Memorandum



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Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC




Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC

7,540,480 1)

Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


7,540,480 1)

Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)

444,892 1)

Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

1,290

Amount of other wastes exported

0

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

674

Amount of other wastes imported

0

1) By Estonian Law there is no data collection according to Y-codes. Data collected according to the European waste catalogue.



Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2003


Ethiopia



Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

12.04.2000 (a)

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

08.10.2003

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
08.10.2003 (a)

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


Environmental Protection Authority

P.O. Box 12760

Addis Ababa

Ethiopia


tel.: (251-1) 46-4607

fax: (251-1) 46-4876/4882

e-mail.: esid@telecom.net.et

Website:


Deputy Director General

Environmental Protection Authority

P.O. Box 12760, Addis Ababa

Ethiopia


Telephone: (251 1) 46 46 07

Telefax: (251 1) 46 48 76 or 46 48 82

E-Mail: epa_ddg@telecom.net.et or              esid@telecom.net.et

Website:





National Definition

There is no national definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste in Ethiopia.
National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Ethiopia.

"Hazardous Waste" means any unwanted material that is believed to be deleterious to human safety or health or the environment (Article 2 sub-article 9, Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation, Proclamation No. 300/2002).


Ethiopia regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b.

The phrase "any unwanted material" under the definition above is so broad that it includes such wastes as radioactive wastes. Besides Ethiopia is a party to the Bamako Convention which defines hazardous waste in a broad manner.


In Ethiopia there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.



Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been implemented in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has ratified the amendment but a national law to implement it has not yet been put in place.







Restrictions on export for final disposal

Ethiopia restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.


Relevant legislation: Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation, Proclamation No. 300/2002; Entry into force: 3 December 2002.
Since the aforementioned proclamation is a domestic legislation, its scope of application is limited to Ethiopia. And it applies on subjects within the territorial jurisdiction of the country.
The type of waste covered is "hazardous waste"which is defined by the proclamation as -any unwanted material that is believed to be deleterious to human safety or health or the environment.
Moreover, as a Party to the Convention, Ethiopia is bound by the relevant provisions of the Convention restricting the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.





Restrictions on export for recovery

Ethiopia has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.







Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery

The Environmental Policy of Ethiopia approved in 1996 strictly bans import into and transit through Ethiopia of hazardous wastes as defined in the Convention.







Restrictions on transit

Ethiopia restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.

The Environmental Policy of Ethiopia approved in 1996 strictly bans import into and transit through Ethiopia of hazardous wastes as defined in the Bamako Convention (Ethiopia ratified the convention in 2002).
The Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation no.300/2002 that entered into force in December 3, 2002 stipulates that anyone engaged in importation or transport of hazardous waste must first secure a permit from the Environmental Protection Authority or other competent agencies.
The Bamako convention applies on all African countries that ratified it. The type of wastes covered are those mentioned under art.3, a, b, c & d of the convention.
Since Proclamation no.300/2002 is a domestic legislation, its scope of application is limited to Ethiopia. And it applies on subjects within the territorial jurisdiction of the country. The type of waste covered is "hazardous waste "which is defined by the proclamation as -any unwanted material that is believed to be deleterious to human safety or health or the environment.





Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation


National strategies/policies

The Environmental Policy of Ethiopia and the Conservation Strategy of Ethiopia provide for the application of the said measures.



Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation, Proclamation No. 300/2002.

Two draft regulations on persistent organic pollutants and Industrial Pollution Control and Prevention are prepared.





Economic instruments/ initiatives

These are provided for under each legal instrument, e.g. Article 3 Sub-article 4 of the Pollution Control Proclamation.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Certain tanneries have installed waste treatment facilities making use of a revolving fund made available by UNIDO.

Some industries have begun implementation of ISO 14001.





Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

National strategies/policies

Environmental Policy of Ethiopia (1997). Conservation Strategy of Ethiopia (1997).







Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation(2002). Environmental Impact Assessment Proclamation (2002)· Some guidelines were issued on: Sustainable Industrial Zone/Estate Development; Enforcement and Compliance; Strategic Environmental Assessment; Pollution Release and Transfer Registry (PRTR); Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC); Industrial Waste Handling, Landfill Planning and Management; Environmental Procurement; Industrial Environmental Fund; Green Rating Initiative (GRI) and Technology Selection and Transfer. Based on the general format of the Basel Convention technical guidelines a the following guidelines are issued: Technical guidelines on Households Management; Guidelines on Landfill Site Selection Criteria

Guidelines on Biomedical Wastes; Guidelines on Best Available Techniques for Tannery and Textile Industries.





Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Enforcement of the existing legislations has not yet begun. However certain industries have put in place voluntary compliance mechanisms and are exercising good house keeping programmes. The Environmental Protection Authority has undertaken industrial auditing on 36 industries in order to help them develop Environmental Management Plan to control pollution.






Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

  • Small scale Medical Waste Incinerators in some hospitals.






Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities

No facilities available.







Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

Multilateral agreement; Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and the Control of Tranboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous wastes within Africa; 2002 -






Technical Assistance and Training Available

No assistance available.




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