: 6/10/09 (Jackson/Holder)


Core Content-monthly

Conference Leader: Dr Andrew Miller (taqwa1@gmail.com)

Faculty Advisor: Dr Rios

Date of First Conference: 7/1/09 (Daphnis/Yee)



MORNING REPORT

Morning report gives the opportunity to discuss interesting cases that present to the ED in a relatively formalized manner. It is an excellent educational forum for the residents and faculty and a time for a brief discussion of both core topics in emergency medicine as well as evolving medical therapies.



Faculty Liaison: Dr. Chris Doty pager: 917.760.2005
Time and Place:

Morning report is to be held following morning rounds on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays in a location designated by the attending physician (usually adult or pediatric trauma bay in CCT).


Structure:


  • Only third and fourth-year residents will be asked to present a case for discussion. One resident should be required to do no more than two morning reports during a single ED block. The resident scheduled to present will be designated by bold face type on the schedule.

  • On Fridays the Pediatric attending will give the morning report.

  • All residents scheduled to work at KCHC at 7 AM or coming off the overnight shift are required to attend. Residents scheduled at UHB at 7 AM are encouraged to attend at the discretion of the UHB Attending. Residents must first report to UHB for rounds and are to report back promptly at the conclusion of the case.

  • The fourth-year administrative resident is required to attend all morning reports, to take attendance and to note the topic and presenter. This information must be given to Dr. Doty each week.

  • The resident presenting the morning report is required to submit a one page write-up to Dr. Doty and one copy for his/her Portfolio (give to Stephanie) on each topic that he/she presents.  The write-up should consist of a brief summary of the case with the pertinent teaching points highlighted.

  • If a resident does not do his/her assigned morning report, he/she will be given two additional morning reports to be done in future blocks.  If a resident misses two morning reports, he/she will receive an additional shift in the emergency department (to be scheduled at the discretion of the residency directors) in addition to the two morning reports. The resident will not graduate the program until this is rectified.

The purpose of the exercise is to provide the presenter an opportunity to present a case that he/she was personally involved with and to educate his/her colleagues. The objective of the presenter is to extract the most essential Emergency Medicine teaching points and convey these to the group. In order to accomplish this goal, we have decided to initiate some guidelines to follow in preparing your morning report:




  1. This is NOT an Oral Board review format. (that will be covered in Wednesday conference)

  2. The total presentation time should not exceed 10-15 minutes depending on patient needs. Remember there are residents and faculty that worked overnight and do not want to hear a long presentation.

  3. The first 5 minutes are devoted to a case presentation by the presenter. This is not a history-taking lesson nor is it a free-for-all guessing game. The presenter will provide all pertinent positive and negative historical facts at his/her discretion. He/she can stop at any time to elicit specific interventions at any time—life-saving procedures, etc—but the primary focus of this portion is to provide all the necessary information for the second part of the case.

  4. The group should then be pressed to provide a differential diagnosis—either round-robin or by picking specific audience members, preferably the most junior first (MS3, MS4, PGYI, etc). Obviously, focus on any life- or limb-threatening injuries, diagnoses, or interventions first, and be as complete as possible.

  5. Finally, the presenter will spend no more than 5 minutes highlighting the most important points that each person in the room should walk away with (at least three). This should be concise and to-the-point, and SHOULD BE ACCOMPANIED BY SOME TYPE OF HANDOUT OR STIMULUS (copies of EKG’s, X-RAY’s, diagrams etc).


WEDNESDAY CONFERENCE

The Wednesday conference is the traditional EM academic conference that attempts to cover the core topics in emergency medicine over approximately a two-year period. Conference for EM residents will be held each Wednesday in the department conference room from 7am – 12pm, unless otherwise noted. The schedule will be published monthly by Education Chief. The conference is composed of various didactic lectures covering the core curriculum of emergency medicine, specialized case discussions pertaining to pediatrics, the MICU and trauma, journal club, a morbidity and mortality conference, an annual CPC competition, and monthly grand rounds.

