Fakulta sportovnich studlI



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Results Discussion
It is evident from the table (1) that 75% of the Libyan sample see that there is a less interest by the principals in general, the matter that effect the non-interest by the may not match a judged that the media do not work to spread the gymnastics for female in the clubs. There is also 50% those see that there is an insufficiency from the part of the media in announcing gymnastics competitions and championships. From the same table, it was clear that 80% of the Libyan sample see the non-existence of interest by the media in broadcasting gymnastics championships with the same interest as in other games. These results are inline with that reached by a study conducted by Nagwa Fawzi (2001), on the necessity that the different media shall assume a positive role regarding the enlightenment by the sportive activities importance. (31:50)

It was shown from the same table that 56% of the research sample have answered that the scarcity of fame of the women gymnasts are a reason of non-practicing it. Where Ali Mohamed Mutawea (1999) stated that the fame and attractive position is counted among the motives behind the practice of the sportive activity, which results in watching matches in TV. Thus, the sportive star imitation motive is among the second motives in practicing the sportive activity (4:10-11)

69% of the research sample declared that the unconsciousness of masses with respect to the female gymnasts and its competitions led to its non-practice. 66% of the research samples have also stated the inexistence of a magazine or newspaper edited for clubs interesting in the female gymnastics competitions. 36% of the research sample stated also the absence of the ideas at the clubs members towards the female gymnastics leads to its non-practice and non-spreading. While 54% of the research sample sated that they are not sure of the matter that the media is interesting in projecting the light on the Arab and international female gymnastics competitions. 51% as well of the research sample declared that they are not sure that the media has a conception about the manner to spread the female gymnastics.

It was revealed from the table (2) that 67% the research sample see the instability of the principals of organization and planning in the Gymnastics Union as a reason behind the non-formation of female gymnastics teams. 56% are not sure of the existence of plans at the Union to manage the female gymnastics competitions, while 60% stated that the role of the Union is not limited to the setting of such plans without following up and evaluating them. 42% of the research sample disagree that the Union declare each season the date of the female gymnastics competitions, nor the clubs are bound thereby.

52% as well of the research sample disagree that the Union of Gymnastics contributes in providing the financial and support and incentives to the clubs having female gymnastics teams. 46% of the research sample disagree that the Union adopts the female talents in gymnastics, and forming special teams to participate in the social manifestations, where 56% of them are not sure of the existence of an administrative policy in the Union towards all clubs which prevent the formation of female gymnastics team. 42% of them are not sure that the financial support by the clubs takes into account the necessity and importance of forming female gymnastics teams. The researcher sees that the incentives play a basic role with respect to the coaches and competitors in the participation in competitions.

It is clear from the table (3) that the answers of the Libyan sample were negative for the five following expressions, where 52% disagree that the club is interested the formation of female gymnastics teams. 64% as well disagree the non-interesting of the club board of directors in an enough manner in the difficulties facing the trainers and principals of women gymnastics. 54% also disagree that the club administration contributes in providing the financial support to form female gymnastics teams. 44% of them disagree that the clubs have future plans to form female gymnastics teams, and 56% disbelieve in the existence of coordination between the clubs in using distinguished gymnastics rooms for training.

55% agreed on the club plan and gymnastic union takes into consideration the listing of gymnastics competitions, The matter that lead to the formation of female gymnastics teams. 49% have also answered that they are not sure of the encouragement by the clubs members of the idea of forming female gymnastics team in the club, and providing the necessary support and encouragement there 44% have answered they are note sure of the existence of a plan to qualify the gymnastics women coaches. This confirms the result reached in the study conducted by each Jalal Hallab (1999) and Nagwa Fawzi (2001) regarding the lower salaries and compensations received by the sportive teams trainers.(16:89-90), (31:522).
The table (4) has revealed that 71% agree that the non-existence of gymnastics in the clubs leads to the non-formation of a female gymnastics team. While 43% are not sure of the existence of female cadres for gymnastics training for female 69% have agreed to that the scarcity of qualified administrative cadres for gymnastics is a reason behind the non-formation of female gymnastics. 51% have answered denying that the clubs administrations have total consciousness to form gymnastics for female inside the clubs.

