Fakulta sportovnich studlI



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Research Importance

The interesting in researches dealing with the women sports in general, and in gymnastics in particular, could improve our proper knowing the social culture aspects effecting the gymnastics spreading and development. The comparison between (Czech) sample and (Libya) sample will help getting acquainted with the positive social aspects in spreading and developing the gymnastics.



Research Goals


1-What are gender relation in sporty in general republic?

2-What are specific features of female sports in some Arabic counties?

3- Differences between situation in female gymnastics in Libya and Czech Republic?


Research Procedures

Research approach:

The Researcher has used the descriptive screening approach as it is appropriate to the nature of research and goals


Research sample:

The research sample has included a Czech sample consisting of 100 person Libyan sample consisting of four groups, where the size of each thereof is 25.person The research sample was chosen using the random plain method, as follows: 25 Students in the fourth year in the Faculty of Physical Education, at the University of Al-Faith - 25 Administrators at the sportive clubs of Tripoli 25 Supervisors of the sportive activity in the clubs of Tripoli 25 Sportive coaches in the clubs of Tripoli.



Research tools



Social culture aspects measure: It was prepared by the Researcher build the social culture aspects measure in gymnastics.

Determination of the questionnaire dimensions as follows: Role of media - Role of Gymnastics Association - Interest of the club members –social awareness to formation female gymnastics teams Society view point dispersed on 47 clauses. The poll studies indicates the face validity and the coefficient of reliability by the half spilt method for Czech sample from 0.748 – 0.932 and Libyan sample 0.577 to 0.933 and the researcher used Good conformity measure K2 and Arithmetic average weighted using balances.

Results and recommendations



Results

The Role of the Media .

1-The lack of interest from the sport authorities in general has an effect on the lack of interest of the clubs to form or create a female gymnastic team.

2-The mass-media does not promote female gymnastic clubs.

3-There is a lack of coverage in the mass media of competitions and championships of female gymnastics.

4-There is not any interest from the mass media to broadcast gymnastic championships, as they do for other games.

5-The lack of fame of the female gymnasts is a reason for the lack of practice of this sport.

6-The lack of public awareness about gymnastics and the competitions female to the non-practice of this sport.

7-There is a lack of interest in the mass media for covering the gymnastics games in Arab and World Competitions.


The Role gymnastics Association.

1. The lack develop a systematic strategy for the authorities in the Gymnastics Association.

2 .There is not make a unified system of administrative policies, applicable to all.

3 .The lack financial support for clubs is necessary in order to create female gymnastic teams, and using this method at every possible occasion.

4 The lack create sports schools linked to the Gymnast Association to supervise

and watch the performance in the sport.



The Role of the club members.

1. The non-scheduling of gymnastic competitions for female in club planning and in the gymnastic Association female to the non formation of a gymnastic female team.

2. The answers of the Czech sample showed uncertainty about the phrases of the club members.
The Role of Social awareness to formation female gymnastics teams

1. The non-existence of gymnastic clubs will lead to the non-formation of female gymnastic teams.

2. The lack of skilled administrators for the sport of gymnastics is a reason for the lack of female gymnastic teams.

3. The lack of availability of equipment will lead to the non-formation of female gymnastic teams in the clubs



The Role of society view point.

1. female do not train in gymnastics due to the belief of the parents that the training will change the shape of the bodies of their daughters.

2. Parents do not allow their daughters to train in the sport due to the fear that the daughters will be injured.

3. The players do not continue on in gymnastics due to social reasons (i.e., marriage.)

4. The females do not practice gymnastics due to customs and social traditions.

5. A lack of transportation means restricts the participation of female in gymnastics.

6. Because their friends are not in the clubs, female will not be attracted to the practice of gymnastics.

7.Parents do not consent to let their daughters go long distances during the training that the female do not train in the teams.


II recommendations

  1. The Role of Media.

1-Promotion in a soft-sell style of physiological information to the parents about the health benefits of gymnastics will have a good effect on the training in female gymnastics and on female sports in general.

2-Encourage the authorities to show interest in creating female gymnastic teams.

3-The publication of sports magazines and papers by the club members.

4-Encouragement by the mass media to focus on female sports.



  1. The Role of gymnastics Association.

      1. Develop a systematic strategy for the authorities in the Gymnast Federation.

      2. Make a unified system of administrative policies, applicable to all.

      3. Financial support for clubs is necessary in order to create female gymnastic teams, and using this method at every possible occasion.

      4. Create sports schools linked to the Gymnast Association to supervise and watch the performance in the sport.

  2. The Role of the Club Members

      1. Each club must have an annual schedule to inform the members about forming teams.

2. Must have plans to train and take care of the gymnast trainers.

  1. The Role of social awareness to formation female gymnastics teams.

1-Support each and every club and support of the gymnasium and the means to instruct and train in female gymnastics.

2-Encourage each club to form female gymnastic teams.

3-Excellent training of the gymnast trainers will lead to security and health for the players.
The Role of society view point .

1. Make available closed gymnasiums in which the female may practice gymnastics.

2. Every club must determine a practice schedule for the female gymnasts.

3. Encourage the scientific research into the sport of gymnastics and solve the various social problems that the female are facing in sports in general and in gymnastics in particular.



Preliminary Data

Sex: Male / Female

Occupation: Monthly Salary: ………………………..

