Global Change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources


Global change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources (Proc. of the Sixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco, October 2010). IAHS Publ. 340, 2010, 236-243



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Global change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources (Proc. of the Sixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco, October 2010). IAHS Publ. 340, 2010, 236-243.



Impact of climate change on water supply in northern Slovakia
Dana Halmova1  Marian Melo2

1 Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Racianska 75, 838 11 Bratislava, Slovakia

halmova@uh.savba.sk

2 FMPI Comenius University Bratislava, Mlynska dolina, 842 48 Bratislava, Slovakia
Abstract The future water reservoir ability to ensure the required water demand, as defined by downstream water users (hydropower producers, irrigation, industry) was studied. We utilised data from the coupled general circulation model CCCM2000. Present horizontal resolution of GCMs does not allow identification of regional climate. Thus, we use a statistical method for downscaling of GCM outputs. We take into account model outputs from four gridpoints near to northern Slovakia. The rainfall–runoff model WBMOD calculated the water reservoir operation. The input data series of precipitation, air temperature and the observed reservoir outflows were used to model changes in total runoff and the required reservoir capacity. Deficiency in the required water demand for changed climate conditions was evaluated. In general, it can be concluded that the expected climatic change would influence the certainty of the water supply from the reservoirs.

Key words climate change; climate scenarios; water reservoir; water supply dependability; Slovakia

Global change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources (Proc. of the Sixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco, October 2010). IAHS Publ. 340, 2010, 244-250.



Effects of global change and adaptation options for water resources management in the Czech part of the River Elbe basin
Hagen Koch1,2, Michael Kaltofen3, Stefan Kaden3 &
Uwe Grünewald
2

1 Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Research Domain Climate Impacts and Vulnerabilities,
Telegrafenberg A62, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany


hagen.koch@pik-potsdam.de

2 Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus, Chair of Hydrology and Water Resources Management,
PO Box 101 344, D-03013 Cottbus, Germany


3 DHI-WASY GmbH, Waltersdorfer Str. 105, D-12526 Berlin, Germany
Abstract Adaptation strategies to counterbalance impacts of global change on water resources must consider the effects of changing natural conditions and socio-economic development. Changing natural conditions and socio-economic development are both connected with certain levels of uncertainty. Therefore, scenarios of socio-economic development and climate change are required. The River Elbe basin is located in central Europe with one third of its area located in the Czech Republic, upstream of Germany, where two thirds of the basin is located. Inflows are important for navigation in Germany. An inflow of 100 m3/s is required. Due to climate change mean inflows are expected to decline by 30%. A water management model for the River Elbe basin was developed. Two global socio-economic trends are regionalised. Regionalised climate data are used to simulate effects of climate change on natural discharges. Using the water management model the effects on inflow to Germany are simulated. Whether reservoir management in the Czech part can sustain a required inflow of 100 m3/s to Germany was investigated.

Key words global change; integrated water resources management; impact assessment; Elbe basin

Global change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources (Proc. of the Sixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco, October 2010). IAHS Publ. 340, 2010, 251-257.



Modélisation spatio-temporelle d’un champ de pluie: application aux pluies journalières du bassin de la Loire
JEAN-MARIE LEPIOUFLE1, ETIENNE LEBLOIS2 &
JEAN-DOMINIQUE CREUTIN
3

1 SINTEF Energy Research / Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Sem Sælands vei 11, 7465 Trondheim, Norway

jean-marie.lepioufle@sintef.no

2 Cemagref, 3 bis Quai Chauveau, 69009 Lyon, France

3 Laboratoire d’étude des Transferts en Hydrologie et Environnement, LTHE, BP 53, 38 041 Grenoble Cedex 09, France
Résumé A partir de données issues de pluviomètres, il est possible de mettre en place un modèle de champ de pluie tel un processus spatio-temporel intermittent (superposition d’un champ de variabilité en soi et d’un champ d’indicatrice, tout deux influencés par une advection). La géostatistique permet d’étudier le lien entre une structure d’un processus spatio-temporel instantané et l’évolution de la structure spatiale avec l’agrégation temporelle. Une méthode est proposée pour inférer un processus instantané pertinent à partir de statistiques d’un champ de pluie observé. Les avantages et les limites de cette approche sont étudiés par l’utilisation d’un champ de pluie journalier sur le bassin versant de la Loire. Deux sous-régions sont mises en évidence. Une zone aval où le processus pluvieux respectant assez bien l’hypothèse de stationnarité peut être modélisé par le modèle spatio-temporel. Une zone amont où une interaction avec l’orographie est plus présente, et donc où l’hypothèse de stationnarité est questionnable.

Mots clefs champ de pluie; géostatistique; spatio-temporelle; agrégation temporelle; variabilité interne et indicateur de pluie; Loire



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