About 75% respondents agreed that the non-availability of instruments and potentialities leads to the non-formation of female gymnastics teams inside the sportive clubs, as well as 67% agreed that the gymnastics training room in their current situation are not fit for training, while about 43% have answered denying the existence of special rooms fit for training female gymnastics teams. 45% have answered denying the availability of legal bodies and modern during training. While 47% have said that they are not sure of the availability of safety and security factors for the women players during training. This result is in conformity with what is stated by the Amin Alkhouli (1999) and Afaf Abdulmoneam Darwish (1998) that among the most important problems facing several developing countries is the non-availability of rooms fit for practicing the physical activity, and that raising the sportive level relied first on the potentialities of all types, as these potentialities are increased and promoted the experiences are increased and diversified across which the athletes will pass. (2:8) , (5:9).

It is clear from the table (5) that the research sample has agreed with a percentage of 60% that the non-coming of female refers to the belief of parents that the training will affect their bodies. About 80% of the sample see that the non-allowing by parents for their daughters to practice gymnastics is the fear that they become injured. About 75% from the sample have agreed to that the non-continuity in practicing the gymnastics and their earlier quit refer to the social reasons (wedding for example), and 65% of the sample see that non-satisfaction of the family for the mater that their daughters will leave the house often during the training is referring to the non-participation in gymnastics teams. 67% see that the non-practice of sports by adults, because they believe it is shame and that it is for young boys only, which causes the non-participation in gymnastics. 70% of the sample agreed that the reason of non-practice of gymnastics by female is the social traditions and customs.

While 65% of the same disagreed on the inexistence of transport means is a reason in non-participation of female in the gymnastics. 45% have agreed that the inexistence of girl friends participating in the clubs leads to the non-attraction of female to practice gymnastics. 76% respondents also have agreed that the Islamic religion encourages the practice of sports in general by female. In the same context 64% have agreed to that the Islamic religion allows the women to practice gymnastics provided that men shall not watch them. 78% of the sample agreed to that the Islamic religion prohibited the female to practice gymnastics because of its sportive uniform. 50% of the sample has agreed to that the Islamic religion does not contradict the practice of gymnastics by female.

The researcher see that the practice of gymnastics by young girls in young age do not contradict the Islamic religion, where the womanhood features are not clear for others, while the older sports women when the womanhood features are clear to others, further to the gymnastics uniform shows a lot of body charms, which is prohibited by the Islamic religion in a clear manner, where Allah says in the Holy Koran “Say to believing women to turn their eyes away (from temptation) and to preserve their chastity; to cover their adornments except such as are normally displayed; to draw their veils over their bosoms and not to reveal their finery except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their step-sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women-servants, the women they posses, male attendants lacking in natural vigour, and children who have no knowledge of sex. And let them not stamp their feet in walking so as to reveal their hidden trinkets” (Alnor “Light” Surate, verse 30).

It is revealed from the table (6) that the importance degree of the first topic expressions were as follows: (1) Less interest by principals in general effects the non-interest of clubs in forming female gymnastics teams, and in the second order comes the expression (6) unconsciousness of masses towards the gymnastics for female and its competitions has led to its non-practice. It came also in the same ordering the expression (7) non-availability of a magazine or newspapers edited by the clubs interesting in the female gymnastics competitions. While in the fourth order, it came the expression (2) the media works in spreading the gymnastics for female in the clubs, but in the fifth order it came the expression (5) Scarcity of fame of players gymnasts is a reason behind its non-practice. In the six order, it came the expression (3) existence of insufficiency by the media in publishing and broadcasting the female gymnastics competitions and championships, and in the seventh order, it came the expression (9) Interest of the media in enlightening the Arabic and international female gymnastics competitions, where in the eight order, it came the expression (8) ideas of the clubs members regarding the women gymnastics has led to its non-practice or participation. In the same order, it came the expression (10) existence of a conception by the media about the manner of spreading the female gymnastics, and in the tenth order, it came the expression (4) non-interest by media in broadcasting the gymnastics championship with the same interest in other games.

It has revealed from the table (7) that the order of the second topic expression importance (Role of the Gymnastics Union) was as follows: in the first order, it came the expression (11) the instability of the principals of organization and planning in the Gymnastics Union is a reason behind the non-formation of female gymnastics teams, and in the second order, it came the expression (17) the existence of an administrative policy in the Union towards all clubs which prevent the formation of female gymnastics team, where the third order, it came the expression (18) the financial support by the clubs takes into account the necessity and importance of forming female gymnastics teams, and in the fourth order, it came the expression (14) the Union declares each season the date of the female gymnastics competitions, nor the clubs are bound thereby, and in the fifth order, it came the expression (12) the existence of plans at the Union to manage the female gymnastics competitions, while in the sixth order, it came the expression (16) the Union adopts the female talents in gymnastics, and forming special teams to participate in the social manifestations, and in the seventh order, it came the expression (15) the Union of Gymnastics contributes in providing the financial and support and incentives to the clubs having female gymnastics teams, and in the eight order, it came the expression (13) the role of the Union is not limited to the setting of such plans without following up and evaluating them.

