Memorandum



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Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC

67,101

Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC



Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


67,101

Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)

1)

Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

14,371

Amount of other wastes exported

320

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

23,188

Amount of other wastes imported

0

1) Not provided due to problems in interpreting the data.



Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2003


South Africa



Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

05.05.1994 (a)

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

-

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
-

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


The Director General

Chief Directorate: Pollution Control and Waste Management, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

Private Bag X447, Pretoria 0001

South Africa

Telephone: (27 12) 310 39 11 or 310 35 27

Telefax: (27 12) 322 26 82 or 320 00 24

E-Mail: gmvuma@deat.gov.za

Website:


The Director General

Chief Directorate: Pollution Control and Waste Management, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

Private Bag X447, Pretoria 0001

South Africa

Telephone: (27 12) 310 39 11 or 310 35 27

Telefax: (27 12) 322 26 82 or 320 00 24

E-Mail: gmvuma@deat.gov.za

Website:





National Definition

National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in South Africa.

The Environment Conservation Act, (Act no. 73 of 1989) defines waste as any matter, whether gaseous, liquid or solid or any combination thereof, which is from time to time designated by the Minister by notice in the Gazette as undesirable or superfluous by-product, emission, residue or reminder of any process or activity.


National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in South Africa.

The Minimum Requirements for Handling, Classification and Disposal of Hazardous Waste defines hazardous waste as waste that has a potential, even in low concentrations, to have significant adverse effect on public health and the environment because of its inherent toxicological, chemical and physical characteristics.


There are no wastes defined as, or considered to be hazardous wastes by national legislation in accordance with Art. 1, para 1(b) of the Basel Convention.
South Africa requires special consideration for the following waste(s) when subjected to transboundary movement: Radioactive waste and mining waste.



Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has been implemented in South Africa.

Although South Africa has not ratified the Ban Amendment, it does not accept any wastes from Annex VII countries except those wastes that are listed under List B of Annex IX (for example metal bearing wastes) for Annex IV B purposes. South Africa also allows transit of wastes from Annex VII countries.





Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery

South Africa has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.







Restrictions on import for final disposal and for recovery

South Africa restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.


There is no national legislation regarding this matter and the restriction is in accordance with the Basel Convention.
As a developing country, South Africa cannot import hazardous waste from a developed country.
South Africa does accept waste for disposal from other African countries if the necessary facilities to dispose of it exist in the country.





Restrictions on transit

South Africa restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


There is no national legislation regarding this matter and the restriction is in accordance with the Basel Convention.
South Africa allows transit of wastes from some OECD countries, but the said wastes are controlled in terms of article 6 of the Convention.




Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation


National strategies/policies

The National Waste Management Strategy has set in motion a process that will significantly transform the current approach to waste management in South Africa. In particular, it will result in:

(1) Improved delivery of basic waste management services to a large section of the population who currently receive inadequate or no waste management; (2) A shift in emphasis away from end-of-pipe treatment to pollution prevention and waste minimization (as part of more general shift towards cleaner production practices); life cycle approach/cradle-to-grave approach (3) Reduced risks to human health and the environment from improved waste management practices; and (4) More effective integration of waste management across all environmental media (land, water and air), through the adoption of a more effective integrated approach to legislation and institutional structures.

Industry is compelled by law to prepare hazardous waste management plans. Government will be introducing the Manifest System that will compel generators, transporters and disposers of waste to report annually on amounts and types of waste they handle. The draft waste bill has a section on hazardous waste management.







Legislation, regulations and guidelines

South Africa adopted the Polokwane Declaration that is targeting zero waste by 2020 and this will include waste minimization techniques.







Economic instruments/ initiatives

As part of achieving zero waste economic instrument will play a role in terms of product liability and other related strategies. Hazardous waste is very costly and this forces companies to reduce waste generation therefore this is mainly driven by the market forces.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Some of South African industries are members of “The Responsible Care Initiative” that puts emphasis on cleaner production. Growing industry associations where there is sharing of information/expertise in waste reduction.







Others

Training courses offered to industry’s middle management by the Basel Convention Regional Centre, Pretoria on the above and Environmental Sound Management of hazardous waste.






Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

National strategies/policies

Preventative measures - The National Waste Management Strategy encourages industries to avoid generation of waste. Recycling industries will be receiving incentives from the government according to the new draft Waste Bill. We also have the following initiatives: Cleaner Production initiative; and Responsible Care initiative (currently managed by industry).







Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Environment Conservation Act (Act 73 of 1989); National Environment Management Act (Act 107 of 1998) and Draft Waste Bill (in preparation).







Economic instruments/ initiatives

Responsible care, product stewardship, extended producer liability; ISO 14000 accreditation; and Government cooperative agreement with industry to assist in acquiring the right technology for the reduction and minimization if emissions, thereby promoting cleaner production.







Measures taken by industries/waste generators

Cleaner production center has been established as is located at the CSIR;

minimization; and recycling.





Others

Training courses offered to industry’s middle management by the Basel Convention Regional Centre, Pretoria on the above and Environmental Sound Management of hazardous waste.






Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

  • AEC CaF2; Class H:H- hazardous waste with hazard ratings I-IV. It is located in the North West Region;

  • AECI Umbogintwini; Class H:H hazardous waste with hazard ratings I-IV. It is located in the KwaZulu Natal Region;

  • Aloes I (Port Elizabeth); Class H: H-hazardous waste with hazard ratings I-IV. It is located in the Eastern Cape Region;

  • Aloes II; Class H: H-hazardous waste with hazard ratings I-IV. It is located in the Eastern Cape Region;

  • Aloes Temporary Leachate Lagoon; Class H: H-hazardous waste with hazard ratings I-IV. It is located in the Eastern Cape Region;

A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.


Information could be obtained from:

Mr Leon Bredenhan, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Private Bag X – 313, Pretoria, 0001.Tel: (27-12) 336-8422

This function has been transferred to Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism under section 20 of Environment Conservation Act (Act 73 of 1989).





Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities

  • Fry’s Metals (Pty) Ltd, P O Box 519, Germiston, 1400; R4

  • Collect-A-Can (Pty)Ltd, P O Box 30500, Kyalami, 1684; ;

  • FFS Refineries, P O Box 36979, Chempet, 7442;

  • FFS Refiners (Pty) Ltd, P O Box 25102, Sea View, 4072;

  • Nampak Polycyclers, P O Box 356, Olifantsfontein, 1665;

A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.






Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

No agreements.






Technical Assistance and Training Available

  • Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

  • Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

  • Potchefstroom University

  • Other Universities that offer courses

  • Institute of Waste Management

A complete list could be obtained from the Focal Point.




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