Iconic pictures showing different countries… UK, Italy, France, America
Exercise worksheet (converting Past Simple to Present Perfect)
White board + Pens
Key: TTT = Teacher Talk Time STT = Student Talk Time
Warm Up / Lead-In Start the lesson by showing some pictures of different places, for example, the UK, Italy, France. Ask the students if they know what these places are. Put the picture on the board and write under it. Ask the students if they have ever been to these places before. Get the students to name some other places or countries they have been to, write them on the board. Ask what they liked about these places, what they did, what they saw. Write these down to use later on in the lesson. Encourage them to get involved in the lesson, show interest and getting some STT. (5 minutes)
TTT 50% / STT 50%
Talk about one of the places, “I have been to Italy”. To help explain the meaning of the tense draw a timeline on the board, for example, [Past]______[Now]______[Future]. Using the timeline, show that the action happened sometime in the past. Explain that no indication is given to when it happened and therefore we use the Present Perfect.
Get students to mark on the timeline to check they understand what is being taught.
Next, change the statement slightly “I went to Italy last year”. Explain that by adding “last year” to the sentence it indicates a time in the past when it happened and therefore becomes a Past Simple statement.
Drill in the meaning that the Perfect Present is used when there is no time/date indication. Get students to say out the sentence. (15 minutes)
TTT 80% / STT 20%
Give the students a worksheet that has 6 Past Simple statements on it. Explain the activity that they must convert these sentences to the Present Perfect. To make sure the students understand ask them as a class to do the first one. For example, “I saw the Colosseum when I was in Italy last year” (Past Simple) becomes “I have seen the Colosseum in Italy” (5 minutes)
Next go around class and getting the students talking about there past experiences again, this time using the Present Perfect tense. Ask, “Where have you been?” student answers “I have been to London” Go through this I few times drilling the target language. Alternate the questions slightly by asking, “Where has (Student Name) been?” “He/She/Name has been to Spain” (10 minutes)
TTT 40% / STT 60%
Using the list of places given at the start of the lesson, give out a place to each student (not their own experience). They must then stand up in front of class and give three statement about that place without given the name, all using the Present Perfect. For example, a student may say, “I have eaten pizza” “I have been on a Gondola Ride” “I have visited Saint Mark’s Square”. The rest of the class will have to guess where they have been; in this case the response would be “have you been to Venice?” “Yes”. Whoever is first to guess correct is next to go.
Finish the lesson by giving the students feedback on the activity, explain any mistakes and give the correct TL. (15 minutes)
TTT 10% / STT 90%
Students must write down and be ready to present/discuss with the class experiences they have had, this time focusing on their interests out of school. Each student will present this during the next lesson.