Memorandum



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Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC

1,209,930

Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC

129,000

Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


1,338,930

Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)

6,978,800 1)

Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

2) 3)

Amount of other wastes exported

Not reported

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

4)

Amount of other wastes imported

Not reported

1) Amount of waste collected from households.

2) In addition, 170,010 liters of Y6 were exported.

3) Permissions were granted to export 154,969 metric tons of wastes. It does not reflect the actual amount of wastes exported. Data on the exact amount of waste exported is not available.

4) Permissions were granted to import 123,000 metric tons of wastes. It does not reflect the actual amount of wastes imported. Data on the exact amount of waste imported is not available.


Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2002


Portugal



Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

26.01.1994

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

30.10.2000

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
-

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


Instituto dos Resíduos

Av. Almirante Gago Coutinho, No. 30, 5 Piso

1000-017 Lisboa

Portugal


Telephone: (351 21) 842 40 00

Telefax: (351 21) 842 40 99/29

E-Mail: inr@inresiduos.pt or               apires@inresiduos.pt or               lurdes.carreira@inresiduos.pt

Website:


Instituto dos Resíduos

Av. Almirante Gago Coutinho, No. 30, 5 Piso, 1000-017 Lisboa

Portugal

Telephone: (351 21) 842 40 00

Telefax: (351 21) 842 40 99/29

E-Mail: inr@inresiduos.pt or               apires@inresiduos.pt or               lurdes.carreira@inresiduos.pt

Website:





National Definition

National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Portugal.

According to the Waste Act (Decree-Law 239/97 of 9 September 1997) waste is any substance or object that the holder discards or intends to or is required to discard, in accordance with Council Directive 75/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 on waste, as amended, and Commission Decision 2000/532/EC of 3 May 2000 replacing Decision 94/3/EC establishing a list of wastes, amended by Commission Decision 2001/118/EC of 16 January 2001, Commission Decision 2001/119/EC of 22 January 2001 and by Council Decision 2001/573/EC of 23 July 2001, entering into force on 1 January 2002.


National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Portugal.

According to the Waste Act (Decree-Law 239/97 of 9 September 1997), hazardous waste means waste which exhibits characteristics which can be harmful to health or the environment in accordance with Council Directive 91/689/EEC of 12 December 1991 on hazardous waste and the European Union List of Wastes.


Portugal regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b.

The wastes subject to control procedure are defined by the Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European Community. Any waste is subject to a control procedure in case of a transboundary movement destined for final disposal. All wastes destined for recovery within the OECD area have to be notified, except those listed in Annex II of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93 (identical to OECD green list of wastes).


Portugal requires special consideration for the following waste(s) when subjected to transboundary movement:

Wastes that are not listed in Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93.





Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been implemented in Portugal.

Council Regulation (EC) No 120/97 amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 implements the amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1). Portugal ratified Decision III/1 on 30 November 2000 (Aviso no 229/99, from 7 December 1999).





Restrictions on export for final disposal

Portugal restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.


Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93, which entered into force in May 1994.
The export of waste (hazardous and non hazardous) for final disposal outside the European Community is prohibited, except to those EFTA countries that are also parties to the Basel Convention. Thus, in order to implement the principles of proximity and self-sufficiency at national level, the export of waste for final disposal can be restricted.





Restrictions on export for recovery

Portugal restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.


Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 of 1 February 1993 as amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 120/97 of 20 January 1997, Commission Regulation (CE) 2408/98 of 6 November 1998 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 2557/2001 of 28 December 2001, which entered into force on 1 January 2002.
It is prohibited to export the waste listed in Annex V of Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 for recovery into all countries to which the OECD Council Decision C92(39)FINAL, as revised, does not apply. Annex V contains: (i) wastes listed in Annex VIII of the Basel Convention, (ii) wastes included in the OECD Amber list and (iii) Red waste lists and wastes included in the European Hazardous Waste List.





Restrictions on import for final disposal

Portugal restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal. Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93, which entered into force in May 1994.


It is prohibited to import wastes for final disposal from non-Parties to the Basel Convention, except from countries with which bilateral agreements exist.





Restrictions on import for recovery

Portugal restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.


Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93, which entered into force in May 1994.
It is prohibited to import wastes for recovery from non-Parties to the Basel Convention, except from OECD countries and countries with which bilateral agreements exist.





Restrictions on transit

Portugal restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


Council Regulation (EEC) No. 259/93.
The transit must be notified and can be objected.




Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation


National strategies/policies

According to article 5 of the national framework law on waste management, Decree-Law n.º 239/97, of 9 September 1997, the implementation of the “National Plan on Waste Management” should be supported by sector-based plans. In this context, the following plans have been drawn up and approved:

- Strategic Plan on Municipal Solid Waste, concerning the period 1998 – 2010, approved by the Government and published in July 1997. In 1999, a new print of the document was produced;

- Action Plan on Municipal Waste, approved in 2000, concerning the period 2000-2006;

- Strategic Plan on Industrial Waste, concerning the period 2000-2020, published in December 1999; its revision was published in April 2002;

- National Plan on Industrial Waste Prevention, approved in September 2000, concerning the period 2000 - 2015;

- Strategic Plan on Health Care Waste, concerning the period 2000 – 2005, approved by the Ministry for Health and the Ministry for the Environment in June 1999;

- Strategic Plan on Agricultural Waste (preliminary version presented in June 1999).


All the Strategic Plans referred above set the principle of environmental sound management of waste and take the hierarchy of waste management priorities into account, aiming at the prevention, recycling, recovery and safe disposal of waste. The plans put a strong emphasis on waste minimization and on information and education campaigns.
The revised Strategic Plan on Industrial Waste stresses, namely, the inventory of wastes and the most appropriate treatment for each industrial waste, from the environment and public health point of view. It also focuses on of the consolidation of the prevention strategy as approved in National Plan on Industrial Waste Prevention.





Legislation, regulations and guidelines

The Waste Act (Decree-Law 239/97 of 9 September 1997) introduces the general obligation to prevent waste generation and to reduce its quantity and hazard potential. There is also specific legislation regarding the environmental sound management of special waste flows.

In order to accomplish the rules that were established in the national framework and specific laws on waste management, the producer responsibility principle is being implemented by the creation of integrated management systems for special waste flows, ensuring the proper intervention of the stakeholders which are involved during the life cycle of the product.

By the end of 2002 there were integrated management systems in operation regarding packaging waste, medicine packaging waste and medicine remains, used tires and used batteries and accumulators.







Economic instruments/ initiatives

The European Union Funds, such as LIFE program.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

- Voluntary agreement with several industry sectors on environmental improvement, namely on waste management;

- Voluntary agreement on the treatment of end-of-life vehicles, from June 1999;

- Constitution of entities responsible for the integrated management of special waste flows, as indicated in 5(ii); in 2002, 2 licences were granted by the Administration to the entities responsible for the integrated management systems of used tyres and used batteries and accumulators, respectively;

- Several enterprises adopted their own management systems, in accordance with ISO 14001 and the European Community Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) and Ecolabel.





Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

National strategies/policies

The Strategies referred to in 5(i) take the principles of proximity and self-sufficiency at national level into account.

Great effort has been given to the enforcement of the general and specific legislation and to the application of the waste management strategic plans, namely by the construction of new waste management facilities in the country as well as an evaluation and retrofitting of existing units as appropriate. This was done namely for municipal solid waste, clinical waste, hazardous wastes, wastes from electric and electronic equipment, metals, solvents, oils, waste containing precious metals, tyres, plastics, glass and paper and cardboard.

Regarding special waste flows, two licences have been granted, in October 2002, to the entities responsible for the integrated management of used tyres and used batteries and accumulators, respectively.

By the end of 2002 there were several landfills for non-hazardous industrial waste under construction.





Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93.







Economic instruments/ initiatives

European Union funds, such as PEDIP and POA.






Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

There are several facilities licensed to waste management operations.
A complete list of the facilities could be obtained from the Focal Point.




Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

Multilateral agreement; OECD Council Decision C(2001)107 FINAL of 14 June 2001 concerning the revision of OECD Council Decision C(92)39/FINAL of 30 March 1992 on the control of transboundary movement of wastes destined for recovery operations; OECD Member Countries; 14.06.2001 -




Technical Assistance and Training Available

  • Instituto dos Resíduos

  • Inspecção-Geral do Ambiente, Rua de “O Século”, 51, 1200-433 Lisbon

  • Instituto Nacional de Engenharia, Tecnologia e Inovação, Estrada do Paço do Lumiar, 1649-038 Lisbon

  • Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, 1049-001 Lisbon

  • Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Quinta da Torre, 2829-516 Caparica

A complete list of institutions could be obtained from the Focal Point.




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