The presidency african Youth Charter



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THE PRESIDENCY

  • African Youth Charter

  • January, 2009


PURPOSE

  • To obtain endorsement from the Portfolio Committee for ratification and signing of the African Youth Charter by Parliament.



BACKGROUND

  • The African Youth Charter is a political and legal document.

  • It serves as a strategic framework that gives direction for youth empowerment and development at continental, regional and national levels.

  • The Charter is inline with the efforts of the African Union that seek to provide an avenue for effective youth participation in development processes.



BACKGROUND CONT:

  • It is also part of the efforts to implement the African Union Commission’s (AUC) Horizon Strategy (2004-2007).

  • The Charter was adopted in May 2006, in the first ever Conference of the African Union Ministers in Charge of Youth held in Addis Ababa.

  • It was then endorsed by African Union Heads of States at their July 2006 Summit in Banjul.

  • It is expected the African Union Member States should ratify and sign the Charter to allow it to enter into force.



OBJECTIVES OF THE CHARTER

  • The Charter is intended to:

  • Strengthen, reinforce and consolidate continental and regional partnerships and relations.

  • Prioritise youth development on the African Union’s development agenda, and also at regional and national levels.



STATUS

  • At present, the AUC reported that the Charter has been signed and ratified by thirty (30) and sixteen (16) Member States respectively.

  • However, the challenge is that only 12 Member States deposited their instrument to AU legal dept.

  • The overall delay of this process is mostly attributed to internal procedures followed by individual countries.



STATUS CONT:

  • To accelerate the process, the Conference of the African Union Ministers in Charge of Youth adopted a Declaration where political commitment to sign, ratify and implement the Charter was reaffirmed.

  • In SA, legal opinion has been sought; a presentation was made to the PYWG; endorsement was also obtained from Cabinet.



MOTIVATION

  • The Charter has to be ratified by at least fifteen (15) Member States for it to enter into force.

  • As the AU Member State, South Africa also has the responsibility of signing, ratifying, and implementing the Charter.



BASIS FOR THE CHARTER

  • The need to strengthen Africa’s greatest resource;

  • Reaffirming the commitment made towards the UN MDGs; UN WPAY; NEPAD SFYP etc.;

  • Recognising the efforts made by State Parties and CSOs to address holistic needs of youth;

  • The need to address the situation of African youth; and

  • Considering the previous role played by youth.



CONTENT OF THE CHARTER

  • The Charter focuses on the following:

  • Obligations of State Parties.

  • Rights and duties of young people.

  • National Youth Policies.

  • Key youth development indicators.

    • Education and Skills Development.
    • Poverty Eradication.
    • Socio-economic integration of youth.
    • Sustainable livelihood and youth employment.


CONTENT OF THE CHARTER cont:

  • Key youth development indicators cont:-

    • Health.
    • Peace and Security.
    • Law Enforcement.
    • Sustainable Development and Protection of the Environment.
    • Youth and Culture.
    • Youth in the Diaspora.
    • Leisure, Recreation, Sports and Cultural activities.


CONTENT OF THE CHARTER cont:

  • Key youth development indicators cont:-

    • Girls and Young Women.
    • Mentally and Physically Challenged Youth.
  • Popularization of the Charter.



IMPLICATIONS

  • The following implications of the Charter are explored:

    • Financial;
    • Organizational and Personnel;
    • Communication; and
    • Legal.


FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS

  • The implementation of the Charter will be budgeted for within the mainstream youth development programmes.



ORGANISATIONAL AND PERSONNEL IMPLICATIONS

  • The Charter will be implemented within the context of the National Youth Policy (NYP).

  • This will primarily be undertaken by the national, provincial and local spheres of government as well as youth focused non government organizations (NGOs).

  • There will be no additional organizational and personnel implications since the existing organizations and personnel will be responsible for implementation of this Charter.



COMMUNICATION IMPLICATIONS

  • The following will be communication implications :

  • launching of the Charter nationally;

  • translation of the Charter into local languages and distribution to relevant stakeholders; and

  • utilization of different kinds of media (TV, Radio, Newspapers, Newsletters; workshops; meetings etc.) for purposes of popularising the Charter.



LEGAL IMPLICATIONS

  • The Charter has been processed to the State Law Advisors in the Departments of Foreign Affairs and Constitutional Affairs and Development.

  • It was found not to be in conflict with any domestic law.



RECOMMENDATIONS

  • It is recommended that:

  • the Portfolio Committee takes note of the content of the African Youth Charter and endorses that it be presented to Parliament for signature and ratification; and

  • the ratified and signed Charter be submitted to the Legal Department of the African Union Commission.



CONCLUSION

  • Charter may be amended or revised if any member State makes a written request to that effect to the Chairperson of the Commission.

  • An amendment shall be approved by a simple majority of the Member States.

  • The ratified Charter shall come into force thirty (30) days after being deposited as part of the fifteen (15) ratified instruments.



Thank You!! CONTACT DETAILS

  • Ms Bernice Hlagala

  • Youth Desk in the Presidency

  • Tel: (012) 300-5540

  • Fax: 086 683 5540

  • E-mail: bernice@po.gov.za

  • Website: www.thepresidency.gov.za



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