The Sino-French it lab Stéphane Grumbach



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The Sino-French IT Lab

  • Stéphane Grumbach

  • Laboratoire Franco-Chinois d’Informatique, d’Automatique et de Mathématiques Appliquées

  • http://liama.ia.ac.cn


What is LIAMA?

  • A Joint Lab

    • a team of around 40 researchers and students
    • working on half a dozen research projects
    • initiated in France by INRIA
    • hosted by the Institute of Automation
  • of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS

    • located in the heart of Zhongguancun in Beijing
      • The Chinese silicon valley


INRIA, the founding partner

  • French National Institute for Computer Science and Control

    • 2700 scientists including 950 PhD students
    • Budget of 135 MEuros
  • A major European actor of research in IT

    • More than 100 projects in FP6
    • Coordination of 3 projects on grid
    • CoreGrid (NoE); GridComp (STREP); XtreemOS (IP)
  • 120 project-teams divided into 5 scientific areas

          • Communicating systems
          • Cognitive systems
          • Symbolic systems
          • Numerical systems
          • Biological systems
  • Leader in technology transfer

    • 80 spin-off companies (Ilog)


CASIA, the host partner

  • The institute of Automation

    • One of the IT institutes of CAS in Beijing
    • Created in 1956
  • National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition

    • image processing and graphics, machine vision, pattern recognition,
    • speech recognition and understanding, natural language processing,
  • Key Laboratory of Complex systems

    • advanced robotic control, artificial intelligence,
    • intelligent sensing technology, human-machine interfaces,
    • advanced manufacturing systems, cognitive science,
  • A famous spin-off: Hanwang



A history of almost a decade

  • LIAMA was established in January 1997 by

    • The Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS, and
    • The French Institute for Computer Science and Control, INRIA
  • To promote cooperation in the areas of computer science, automation and applied mathematics

  • Following an annual call for proposals



A hub for the cooperation in IT

  • Joint research projects

  • Exchange of students

    • LIAMA hosts an increasing number of French students
    • LIAMA sends Chinese students to Europe
  • Promotion of open source software

    • Scientific computing software, Scilab
  • Development projects with French industry

    • Alcatel Space, France Telecom, etc.
  • Promotion of Sino-European cooperation

    • 1st FP5 IST EU-China project, ANFAS, 1999
    • 1st OIF Marie Curie fellowship for China, 2005


  • Why are we

  • working

  • in China ?



A very dynamic environment

  • Zhongguancun, the Chinese silicon valley

  • About 1/3 of the institutes of the Academy of Science

  • Institute of software, Institute of computing technology

  • Famous universities, 350% increase of students in China 1998->2003

  • Tsinghua, Peking U., Beihang, etc.

  • Active hitech park

  • Lenovo, etc.

  • Research labs of most industrial IT players,

  • Motorola, Intel, Microsoft, HP, Google, etc.

  • A strong French network

  • Industrial labs: France Telecom, Thomson,

  • French engineering university: Ecole Centrale de Pékin



Boom of IT in China

  • Rapidly increasing IT penetration

    • 380 millions mobile phones (1st rank)
    • 120 millions people online (2nd rank)
        • 2nd linguistic group online
    • 30% computer equipped urban home
  • Rapidly expanding IT industry

    • 3rd rank (behind USA and Japan)
    • 2nd for manufactured products (PC, etc.)
      • Lenovo (IBM PC), Huawei
    • 1st for export since 2004 (ahead of the USA)


Priorities of IT research in China

  • Hardware: High performance computing

    • 1er DOE, USA, BlueGene
      • IBM, 131072 processors, 2005
    • 42e Shanghai, China Dawning 4000A,
      • Dawning, 2560 processors, 2004
  • Software

    • Only 33% of software used in China is homemade
    • Increase of outsourcing activities
    • Asianux: linux with Japan and Korea
    • Desktop chinese office
  • Standards

    • EVD, WAPI, TD-SCDMA
  • Theoretical Computer Science

    • Process calculi for real time systems
    • Andrew Yao, Turing award 2000, back in Tsinghua
  • Applications

    • Emphasis on environmental issues (hazard prediction, agronomy, etc.)


  • What are we

  • working on

  • at LIAMA?