The following is a brief description of the various conference topics and policies and procedures related to Wednesday conference. Each topic has a resident coordinator and questions about specific topics should be directed to that person or the Education Chief resident.
Residents are expected to actively participate in Wednesday conference. Residents will be responsible for presenting many of the case conferences. The education chief resident will coordinate the schedule for resident presentations with the resident responsible for the individual conference.
Attendance at Wednesday conference is encouraged throughout residency. This dedicated time is a valuable part of your education. To graduate, residents are required to attend 70% of Wednesday conferences throughout their 4 years (35% in 5 years for EM/IM); however, it is expected that your attendance will far exceed these numbers. Missing or being late to a conference is the equivalent of being late to a shift – it is inexcusable. Additionally, leaving conference prior to its completion is considered a lateness. Persons who are repeatedly late will be marked as absent (3 latenesses=1 absence). Please refer to the latest Conference Attendance Policies for detailed requirements based on clinical shifts.
ALL RESIDENT LECTURES MUST BE E-MAILED TO THE CONFERENCE LEADERS FOR REVIEW ONE WEEK BEFORE CONFERENCE.

Special Shifts and Wednesday Conference

Junior residents (PGY 1 and PGY 2) will have the majority of Tuesday PM shifts off to enable their attendance at conference. Residents have to report to the clinical area immediately after conference. Senior residents may be scheduled for one Tuesday overnight, one Wednesday AM and/or Wednesday PM shifts as coverage dictates. The scheduling chief resident may have the residents scheduled for shortened shifts after conference as coverage dictates. Senior shifts scheduled 11AM – 7PM and Junior shifts scheduled 7AM-7PM begin at 12 Noon.


The following are the updated requirements for conference attendance that take into account resident work hours and current ACGME and NY State guidelines. If you have any questions as to whether or not you need to attend conference please contact me as soon as possible.

