Memorandum



Yüklə 3,98 Mb.
səhifə17/117
tarix31.10.2017
ölçüsü3,98 Mb.
1   ...   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   ...   117




Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC




Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC



Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


7,094 (1)

Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)



Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

7,094

Amount of other wastes exported

0

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

0

Amount of other wastes imported

0

1) Estimated data based on the quantity of hazardous wastes exported.



Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2003


Botswana



Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

20.05.1998 (a)

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

17.06.2004 (A)

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
17.06.2004 (a)

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


Director

Principal Waste Management Officer

Department of Sanitation and Waste Management, P/Bag BO 323,Gaborone

Botswana


tel.: (26-7) 31-1802

fax: (26-7) 30-9953

e-mail.: kselotlegeng @gov.bw

website:


Department of Sanitation and Waste Management

Private Bag B.O. 323

Gaborone

Botswana


Telephone: (267) 30 02 26

Telefax: (267) 30 99 53

E-Mail: gtz_wmp@info.bw

Website:





National Definition

There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Botswana.
National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Botswana.

The following definition of hazardous wastes is as provided in the Waste Management Act, 1988, Part I under definitions:

"Hazardous waste" means "controlled waste which has the potential, even in low concentrations, to have significant adverse effect on public health or the environment on account of its inherent chemical and physical characteristics, such as toxic, ignitable, corrosive, carcinogenic or other properties."

No reference is made regarding the determination of the levels of concentration for hazardous wastes. This issue will be taken up with the government drafting team at the time for review of the Act.


There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention.
In Botswana there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.


Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been implemented in Botswana.







Restrictions on transit and export for final disposal and for recovery

Botswana has no restrictions on the transit and export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.


Botswana requires to be informed of prior to any movement of waste into or transiting through its territorial boundaries.





Restrictions on import for final disposal

Botswana restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.


Botswana restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal by practicing the provisions of the Amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1).





Restrictions on import for recovery

Botswana has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.






Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation


National strategies/policies

Adoption of the Waste Management hierarchy.



Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Botswana’s strategy for Waste Management supports cleaner production guidelines; Botswana’s Waste Management Act supports polluter pays principle; and Administration of industrial trade effluent agreement.







Economic instruments/ initiatives

Polluter pays principle; trade effluent agreements on industrial wastes; and in the near future plans for waste oil recycling charges to importers.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Self regulation initiatives by key oil importing industries; and move to discourage plastic carriers in commercial premises initiated.







Others

Plans to introduce Cleaner production concept to industry.






Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures


National strategies/policies

Botswana’s strategy for waste management.


Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Waste Management Act.






Economic instruments/ initiatives

Polluter pays principles; Trade effluent agreement with polluting industries administered; and Tax breaks are currently being evaluated for their impact.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Waste oil recycling by key oil importers.







Others

The country approved a common regional workshop dealing with environment crime in particular illegal trafficking of hazardous waste awareness programme.


An environmental enforcement agency has been established through the bilateral collaboration efforts between the USA and Botswana.




Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

  • Local clinical waste incinerators; Total incineration;

  • Landfill (local); Dedicated landfill cell for restricted disposal of hazardous wastes;

Landfill developing guidelines exist and are fully operational.







Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities

No facilities available.






Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

No agreements.






Technical Assistance and Training Available

  • Botswana Technology Centre

  • University of Botswana

  • Botswana Institute of Engineers

  • Med-Rescue

  • Botswana National Police

National Disaster Preparedness Committee established and measures for its strengthening being established/ensured


Yüklə 3,98 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   ...   117




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©muhaz.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə