Sa esa profiles June 2012

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South Australia 2

South Australia 2

Refer to Appendix G for a detailed map of manufacturing and industrial developments. (Note: Map includes a proposed pulp mill at Penola, which has subsequently been scrapped due to lack of funding.) 6

Adelaide Hills ESA 7

Adelaide Hills ESA 7

Eastern Adelaide ESA 19

Eastern Adelaide ESA 19

Fleurieu/Kangaroo Island ESA 35

Fleurieu/Kangaroo Island ESA 35

Gawler ESA 46

Gawler ESA 46

Kadina/Clare ESA 57

Kadina/Clare ESA 57

Murraylands ESA 69

Murraylands ESA 69

North Country ESA 81

North Country ESA 81

Northern Adelaide ESA 96

Northern Adelaide ESA 96

Port Lincoln/Ceduna ESA 112

Port Lincoln/Ceduna ESA 112

Port Pirie ESA 127

Port Pirie ESA 127

Riverland ESA 139

Riverland ESA 139

South East ESA 151

South East ESA 151

Southern Adelaide ESA 165

Southern Adelaide ESA 165

Western Adelaide ESA 179

Western Adelaide ESA 179

Appendix A: Map of SA Minerals and Energy Developments 197

Appendix B: Map of Major SA Urban Developments 198

Appendix C: Map of Major SA Defence Developments 199

Appendix D: Map of Major SA Infrastructure Developments 200

Appendix E: Map of Major SA Education, Health and Other Services Developments 201

Appendix F: Map of Major SA Water Management Developments 202

Appendix G: Map of Major SA Manufacturing and Industrial Developments 203

Disclaimer: The contents of this report are based on information available at the time of compilation. Over time, the reliability of the data and information may diminish. The Commonwealth, its officers, employees and agents do not accept responsibility for any inaccuracies contained in the report or for any negligence in the compilation of the report and disclaim liability for any loss suffered by any person arising from the use of this report.

South Australia

Population Characteristics

In June 2011, South Australia’s estimated resident population (ERP) was 1,656,299 persons, representing a 0.8 per cent increase compared to a year earlier – the slowest rate of population growth for six years. SA’s population increased by 5.6 per cent over the five years to June. Nationally, population increased 1.4 per cent over the year to June 2011, and by 9.3 per cent over the past five years. (Source: ABS Catalogue 3218.0, Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2010-11.)
ABS Census data show that there were 30,413 indigenous persons living in the State in August 2011 (compared to 25,569 in 2006) which represented 1.9% of the State’s total population or 5.6% of the National indigenous population.

Labour Market – South Australia

Labour Force Status








Unemployment Rate




Labour Force




Source: DEEWR Small Area Labour Markets

Indigenous Labour Force Data

Labour Force Status

South Australia





Labour Force


Unemployment Rate


Participation Rate


Source: ABS 2006 Census. *Includes 637 CDEP Participants.

Centrelink Working Age Customer Population (includes CDEP & customers on zero allowances)

Payment Type






Mar 2011






Dec 2011






Mar 2012






Value of Building Approvals ($ ‘000)

Building Type

12 Months to April 2011

12 Months to April 2012







Total Buildings



Source: SA LEO estimates based on SA Building Approvals by SLAs, ABS Cat. No. 8731.0 (Datacube)

South Australian Major Developments 2011-2012 – Government of South Australia
The following information has been extracted from the South Australian Major Developments Directory 2011-12 and is published by the Government of South Australia. The complete document can be found at
The South Australian Major Developments Directory 2011-12 lists major developments either underway or planned for South Australia that are valued at $5 million or more. The current directory lists projects with a total value of $109 billion, a significant increase compared to the $80 billion of developments listed in the 2010-11 directory. Developments are divided into seven areas: Minerals and Energy; Urban Development; Defence; Infrastructure; Health, Education and Other Services; Water Management; and Manufacturing and Industrial Development. A summary of developments in each of these areas relevant to the ESA profile follows:
Minerals and Energy

  • Companies have spent more than $1.55 billion on mineral exploration since July 2002, including $255 million in 2010-11. Their activity has provided evidence of world-class deposits of copper, gold, uranium, heavy mineral sands, iron ore, zinc and lead.