KCH







Tuesday Shift

Wednesday Shift

Attend Conference

Off

3PM-11PM

7AM-Noon

Off

11PM-7AM

7AM-11AM

Off

7PM-7AM

Off

7AM-3PM

3PM-11PM

7AM-Noon

7AM-3PM

11PM-7AM

7AM-Noon

7AM-7PM

7AM-7PM

7AM-Noon

7AM-7PM

7PM-7AM

Off

9AM-9PM

Off

7AM-Noon

11AM-11PM

Off

9AM-Noon

11AM-11PM

11AM-11PM

9AM-Noon

11AM-11PM

7PM-7AM

Off

3PM-11PM

Off

9AM-Noon

3PM-11PM

3PM-11PM

10AM-Noon

3PM-11PM

11PM-7AM

9AM-Noon

7PM-7AM

Off

7AM-9AM

7PM-7AM

7PM-7AM

Off

11PM-7AM

11PM-7AM

7AM-9AM

11PM-7AM

Off

7AM-9AM










UHB







Tuesday Shift

Wednesday Shift

Attend Conference

7AM-5PM

Off

7AM-Noon

7AM-5PM

12PM-7PM

7AM-Noon

7AM-5PM

3PM-11PM

7AM-Noon

7AM-5PM

11PM-7AM

7AM-Noon

11AM-9PM

Off

7AM-Noon

11AM-9PM

12PM-7PM

7AM-Noon

11AM-9PM

3PM-11PM

9AM-Noon

11AM-9PM

11PM-7AM

7AM-Noon

1PM-11PM

Off

9AM-Noon

1PM-11PM

12PM-7PM

9AM-Noon

1PM-11PM

11PM-7AM

9AM-Noon

11PM-7AM

Off

7AM-9AM

11PM-7AM

11PM-7AM

7AM-9AM










BROOKDALE







Tuesday Shift

Wednesday Shift

Attend Conference

7AM-7PM

Off

7AM-Noon

7AM-7PM

7PM-7AM

Off

7PM-7AM

Off

Off

7PM-7AM

7PM-7AM

Off

11AM-11PM

Off

9AM-Noon

11AM-11PM

7PM-7AM

Off

11AM-11PM

11AM-11PM

Off










STATEN ISLAND







Tuesday Shift

Wednesday Shift

Attend Conference

7AM-5PM

Off

7AM-Noon

7AM-7PM

Off

7AM-Noon

7AM-7PM

7AM-7PM

Off

9AM-9PM

Off

7AM-Noon

11AM-9PM

Off

7AM-Noon

11AM-9PM

1PM-11PM

Off

11AM-11PM

Off

9AM-Noon

11AM-11PM

11AM-11PM

Off

1PM-11PM

Off

9AM-Noon










VA







8AM-8PM

Off

7AM-Noon

8AM-8PM

1PM-8PM

8AM-Noon

Every effort will be made to allow residents maximum conference attendance without compromising patient care.
Off-service Rotations:

For non-KCH sites and off-service rotations, please refer to the Clinical Responsibilities section of this handbook under the specific rotation heading for specific schedule information. In general, on the non-ED off-service rotations during the first two years residents will act as full members of the off-service clinical staff and have similar clinic and call schedules. For all off-service rotations at KCHC, excluding the SICU rotation, the resident is expected to attend conference for at least 2 hours – this is a required part of education and should be excused by the off-service team.


ED CONFERENCE ATTENDANCE POLICY
In an effort to give the residents more autonomy, we are instituting a new attendance policy for conference. It is a national benchmark that every EM resident must be present for 70% of the Wednesday conferences that we sponsor. (35% for EM/IM residents) With that thought in mind, we would like to leave it up to you, the residents, to make sure that you are making this RRC requirement. Therefore, the directors will not be worried about your reasons for missing conference. It is your responsibility to be there. The attendance statistics will be posted on the conference room door on or around the first of every month. You must be there for the full 5 hours to get credit for the day if you are not scheduled to work that day or the night before. If you leave early or come late outside of the current handbook policy on Wednesday conference attendance, you will not get credit for that conference day.
Realize that this 70% of conferences includes everything. (Sick day, I worked overnight, my car got towed, my Granny was in town, I was on vacation, my dog ate my metrocard..EVERYTHING.)
If you come more than 5 minutes late, it will be recorded. If you are late 3 times, it will count as one full missed day of conference. It is your responsibility to keep track of your conference attendance and know how close you are to that 70% level. This number can be reviewed with a residency director at your 6 month evaluation meeting or you can make an appointment with a director to discuss this at any time.
If by some terrible chance of luck, graduating residents are below your required 70% (35%), they will have to attend conference during their elective or during July to make the minimum requirement in order to graduate the program. The 70% ( or 35% for EM/IMs) RRC conference attendance requirement is not negotiable and you can not graduate from ANY EM residency with out fulfilling it.
PRESENTATION PREPERATION POLICY
In a never-ending quest to improve the quality of our residency and our educational conference, the Program Directors have developed the following resident requirements for conference presentations.

 

Resident lectures are clearly a huge part of the educational component of the residency.  Furthermore, presenting in our conference is an opportunity for growth as an educator for each resident.  For these reasons, it is imperative that these lectures are polished and reviewed by faculty preceptors prior to Wednesday conference.  



 

It has been a long-standing policy that residents will forward any lecture or presentations to be given in Wednesday or EM/IM Combined conference many days ahead of time to the conference coordinator, faculty coordinator or faculty advisors.  This is critical in order to have your slides reviewed and incorporate feedback into your presentation.  

 

A period of 1 week should provide ample time for feedback and adjustment.  This not only is key to assure a high yield presentation, but also a great way to learn not only about the topic but also, about how to lecture.  



 

Unfortunately, when this does not happen, the quality of the resultant lectures are below the standard of we all expect.  This is unfair to the presenter, the fellow residents and the faculty.  Since this is important and prior compliance has been poor, we have added an incentive for compliance.  Residents are required to submit their preliminary presentation to a faculty member/conference preceptor 7 days prior to the presentation date.

