DOCTOR OF THEOLOGY
in the subject
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA
Promotors: Dr. Stephan de Beer; Prof. Annalet van Schalkwyk
Student number: 3433 – 807 – 1
I declare herewith that “EMPOWERING DESTITUTE PEOPLE TOWARDS SHALOM - A CONTEXTUAL MISSIOLOGICAL STUDY” is my own work and that I have indicated all sources that I have used by means of full references.
Rev. G.J.N. Roux
This thesis proposes that the destitute people of South Africa, and specifically Tshwane, comprise an often neglected group of people that can and must be helped by means of missions with the destitute to experience growing degrees of SHALOM. Part of this would include a drive to re-integrate the destitute into society as functioning members of that society.
This is undertaken through developing a proposed model that strives to empower destitute people in a variety of ways, using a variety of “movements” and strategies. A model such as this is necessary in the light of the seeming inability of helpers (including churches, CBO’s and other non-religious organizations), to come to grips with the complex problem of destitution in our country, and in Tshwane specifically. This perceived inability is addressed by exploring the problem of destitution, in the process seeking a better understanding of a complex problem, followed by considering the responsibility of the church as missiological agent of social healing and ministry.
Missiologically, SHALOM is perceived as the aim/ goal of missions with the destitute, where SHALOM refers to wellbeing, justice, relational, completeness, whole-being, peace, etc.
The model is intended to serve as a viable strategy in the arsenal of churches that take the missiological call towards social healing seriously, and to provide a comprehensive, holistic approach when dealing with the destitute.
It is postulated that the church, more than any other organization, should enjoy an advantage when it comes to social ministry, because of two reasons, namely (1) a strong missiological point of departure as a motivation to be involved in social ministry, where we see the church as a partner in the Missio Dei, and (2) a strong missiological aim, namely SHALOM, which transcends mere charity or welfare, but seeks to empower people holistically.
Contextualizing missions to the destitute
Continuum of empowering care
Internal and external factors (contributing to destitution)
Social ministry, social healing
I am indebted to both my study leaders for their input into my life. You have changed my theology, my way of doing missions, and eventually also my convictions. Words cannot express the depth of my gratitude for this.
I owe a huge debt of gratitude to my wife – you sacrificed greatly in terms of time, and your personal efforts to support me in doing this study made a world of difference. You are truly a partner to walk the river with.
My mother – you encouraged me greatly every time I wanted to quit.
My children Ruvon and Shian – you are still very young, but you unknowingly sacrificed time with me so that I could study
To God, who works in us to will and to act according to His good purpose. Ultimately this study happened because the love of God empowered me, may my life manifest a strive to love God in the same way.
Johan Roux (2007)
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 – Introduction
My journey with destitute people – becoming aware…
The purpose of this study – some personal thoughts