It was shown from the table (8), related to the importance degree of the third topic expressions (Role of the Clubs Members). The expression order was as follows: In the first order, it came the expression (24) non-listing of gymnastics competitions for women, the matter that lead to the non-formation of female gymnastics teams, where the second order, it came the expression (25) the encouragement by the clubs members of the idea of forming female gymnastics team in the club, and its support. And in the third order, it came the expression (26) the existence of a plan to qualify the gymnastics female coaches, in the fourth order, it came the expression (22) The existence of a future plan to form female gymnastics teams, then it came in the fifth order, the expression (19) Interest of the club in forming female gymnastics teams, and in the sixth order, it came the expression (23) the existence of a coordination between the clubs in using distinguished gymnastics rooms for training, where in the seventh order, it came the expression (21) the club administration contributes in providing the financial support to form female gymnastics teams , and in the eighth order, it came the expression (20) the interest of the club board of directors in an enough manner in the difficulties facing the trainers and principals of female gymnastics .

It was revealed from the table (9), related to the importance degree of the fourth topic expressions (social awareness to forming formation female gymnastics teams). The first order was the expression (31) the non-availability of instruments and potentialities leads to the non-formation of female gymnastics teams inside the sportive clubs, and in the second order, it came the expression (32) the gymnastics training room in their current situation are not fit for training, and in the third order, it came the expression (29) the scarcity of qualified administrative cadres for gymnastics is a reason behind the non-formation of female gymnastics, and in the fourth order, it came the expression (27) the inexistence of gymnastics in the clubs is leading to the non-formation of female gymnastics teams, and in the fifth order, it came the expression (34) the availability of legal bodies and modern during training, and in the sixth order, it came the expression (35) the availability of safety and security factors for the female players during training, where in the seventh order, it came the expression (28) the existence of female cadres for gymnastics training for, and in the eighth order, it came the expression (33) the existence of special rooms fit for training female gymnastics teams, and in the ninth order, it came the expression (30) the existence of a total consciousness to form gymnastics for female inside the clubs.

It was revealed from the table (10), related to the importance degree of the fifth topic expressions (Society point of view). The expression order was as follows: In the first order, it came the expression (46) the Islamic religion prohibited the female to practice gymnastics because of its sportive uniform, and in the second order, it came the expression (37) the non-allowing by parents for their daughters to practice gymnastics is the fear that they become injured, and in the third order, it came the expression (38) the non-continuity in practicing the gymnastics and their earlier quit refer to the social reasons (wedding for example), and in the fourth order, it came the expression (44) the Islamic religion encourages the practice of sports in general by female , and in the fifth order, it came the expression (41) the reason of non-practice of gymnastics by female is the social traditions and customs, and in the same order, it came the expression (40) the non-practice of sports by adults, because they believe it is shame and that it is for young boys only, which causes the non-participation in gymnastics, and in the eighth order, it came the expression (45) the Islamic religion allows the female to practice gymnastics provided that men shall not see them, and in the ninth order, it came the expression (36) the non-coming of girls refers to the belief of parents that the training will effect their bodies, and in the tenth order, it came the expression (43) the inexistence of female friends participating in the clubs leads to the non-attraction of female to practice gymnastics, and in the eleventh order, it came the expression (47) the Islamic religion does not contradict the practice of gymnastics by female , and in the twelfth order, it came the expression (42) the inexistence of transport means is a reason in non-participation of female in the gymnastics.


2. Czech sample; Results and discussion

Table (1) Answers and K2 of the Czech sample on first aspect (Media) phrases

K2

Total

No

unsure

yes

Phrases

No.

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

40.73

100

100

8

8

32

32

60

60


Does the inconsiderable concern has generally an impact on the clubs disconcert of forming female gymnastic teams?

1

40.84

100

100

63

63

23

23

14

14


Does the media work for propagation of female gymnastics in clubs?

2

6.85

100

100

45

45

24

24

31

31


Is the media in default with respect to following up female gymnastic competitions and championships?

3

45.94

100

100

65

65

21

21

14


14


Does the media concern broadcasting of gymnastic championships in equal footing with other sports?

4

11.84

100

100

20

20

32

32

48

48


Is the inconsiderable fame of gymnastic girl players acua+; tive for non-practice of sport?

5

21.64

100

100

12

12

40

40

48

48


Has the people ignorance of girls gymnastic and its competitions led to non-practice of this sport?

6

35.80

100

100

10

10

43

43

17

17


Is there any journal or magazine published by the clubs and gives concern to female gymnastic games?

7

54.11

100

100

16

16

68

68

16

16


Has the attitude of clubs members towards female gymnastics resulted in-practice and non-spread of this sport?

8

32.08

100

100

55

55

36

36

9

9


What is the extent of media concern to highlight Arab and international female gymnastic competitions

9

13.87

100

100

39

39

54

54

7

7


Has the media got a certain concept for how to propagate female gymnastics as a sport?

10

K2 0.0= 0.103


Table (2) Answers and K2 of the Czech sample on second- aspect

(Gymnastics Association) phrase

K2

Total

No

unsure

yes

Phrases

No

%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

23.00

100

100

17

17

55

55

28

28


Is the disability of the officials undertaking organization and planning in gymnastics Association a reason for non-formation of female teams?

11

40.84

100

100

7

7

63

63

30

30


Has the Association got plans for managing female gymnastic competitions?

12

37.24

100

100

17

17

62

62

21

21


Does the role of the Association end by adopting the plans, without follow up and assessment?

13

29.37

100

100

10

10

54

54

36

36


Has the Association used to announce seasonally the dates of female competitions and the clubs do not abide by that?

14

136.51

100

100

9

9

70

70

21

21


Does the gymnastics Association contribute in provision of financial support and incentives to the clubs that have female gymnasium teams?

15

39.89

100

100

10

10

61

61

29

29


Does the Association adopt the female talents in gymnastics and form special groups for participation in social events?

16

34.84

100

100

17

17

61

61

22

22


Has the Association adopted a certain administrative policy that obstructs formation of gymnastic teams in different clubs?

17

15.81

100

100

13

13

44

44

43

43


Does the clubs’ financial support consider the necessity and significance of formation of female gymnastic teams

18

K2 0.0= 0.103



Table (3) Answers and K2 of the Czech sample on third aspect (Culp members) phrases

K2

Total

No

unsure

yes

Phrases

No


%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

41.57

100

100

5

5

57

57

38

38

Does the club concern formation of a female gymnastic team?

19

32.25

100

100

18

18

60

60

22

22

Does the Association board sufficiently consider the difficulties that confront trainers and officials responsible of female gymnastics?

20

31.48

100

100

26

26

59

59

15

15

Does the club’s administration contribute to provision of financial support for forming female gymnastic teams?

21

71.00

100

100

12

12

73

73

15

15

Has the club adopted a future plan for forming female gymnastic team?

22

35.86

100

100

12

12

60

60

28

28

Does there exist coordination between the clubs in using gymnastic distinguished halls for training?

23

19.34

100

100

13

13

40

40

47

47

Does the non-enlisting of gymnastic competitions in the club’s plan and plans of Gymnastics Association lead to non-formation of female gymnastic team?

24

34.60

100

100

21

21

61

61

18

18

Do the members encourage the idea of forming a female gymnastic team in the club?

25

65.12

100

100

10

10

71

71

19

19

Is there an existing plan for qualifying and promoting the standard of gymnastics trainers?

26

K2 0.0= 0.103

Table (4) Answers and K2 of Czech sample on fourth (social wavers to formation female gymnastics team)



K2

Total

No

unsure

yes

Phrases

No


%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

23.19

100

100

11

11

41

41

48

48

Does the non-existence of gymnastics sport in clubs lead to non-formation of female gymnastics teams?

27

51.17

100

100

18

18

67

67

15

15

Does there exist female cadres for training female on gymnastics sport?

28

55.24

100

100

4

4

27

27

69

69

Is the scanty of qualified administrative gymnastics cadres stands as a cause for non-formation of female gymnastics teams?

29

55.08

100

100

12

12

68

68

20

20

Are the clubs administrations full aware of the necessity of formation of female gymnastics teams in clubs?

30

44.05

100

100

8

8

17

17

75

75

Does the unavailability of tools and capabilities lead to non-formation of gymnastic teams in the sporting clubs?