Any resident who has not complied with the lecture review policy will be asked to create an education project with one of the Program Directors for the educational files of the program.

 

We realize that you may have other obligations the month before or the month of your presentation. Therefore, you will need to plan ahead to make sure you have adequate time to prepare your presentation and have it submitted for review 1 week (7 days) prior to your presentation.  The yearly schedule of presentations is published on the residency bulletin board and can also usually be found below Drs. Nichol’s and Khaldun’s "signature" on their emails.  Please stay on top of your presentations and feel free to ask any of the Residency Directors for help with your preparation.  We are here to help you.



 

Please email the Program Directors with any questions.



--

Presenter Schedule 2009-2010 Updated 5/11/09



Month

Adult J Conf

Peds J Conf

M&M

Peds Conf

ICU

Coordinators

Schechter/Tsang

Estephan/Natal

Naik/Patel

Johnson/Rubano

Jackson/Martin

Faculty

Sinert

Tejani

Gurley

Shah

deSouza/Rios

July

1-Jul

 

29-Jul

22-Jul

29-Jul

 

Auerbach

 

Benson

Backster

Yeo

 

Natal

 

Martin

 

Valesky

August




19-Aug

26-Aug

19-Aug

26-Aug

 

 

Timberger

Brothers

Guy

Thompson

 

 

Laoteppitaks

Estephan

 

Nadir

September

2-Sep

 

30-Sep

16-Sep

30-Sept

 

Adeleke

 

Mathieu

Tan

Semenovskaya

 

Tsang

 

Edelstein

 

Cheng

October

 

21-Oct

28-Oct

21-Oct

28-Oct

 

 

Goldenberg

Backster

Brothers

White-McCrimmon

 

 

Cobb

Johnson

 

Scheer

November

18-Nov

 

25-Nov

18-Nov

25-Nov

 

Pearsall

 

Valesky

Timberger

Massoud

 

Bowen-Spinelli

 

Natal

 

Chapman

December

 

16-Dec

30-Dec

16-Dec

30-Dec

 




Benson

Nadir

Maurelus

Joshi

 

 

Rubano

Seuss

 

Guy

January

6-Jan

 

27-Jan

20-Jan

27-Jan

 

Tan

 

Chase

Mathieu

Meister

 

Patel

 

Laoteppitaks

 

Brothers

February

 

17-Feb




17-Feb




 

 

Yeo




Valesky




 

 

Tsang




 




March

3-Mar

 

31-Mar

17-Mar

31-Mar

 

Scheer

 

Daphnis

Auerbach

Harriott

 

Martin

 

Goldenberg

 

Timberger

April

 

21-Apr

28-Apr

21-Apr

28-Apr

 

 

Guy

Bang

Nadir

Willis

 

 

Natal

Cobb

 

Pearsall

May

5-May

 

26-May

19-May

26-May

 

Benson

 

Lira

Adeleke

Caputo

 

Edelstein

 

Rubano

 

Mathieu

June

 

16-Jun

30-Jun

16-Jun

30-Jun

 

 

Tan

TBA

Scheer

TBA

 

 

Maurelus

TBA




TBA







































Month

EBM

Trauma

Topic Review

Senior

Junior

Core Content

Coordinators

Laoteppitaks/

Yee/Seuss 

Bowen-Spinelli/

Edelstein




 

 

Schechter

Faculty

Lanigan/Paladino

Baron/

Stavile




 

 

 Rios

July

8-Jul

22-Jul

1-Jul

29-Jul

8-Jul

 1-Jul

 

Seuss

 

Khan

Rubin

Johnson

Daphnis

 

Barsoom

 




 

Fontenette

Yee

August

12-Aug




5-Aug

26-Aug

12-Aug

5-Aug

 

Slivka

 

Ward

Barrett

Bowen-Spinelli

Schechter

 

