Trade policy review report by the secretariat



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3.1.3  Rules of origin


              1. Changes in India's rules of origin since 2011 include the adoption of preferential rules of origin with regard to imports from Malaysia and Japan under bilateral FTAs, which entered into force on 1 July 2011 and 1 August 2011, respectively. India does not apply non-preferential rules of origin. Preferential rules of origin are applied under regional and bilateral trade agreements (Table 3.2). Maximum foreign-content requirements range from 30% to 70%; other criteria to determine origin are sufficient transformation and change in tariff classification.

Table 3.12 General rules of origin under trade agreements, 2015a

Agreements

Maximum foreign content requirements

Minimum cumulative local content requirements

Regional

Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)

55% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 65%)

60% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 50%)

Global System of Trade Preferences (GSTP)

50% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 60%)

60% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 50%)

South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA)b

60% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 70%; Sri Lanka: 65%) and change in tariff headingc

50% of the f.o.b. value (20% of the f.o.b. value as domestic value content in the exporting country) and change in tariff heading

South Asia Preferential Trade Arrangement (SAPTA)

60% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 70%)

50% of the f.o.b. value (LDCs: 40%)

Bilateral

Afghanistan

50% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

40% of the f.o.b. value (30% of the f.o.b. value as domestic value content in the exporting country) and change in tariff heading

ASEANb

65% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-headingd

35% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

Bhutan

n.a.

n.a.

Chile

60% of the f.o.b. valued and change in tariff heading

40% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

Korea, Rep. ofb

65% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

35% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

MERCOSUR

40% of the f.o.b. value

60% of the f.o.b. value

Nepal

70% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

30% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

Singaporeb

60% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

40% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

Sri Lanka

65% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

35% of the f.o.b. value (25% of the f.o.b. value as domestic value content in the exporting country) and change in tariff heading

Thailandd

60% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

40% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

Japan

65% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

35% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

Malaysia

65% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

35% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff sub-heading

Other preferential areas

Least developed countries

70% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

30% of the f.o.b. value and change in tariff heading

n.a. Not applicable.

a Applicable to goods not wholly originating and subject to compliance with other conditions specified in the rules of origin chapter.

b Product specific rules of origin apply.

c "Change in tariff heading" denotes change at the HS 4 digit level.

d "Change in tariff sub heading" denotes change at the HS 6 digit level.

Note: Rules of origin are not covered under the India Bhutan preferential trade agreement.



Source: Department of Commerce online information, "International Trade: Trade Agreements". Viewed at: http://www.commerce.nic.in/trade/international_ta.asp?id=2&trade=I; Customs General Exemption Nos. 70 and 71. Viewed at: http://www.cbec.gov.in/customs/cst-809/cs-gen66-90.pdf; and information provided by the Indian authorities.


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