National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Croatia.
The national definition of waste is in accordance with Article 2 of the Waste Act, Official Gazette, No. 178/04. Pursuant to this Law, Waste means any substance or object determined by categories of waste by means of prescribed secondary legislation pursuant to this Act, which the holder discards, intends to or must discard.
According to the Art 3. of the new Regulation on the Categories, Types and Classification of waste with the Waste Catalogue and the List of the Hazardous Waste (Official Gazette 50/05) hazardous waste is:
(4) Hazardous waste means waste determined by categories (generic types) and composition, and must display one or more of the properties established in the Hazardous Waste List.
(5) The Hazardous Waste List forms an integral part of this Regulation and it consists of:
-Annex I to this Regulation establishing the categories or generic types of hazardous wastes as composed according to their nature or the activity which generated them, and
-Annex II to this Regulation establishing the waste properties which render wastes hazardous to human health and the environment.
(6) Hazardous waste is also any other waste which displays one of the properties listed in Annex II to this Regulation or is mixed with waste listed in Annex I to this Regulation.
It is noted that Annex 1.B. and 2. (equal to the Annex I.B and Annex II. of the EU Directive) of the Croatian Regulation are different from Annex I. and Annex III: of the Basel Convention and contain additional wastes as follows:
ANNEX 1.B. (of the Croatian Regulation)
Wastes which contain any of the constituents listed in item 2. of the Annex I. and having any of the properties listed in Annex II and consisting of:
19. animal or vegetable soaps, fats, waxes;
21. inorganic substances without metals or metal compounds;
22. ashes and/or cinders;
23. soil, sand, clay including dredging spoils;
24. non-cyanidic tempering salts;
25. metallic dust, powder;
26. spent catalyst materials;
27. liquids or sludges containing metals or metal compounds;
28. residue from pollution control operations (e.g. baghouse dusts, etc.)
29. scrubber sludges;
30. sludges from water purification plants;
31. decarbonization residue;
32. ion-exchange column residue;
33. sewage sludges, untreated or unsuitable for use in agriculture;
34. residue from cleaning of tanks and/or equipment;
35. contaminated equipment;
36. contaminated containers (e.g. packaging, gas cylinders, etc.) whose contents included one or more of the constituents listed in Annex II;
37. batteries and other electrical cells;
38. vegetable oils;
39. materials resulting from selective waste collections from households and which exhibit any of the characteristics listed in Annex III;
40. any other wastes
2. Waste components referred to in item 1.B. rendering wastes hazardous if they have features listed in Annex II.:
C2 vanadium compounds;
C4 cobalt compounds;
C5 nickel compounds;
C10 silver compounds;
C12 tin compounds;
C15 barium compounds;
C19 inorganic sulphides;
C22 lithium, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium in uncombined form;
C35 infectious substances (partly covered by BC)
C36 creosotes (partly covered by BC)
C37 isocyanates; thiocyanates;
C43 aromatic compounds; polycyclic and heterocyclic organic compounds
C44 aliphatic amines;
C45 aromatic amines
C48 sulphur organic compounds;
C51 other hydrocarbons and their oxygen; nitrogen and/or sulphur compounds
List of Hazardous waste
Properties of waste which rather them hazardous
H1 – “Explosive”: substances and preparation which may explode under the effect of flame or which are more sensitive to shocks or friction than dinitrobenzene
H2 – “Oidising”: substances and preparations which exhibit highly exothermic reactions when ion contact with other substances, particularly flammable substances.
H3-A – “Highly flammable”:
- liquid substances and preparations having a flash point below 21° C (including extremely flammable liquids), or
- substances and preparations which may become hot and finally catch fire in contact with air at ambient temperature without any application of energy, or
- solid substances and preparation which may readily catch fire after brief contact with a source of ignition and which continue to burn or to be consumed after removal of the source of ignition, or
- gaseous substances and preparation which are flammable in air at normal pressure, or
- substances and preparation which, in contact with water or damp air, evolve highly flammable gases in dangerous quantities.
H3 - B – “Flammable”: liquid substances and preparations having a flash point equal to a greater than 21° C and less than or equal to 55° C
H4 – “Irritating": non-corrosive substances and preparations which, through immediate, prolonged or repeated contact with the skin or mucous membrane, can cause inflammation.
Waste is an irritant:
- if it is composed more than 10 % of one or more substances classified as irritants
with the designation R41, or
- if it is composed more than 20 % of one or more substances classified as irritants
with the designation R36, R37 or R38 according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H5 –“Harmful”: substances and preparation which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may involve limited health risk.
Waste is harmful to human health if it is composed more than 25 % of one or more substances classified as harmful to health according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H6 – “Toxic”: substances and preparation (including very toxic substances and preparation) which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may involve serious, acute or chronic health risk and even death.
