Government of the Republic of Maldives Responses to the List of Issues in relation to the Combined Fourth and Fifth Periodic Reports of the Maldives on the Convention on the Rights of the Child


Part II New bills or laws, and their respective regulations



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Part II

  1. New bills or laws, and their respective regulations;

  • Juvenile Justice Bill

  • Child Protection Bill

  • Social Work Bill

  • Gender Equality Bill (GEL)

  • Social Protection Act

  • Interim foster care regulation

  • State custody regulation

  • Public Health Act

  • Health Services Act

  • Health Professionals Act

  • Penal Code (9/2014)

  1. New institutions (and their mandates) or institutional reforms;

  • Ministry of Law and Gender

  • Family Protection Authority

  • Safe Homes in Male’ and 4 atolls (to provide temporary protection and accommodation for the victims of child abuse, neglect and domestic violence)

  1. Recently introduced policies, programmes and action plans and their scope and financing;

  • Government Manifesto (2013-2018)

Pledges and policies directly in relation with children include:

- Policy of No Child left behind

- Minimize negative impacts and consequences of divorce on families.

- Ensure safe and protective environment for all.

- Better health facilities at community level.


  • National Reproductive Health Strategy 2014-2018

The Strategic Framework for Reproductive Health aims to provide guidance for advancing reproductive health programmes nation-wide in addressing key sexual and reproductive health issues and challenges.

  • Mental Health Policy 2015

To address the population’s needs on mental health, and to bring about affirmative changes to the mental health services provided, with relation to both preventive and curative care.

  • National HIV/AIDS strategic Plan

  • National TB Plan

  1. Recent ratifications of human rights instruments.

Part III

Whereby disaggregated data is currently available as per the Committees’ request, it has been provided in this section. Please note where it is marked unavailable, some of these areas are now in the process of disaggregated data collection.



Data, statistics and other information

1. Please provide information on the consolidated budget, disaggregated by budget item, covering the past three years, in terms of resources allocated for the benefit of children and adolescents. In addition, please indicate what percentage of the total national budget and the State party’s GDP each budget item represents. If possible, please provide budgetary information disaggregated by age, sex, disability, socioeconomic status, ethnic origin, rural/urban place of residence and geographical location.

Disaggregated data not readily available



2. Please provide data (disaggregated by age, sex, disability, socioeconomic status, ethnic origin, rural/urban place of residence and geographical location) for the past three years on the number of children and adolescents who have been victims of abuse and violence, while providing additional information on the type of violence (torture, sexual violence, corporal punishment, domestic violence, street violence, etc.) and the type of assistance afforded to child victims, the compensation received and the follow-up carried out, including the trials of perpetrators and the sentences handed down in the State party. Where possible, please also provide information on the profile of the offenders.

3. Please provide data (disaggregated by age, sex, disability, socioeconomic status, ethnic origin, rural/urban place of residence and geographical location) for the past three years on:

  1. Infant mortality;

INFANT MORTALITY RATE PER 1000 LIVE BIRTHS BY SEX, 2011 – 2014

Year

Republic

Atolls

Male’

Total

Male

Female

total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

2011

9

10

8

6

8

5

10

10

11

2012

9

10

7

7

6

8

10

12

7

2013

6

8

5

7

8

6

5

7

4

2014

8

9

8

5

5

4

8

9

7

Source: Vital Statistics System, Ministry of Health

  1. Maternal mortality;

MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO PER 100,000 LIVE BIRTHS, 2011 - 2014

Year

Number of deaths

MMR per 100,000 live births

2011

4

56

2012

1

13

2013

0

0

2014

3

41

Source: Vital Statistics System, Ministry of Health

  1. Under nutrition;



Year

Republic

Atolls

Male’

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

2011

11

12

10

10

12

8

11

11

12

2012

11

14

8

11

12

10

12

16

8

2013

9

11

8

14

16

11

6

7

5

2014

10

10

10

8

8

8

10

11

9


Source: Vital Statistics System, Ministry of Health

  1. Children and adolescents infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS (specifying cases of mother-to-child transmission);

None

  1. Mental illness;

untitled

Source: 2003 Mental Health Survey Report:



  1. Vaccination coverage;

Source: National Immunization Programmeme – Health Protection Agency / Maldives

  1. Child and adolescent pregnancies;

Information of adolescent birth outcomes (10-19 yrs.)/(reported cases only)

Indicator

Year




2000

2011

2012

2013

2014

Live births (number)

518

277

242

204

201

Still Births (number)

7

2

1

0

2

Abortions (number)

1

9

9

7

3

Total Number

526

288

252

211

206

Source: Vital Statistics System, Ministry of Health

  1. Early and forced marriages;

Disaggregated data not readily available

  1. Child and adolescent suicides;

Disaggregated data not readily available

  1. The number of child and adolescent drug users in general as well as those enrolled in drug treatment centers and rehabilitation phase.

Disaggregated data not readily available

4. Please provide data (disaggregated by age, sex, disability, socioeconomic status, ethnic origin, rural/urban place of residence and geographical location) for the past three years on the number of children and adolescents:

  1. Who have been abandoned;






YEAR

2012

2013

2014

2015

Age

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

0-3 years

1

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

4-6 years

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

7-12 years

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

13-18 years

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Source: Ministry of Law and Gender

  1. Who have been separated from their parents;






YEAR

2012

2013

2014

2015

Age

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

Females

Males

0-3 years

1

3

6

7

3

3

5

11

4-6 years

3

2

1

3

2

1

5

6

7-12 years

0

1

1

1

2

2

10

17

13-18 years

3

0

15

0

2

0

4

4

Source: Ministry of Law and Gender


  1. Who are living in institutions;

Number of children living at Children’s Home in Villingili, Male’ (age- wise)

Age

No. of children

0-2 years

15

3-5 years

21

6-7 years

24

8-10 years

29

11-12 years

10

13-15 years

13

Above 16 years

6


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