Residence Place: ……………… No. of Residence Rooms: ……….……..

Study Level: …………………... No. of Family Members: ………………

Kind of Study: ………………… Type of Sportive Activity: …………….


Questionnaire Covering Problems that Obstruct Practice of Gymnastics by Girls
Dear………………………..

The researcher, Ms. Taaziz Ali Mousa is undertaking this study which aims at approaching some problems which obstruct practice of gymnastics by girls.

You are hereby kindly requested to give answers to the phrases herein by putting the mark (√) against the phrases that coincide with your own opinion and the mark (x) against phrases that do not comply with your opinion. If you feel that you have no firm opinion, put the mark (x) against the phrase – unsure-.

There is no correct answer and other wrong. You have to be honest and accurate in your answer.

The answers shall be treated with complete confidentiality and shall be used for the purposes of scientific research only.

Thank you for your good cooperation.


Researcher Taaziz Ali Mousa
First aspect: Media


No.

Phrase

Yes

Unsure

No

1

Does the inconsiderable concern have generally an impact on the clubs disconcern of forming female gymnastic teams?










2

Do the media work for propagation of female gymnastics in clubs?










3

Is the media in default with respect to following up female gymnastic competitions and championships?










4

Does the media concern broadcasting of gymnastic championships in equal footing with other sports?










5

Is the inconsiderable fame of gymnastic female players a causative for non-practice of this sport?










6

Has the people ignorance of female gymnastic and its competitions led to non-practice of this sport?










7

Is there any journal or magazine published by the clubs and gives concern to female gymnastic games?










8

Has the attitude of clubs members towards female gymnastics resulted in non-practice and non-spread of this sport?










9

What is the extent of media concern to highlight Arab and international female gymnastic competitions?










10

Has the media got a certain concept for how to propagate female gymnastics as a sport?












Second aspect : Gymnastics Association



No.

Phrase

Yes

Unsure

No

1

Is the disability of the officials undertaking organization and planning in gymnastics Association a reason for non-formation of female teams?










2

Has the Association got plans for managing female gymnastic competitions?










3

Does the role of the Association end by adopting the plans, without follow up and assessment?










4

Has the Association used to announce seasonally the dates of female competitions and the clubs do not abide by that?










5

Does the gymnastics Association contribute in provision of financial support and incentives to the clubs that have girls gymnasium teams?










6

Does the Association adopt the female talents in gymnastics and form special groups for participation in social events?










7

Has the Association adopted a certain administrative policy that obstructs formation of gymnastic teams in different clubs?










8

Does the clubs’ financial support consider the necessity and significance of formation of female gymnastic teams?











Third aspect : Club Members



No.

Phrase

Yes

Unsure

No

1

Does the club concern formation of a female gymnastic team?










2

Does the Association board sufficiently consider the difficulties that confront trainers and officials responsible of female gymnastics?










3

Does the club’s administration contribute to provision of financial support for forming female gymnastic teams?










4

Has the club adopted a future plan for forming female gymnastic team?










5

Does there exist coordination between the clubs in using gymnastic distinguished halls for training?










6

Does the non-enlisting of gymnastic competitions in the club’s plan and plans of Gymnastics Association lead to non-formation of female gymnastic team?










7

Do the members encourage the idea of forming a female gymnastic team in the club?










8

Is there an existing plan for qualifying and promoting the standard of gymnastics trainers?











Fourth aspect: social awareness to formation female

Gymnastics teams



No.

Phrase

Yes

Unsure

No

1

Does the non-existence of gymnastics sport in clubs lead to non-formation of female gymnastics teams?










2

Does there exist female cadres for training female on gymnastics sport?










3

Is the scanty of qualified administrative gymnastics cadres stands as a cause for non-formation of female gymnastics teams?










4

Are the clubs administrations full aware of the necessity of formation of female gymnastics teams in clubs?










5

Does the unavailability of tools and capabilities lead to non-formation of gymnastic teams in the sporting clubs?










6

Is the present situation of the gymnastic halls unfit for training?










7

Are those special halls that are suitable for training female gymnastic teams?










8

Are there available modern suitable devices for training?










9

Are the factors of security and safety available during female's gymnastic trainings?










Fifth aspect: society view point


No.

Phrase

Yes

Unsure

No

1

Does the attitude of the female fathers implying that training may affect the physical build up of their daughters discourage girls to join training?










2

Do the fathers forbid their daughters to practice this sport because they are afraid of injuries?










3

Do you think that the female do not continue on training for long periods due to social reasons, such as (marriage)?










4

Do you think that parents negative attitude towards their daughters long stay outside the house is a cause for non-participation in teams?










5

Does the non-practice of sports by adolescents who think that it is a blemish discourage female to practice gymnastics sport?










6

Are the social habits and traditions stand as a cause for non-practice of gymnastics by female?










7

Does the factor of non-existence of transport mean stand as a cause for non-participation of female in gymnastics activities?










8

Does the non-existence of friends in clubs discourage female to join such clubs?










9

Does the Islamic Religion generally encourage female to practice sports?










10

Does Islam permit female to practice gymnastics sports in absence of males?










11

Does Islam prohibit female to practice gymnastics sports because of the gymnastics uniform?










12

Does Islam contradict with practice of gymnastics by female?














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