Nemes

 




 

Nichols

Miller

September

9-Sep

9-Sep

2-Sep

30-Sep

9-Sep

 2-Sep

 

Muresanu

 

Miller

Bright

Seuss

Khan

 

Rubano

 




 

Patel

 Chase

October

14-Oct

 

7-Oct

28-Oct

14-Oct

 7-Oct

 

Schechter

 

Barrett

Nemes

Barsoom

Jackson

 

Yee

 




 

Laoteppitaks

Naik

November

11-Nov

11-Nov

4-Nov

25-Nov

11-Nov

18-Nov

 

Bang

 

Yim

Slivka

Desir

Lira

 

Ward

 




 

Estephan

Tubridy

December

9-Dec

 

2-Dec

30-Dec

9-Dec

 9-Dec

 

Martin

 

Nichols

Fontenette

Diaz

Jackson

 

Rubin

 




 

Khaldun

Yim

January

20-Jan

27-Jan

6-Jan

27-Jan




 6-Jan

 

Cobb

 

Desir

Nichols




Christopher

 

Estephan

 










Naik

February

10-Feb

 

3-Feb

17-Feb

10-Feb

 3-Feb

 

Edelstein

 

Fontenette

Muresanu

Bright

Regan

 

Bowen-Spinelli

 







Barrett

 Miller

March

10-Mar

10-Mar

3-Mar

31-Mar

 10-Mar

 3-Mar

 

Johnson

 

Diaz

Khaldun

Slivka

 Yee

 

Patel

 







Nemes

Schechter

April

14-Apr

 

7-Apr

28-Apr

14-Apr

7-Apr

 

Tsang

 

Rubin

Barsoom

Muresanu

 Cheng

 

Desir

 







Ward

 Tubridy

May

19-May

26-May

5-May

26-May

 

 5-May

 

Bright

 

Khaldun

Diaz

 

Ritchie

 

Jackson

 







 

Yim

June

9-Jun

 

2-Jun

30-Jun




 2-Jun

 

Goldenberg

 

Tubridy

TBA




Chapman

 

Naik

 




 




Khan

 

 

 




 

 

 


ICU CONFERENCE
Contact Persons: Drs. Ian deSouza and Claritza Rios

Cell: (917) 903-1765/(917) 693-4429

E-mail: juicemd@yahoo.com/claritza@gmail.com
The ICU conference is held monthly where two junior residents will present interesting critical care cases. This may include patients that were admitted to the MICU, SICU, or CCU. One assigned junior resident will be responsible for presenting the patient’s history, physical exam, ED evaluation, and hospital clinical course. He or she will be given a Powerpoint template by the resident coordinators to ensure a standardized format and facilitate audience participation. The 2nd resident will present a review of the disease entity, including current patient management issues, which are to be identified through an extensive literature search and review. It is imperative for both residents to know the entire clinical course of the patient. The presenter should also have a firm understanding of the patient’s disease and be ready for questions related to diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, and pathophysiology. There will be ample senior resident as well as faculty guidance in preparation for the presentations. There will also be a senior resident moderator and a faculty presence (Dr. deSouza and/or Dr. Rios) for each conference. Any questions should be directed to the senior resident coordinators or Drs. deSouza or Rios.
The schedule for ICU conference and resident presenters will be posted and distributed by the education chief resident. Please contact the resident coordinators early in your assigned month to review your responsibilities.

MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY CONFERENCE
Faculty liaison: Dr Claritza Rios
Resident Coordinators: Dr Trushar Naik (tnaik1@yahoo.com) and Dr Brijal Patel (lajirb@gmail.com)

M & M will be held monthly in the ED conference room. One 2nd year and one 3rd year resident will be responsible for researching the cases as well as a brief discussion (2-3 slides maximum) after the case is presented on salient aspects relating to the case. Presentation slides must be submitted to the M&M conference attending for review no later than one week prior to presenting. Charts to be reviewed for the conference will be divided among the presenting residents and can be obtained from either King’s County or Downstate Emergency Department Cases. Cases should be discovered and selected by the presenting residents prior to the month they present and ideally be involved in the patients’ initial care. Cases should be selected for adverse outcome as well as to highlight differing management strategies and/or systems based problems. In addition to reviewing cases for CQI/QA and education purposes, 1 to 2 interesting cases may be discussed in detail. If possible, the EM resident who initially cared for the patient in the ED will be responsible for presenting the case at M&M, however recent cases which are selected as worthwhile may be assigned to the presenters of the month. The presenting resident will be responsible for notification of residents and any attendings involved in the cases will be notified by the conference director prior to the presentation, so they may be present to add details to enhance the discussion. Presentation slides must be submitted for review to the M&M conference attending no later than a week prior to presenting. Cases not presented in detail will be typed up and discussed to highlight Q/A issues as time permits. Questions about the conference should be directed to the M&M conference attending or the resident coordinator.



The schedule for M&M and resident presenters will be posted and distributed by the educational chief resident.
TRAUMA CONFERENCE

The Kings County Hospital Trauma Conference is scheduled bi-monthly. Attendings, residents, medical students, and any interested staff involved in the care of trauma patients are encouraged to attend. Trauma topics are presented as case based discussions with review of the relevant literature. In addition, guest speakers with expertise in trauma are invited to lecture throughout the year.


The schedule for trauma conference will be posted and distributed by the education chief resident. All resident lectures must be reviewed by the Trauma Conference attending, Dr. Bonny Baron, at least one week prior to each conference.


PEDIATRIC CONFERENCE

Faculty Liaison: Dr Shah

Resident Coordinators: Dr Elizabeth Rubano( liz_1599@yahoo.com) and Dr Christopher Johnson (cjohnson79@gmail.com)

This monthly conference features an interesting case from the Pediatric Emergency Department at Kings County Hospital. Each month a second year resident will be assigned a case for presentation. The presenting resident will be responsible for reviewing the case history, preparing a written summation of the case. The resident will be expected to review the pertinent primary literature, prepare an outline of the appropriate case management, and distribute at least one journal article on the subject at the conference.


The resident coordinator will collect and assign cases each month. He/She will attempt to regularly supplement our case presentation with an expert in the field. Questions should be directed to the pediatric conference attending or resident coordinator

The schedule for pediatric conference and resident presenters will be posted and distributed by the education chief resident.
The case must be reviewed first by the senior resident. Dr. Shah must review the presentation 1 week prior to the conference. Do NOT email her the presentation the night before!

ADULT JOURNAL CLUB



Coordinators:

Residents: Dr Joshua Schechter (joshschecht@gmail.com) and Dr Keith Tsang (ktsang.em@gmail.com)

Faculty: Dr. Sinert
Adult Journal Club will be presented by a second and third year resident on the first Wednesday of every other month. The articles will only be handed out during the conference and 15 – 20 minutes will be allotted for reading and analyzing each article. To encourage active participation of the group an evidence-based worksheet will be filled out by all the residents and faculty attending the meeting. The residents assigned to those articles will lead the discussion of the merits or biases contained in each article. With the group’s participation a consensus will be developed to determine if the conclusions of the article(s) will change clinical practice.
The presentation must be reviewed by Dr. Sinert must review the presentation 1 week prior to the conference.

Introduction:

Journal Club is an integral part of residency training. We have developed a model of journal club based upon the principles of evidence-based medicine.



Goals:

  • Improve resident and faculty participation

  • Teach critical reviewing skills

  • Validate and/or update clinical practice

  • Integrate clinical and didactic teaching

  • Reinforce research / statistics curriculum

  • Practical experience in literature searches

  • Encourage critical thinking in clinical arena

  • Identify potential areas of future research


Choosing an Article:

  • Articles will be chosen from the recent medical literature. Emergency Medicine articles will be featured, but other medical or surgical specialty journals may also be reviewed.




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