Memorandum



Yüklə 3,98 Mb.
səhifə51/117
tarix31.10.2017
ölçüsü3,98 Mb.
1   ...   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   ...   117




Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC

593,064

Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC

583,933

Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


1,176,997

Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)

2,828,600

Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

31,458

Amount of other wastes exported

0

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

0

Amount of other wastes imported

0



Annex 1 to Act XLIII of 2000

Categories of waste

Q1

Production, service or consumption residues not otherwise specified below

Q2

Off-specification products

Q3

Products whose date of use has expired

Q4

Materials spilled, lost or otherwise damaged, including any materials, equipment, etc., contaminated as a result of the accident

Q5

Materials contaminated or soiled as a result of planned actions (e.g. residues from cleaning operations, packing materials, containers, etc.)

Q6

Unusable parts (e.g. reject batteries, exhausted catalysts, etc.)

Q7

Substances which no longer perform satisfactorily (e.g. contaminated acids, contaminated solvents, exhausted tempering salts, etc.)

Q8

Residues of industrial processes (e.g. slag, still bottoms, etc.)

Q9

Residues from pollution abatement processes (e.g. scrubber sludge, dust precipitator dust, spent filters, etc.)

Q10

Machining and finishing residues (e.g. lathe turnings, mill scales, etc.)

Q11

Residues from raw materials extraction and processing (e.g. metal mining residues, oil field slops, etc.)

Q12

Adulterated materials (e.g. oils contaminated with PCBs, etc.)

Q13

Any materials, substances or products whose use has been banned by a legal rule

Q14

Products for which the holder has no further use (e.g. agricultural, household, office, commercial and shop discards, etc.)

Q15

Contaminated materials and substances resulting from remedial action with respect to land

Q16

Any materials, substances or products which became waste and are not contained in the above categories Annex 2 to Act XLIII of 2000



Annex 2 to Act XLIII of 2000

List of hazardous properties

The detailed interpretation of hazardous properties, the test and measurement methods to be applied as well as the reference values to be used in evaluations are provided for in separate legal rules.




H1

'Explosive': solid, liquid, plastic or gelatinous substances and preparations which may also react exothermically without atmospheric oxygen thereby quickly evolving gases, and which, under defined test conditions, detonate, quickly deflagrate, or explode upon pressure or heating

H2

'Oxidizing': substances and preparations which exhibit highly exothermic reactions when in contact with other substances, particularly flammable substances

H3-A

'Flammable':- liquid substances and preparations having a low flash point (including extremely flammable substances and preparations)- substances and preparations which may catch fire in contact with air at ambient temperature- solid substances and preparations which may readily catch fire after brief contact with a source of ignition and which continue to burn or to be consumed after removal of the source of ignition- gaseous substances and preparations which are flammable in air at normal temperature and pressure- substances and preparations which, in contact with water or damp air, evolve flammable gases in dangerous quantities

H3-B

'Less flammable': liquid substances and preparations having a low flash point

H4

'Irritant': non-corrosive substances and preparations which, through immediate, prolonged or repeated contact with the skin or mucous membrane, can cause inflammation

H5

'Harmful': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may cause death or acute health risks

H6

'Toxic': substances and preparations (including very toxic substances and preparations) which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin even in small amounts may cause death or acute health risks

H7

'Carcinogenic': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin or mucous membrane, may induce cancer or increase its incidence

H8

'Corrosive': substances and preparations which may destroy living tissue on contact

H9

'Infectious': substances containing viable micro-organisms or their toxins which are known or reliably believed to cause disease in man or other living organisms

H10

'Toxic for reproduction and progeny development': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin or mucous membrane, may disturb, usually prohibit reproduction or cause morphological or functional defects in the progeny or increase their incidence

H11

'Mutagenic': substances and preparations which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin or mucous membrane, may induce genetic defects or increase their incidence

H12

Substances and preparations which release toxic or very toxic gases in contact with water, air or an acid

H13

Substances and preparations capable by any means, after disposal, of yielding another substance, e.g. a leachate, which possesses any of the characteristics listed above

H14

'Ecotoxic': substances and preparations which present immediate or delayed risks for one or more sectors of the environment or change the state, natural ecological balance or biodiversity of the environment Annex 3 to Act XLIII of 2000

Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2003


Iceland



Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

28.06.1995 (a)

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

-

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
-

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


Environmental and Food Agency of Iceland

P.O. Box 8080, Armuli 1a

IS-128 Reykjavík

Iceland


Telephone: (354) 585 10 00

Telefax: (354) 585 10 10

E-Mail: stefane@hollver.is

Website:


Environmental and Food Agency of Iceland

P.O. Box 8080, Armuli 1a

IS-128 Reykjavík

Iceland


Telephone: (354) 585 10 00

Telefax: (354) 585 10 10

E-Mail: stefane@hollver.is

Website:





National Definition

National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Iceland.

