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eanique ob causam, niehoreni actione. Rcspondeo, nie ne-

gare consequentiam. Quia major loquitur de causa tota et

perfecta. Minor vero de parte causae. Voluntas enim con-

juncta animi habitu est causa actionis, non solus habitus.

His ergo rationibus, in banc sententiam pedibus eo, quod

actio virtutis sit melior et laudabilior habitu. Dixi.


XIV.
Another declamation of King Edward., June the 30th, 1549,
upon this question. Whether the foreknowledge of things
be profitable to the life of man.
An prcescientia rerum sit utilis.
Omnes philosophi et oratores, quanquam in multis re-

bus dissentiebant, tamen hoc omnes concluserunt, homincm

differre a caeteris animantibus. Quia est particeps rationis.

Aninmm enim ca^terorum animalium dicebant solum in se

habere afFectus rapidos, et expertes rationis ac intelligentiae :

hujus vero animum non solum afFectuum rapidorum partici-

pem, sed etiam rationis: in qua omnis scientia continetur.

Eas vero res quae consistebant in parte experte rationis,

nulla laude dignas putabant. Contra vero eas virtutes et

scientias quae erant in jiarte participe rationis, omni laude

efferendas, judicabant.
Quare cum sit haec quaestio nobis proposita, Utrum pnr-

scientia rerum futurarum sit utilis ad vitam, ego quidem in-

telligens, quod pra^scientia sit quaedam res consistens in ilia

parte animi quam vocant participom rationis, videlicet mente,

puto et aestimo utilem ad vitam.
Omnia enim honcsta et bona utilia sunt. Rccte enim dic-

tum est a Cicerone illo sapientissimo philosopho et oratore,

quod (ymnia utilia sunt honesta ; sed praescientia rerum fu-

OF ORIGINALS. 517


turarum non est inhonesta. Quapropter honesta. Ex hac

ratione recte et argute spectata licet intelligere, quod prae-

scientia rerum futurarum sit utilis ad vitam. Omnis enim

notitia et cos-nitio rerum est utilis, bona et honesta. Sed re-

rum prsescientia, seu prsecognitio est intellectus, notitia aut

cognitio. Quare praescientia rerum est utilis.


Videmus quidem in universitate rerum multa futura, qua?

nisi praescirentur, omnes male suum tempus in otio et tran-

quillitate, non in labore consumerent. Si enim servus non

prsesciret iram sui domini, nisi et sibi commissa servaret, et

mandatis pareret, certe nunquam suo domino obediret, et I7I

pareret : sed totam vitam suam in otio et stultitia, et ilia

mala libertate et licentia tereret.
Nos omnes, qui sumus servi Dei, et filii sui Jesu Christi,

nisi cognosceremus sibi displicere nostra peccata, in vitiorum

cumulo et mole permaneremus. Nunc autem animi ejus

iram pi-aesciamus, cum ejus vindictam intelligamus, et ejus

minas praecognoscamus, primum veremur, ne si peccaremus,

et vitiis potius faveremus, quam virtuti, in hoc mundo nos

affligat, prematque molestiis, et ludibrio exponat. Deinde,

si malefaciamus, perterrefimus hac cogitatione, Deum nos in

aeternum ignem conjecturum, videlicet, in infernum, locum

omnis supplieii et poenae ; ubi erit gemitus et stridor den-

tium. Contra vero si beneficiamus, et recte vitam in hoc

mundo degamus, tum scimus Deum nos fortunaturum in

nostris actionibus, ut fortunavit Abrahamum, Josephum, et

Jacobum, qui erant patriarchae ; et omnes illos qui erant in

coetu et ecclesia ejus.
Adhaec, vitam aeternam expectamus, et gaudium solatium-

que in Deo. Utile quidem est, cognoscere nos morituros in

hoc, ut nos praeparemus ad mortem. Utile, prasscire tempus

fluctus et refluctus maris, ut nos paremus ad navigationem.

Utile est, praecognoscere tempus seminandi et arandi, ut

paremus aratrum et semen. Hfec omnia praescire est utile

ad colendam vitam. Si eniiu praesciremus nihil, ad nihilum

nos paratos redderemus. Ilia vero quae subito sine delibera-

tione et paratione rerum fiant, nunquam, aut paucissimis

temporibus, recte fiant.


518 A REPOSITORY OF ORIGINALS.


Quamobrem praescientia rerum est utilis, bona, et honesta.

