Endless mysteries lurk in the depths of space. To pare the list down to eight—now, there’s a challenge


Creationists are doing battle with evolution (as if they started it)



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4. Creationists are doing battle with evolution (as if they started it).



5. Evolutionists are justified in preserving outworn and discredited evidences of evolution in textbooks just because they fear that creationists have an ulterior motive to “attack” their pet theory.

  • 5. Evolutionists are justified in preserving outworn and discredited evidences of evolution in textbooks just because they fear that creationists have an ulterior motive to “attack” their pet theory.

  • 6. As “one of the most famous observations in Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species,” finch beaks should remain in textbooks, despite showing only oscillations varying with climate, not evolutionary progress.

  • 7. Creationists use Archaeopteryx and Darwin’s finches as part of a strategy to attack evolution itself, but evolutionists are too pure as unbiased scientists to employ strategies to attack creationism.



8. Creationists have “antipathy” to evolution, but evolutionists don’t have antipathy toward creation.

  • 8. Creationists have “antipathy” to evolution, but evolutionists don’t have antipathy toward creation.

  • 9. Creationism is tied to religion (especially Christianity), but evolution is not tied to atheism.

  • 10. Evolutionists need to improve the teaching of evolution, but creationists do not need to improve the teaching of alternatives to evolution, or even to clear up false, discredited, or misleading examples in textbooks.



Evolution News & Views presented the South Korea situation in more pacifist terms.  Without battle terminology, it spoke of the growing freedom to speak up against evolutionary dogma.  It spoke of the increasing numbers of scholars who view intelligent design as “the frontier of science” in several parts of Asia.  The only indirect battle references consisted of true stories about some who have suffered from evolutionary forces in the past, including professors who have been outed by “informants” in China and have been expelled for criticizing Darwin or publishing pro-ID material.

  • Evolution News & Views presented the South Korea situation in more pacifist terms.  Without battle terminology, it spoke of the growing freedom to speak up against evolutionary dogma.  It spoke of the increasing numbers of scholars who view intelligent design as “the frontier of science” in several parts of Asia.  The only indirect battle references consisted of true stories about some who have suffered from evolutionary forces in the past, including professors who have been outed by “informants” in China and have been expelled for criticizing Darwin or publishing pro-ID material.



No wonder Park worries about open debate.  Put Evolution News & Views coverage alongside his, and what would the public think?  South Koreans, Chinese and other Asians are glad to have some freedom to hear both sides for once.  What’s Park and Nature afraid of?  Open the bunker windows and let some fresh air in.

  • No wonder Park worries about open debate.  Put Evolution News & Views coverage alongside his, and what would the public think?  South Koreans, Chinese and other Asians are glad to have some freedom to hear both sides for once.  What’s Park and Nature afraid of?  Open the bunker windows and let some fresh air in.

  •  



Two moons in the solar system are turning up the heat on beliefs that they could be billions of years old.

  • Two moons in the solar system are turning up the heat on beliefs that they could be billions of years old.

  • Jupiter’s Io: The most volcanic body in the solar system, Io, continues to stump planetary scientists.  “A new study finds that the pattern of heat coming from volcanoes on Io’s surface disposes of the generally-accepted model of internal heating,” announced a Science Daily article (see JPL press release) summarizing new findings published in Icarus.  “The heat pouring out of Io’s hundreds of erupting volcanoes indicates a complex, multi-layer source.”   



Further reading suggests that tidal heating remains insufficient to account for the volcanic activity.  “The fascinating thing about the distribution of the heat flow is that it is not in keeping with the current preferred model of tidal heating of Io at relatively shallow depths,” said Ashley Davies.  One good puzzle deserves another: “Instead, the main thermal emission occurs about 40 degrees eastward of its expected positions.”  So is the heating deep or shallow?  Both, said Dennis Matson of JPL.  

  • Further reading suggests that tidal heating remains insufficient to account for the volcanic activity.  “The fascinating thing about the distribution of the heat flow is that it is not in keeping with the current preferred model of tidal heating of Io at relatively shallow depths,” said Ashley Davies.  One good puzzle deserves another: “Instead, the main thermal emission occurs about 40 degrees eastward of its expected positions.”  So is the heating deep or shallow?  Both, said Dennis Matson of JPL.  



Then the team really poured the heat on:

  • Then the team really poured the heat on:

  • A mystery has also emerged. The team found that active volcanoes accounted for only about 60 percent of Io’s heat. This component mostly emanates from flat-floored volcanic craters called paterae, a common feature on Io. But where is the “missing” 40 percent? “We are investigating the possibility that there are many smaller volcanoes that are hard, but not impossible, to detect,” said Veeder. “We are now puzzling over the observed pattern of heat flow.




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