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Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC

794,000

Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC



Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


794,000

Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)

1,670,000 1)

Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

78,241

Amount of other wastes exported

142,549 2)

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

100,851

Amount of other wastes imported

203,805




  1. Annex II wastes include only wastes collected from households (Y46).

  2. Amount refers to Y46.

Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2003


Pakistan



Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

26.07.1994 (a)

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

-

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
-

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


Joint Secretary and Director General (Environment), Ministry of Environment

Islamabad

Pakistan

Telephone: (92 51) 920 25 74

Telefax: (92 51) 920 22 11

E-Mail: ahameed1951@hotmail.com


Website:

Joint Secretary and Director General (Environment), Ministry of Environment

Islamabad

Pakistan

Telephone: (92 51) 920 25 74

Telefax: (92 51) 920 22 11

E-Mail: ahameed1951@hotmail.com

Website:





National Definition

National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Pakistan.

According to Section 2(xl) of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act – 1997, “waste” means any substance or object which has been, is being or is intended to be, discarded or disposed of, and includes liquid waste, solid waste, waste gases, suspended waste, industrial waste, agricultural waste, nuclear waste, municipal waste, hospital waste, used polyethylene bags and residues from the incineration of all types of waste.


National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Pakistan. The following is the definition of the hazardous wastes as described in Pakistan’s Environmental Protection Act 1997:
“Hazardous waste” means waste which is or which contains a hazardous substance or which may be prescribed as hazardous waste, and includes hospital waste and nuclear wastes;”
“Hazardous substance” means:

  1. substance or mixture of substance, other than a pesticide as defined in the Agriculture Pesticides Ordinance, 1971 (II of 1971), which, by reason of its chemical activity or toxic, explosive, flammable corrosive, radioactive or other characteristics causes, or is likely to cause, directly or in combination with other matters; an adverse environmental effect; and

  2. any substance which may be prescribed as hazardous substance.

In Pakistan there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.





Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been implemented in Pakistan.







Restrictions on export for final disposal

Pakistan restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.


Pakistan Environmental Protection Act - 1997
The restriction covers all countries.
According to Section 14 (Handling of Hazardous Substances) of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act – 1997 “subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall generate, collect, consign, transport, treat, dispose of, store, handle or import any hazardous substance except; (a) under a license issued by the Federal Agency and in such manner as may be prescribed; or (b) in accordance with the provisions of any other law for the time being in force, or of any international treaty, convention, protocol, code, standard, agreement or other instrument to which Pakistan is a party.”





Restrictions on export for recovery

Pakistan has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.







Restrictions on import for final disposal

Pakistan restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act – 1997 import Trade and Procedure Order – 2000


The restriction covers all countries.
According to section 13 of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act – 1997, “No person shall import hazardous waste into Pakistan and its territorial waters, Exclusive Economic Zone and historic water.” Import Trade and Procedure Order, 2000, inter-alia, also bans import of hazardous wastes as defined and classified in Basel Convention except where import is specifically authorized by the Federal Government. Pakistan has also prepared a national Profile on Chemical Management in Pakistan – 2000 to provide information on registered hazardous chemicals being imported or produced locally. In addition, the mechanism of Prior Informed Consent (PIC) is being strengthened to monitor inflow of hazardous substances into Pakistan in accordance with UNEP/London guidelines.





Restrictions on import for recovery

Pakistan restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.


Pakistan Environmental Protection Act – 1997 and Import, Trade and Procedure Order – 2000.
The restriction covers all countries.
1) According to section 13 of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act – 1997, “No person shall import hazardous waste into Pakistan and its territorial waters, Exclusive Economic Zone and historic water.

2) Import, Trade and Procedure Order, 2000, inter-alia, also bans import of hazardous wastes as defined and classified in Basel Convention except where import is specifically authorized by the Federal Government.

3) Pakistan has also prepared a national Profile on Chemical Management in Pakistan – 2000 to provide information on registered hazardous chemicals being imported or produced locally.

4) In addition, the mechanism of Prior Informed Consent (PIC) is being strengthened to monitor inflow of hazardous substances into Pakistan in accordance with UNEP/London guidelines.







Restrictions on transit

Pakistan has restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes. NOC from Ministry of Environment is required.






Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation


National strategies/policies

Implementation of National Conservation Strategy, National Environment Policy (NEP) and National Environmental Action Plan, National Cleaner Production Centres in various sector.


Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997; National Environmental Quality Standards (Self-Monitoring and Reporting by Industries Rules, 2001); Self-Monitoring and Reporting by Industries Rules, 2001-Amended; National Environmental Quality Standards (Environmental Laboratories Certification) Regulations, 2000; National Environmental Quality standards; S.R.O.549 (I)/2000; S.R.O.742 (I)/93; Environmental Samples Rules, 2001; Pakistan Biosafety Rules 2005; Provincial Sustainable Development Fund Board (procedure) Rules, 2001; The pollution Charge for Industry (Calculation and Collection) Rules, 2001; Environmental Tribunal Rules, 1999; Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review of IEE/EIA) Regulations;

Provincial Sustainable Development Fund (Utilization) Rules, 2003; Hazardous Substance Rules, 2003 (Draft); National Resettlement Policy, March 2002 (Draft); Project Implementation And Resettlement of Affected Persons Ordinance 2001; Hospital Waste Management Rules, 2005 and; National Biosafety Guidelines.






Economic instruments/ initiatives

The Government has reduced import duty on pollution abatement equipment from 30% to 10%.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Federation of Pakistan Chambers and Commerce has included environment services as one of its principal function and also established its Standing Committee on Environment.

A number of Industrial Sectors/units have established environment cells.

Pakistan Tanners Association contributed about 28% of the total cost of construction of Korangi Combined Effluent Treatment Plant in Karachi.

Tanneries Associations have contributed towards cost of construction of Kasur Tanneries Pollution Control Project.

Other industry-supported initiatives include Environmental Technology Program for Industry, National cleaner Production Center for fuels and Clean Production Program.

A number of hospitals have installed incinerators for disposal of infectious waste.





Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures


National strategies/policies

Formulation and implementation of National Conservation Strategy and National Environmental Action Plan.


Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Pakistan Environmental Protection Act-1997 and Import Trade procedure Order /05.






Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

Two wastes water treatment plants i.e. Kasur Tanneries Pollution Control projects are operational in Lahore and Karachi, respectively. A number of small hospitals are operating incinerators for incineration of hospital waste. An inventory of the same, however, does not exist.







Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities

A few industries have installed recovery plants especially for Chromium recovery. An inventory of such facilities, however, is not available.






Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

Male Declaration.






Technical Assistance and Training Available

Ministry of Environment, CDA Block 4, Near Old Naval Headquarters, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency, 44-E, Office Towers, Blue Area, Islamabad, Pakistan.




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