According to regulation no. 737/2003, on waste, wastes are substances or objects, which individuals or legal entities decide to or are required to dispose of in a certain manner, cf. Annex I to regulation no. 184/2002 on a list of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Iceland.

According to regulation no. 806/1999 amended with regulation no. 169/2002 on hazardous wastes, hazardous wastes are wastes marked with an asterisk * in Annex I of the regulation no. 184/2002 amended with regulation no. 428/2003, on a list of hazardous wastes and other wastes, and also other wastes which exhibit one or more properties listed in the Annex III to regulation No. 184/2002 amended with regulation no. 428/2003.


Iceland regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b.

National legislation, cf. regulation no. 184/2002 amended with regulation no. 428/2003, is in accordance with Commission Decisions 2000/532/EC, 2001/118/EC, 2001/119/EC and Council Decision 2001/573/EC.

In Iceland there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.




Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

Iceland is in a preparatory process of implementing the amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1).







Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery

Iceland restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.


The Regulation (EEC) 259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the EC (and EEA), has been in force since its implementation by regulation No. 377/1994.
All exports of waste for disposal are prohibited except to EFTA countries and Member States of the European Community (Regulation no. 377/1994, cf. Article 14 in Regulation 259/93/EEC).
Exports for recovery are prohibited except to countries to which the OECD decision applies, countries which are Parties to the Basel Convention and/or countries with which Iceland has concluded bilateral agreements (cf. Article 16 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93); and all exports of wastes to ACP States are prohibited. Hazardous wastes are only exported from Iceland to countries to which the OECD decision applies.





Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery

Iceland restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.


The Regulation (EEC) 259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the EC (and EEA), has been in force since its implementation by regulation No. 377/1994.
Imports of wastes for disposal are prohibited except from EFTA countries and Member States of the European Community, countries which are Parties to the Basel Convention or countries which Iceland has concluded bilateral agreements (cf. Article 19 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93).
Imports of waste for recovery are prohibited except from countries to which the OECD decision applies, countries which are Parties to the Basel Convention and/or countries which Iceland has concluded bilateral agreements (cf. Article 21 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93).





Restrictions on transit

Iceland restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


The Regulation (EEC) 259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the EC (and EEA), has been in force since its implementation by regulation No. 377/1994.
Notification to competent authorities is required (cf. Articles 12, 23 and 24 in Regulation (EEC) 259/93).




Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation

National strategies/policies

Production of hazardous wastes and other wastes shall be reduced as much as possible. Reuse and recovery shall be encouraged to reduce the amount of waste for disposal. The use of economic instruments shall be increased for achieving these goals. Certain activities are required to submit green accounts.







Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Act No. 7/1998, on hygiene and environmental control; Regulation No. 737/2003, on waste; Regulation No. 806/1999, amended with regulation no. 169/2002 on hazardous wastes; Regulation No. 809/1999, on waste oils; Regulation No. 609/1996 amended with regulation no. 682/1999, on packaging and packaging waste; and Regulation No. 785/1999 amended with regulation no. 849/2000 and no. 48/2001, on operating licenses for activities that can cause pollution, prescribes the use of best available techniques.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Implementation of environmental management systems.






Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

National strategies/policies

Management of wastes within the State is encouraged, but it is recognized that small quantities of hazardous wastes may make specialized installations uneconomic.







Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Act No. 7/1998, on hygiene and environmental control; Regulation No. 737/2003, on waste; Regulation No. 806/1999, amended with regulation no. 169/2002 on hazardous wastes; Regulation No. 809/1999, on waste oils; Regulation No. 609/1996 amended with regulation no. 682/1999, on packaging and packaging waste; and Regulation No. 785/1999 amended with regulation no. 849/2000 and no. 48/2001, on operating licenses for activities that can cause pollution, prescribes the use of best available techniques.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Implementation of environmental management systems.






Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

  • Sementsverksmiðjan hf. v/Mánabraut, IS-300 Akranes; Cement factory; D10

  • Efnamóttakan hf, Gufunes, IS-132 Reykjavík; D14, D15






Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities

  • Sementsverksmiðjan hf. v/Mánabraut, IS-300 Akranes; Cement factory; R1

  • Efnamóttakan hf, Gufunes, IS-132 Reykjavík; ; R13

  • Fura ehf., Markhellu 1, IS-220 Hafnarfjörður; ; R13

  • Hringrás ehf., Klettagörðum 9, IS-104 Reykjavík; ; R13

  • Sagaplast ehf, Réttarhvammi 3, IS-603 Akureyri; ; R13




Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

No agreements.






Technical Assistance and Training Available

  • Environment and Food Agency of Iceland, Suðurlandsbraut 24, IS-128, Reykjavík

  • Reykjavík Fire Brigade, Skógarhlíð 14, IS-101, Reykjavík




Yüklə 3,98 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   ...   117




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©muhaz.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə