To provide Parties with directions on how to obtain information on the production (applied from industrialized countries) and use of pop-bdes



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To provide Parties with directions on how to obtain information on the production (applied from industrialized countries) and use of POP-BDEs

  • To provide Parties with directions on how to obtain information on the production (applied from industrialized countries) and use of POP-BDEs

  • To identify sectors that still use articles containing POP-BDEs and estimate the amount in the waste management stream



Obtain, review, and summarize information on the sources, distribution, use, import, and export of POP-BDEs, and on processes using POP-BDEs

  • Obtain, review, and summarize information on the sources, distribution, use, import, and export of POP-BDEs, and on processes using POP-BDEs

  • Gather information on material flows containing (or thought to contain) POP-BDEs, their current use, recycling, storage, wastes, and disposal

  • Assist with identifying gaps between the current and future legal and institutional framework for the control of the production, use, import, export, and disposal of POP-BDEs and materials containing POP-BDEs, and to identify potential POP-BDE-contaminated sites



Provide guidance to estimate missing information required to complete the inventory

  • Provide guidance to estimate missing information required to complete the inventory

  • Provide essential information for the scope setting and prioritization for the POPs management and development of the action plans



Focal point responsible for coordinating the process of updating the NIP

  • Focal point responsible for coordinating the process of updating the NIP

  • Staff responsible for planning the inventory

  • Technical staff responsible for conducting the inventory of POP-BDEs



















Activities for addressing the management of WEEE are currently developed under the Basel Convention

  • Activities for addressing the management of WEEE are currently developed under the Basel Convention

  • These activities should be linked and utilized within the synergy approach of the Basel and Stockholm Conventions to develop the inventory for POP-BDE

  • If an inventory of EEE and WEEE has been performed, these data should be used for the inventory of POP-BDE

  • Vice versa: if an inventory of (W)EEE has not been developed then the establishment of a POP-BDE inventory should be a first step of developing it



The inventory of POP-BDE in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) should address:

  • The inventory of POP-BDE in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) should address:

    • Imported (second-hand) EEE
    • EEE stocks (in use and/or stored at consumer level)
    • EEE entering the waste stream, i.e. waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)
    • Recycling of WEEE polymers (own/Imported polymer)
  • The major amount of c-OctaBDE is in casings of computer TV monitors of Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) type produced before 2005 – the key target W(EEE) fractions



c-OctaBDE in CRT devices can be calculated:

  • c-OctaBDE in CRT devices can be calculated:

  • MPBDE(i) = No CRTs/capita (Region) x population x MPBDE/CRT

  • CRTs/capita (Region) is compiled in the guidance

  • CRT monitors (TVs and PC monitors) are expected to contain more than 50% of the total POP-BDE present in EEE, these data give an estimate of the major portion of POP-BDEs in the EEE/WEEE sector in the country



c-OctaBDE in CRT devices can be calculated as follows:

  • c-OctaBDE in CRT devices can be calculated as follows:

  • MPBDE(i) = MEEE(j) * %(Polymer) * Conc PBDE(i)/Polymer

  • Information is needed about the amount of (W)EEE in the country, the share of the relevant polymers in different (W)EEE categories and the content of POP-BDEs in those polymers

  • Adopt of a three step approach:

    • 1. Inventory of stocks and flows of EEE/WEEE in the country
    • 2. The estimation of the polymer fraction in relevant EEE and WEEE containing POP-BDEs
    • 3. Estimation of POP-BDEs content in the polymer fraction


Further treatment and possibly recycling of polymers from WEEE are an important consideration for the implementation of the Convention

  • Further treatment and possibly recycling of polymers from WEEE are an important consideration for the implementation of the Convention

  • The polymers from domestic WEEE recycling and of imported WEEE polymers need to be included

  • The inventory can be done by estimating the amount of total polymers from WEEE used in recycling and the respective concentration of POP-BDEs in these polymers (See BAT/BEP guide for labelling & management and treatment)



Large material flows of goods and waste:

  • Large material flows of goods and waste:

    • Cars, busses, trucks, trains, planes, ships
  • End-of-life management:

    • Highly relevant material flow: recovery of materials and of managing pollutants


Industrial countries:

  • Industrial countries:

    • Lifespan of approx. 10 to 12 years: most vehicles containing POP-BDEs have partly been treated by the existing waste management or have been exported to developing countries where cars are used for extended period of time
  • Developing countries:

    • Likely a large stockpiles for POP-BDE containing vehicles are still in used


Formula to be used to calculate the POP-BDEs content of vehicles for the different categories (cars/trucks or busses) in different live cycle stages:

  • Formula to be used to calculate the POP-BDEs content of vehicles for the different categories (cars/trucks or busses) in different live cycle stages:

  • Amount of POP-BDEs Vehicle (category) = No. vehicles (category) x POP-BDEs (category) x regional Factor

  • Considering PBDE used 1975 to 2004; and the regional use



For data compilation of POP-BDEs in the transport sector it is useful to inventory the vehicles in the relevant life cycle stages

  • For data compilation of POP-BDEs in the transport sector it is useful to inventory the vehicles in the relevant life cycle stages



Most of the polymer fraction from ELVs are disposed in landfills/dumps or incinerated and are not recycled

  • Most of the polymer fraction from ELVs are disposed in landfills/dumps or incinerated and are not recycled

  • Recycling of PUR foam and plastic from ELVs might be performed by specialized companies or by the informal sector. Such operations should be assessed & inventoried

  • Extent of recycling/separation should be quantified (inventory), and technologies and approaches used should be reviewed by referring to the POP-BDEs BAT/BEP guideline



Other uses of POP-BDEs (furniture, mattresses, textiles, construction materials, rubber, and drilling operation) are thought to be of minor relevance for most countries due to:

  • Other uses of POP-BDEs (furniture, mattresses, textiles, construction materials, rubber, and drilling operation) are thought to be of minor relevance for most countries due to:

    • Relative low overall use volumes in most of these other application (except furniture for which a large share of PUR containing c-PentaBDEs was used)
    • Lack of flammability standards in most countries for these use areas (only a few countries had flammability standards e.g. for furniture in US and UK)
    • Limited export of such flame retarded second hand articles from countries with flammability standards and related stocks (e.g. export of furniture from US or UK)


If countries consider establishing an inventory for some of these uses, it is advised to seek data on the percentage of impacted materials in the region or apply bromine screening

  • If countries consider establishing an inventory for some of these uses, it is advised to seek data on the percentage of impacted materials in the region or apply bromine screening





Types and quantities of POP-BDE-containing materials disposed

  • Types and quantities of POP-BDE-containing materials disposed

  • The names and addresses of those entities responsible for disposal of POP-BDE-containing materials

  • Details of the treatment of waste before disposal

  • Records of site contamination

  • Details of the clean-up process (if any) once a site has been registered as being contaminated

  • Information on the monitoring of contaminated sites

  • Records of on-going monitoring and research



For more information, please contact:

  • For more information, please contact:

  • Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention

  • 11-13, Chemin des Anémones - 1219 Châtelaine, Switzerland

  • Tel.: +41 (0)22 917 8729 - Fax: +41 (0)22 917 8098 E-mail: ssc@pops.int, Website: www.pops.int




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