4.1.1: Definition of Neo-liberalism and the Theory 38
4.1.2: The Washington Consensus 41
4.1.3: Criticism of the Neo-Liberal Theory 41
4.2: The Empowerment Theory 44
4.2.1: Empowerment as Participation 47
4.2.2: Empowerment as Capacity Building 47
4.2.3: Empowerment through Economic Improvement 48
4.2.4: Critique to the Empowerment Theory 49
4.3: Theory on Decentralization of Governance 51
4.3.1: The Argument for the Decentralization Theory 53
188.8.131.52: Efficiency Values 54
184.108.40.206: Governance Value 54
4.3.2: Critique of the Decentralization Theory 56
4.4: The Concept of Good Governance 57
4.4.1: Attributes of Good Governance 59
CHAPTER 5: ANALYSIS, CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES 64
5.1: Analysis 64
5.2: Conclusion 73
5.3: Perspectives 75
I wish to thank all those who supported me through out my studies in Aalborg University. Intellectually, my greatest debt is owed to my supervisor Dr. Vibeke Andersson who did not only read my work but also inspired and focused my thoughts throughout this research project. My sincere thanks also go to my beloved wife Ntsang Miranda Akah who took her time to read through the manuscript and her unremitting moral support during these tough moments. I would also like to extend my appreciation to my sisters Mildred Bugh Ferim and Nicholine Ngum Anagho for their continuous encouragements.
My gratitude also goes to Hosea Nguh Akam and Franklin Mbende Che who gave me a lot of technical assistance with regards to laptop when I was writing this masters thesis. I also owe a duty say thanks to; Eric Shu Neba, Mr and Mrs Senjo, Leonard Anagho and Collins Anyi for their moral and social support in times of sorrow and happiness. To Bradley and Junior I say thanks for your cheers to me when I am returning from the library.
Above all, my endless thanks and praises go to God Almighty for guiding and guarding me through out this work.