  • The mineral resources sector includes 18 approved major mines in operation or under construction. There are about 30 advanced mineral projects, a number of which have initiated feasibility studies and mining proposals.

  • Mineral production sales figures have continued to increase steadily, reaching $3.1 billion in 2009 and $4.0 billion during the 2010 calendar year.

  • Mineral exports totalling $4 billion accounted for more than one third (36 per cent) of South Australia’s exports – valued at $11.2 billion – in 2010-11.

  • In addition to its mineral reserves, South Australia has a mix of renewable energy resources, including inland and coastal wind resources capable of being accessed from uninhabited and semi-inhabited land, and solar capacity outstanding in world terms.

  • South Australia leads the country for geothermal energy projects, with 25 companies applying for 211 Geothermal Exploration Licences, which represent 55 per cent of all Australian geothermal licences and applications. The state attracted 86 per cent ($581 million) of national geothermal investment between 2002 and 2010.

  • Refer to Appendix A for a map detailing major mineral and energy developments.

Urban Development

  • The 30-Year Plan for Greater Adelaide is a major component of the state’s Planning Strategy, and establishes targets for an additional 560,000 people, construction of more than 250,000 dwellings and the creation of 282,000 jobs. Economic growth of $128 billion is predicted across Greater Adelaide over the next 30 years.

  • About half of the new dwellings outlined in the 30-Year Plan will come from infill, and much of this is for medium-density, mixed-use communities along transport corridors. The Plan plays a significant part in preventing urban encroachment into productive agricultural land.

  • Projects that support the Plan will 1) expand opportunities in the construction sector to reduce waste and increase the capacity to deliver affordable and sustainable housing; 2) require or develop new skills in the design, planning and development of a sustainable built environment; and 3) promote knowledge-intensive, high value creation industries.

  • Refer to Appendix B for a map detailing major urban developments.


  • South Australia has a successful track record of winning and delivering major defence and security projects.

  • Significant projects currently underway in South Australia include: the $8 billion Air Warfare Destroyer build contract; the $1 billion AP-3C Orion aircraft maintenance and upgrade contract; the multi-billion dollar through-life support contract for Collins class submarines; the $1 billion Customs Project Sentinel contract (the world’s largest fixed-wing civil maritime surveillance program); and the 7RAR Battle Group, which began operating at RAAF Base Edinburgh in January 2011, but with further expansion out to 2014.

  • The Commonwealth Government has committed to assembling Australia’s next-generation submarines in Adelaide, providing significant benefits to the South Australian economy over the longer term.

  • Defence industry activity hubs include the Techport Australia naval shipbuilding, systems and sustainment facility at Osborne; defence electronics, systems development and integration businesses located at Technology Park; and the Edinburgh Defence Precinct.

  • The South Australian Government has updated its Strategic Plan defence targets to increase employment to 37,000 by 2020 (from 28,000 by 2013) and lifting the defence industry annual contribution to the economy to $2.5 billion by 2020 (from $2 billion in 2013).

  • Refer to Appendix C for a detailed map of defence developments.


  • The South Australian Government, in conjunction with the Australian Government, has committed $2.6 billion over 10 years to improve SA’s public transport system through the electrification and expansion of light and heavy rail, greater accessibility for the disabled and a new smartcard ticketing system.

  • In addition, approximately $1.35 billion will be spent on capital works and maintenance to upgrade the state’s roads and improve road safety. When combined with Australian Government funding, the total roads program is valued at $1.97 billion.

  • A key feature of the roads program is the ongoing development of Adelaide’s north-south transport corridor, stretching from Gawler in the north to Old Noarlunga in the south – a distance of about 77 km.

  • Construction has commenced on the $842.8 million South Road Superway – a 4.8 km non-stop corridor that includes a 2.8 km elevated roadway. The Superway is expected to open in late 2013.

  • The South Australian Government is also investing billions of dollars to upgrade a wide range of infrastructure, including hospitals, schools, and completion of a desalination plant to ensure water security.

  • Refer to Appendix D for a detailed map of infrastructure developments.

Health, Education and Other Services

  • South Australia’s Health Care Plan 2007-16 includes investment in major city and country hospitals and plans for as many as 10 GP Plus Health Care Centres in the metropolitan area and two in regional centres.

  • The South Australian Government’s commitment to best-practice treatment and care includes its decision to build the new Royal Adelaide Hospital – providing 800 beds, operating theatres, intensive-care beds and emergency services. The hospital is scheduled for completion in 2016.

  • Adjacent to the new RAH will be the purpose built $200 million SA Health and Medical Research Institute.

  • Health-related investment will also be boosted in regional areas, with upgrades to the Berri, Port Lincoln and Mount Gambier hospitals; a new dental clinic at Wallaroo; and improved cancer treatment facilities at the Whyalla and Lyell McEwin hospitals and in a number of regional towns.

  • South Australia’s mental health services are being revitalised through a $127 million redevelopment of the Glenside Campus. Construction of new health facilities will be completed in late 2012.

  • In addition to health funding, the South Australian Government has invested more than $1 billion to improve school infrastructure across the state in the past nine years. New children’s centres integrating education, health, family and community services for young children are being built, and new Aboriginal children and family centres are being established in four locations around SA.

  • Refer to Appendix E for a detailed map of education, health and other services developments.

Water Management

  • South Australia is the driest state in the world’s driest inhabited continent and requires innovative ways in using water and planning for future requirements.

  • South Australia is emerging as a world-class, export-oriented hub of water technology and has services that lead Australia in stormwater capture and reuse, irrigation practices and wastewater recycling.

  • The State’s Water for Good plan includes a $150 million investment in stormwater harvesting and reuse, with eight current projects designed to boost stormwater capture and reuse from six billion litres to more than 20 billion litres by 2013. The plan also aims for the recycling of 45 per cent of urban wastewater by 2013 – up from the current 30 per cent.

  • The $1.83 billion Adelaide Desalination Project, which will deliver up to 100 billion litres of water each year, will be completed by the end of 2012. In addition, the $403 million North South Interconnection System Project – also due for completion in late 2012 – includes major works to connect and boost the city’s supply networks.

  • The $610 million Murray Futures program supports activity to protect and secure the future of the River Murray in South Australia, including the $98 million Riverine Recovery Project which will provide infrastructure to manage wetlands and floodplains while saving water for other environmental targets.

  • South Australia has a Water Industry Alliance comprising around 200 organisations from across the state’s water industry. Alliance members have increased annual exports of South Australian water technology products and water management services from $25 million to $511 million over the past 11 years, with accumulated exports of about $3 billion.

  • Refer to Appendix F for a detailed map of water management developments.

Manufacturing and Industrial Development

  • South Australia has a long tradition of manufacturing, which has been a major contributor to the state’s economy since the mid 20th century.

  • The South Australian Government is developing a Manufacturing Strategy to enhance manufacturing’s capacity to meet local and global demands.

  • South Australia’s manufacturing capabilities and emerging technologies include:

    • Environmental and cleantech

    • Automation and systems integration

    • Design and engineering

    • Fabrication, casting and machining

    • Minerals processing

    • Electronics and ICT

    • Materials sciences and nanotechnology

    • Biotechnology and medical

  • These capabilities and their application across a variety of South Australia’s areas of industrial expertise will be showcased at Tonsley Park, a 61-hectare site in Adelaide’s south that is being redeveloped as a hub of sustainable technologies.

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