Current projects in LIAMA

  • Research projects

    • GreenLab, Plant Growth modeling and Applications
    • Remote Sensing Data Fusion and Image Understanding
    • CAD - Computer Graphics
    • Pervasive data processing
    • Biometry
  • Development project

    • Scilab, Promotion of the scientific computing software


The GreenLab project

  • Stochastic, functional and interactive models

  • for Plant Growth and Architecture simulation

  • Cooperation with INRA, CIRAD, INRIA

  • Philippe de Reffye, CIRAD,

  • Marc Jaeger, CIRAD,

  • Alexia Stokes, INRA

  • Thierry Fourcaud, CIRAD

  • HU Baogang, CASIA,

  • ZHENG Xiaopeng, CASIA

  • Two main directions :

  • 1) plant growth modeling

  • 2) eco-engineering



The GreenLab project (2)

  • Research Axis 1

  • Plant growth modeling, botany ecophysiology

  • and landscape visualization

  • Research objectives

  • Development of structural-functional models of plant growth based on architectural knowledge;

  • Development of visualization techniques for application at large scales

  • Supported by MOST 863, NSFC



The GreenLab project (3)

  • Research Axis 2: Eco-engineering

  • ecological management of slopes and forest

  • against natural hazards

  • Research objectives

  • Physical based models for

  • soil fixation by vegetation

    • (erosion, landslides);
  • trees and forest wind firmness

    • (tree biomechanics, aerodynamic turbulence)
  • Development of a Slope Decision

  • Support System for eco-engineering



The Remote Sensing project

  • Remote sensing, data fusion and understanding

  • Cooperation with INRIA, ESA

  • Véronique PRINET, CASIA

  • PAN Chunhong, CASIA

  • Main objective: change detection from data fusion



The Remote Sensing project (2)

  • Research objectives

    • Image understanding
      • Knowledge representation, object modeling
      • Incomplete or inaccurate sources of information
    • Pattern/object recognition
    • Geometric / Probabilistic modeling
      • Deformable models, harmonic decomposition
      • Bayesian modeling, Markov Random Fields
    • Computer vision
    • Interferometry processing


The Remote Sensing project (3)

  • Application domains

    • Flood monitoring
    • Urban planning
  • ANFAS, Data Fusion For Flood Analysis and Decision Support

    • EU-China FP5 IST project with MOST , WorldBank
  • Urban, Multi-source data fusion and urban development planning decision support

    • MOST863 project with Alcatel-space
  • Dragon project, earth observation program (2004-2007)

    • ESA, NRSC MOST


The computational geometry project

  • New project 2004

  • Cooperation with INRIA, CNRS

  • Jean-Claude Paul, CNRS

  • Sun Jiaguang, Yong Yun Hai, Tsinghua University

    • Curves and Surfaces
    • Geometry Processing - Multi resolution Geometry and Simulation
    • Multi-scale Modeling of Light


The biometry project

  • New project 2005

      • Bernadette Dorizzi, INT
      • TAN Tieniu, CASIA
  • European Network of Excellence BIOSECURE

  • CASIA Biometry Lab

  • Research objectives

  • iris and face recognition



The pervasive data processing project

  • New project 2005

      • Stéphane Grumbach, CNRS
  • Research objectives

  • Adaptive algorithms for query evaluation

  • in dynamic networks of communicating devices

  • Applications:

  • Social networking, France Telecom

  • Sensor networks,

  • Intelligent Transportation Systems,



The Scilab project

  • Scilab

    • An open source scientific software package for numerical computations (linear algebra, control, signal processing, simulation, etc.)
    • An alternative to Matlab
  • Scilab consortium (created in June 2003)

    • 20 companies
    • (incl. CEA, CNES, DASSAULT-AVIATION, ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE, EADS, EDF, IFP, INRIA, PSA, RENAULT, THALES)
  • Development team at INRIA Rocquencourt



The Scilab project (2)

  • Promotion of Scilab in China

          • HU Baogang, CASIA
          • LI Shi, CASIA
        • Software distribution: 23 000 downloads (in China)
        • Annual seminar with scilab contest since 2002
        • Several toolboxes developed
        • Two books in Chinese
        • High school mathematics Textbook using Scilab
  • http://www.scilab.org.cn



LIAMA team in December 2005

  • CASIA Researchers:

      • Baogang HU, Veronique PRINET,
      • Xiaopeng ZHANG, Chunhong PAN, Shi LI,
  • French researchers:

      • Marc Jaeger, Thierry FOURCAUD, CIRAD
      • Jean-Claude PAUL, Stéphane Grumbach, CNRS
      • Alexia STOKES, Luc Jouneau, INRA
  • Students

      • 1 Postdoc, 14 Ph.D. Students, 12 Master/Internship students
  • Secretary Bizhen HONG



The partners in Zhongguancun

  • Tsinghua University

  • Beijing university

  • Beihang University

  • Chinese Agriculture University

  • Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences

    • Institute of Software
  • France Telecom R&D

  • etc.



The partners in France

  • Research Institutes

    • INRIA, CNRS, CIRAD, INRA, BRGM
  • Universities

    • Ecole Centrale Paris & Lyon, Ecole Polytechnique, INSA, INPT,
    • ParisTech, etc.
  • Industries

    • France Telecom, Alcatel Space,
  • Agencies

    • FFSCA Foundation, AFCRST
  • and in Europe

  • ERCIM

  • Wageningen University, etc.



Perspectives

  • 2007: 10th anniversary of LIAMA

  • Objectives

    • Increased European participation
      • ERCIM ?
    • International Research Unit
    • New projects
      • Medical imaging ?
      • Intelligent Transportation systems ?



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