Videmus cnim ct intelliginius multos, et philosophos, et viros

hoc tempore sane eruditos censere, quod placatio animl sit

felicitas, seu summum bonum. Quicquid adjuvat ad placa-

tionem animi est bonum, honestum et utile. Quid vero pot-

est esse dulcius, quid placatius, quid suavius, qxiod admo-

veatur animo, quara praescientia rerum futurarum.? JEi'go?

est utilis ad vitam humanam. Humana enim mens oblita

quaerit, et inventa semper mandat memoriae. Nunquam de-

sinet laborare, nunquam otiatur, nunquam quietem patitur.

Semper agit, semper laborat, semper cogitat ; et invenit ab-

dita et secreta. Cum enim corpus dormit et quietem habet,

animus cogitat et invenit, quomodo res sint peragendae.

Hinc ilia perpetuitas animi recte cerni potest. Quicquid

ergo ad hunc animum placandum pertinet, (non sentio par-

tem expertem rationis, sed partem participem,) illud utile est

ad vitam.
Cum autem jam ego legerim dialecticam, in ea cerno,

quod in naturalibus causis, semper bonam sequuntur boni

effectus. Causae vero naturales praescientiae, videlicet, mens,

et voluntas ei consentiens, sunt bonae. Ergo ipsa praescientia

est bona, et utilis ad vitam.
Adhaec, legimus in sacris Uteris utile fuisse multis, quod

praesciverant Christum venturum. Ergo, aliqua praescientia

est utilis.
Praeterea, nos duabus in rebus excellimus casteris animan-

tibus, praescientia, et rerum aliquarum ratione. Deus nobis

in duabus rebus excellit, praescientia rerum omnium, et pa-

tientia. His ergo rationibus persuasus, teneo has partes,

quod prcEscienfia rerum sit utilis ad vitam. Dixi.

TITLES
OF


THE ORIGINAL PAPERS
AS THEY STAND IN
THE REPOSITORY;
Being divers letters and other choice nioiiunients, exemplified troiii
authentic MSS. relating to the Memorials Historical in the
reign of King Edward VI.

A. J. HE ceremonies and funeral solemnities paid to the chap. ii.

corpse of King Henry VHI.
B. The Lord Protector's prayer for God's assistance in the

high office of Protector and Governor, now committed to him.


C. The Lord Protector, to the justices of peace in the county

of Norfolk ; when a new commission of the peace was sent them-


D. Common places of state : drawn up by Will. Thomas, esq. Chap. iii.

clerk of the Council. For King Edward's use. Under six heads.


E. The names of the Knights of the Bath made by King Edw.

VL Feb. 20, Shrove Sunday, being the day of his coronation.

And of the Knights of the Carpet dubbed by him, during the time

of that solemnization.


F. A ballad sung to King Edward in Cheapside, as he passed

through London to his coronation.


G. Queen Katharine Par in Latin, to the Lady Mary; con- Chap. v.

cerning her translation of Erasmus's Paraphrase upon St. John's

Gospel.
H. Queen Katharine Par to King Henryj gone in his expedi-

tion against France.


L A Poem, pretended to be writ against the preachers ; en- chap. vii.

titled, A Poor Help.


K. Queen Katharine Par to the University of Cambridge : Chap. viii.

which had addressed to her, to intercede to the King for them.


520 TITLES OF ORIGINAL PAPERS.


upon an act, whereby the Parliament had given him all colleges,

chantries, and free chapels.


L. Queen Katharine to the Lady Wriothesly ; comforting her

for the loss of her only son.

C'liap. xi. M. A proclan)ation concerning the irreverent talkers of the
sacrament. Dated the 27th day of December, anno regni Reg.

Edward. j>rimo.


N. A proclamation for the abstaining from flesh in the Lent

time. Dated the 1 Gth day of January, a)ino Reg. prima.


O. A proclamation against such as innovate any ceremony,

or preach without licence. Dated the 6th of February, anno

Reg. prima.

( liap. xii. P. The King's commission for redress of enclosures.


Q. The charge of Mr, John Hales, one of the commissioners,

at their assembly for the execution of the commission for re-

dress of enclosures.

Cliap. xiii. R. A discourse made by William Thomas, esij. for the King's

use ; viz. whether it be expedient to vary with the time.
S. A second discourse made bv the same person, for the King's

use ; whether it be better for a commonwealth, that the power

be in the nobility or in the commonalty.
T. A third political discourse made by William Thomas, for

the King's study ; entitled, IVhat princes amity is best.