Waste is toxic:
- if it is composed more than 0.1 % of one or more substances classified as very toxic,
- if it is composed more than 3 % of one or more substances classified as toxic according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H7 – “Carcinogenic”: substances and preparation which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may induce cancer or increase its incidence.
Waste is carcinogenic:
- if it is composed more than 0.1 % of one or more substances classified as carcinogenic of the first or second category according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
- if it is composed more than 1 % of one or more substances classified as carcinogenic of the third category according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H8 – “Corrosive”: substances and preparations which may destroy living tissue on contact
Waste is corrosive:
- if it is composed more than 1 % of one or more substances classified as corrosive with the designation R35, or
- if it is composed more than 5 % of one or more substances classified as corrosive with the designation R34 according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H9 – “Infectious”: substances containing viable micro-organisms or their toxins which are known or reliably believed to cause disease in man or other living organisms.
H10 – “Toxic for reproduction (teratogenic)”: substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may induce non-hereditary congenital malformations or increase their incidence.
Waste is toxic for reproduction (teratogenic) if:
- if it is composed to 0.5 % or more of a substances toxic for reproduction classified in the first or second categories of reproductive poisons with the designation R60 or R61 according to regulations in the area of chemicals or
-if it is composed to 5 % or more substances toxic for reproduction classified in the third categories of reproductive poisons with the designation R62 or R613 according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H11 – “Mutagenic”: substances and preparations if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may induce hereditary genetic defects or increase their incidence.
Waste is mutagenic if
-if it is composed to 0.1 % or more of a mutagenic substances classified in the first or second category of mutagenic substances with the designation R46 or
-it is composed to 1 % or more of a mutagenic substances classified in the third category of substances with the designation R40 according to regulations in the area of chemicals.
H12 – Substances and preparation which release toxic or very toxic gases in contact with air, water or acid and the content of free sulphide and cyanide exceeds the following values:
Sulphide - free 10,000 mg/kg of dry matter
Cyanide - free 1,000 mg/kg of dry matter
H13 - Substances and preparation capable by any means, after disposal, of yielding another substances , e.g. a leachate, which possess one of the properties of the preceding points of this table (H1-H12)
1. Waste has the property of H13, if the values of the parameters of the waste exceed
the following values:
Mercury 20 mg/kg of dry matter 1)
Arsenic 2),3)) 5,000 mg/kg of dry matter
Lead 2),3) 10,000 mg/kg of dry matter
Cadmium 2),3) 5,000 mg/kg of dry matter
PAO 100 mg/kg of dry matter
PCB 100 mg/kg of dry matter
PCDD/PCDF 10,000 ng TE/kg of dry matter
POX 1,000 mg/kg of dry matter
Total hydrocarbons: 20,000 mg/kg of dry matter 5)
BTX 500 mg/kg of dry matter
Phenols 10,000 mg/kg of dry matter
1) for solidified waste containing insoluble sulphide, the limit value is 3,000 mg/kg of dry matter
2) does not apply to silicated waste
3) does not apply to stable alloys
5) does not apply to asphalt and bitumen
2. Waste has the property of H13 if the values of the parameters of the leachate or, in
the case of liquid waste the content in the waste, exceed the following values:
Drying residue 10,000 mg/l 1)
pH value: 6-13 2)
Antimony: 5 mg/l
Arsenic: 5 mg/l
Copper: 10 mg/l
Barium: 50 mg/l
Beryllium: 0.5 mg/l
Boron: 100 mg/l
Zinc: 100 mg/l
Cobalt: 10 mg/l
Tin: 100 mg/l
Total chromium: 50 mg/l
Hexavalent chromium: 2 mg/l
Nickel: 50 mg/l
Total selenium and tellurium: 5 mg/l
Silver: 5 mg/l
Lead: 10 mg/l
Thallium: 2 mg/l
Vanadium: 20 mg/l
Mercury: 0.05 mg/l
Ammonium nitrate: 1,000 mg/l
Nitrites: 30 mg/l
Total cyanide: 20 mg/l
Cyanide-free: 2 mg/l
Sulphides: 20 mg/l
Fluorides: 50 mg/l
Total hydrocarbons: 100 mg/l 3), 4)
PAO: 0.05 mg/l 4)
AOX: 10 mg/l
Phenols: 100 mg/l
1) value for liquid waste is 30,000 mg/l
2) value for liquid waste is 2-11.5
3) for ground polluted by oil and waste in the extraction of crude oil the value in
leachate is 5 mg/l
4) centrifuged leachate
H 14 – “Ecotoxic” substances and preparations which present or may present immediate or delayed risk one or more sectors of the environment.