31

43.51

100

100

14

14

64

64

22

22

Is the present situation of the gymnastic halls unfit for training?

32

35.72

100

100

14

14

54

54

32

32

Are those special halls that are suitable for training female gymnastic teams?

33

19.47

100

100

11

11

44

44

45

45

Are there available modern suitable devices for training?

34

37.85

100

100

12

12

61

61

27

27

Are the factors of security and safety available during females gymnastic trainings?

35

K2 0.0= 0.103



Table (5) Answers and K2 of Czech sample on fifth aspect (society view point) phrases

K2

Total

No

unsure

yes

Phrases

No


%

n

%

n

%

n

%

n

27.46

100

100

22

22

20

20

58

58

Does the attitude of the girls fathers implying that training may affect the physical build up of their daughters discourage female to join training?

36

47.09

100

100

11

11

23

23

66

66

Do the fathers forbid their daughters to practice this sport because they are afraid of injuries?

37

14.04

100

100

23

23

31

31

46

46

Do you think that the girls do not continue on training for long periods due to social reasons, such as (marriage)?

38

18.98

100

100

51

51

33

33

16

16

Do you think that parents negative attitude towards their daughters long stay outside the house is a cause for non-participation in teams?

39

9.74

100

100

48

48

25

25

27

27

Does the non-practice of sports by adolescents who think that it is a blemish discourage female to practice gymnastics sport?

40

102.03

100

100

18

18

23

23

59

59

Are the social habits and traditions stand as a cause for non-practice of gymnastics by female?

41

29.05

100

100

21

21

20

20

59

59

Does the factor of non-existence of transport mean stand as a cause for non-participation of female in gymnastics activities?

42

37.30

100

100

15

15

16

16

69

69

Does the non-existence of friends in clubs discourage girls to join such clubs?

43

23.19

100

100

41

41

48

48

11

11

Does the Islamic Religion generally encourage female to practice sports?

. 44

93.94

100

100

10

10

79

79

11

11

Does Islam permit female to practice gymnastics sports in absence of males?

.45

77.43

100

100

6

6

74

74

20

20

Does Islam prohibit female to practice gymnastics sports because of the gymnastics uniform?

. 46

17,37

100

100

15

15

74

74

11

11

Does Islam contradict with practice of gymnastics by females?

.47

K2 0.0= 0.103


Table (6) important degree of first Phrases (Media) and weighting mean and the order of Phrases of Czech sample.



No

phrase

Deterge of important

total

wm

Order

big

middle

Lit ell

1

Does the inconsiderable concern have generally an impact on the clubs disconcert of forming female gymnastic teams?

180

46

8

234

39

2


2

Do the media work for propagation of female gymnastics in clubs?

42

64

63

169

28.16

5


3

Is the media in default with respect to following up female gymnastic competitions and championships?

39

84

45

168

28

6


4

Does the media concern broadcasting of gymnastic championships in equal footing with other sports?

42

24

65

131

21.83

9


5

Is the inconsiderable fame of gymnastic girl players acua+; tive for non-practice of sport?

144

46

20

210

35

3


6

Has the people ignorance of female gymnastic and its competitions led to non-practice of this sport?

144

80

12

236

39.33

1


7

Is there any journal or magazine published by the clubs and gives concern to female ' gymnastic games?

51

68

10

129

21.5

10


8

Has the attitude of clubs members towards female gymnastics resulted in-practice and non-spread of this sport?

48

136

16

200

33.33

4


9

What is the extent of media concern to highlight Arab and international female gymnastic competitions

27

72

55

154

55.66

8


10

Has the media got a certain concept for how to propagate female gymnastics as a sport?

21

108

39

168

28

6


Table (7) important degree of second Phrases (gymnastics association) and weighting mean and the order of Phrases of Czech sample.

No

phrase

Deterge of important

total

wm

Order

big

middle

Lit ell

11

Is the disability of the officials undertaking organization and planning in gymnastics Association a reason for non-formation of female teams?

84

110

17

211

35.16

6


12

Has the Association got plans for managing female gymnastic competitions?

90

126

7

223

37.16

3


13

Does the role of the Association end by adopting the plans, without follow up and assessment?

63

124

17

204

34

8


14

Has the Association used to announce seasonally the dates of female competitions and the clubs do not abide by that?

108

108

10

226

37.66

2


15

Does the gymnastics Association contribute in provision of financial support and incentives to the clubs that have female gymnasium teams?