Y. Mr. Thomas's fourth discourse to the King; touching his

Majesty's outward affairs.


W. William Thomas, e^[. to the King; touching the re-

formation of the coin.


X. William Thomas, esij. to the King; apologizing for some

passages in his discourse concerning the coin, and in his other

discourses, writ by the King's commandment.

Chap. xiv. y. Sir Philip Hoby, the King's ambassador at the Eniperor's

Court, to the Duke of Somerset, concerning the interim. From

Augsburgh.

Chap. XV. Z. The confession of Sir William Sharington, concerning his
frauds in coining the King's money.

Chap. xvi. ZZ. A pious prayer of Queen Katharine Par ; by her com-

posed in short ejaculations suited to her condition.
ZZZ. An account of the King's sales of chantries, colleges,

&c. in the second year of his reign.

Chap. xvii. AA. Archbishop Cranmcr's Treatise of Unwritten Verities.

TITLES OF ORIGINAL PAPERS. 521


BB. Sir William Paget, ambassador with the Emperor, his Chap. xix.

letter to the Lord Protector.


CC. The Protector's and Council's answer to Paget's letters.
DD. The Lord Privy Seal to the Council, concerning the de- Chap. xxi.

feat of the rebels in the west.


EE. The Duke of Somerset, lord protector, to Sir Philip

Hoby, ambassador with the Emperor, imparting intelligence of

the insurrections.
FF. The Duke of Somerset to Sir Philip Hoby, concerning the

suppression of the insurrections in the west, and in Norfolk.


GG. Sir William Paget to the Lord Protector, upon his rough Chap. xxii.

usage of some gentlemen. Writ May the 8th, 1549.


HH. Sir William Paget, now ambassador abroad, to the Lord

Protector, upon the breaking out of the rebellion in the west :

the letter bearing date July the 7th, 1549.
II. A letter sent from the Lord Paget concerning BuUoign, Chap, xxiii.

to the Earl of Warwick, then lord great master, the 22d of Feb,

1549.
KK. The prayer used at a public fast, for a great dearth. Chap.xxvii.
LL. Bucer to A Lasco, concerning the controversy about Chap.xxviii.

wearing the habits.


MM. Hoper to Martin Bucer, for his judgment concerning

wearing the habits.


NN. Martin Bucer to John Hoper, in answer to the foregoing

letter.
GO. Crowley's epigrams concerning abuses. Chap. xxxn.


PP. The form of the commission by the King to his Council, Chap.xxxiii.

in his minority.


QQ. Certain orders set forth by the justices of Cornwal, for

the accomplishment of the King's commandment, by his High-

ness's letter to them directed, for the speedy reformation of the

unreasonable prices of victuals in markets, and for the punish-

ment of the causers oF the same.

BOOK II.


A. Scory, bishop of Rochester, unto the King's most excel- Chap. iv.

lent Majesty: putting him in mind of certain matters he made to

him in his sermon preached before him last Lent.
VOL. II. PART II. M m

522 TITLES OF ORIGINAL PAPERS.


Chap. V. B. Polydore Vergil to Secretary Cecil, for his warrant to re-
ceive the King's gift.
Chap. X. C. Thomas Gresham to the Duke of Northumberland, from
Antwerp; concerning the King's debts,
Cliap. XV. D. Dr. Cox to Bullinger 3 concerning the review of the book

of Prayers and Sacraments.


Chap. xvii. E. Thomas Barnabe, a merchantj to Sir William Cecil, secre-

tary of state. Upon his great and long experience, he propounds

to him certain ways to distress the French.
F. Beaumont, master of the rolls, his acknowledgment of his

debts to the King ; with his submission, and surrender of his

place.
G. The Duke of Northumberland, the Earls of Huntington

and Pembroke, and Secretary Cecil, to the Privy Council ; con-

cerning the lands of Paget and Beaumont forfeited.
H. The University of Rostoch to King Edward 3 recommend-

ing to him one Perister, a godly and learned man of that Uni-

versity.
I. A catalogue of divers free schools, founded by King Ed-

ward VI, within the space of sixteen months.

Chap, xxii, K. The Duke of Northumberland to the Secretary, blaming

the carelessness of some of the Court at that time ; and giving

good hopes of the King's recovery: written May the 7th.
L. Original letters and declamations in Latin ; being learned

exercises of this Prince, anno 1546, both before and after his ac-



cess to the crown.

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