Established as a part of the eea cooperation



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Established as a part of the EEA cooperation

  • Established as a part of the EEA cooperation

    • the judicial function
  • Independent international Court with clearly defined competences

  • Seated in Luxembourg







EEA agreement article 108(2): provides that the EFTA States shall establish the EFTA Court

  • EEA agreement article 108(2): provides that the EFTA States shall establish the EFTA Court

  • Surveillance and Court Agreement (SCA) article 27: the legal basis for the establishment of the EFTA Court

  • Protocol 5 SCA: Statutes

  • Rules of Procedure

  • Instructions to the Registrar



3 judges → Each EFTA state nominates one judge

  • 3 judges → Each EFTA state nominates one judge

  • One cabinet per judge, legal secretaries and personal assistants

  • Registrar responsible for procedural questions and for the administration of the Court

  • No Advocate General, no General Court (≠ ECJ)

  • Guest office for researchers etc.

  • Total staff: 18 + trainees













Increase of new cases in recent years:

  • Increase of new cases in recent years:

  • Total 1994–2015: 227 cases (57% DA/43% AO)

    • Annual average: ≈ 11 cases
    • First 15 years: 107 cases (7/year)
    • Last 6 years: 120 cases (20/year)
    • ”Low point”: 2 cases (1999)
    • ”High point”: 30 cases (2013)
  • 2014: 25 cases (83% DA/17% AO)

  • 2015 so far: 4 cases (4 DA/1AO)





Pending cases:

  • Pending cases:

  • Total 12:

    • 10 Direct Actions (state aid/access documents/work as dentist/non-implementations/regionally differentiated social security contributions)
    • 2 Advisory Opinions (medicinal products, environmental impact assessments in building projects)


Pending cases

  • Pending cases

  • Total 13:

    • 12 Direct Actions (state aid/access documents/work as dentist/non-implementation/regionally differentiated social security contributions)
    • 1 Advisory Opinion (medicinal products)


    • Court Diary
    • Composition of the Court
    • Legal Sources regarding the Court
    • Decided and Pending Cases
    • Yearly Reports of the Court as from 2004
    • Contact Info: eftacourt@eftacourt.int







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