Ministry of public service, youth and gender affairs kenya youth employment and opportunities project vulnerable and marginalized groups framework


VULNERABLE AND MARGINALISED PEOPLES IN KENYA



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VULNERABLE AND MARGINALISED PEOPLES IN KENYA


In Kenya, the peoples who identify with the indigenous movement are mainly pastoralists and hunter- gatherers as well as a number of small farming and fishing communities. Pastoralists are estimated to comprise 25% of the national population, while the largest individual community of hunter gatherers numbers approximately 30,000.
Pastoralists mostly occupy the arid and semi-arid lands of northern Kenya and towards the border between Kenya and Tanzania in the south. Hunter-gatherers include the Sengwer, Ogiek, Yaaku, Waata, El Molo, Malakote, Wagoshi and Sanya, while pastoralists include the Turkana, Rendille, Borana, Maasai, Samburu, Ilchamus, Somali, Gabra, Pokot, Endorois and others. They all face land and resource tenure insecurity, poor service delivery, poor political representation, discrimination and exclusion. Their situation seems to get worse each year, with increasing competition for resources in their areas.

Table 1. List of Vulnerable and Marginalized Groups as per the New Kenyan Constitution;

Source: ERMIS Africa Ethnographic Survey of Marginalized Groups, 2005-2012

Name

Other Names Usually derogatory

Estimated Population29

Livelihood30

Administrative Location Counties31

1. Sengwer



50,000

HG/Farmers

Trans-Nzoia; Uasin-Gishu; West Pokot; Keiyo-Marakwet

2. Ogiek

Dorobo

40,000

HG/Farmers

Nakuru; Baringo; Uasin Gishu; Bomet; Kericho; Narok; Nandi

3. Waatha

Wasanye

13,000

HG/Farmers

Kwale; Tana River; Marsabit, Kilifi

4. Aweer

Boni

7,000

HG

Lamu, Tana River

5. Yiaaku

Dorobo

4,000

HG/Farmers

Laikipia

6. El Molo




2,900

Fishing

Marsabit, Samburu

7. Ilchamus




33,000

Fishing/Farmers/ Livestock Keeper

Baringo

8. Endorois

Dorobo

60,000

Fishing/Farmers/ Livestock Keeper

Baringo, Laikipia

9. Borana




136,936

Pastoralists

Marsabit, Wajir

10. Gabra




31,000

Pastoralists

Marsabit, Samburu

11. Rendille




62,000

Pastoralists

Marsabit, Samburu

12. Turkana




1,008,463

Pastoralists

Turkana, Baringo, Laikipia

13. Pokot




62,000

Pastoralists

West Pokot /Baringo

14. Maasai




666,000

Pastoralists

Narok, Kajiado


Distribution of the Vulnerable and Marginalized Peoples in Kenya


A detailed description of the VMGs is contained in annex 2 of the report.




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