63

140

9

212

35.33

5


16

Does the Association adopt the female talents in gymnastics and form special groups for participation in social events?

87

122

10

219

36.5

4


17

Has the Association adopted a certain administrative policy that obstructs formation of gymnastic teams in different clubs?

66

122

17

205

34.16

7


18

Does the clubs’ financial support consider the necessity and significance of formation of female gymnastic teams

129

88

13

230

38.33

1

Table (8) important degree of third Phrases (Culp members) and weighting mean and the order of Phrases of Czech sample.



No

phrase

Deterge of important

total

wm

Order

big

middle

Lit ell

19

Does the club concern formation of a female gymnastic team?

114

114

5

233

38.83

2


20

Does the Association board sufficiently consider the difficulties that confront trainers and officials responsible of female gymnastics?

66

120

18

204

34

5


21

Does the club’s administration contribute to provision of financial support for forming female gymnastic teams?

45

118

26

189

31.4

8


22

Has the club adopted a future plan for forming female gymnastic team?

45

146

12

203

33.83

6


23

Does there exist coordination between the clubs in using gymnastic distinguished halls for training?

84

120

12

216

36

3


24

Does the non-enlisting of gymnastic competitions in the club’s plan and plans of Gymnastics Association lead to non-formation of female gymnastic team?

141

80

13

234

39

1


25

Does the club concern formation of a female gymnastic team?

54

122

21

197

32.83

7


26

Is there an existing plan for qualifying and promoting the standard of gymnastics trainers?

57

142

10

209

34.83

4

Table (9) important degree of fourth Phrases (social awareness to formation female gymnastics team) and weighting mean and the order of Phrases of Czech sample.



No

phrase

Deterge of important

total

wm

Order

big

middle

Lit ell

27

Does the non-existence of gymnastics sport in clubs lead to non-formation of female gymnastics teams?

144

82

11

237

39.5

3


28

Does there exist female cadres for training girls on gymnastics sport?

45

134

18

197

32.83

9


29

Is the scanty of qualified administrative gymnastics cadres stands as a cause for non-formation of female gymnastics teams?

207

54

4

265

44.16

1


30

Are the clubs administrations full aware of the necessity of formation of female gymnastics teams in clubs?

60

136

12

208

34.66

7


31

Does the unavailability of tools and capabilities lead to non-formation of gymnastic teams in the sporting clubs?

225

34

8

267

44.5

2


32

Is the present situation of the gymnastic halls unfit for training?

66

128

14

208

34.66

7


33

Are those special halls that are suitable for training female gymnastic teams?

96

108

14

218

36.33

5


34

Are there available modern suitable devices for training?

135

88

11

234

39

4


35

Are the factors of security and safety available during female gymnastic trainings?

81

122

12

215

35.83

6


Table (10) important degree of fourth Phrases (society view point) and weighting mean and the order of Phrases of Czech sample.

No

phrase

Deterge of important

total

wm

Order

big

middle

Lit ell

36

Does the attitude of the girls fathers implying that training may affect the physical build up of their daughters discourage female to join training?

147

40

22

236

39.33

5


37

Do the fathers forbid their daughters to practice this sport because they are afraid of injuries?

198

46

11

255

42.5

2


38

Do you think that the girls do not continue on training for long periods due to social reasons, such as (marriage)?

138

62

23

223

37.16

7


39

Do you think that parents negative attitude towards their daughters long stay outside the house is a cause for non-participation in teams?

48

66

51

165

27.5

12


40

Does the non-practice of sports by adolescents who think that it is a blemish discourage girls to practice gymnastics sport?

81

100

48

229

38.16

6


41

Are the social habits and traditions stand as a cause for non-practice of gymnastics by girls?

177

46

18

241

40.16

3


42

Does the factor of non-existence of transport mean stand as a cause for non-participation of female in gymnastics activities?

177

40

21

238

39.66

4


43

Does the non-existence of friends in clubs discourage female to join such clubs?

207

32

15

254

42.33

1


44

Does the Islamic Religion generally encourage female to practice sports?

33

96

41

170

28.33

11


45

Does Islam permit girls to practice gymnastics sports in absence of males?

33

158

10

201

33.5

9


46

Does Islam prohibit female to practice gymnastics sports because of the gymnastics uniform?

60

148

6

214

35.66

8


47

Does the factor of non-existence of transport mean stand as a cause for non-participation of female in gymnastics activities?

33

148

15

196

32.66

10


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